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Rosa Parks

The first lady of civil rights.Created by: PICRYL - Public Domain Media Search EngineDated: 1960
Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913, to Leona (née Edwards), a teacher, and James McCauley, a carpenter. In addition to African ancestry, one of Parks' great-grandfathers was Scots-Irish and one of her great-grandmothers a part-Native American slave.

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to relinquish her seat in the "colored section" to a white passenger, after the whites-only section was filled.

Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery bus boycott became important symbols of the movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Martin Luther King Jr., a new minister in Montgomery who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement and went on to win a Nobel Peace Prize.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws. Parks' prominence in the community inspired the black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year.

Shortly after the boycott, she moved to Detroit, where she was active in the Black Power movement and the support of political prisoners in the US.

Parks received national recognition, including the NAACP's 1979 Spingarn Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda, becoming the third of only four Americans to ever receive this honor. California and Missouri commemorate Rosa Parks Day on her birthday February 4, while Ohio and Oregon commemorate the occasion on the anniversary of the day she was arrested, December 1.
594 Media in collectionpage 1 of 6
Everee Ward - Public domain portrait print

Everee Ward - Public domain portrait print

Photograph shows a half-length portrait of Reba "Everee" McCauley Ward, Rosa Parks' aunt, on an Electrolux Corporation employee identification card issued 3-16-45. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa... More

Mrs. Septima Clark and Rosa Parks at Highlander Folk School, Monteagle, Tennessee

Mrs. Septima Clark and Rosa Parks at Highlander Folk School, Monteagle...

Used as illustration in: Rosa Parks, My Story / by Rosa Parks, with Jim Haskins. New York: Dial Books. 1992, p. 104. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress). Exhibited:... More

Rosa Parks, November 1956, Head and Shoulders Portrait

Rosa Parks, November 1956, Head and Shoulders Portrait

Photograph shows a head-and-shoulders portrait of Rosa Parks, facing slightly right. Title and date from handwritten annotation on back of photo. "12" written on the back, upper left corner. Forms part of: Visu... More

Rosa Parks standing near an apple tree with three children

Rosa Parks standing near an apple tree with three children

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Reverend J.A. Abraham & Rosa Parks with family in Chicago, Ill

Reverend J.A. Abraham & Rosa Parks with family in Chicago, Ill

Date from stamp on back of print. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front

Rosa Parks, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks wearing medal she received at award ceremony in Detroit, Michigan

Rosa Parks wearing medal she received at award ceremony in Detroit, Mi...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Celebrities and activists gathered on stage to honor Rosa Parks at her birthday gala, Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C., 1990

Celebrities and activists gathered on stage to honor Rosa Parks at her...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks speaking at Pathways to Freedom African dress program, sponsored by the Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development, Detroit, Michigan

Rosa Parks speaking at Pathways to Freedom African dress program, spon...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Students from the Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute, Pathways to Freedom program standing behind Rosa Parks

Students from the Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute, Pathways to Freedom ...

Date stamp (June/1990) on back of print. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks visiting friends and family during a visit to Cailfornia, 1990

Rosa Parks visiting friends and family during a visit to Cailfornia, 1...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Celebrities and activists gathered on stage to honor Rosa Parks at her birthday gala, Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C., 1990

Celebrities and activists gathered on stage to honor Rosa Parks at her...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Monterey Peninsula College, Black History Month program, featuring Rosa Parks, Monterey, California, 1990

Monterey Peninsula College, Black History Month program, featuring Ros...

"2/90" printed on back. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks at the John Freeman Walls Historic Site, Ontario, Canada, 1990's by Monica Morgan

Rosa Parks at the John Freeman Walls Historic Site, Ontario, Canada, 1...

Text on back: "by Monica Morgan, all rights reserved". Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with actress Cicely Tyson at reception for the unveiling of Rosa Parks' bust sculpture, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1991

Rosa Parks with actress Cicely Tyson at reception for the unveiling of...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks possibly, attending the Operation Push Freedom Award, 1991

Rosa Parks possibly, attending the Operation Push Freedom Award, 1991

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Commencement ceremony at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, where Rosa Parks was awarded a Doctor of Laws degree, 1991

Commencement ceremony at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, where Ro...

Photograph shows University of Michigan-Dearborn Chancellor Blenda Wilson speaking at the podium during the graduation ceremony; Rosa Parks sitting directly behind Wilson. Forms part of: Visual Materials from ... More

Elaine Eason Steele and her mother Bertha Wallace Eason at the Henry Ford mansion (Fair Lane), Dearborn, Michigan

Elaine Eason Steele and her mother Bertha Wallace Eason at the Henry F...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Mrs. Ward & Anita Holland, June 93

Mrs. Ward & Anita Holland, June 93

Photograph shows Rosa Parks' aunt Everee McCauley Ward wearing a Ms. Crowne Health sash and carrying a bouquet of red roses. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Exact spot on Dexter Avenue where Rosa Parks waited for the bus that changed history. Montgomery, Alabama

Exact spot on Dexter Avenue where Rosa Parks waited for the bus that c...

Rosa Parks on December 1, 1955, refused to go to the back of the bus. She was arrested and it was the beginning of the bus riots that caused the laws to be changed for all African Americans in the United States... More

Rosa Parks, Mrs. Septima Clark, Mrs. Leona McCauley, Highlander Folk School, Dec. 1956

Rosa Parks, Mrs. Septima Clark, Mrs. Leona McCauley, Highlander Folk S...

Photograph shows Rosa Parks with Septima Clark (center) and her mother Leona McCauley (right) at the Highlander Folk School, Monteagle, Tennessee. Used as illustration in: Rosa Parks, My Story / by Rosa Parks,... More

Rosa Parks, half-length portrait, facing slightly right

Rosa Parks, half-length portrait, facing slightly right

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with McCauley family, Louise (left), Carol (center) and Louis (right)

Rosa Parks with McCauley family, Louise (left), Carol (center) and Lou...

Text on back: Louise, Carol (Bob McCauley Sr's wife), Louis McCauley. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front

Rosa Parks, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front

Photo date stamp on back: "Mar 80" [i.e., March 1980]. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks posing with family or friends

Rosa Parks posing with family or friends

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with others at Jersey City State College's commemcement, where she was awarded a Doctor of Humane Letters degree, Jersey City, New Jersey, 1983

Rosa Parks with others at Jersey City State College's commemcement, wh...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, Robert McCauley Jr., Fred McCauley and Ardis Cotton

Rosa Parks, Robert McCauley Jr., Fred McCauley and Ardis Cotton

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks and Elaine Steele visiting with another woman

Rosa Parks and Elaine Steele visiting with another woman

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with family and friends at Leo and Gerri Branton's home, Los Angeles, California

Rosa Parks with family and friends at Leo and Gerri Branton's home, Lo...

Photograph also includes: Leo Branton, Gerri Branton, Elaine Steele, Susan McCauley and others. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Portrait of Rosa Parks, taken at an event

Portrait of Rosa Parks, taken at an event

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Physicist Stephen Hawking, Rosa Parks and others at an event

Physicist Stephen Hawking, Rosa Parks and others at an event

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Birthday gala for Rosa Parks, Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C., 1990

Birthday gala for Rosa Parks, Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C., 1990

Photograph shows Wintley Phipps singing to Rosa Parks on the Kennedy Center stage. Coretta Scott King and Parks' aunt Everee McCauley Ward are standing behind Parks. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the R... More

Rosa Parks and James I. Roach - Public domain portrait print

Rosa Parks and James I. Roach - Public domain portrait print

Text on back: Mrs. Parks, it was a wonderful and exciting privilege to get to meet you and all that you stand for. Without your strength, we as African-Americans would still be back in the Jim Crow era. Thank... More

Rosa Parks with students at the Rosa Parks Scholarship banquet, Detroit, 1991

Rosa Parks with students at the Rosa Parks Scholarship banquet, Detroi...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks and Muhammad Ali at their Brotherhood Crusade tribute, Los Angeles, California, 1994

Rosa Parks and Muhammad Ali at their Brotherhood Crusade tribute, Los ...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks and Elaine Steele viewing wedding party from balcony, California

Rosa Parks and Elaine Steele viewing wedding party from balcony, Calif...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

[Rosa Parks at her Congressional Gold Medal ceremony with (left to right) Representative Julia Carson, holding a picture of the medal; assistant Elaine Steele, Representative Dennis Hastert, artist Artis Lane, who designed the medal; and President Bill Clinton]

[Rosa Parks at her Congressional Gold Medal ceremony with (left to rig...

Date from caption information for contact sheet ROLL CALL-1999-314 or corresponding negative sleeve. Contact sheet available for reference purposes: ROLL CALL-1999-314, frame 32. Contact sheet or negative slee... More

Louisa McCauley, Rosa Parks' paternal grandmother

Louisa McCauley, Rosa Parks' paternal grandmother

Photograph shows a head-and-shoulders portrait of Louisa Collins McCauley (ca. 1875-1941), Rosa Parks' paternal grandmother. Inscription on separate piece of paper housed with item: "Luiza, Mrs. Parks' father'... More

Louise McCauley, Rosa Parks' first cousin, sitting with an infant and a girl

Louise McCauley, Rosa Parks' first cousin, sitting with an infant and ...

Title devised by Library staff Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Collage commemorating Rosa Parks for her actions leading to the Montgomery bus boycott, 1955-56 Ikechukwu Nnaji

Collage commemorating Rosa Parks for her actions leading to the Montgo...

Collage clipping, bottom right reads: The year was 1955 and I was 42 years old. I was sitting in the colored section of the bus as usual, feeling tired after a long workday. When the bus got crowded the driver... More

Portrait of Rosa Parks standing in a garden, 1970

Portrait of Rosa Parks standing in a garden, 1970

Date (May 1970) from Polaroid photograph mount. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, half-length portrait facing right

Rosa Parks, half-length portrait facing right

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks posing with friends or family

Rosa Parks posing with friends or family

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Susan McCauley and family, Los Angeles, California

Susan McCauley and family, Los Angeles, California

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with Ester Huey (left), and others, during trip to Canada or Washington State

Rosa Parks with Ester Huey (left), and others, during trip to Canada o...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Monterey Peninsula College, Black History Month program, featuring Rosa Parks, Monterey, California, 1990

Monterey Peninsula College, Black History Month program, featuring Ros...

"2/90" printed on back. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, Elaine Steele and others at the Henry Ford mansion (Fair Lane), Dearborn, Michigan

Rosa Parks, Elaine Steele and others at the Henry Ford mansion (Fair L...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

NAACP Freedom Fund dinner, Detroit, Michigan, 1991. Rosa Parks pictured with Judge Damon Keith, Mayor Coleman Young, and Douglas Wilder

NAACP Freedom Fund dinner, Detroit, Michigan, 1991. Rosa Parks picture...

Title devised by Library staff . Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Commencement ceremony at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, where Rosa Parks was awarded a Doctor of Laws degree, 1991

Commencement ceremony at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, where Ro...

Photograph shows Parks behind the speaker's podium, Chancellor Blenda Wilson, to the left of Parks, Elaine Steele, (behind Wilson) and others during the ceremony. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa ... More

Rosa Parks and Maurice Barnes Jr., Rosa Parks Scholarship banquet, 1991

Rosa Parks and Maurice Barnes Jr., Rosa Parks Scholarship banquet, 199...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Actress Rae' Ven Larrymore Kelly greeting honoree Rosa Parks at the 2nd Annual Trumpet Awards, Atlanta, Georgia, 1994

Actress Rae' Ven Larrymore Kelly greeting honoree Rosa Parks at the 2n...

Photograph shows the young actress Rae'Ven Kelly standing behind Rosa Parks who is seated at a table with associate Elaine Steele during the Trumpet Awards ceremony in Atlanta, Georgia where Parks was an honore... More

Rosa Parks and others, possibly taken during her trip to Japan in 1994

Rosa Parks and others, possibly taken during her trip to Japan in 1994

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks visiting Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Rosa Parks visiting Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church, Philadelphia, Pennsyl...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks visiting Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Rosa Parks visiting Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church, Philadelphia, Pennsyl...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the KSC Training Auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Dr. Mary Frances Berry relates her personal experiences in the fight for civil liberties to employees gathered for a special event marking the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.    Berry served as the assistant secretary for education in the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare HEW between 1977 and 1980. From 1980 to 2004, she was a member of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, serving as chair from 1993 to 2004. Among Berry's many honors are the NAACP's Roy Wilkins Award, the Rosa Parks Award of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and the Ebony Magazine Black Achievement Award. She is one of 75 women featured in the book "I Dream a World: Portraits of Black Women Who Changed America." Sienna College Research Institute and the Women's Hall of Fame also designated her one of "America's Women of the Century."  The event was presented by Kennedy's Office of Diversity and Equal Opportunity. For more information about Kennedy Space Center, visit http://www.nasa.gov/kennedy. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-2014-3149

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the KSC Training Auditorium at NASA's Kenne...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the KSC Training Auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Dr. Mary Frances Berry relates her personal experiences in the fight for civil liberties to employees gathered f... More

Rosa Parks Papers: General Correspondence, 1928-2006; Greeting cards; 2000; 2000, Jan
Rosa Parks, sitting second from right, with a group of women

Rosa Parks, sitting second from right, with a group of women

Text on back: "Ida Thomas (2) copies" and "#45". Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Mrs. Leona McCauley in church service, St. Matthew AME Church, Detroit, Michigan

Mrs. Leona McCauley in church service, St. Matthew AME Church, Detroit...

Photograph shows Leona McCauley, Rosa Parks' mother, third person standing in center aisle, at church service in Detroit, Mich. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Columbia College, Chicago, June 8, 1973

Rosa Parks, Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Columbia College, Chica...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, full-length portrait, standing next to a "Giuseppe Moricci" exhibition poster

Rosa Parks, full-length portrait, standing next to a "Giuseppe Moricci...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks receiving NAACP Spingarn medal from Judge Damon Keith, Louisville, Ky

Rosa Parks receiving NAACP Spingarn medal from Judge Damon Keith, Loui...

Photograph shows a profile of Rosa Parks just after Judge Damon Keith places the medal around her neck. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks' birthday cake at party and tribute organized by Detroit friends O'Neil Swanson and Louise Tappes, 1981

Rosa Parks' birthday cake at party and tribute organized by Detroit fr...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks receiving a Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Jersey City State College, Jersey City, New Jersey, 1983

Rosa Parks receiving a Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Jersey Cit...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks in conversation with others, likely at the dedication of Graham and Parks Alternative Public School, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Rosa Parks in conversation with others, likely at the dedication of Gr...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks speaking at an event, likely in Cambridge, Massachusettsachusetts, around 1984

Rosa Parks speaking at an event, likely in Cambridge, Massachusettsach...

Photograph shows Parks at an outdoor podium. One of several photos Parks received from L. Attles [Rev. Leroy Attles?], pastor of St. Paul AME Church, Cambridge, Mass. "Cambridge, MA" written on back on print. ... More

Rosa Parks, head-and-shoulders portrait, likely at St. Matthew AME church, Detroit, Michigan

Rosa Parks, head-and-shoulders portrait, likely at St. Matthew AME chu...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Susan McCauley, Rosa Parks' niece, holding daughter, Hampton, Virginia, 1989

Susan McCauley, Rosa Parks' niece, holding daughter, Hampton, Virginia...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks visiting in Hampton, Virginia during the Jubilee National Collaborative, 1989

Rosa Parks visiting in Hampton, Virginia during the Jubilee National C...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, C. Delores Tucker, Dionne Warwick and others standing near sheet cake during birthday gala for Parks at the Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C., 1990

Rosa Parks, C. Delores Tucker, Dionne Warwick and others standing near...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks at an Ann Arbor event with William McCauley

Rosa Parks at an Ann Arbor event with William McCauley

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with C. Delores Tucker at reception for the unveiling of Rosa Parks' bust sculpture, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1991

Rosa Parks with C. Delores Tucker at reception for the unveiling of Ro...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks speaking at Hotel St. Regis for the Rosa Parks Scholarship banquet, Detroit, 1991

Rosa Parks speaking at Hotel St. Regis for the Rosa Parks Scholarship ...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with actress Cicely Tyson, Elaine Steele, Artis Lane and an unidentified woman at the reception for the unveiling of Rosa Parks' bust sculpture, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1991

Rosa Parks with actress Cicely Tyson, Elaine Steele, Artis Lane and an...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Group portrait of Rosa Parks, sculptor Artis Lane (far right), actress Cicely Tyson and Frances Hooks at the National Portrait Gallery's 1991 unveiling of the Lane's Rosa Parks sculpture, Washington, D.C.

Group portrait of Rosa Parks, sculptor Artis Lane (far right), actress...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress). Accession box no. D070, Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery

Elaine Steele, Virginia Governor Douglas Wilder, Rosa Parks and another unidentified woman

Elaine Steele, Virginia Governor Douglas Wilder, Rosa Parks and anothe...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks and C. Delores Tucker, possibly at a National Political Congress of Black Women event in Washington, D.C., 1993?

Rosa Parks and C. Delores Tucker, possibly at a National Political Con...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Elaine Steele & Mrs. Rosa Parks, Los Angeles Marriott Hotel, 3-13-98

Elaine Steele & Mrs. Rosa Parks, Los Angeles Marriott Hotel, 3-13-98

Title and date from item. Photograph shows Parks and Steele likely at a board meeting of the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development. Unidentified woman sitting far left (possibly Anita Peek). For... More

[Rosa Parks at her Congressional Gold Medal ceremony seated with assistant Elaine Steele (left); President Bill Clinton, Representatives Dennis Hastert, Dick Gephardt and others stand behind them]

[Rosa Parks at her Congressional Gold Medal ceremony seated with assis...

Date from caption information for contact sheet ROLL CALL-1999-313 or corresponding negative sleeve. Contact sheet available for reference purposes: ROLL CALL-1999-313, frame 24. Contact sheet or negative slee... More

[Rosa Parks at her Congressional Gold Medal ceremony with assistant Elaine Steele (left) and civil rights leader Johnnie Carr (right) standing at podium; Representative Julia Carson, President Clinton, Senator Tom Daschle, Representative Dennis Hastert and others stand next to her]

[Rosa Parks at her Congressional Gold Medal ceremony with assistant El...

Date from caption information for contact sheet ROLL CALL-1999-317 or corresponding negative sleeve. Contact sheet available for reference purposes: ROLL CALL-1999-317, frame 15. Contact sheet or negative slee... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the KSC Training Auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Dr. Mary Frances Berry relates her personal experiences in the fight for civil liberties to employees gathered for a special event marking the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.    Berry served as the assistant secretary for education in the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare HEW between 1977 and 1980. From 1980 to 2004, she was a member of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, serving as chair from 1993 to 2004. Among Berry's many honors are the NAACP's Roy Wilkins Award, the Rosa Parks Award of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and the Ebony Magazine Black Achievement Award. She is one of 75 women featured in the book "I Dream a World: Portraits of Black Women Who Changed America." Sienna College Research Institute and the Women's Hall of Fame also designated her one of "America's Women of the Century."  The event was presented by Kennedy's Office of Diversity and Equal Opportunity. For more information about Kennedy Space Center, visit http://www.nasa.gov/kennedy. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-2014-3148

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the KSC Training Auditorium at NASA's Kenne...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the KSC Training Auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Dr. Mary Frances Berry relates her personal experiences in the fight for civil liberties to employees gathered f... More

Asteroid Named for Nobel Prize Winner Joins Historic Lineup

Asteroid Named for Nobel Prize Winner Joins Historic Lineup

An asteroid discovered by NASA NEOWISE spacecraft has been given the formal designation 316201 Malala, in honor of Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan, who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. The asteroid previous... More

Montgomery, Alabama branch, NAACP meeting, about 1947

Montgomery, Alabama branch, NAACP meeting, about 1947

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks and activist Anne Shore at a social event or meeting, 1963

Rosa Parks and activist Anne Shore at a social event or meeting, 1963

Date (June 1963) from item. Text on back of print: "another party man unknown to me. Anne Shore, Civil Rights Congress, Anne, Rosa Parks". Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of... More

Portrait of Rosa Parks standing next to tropical plants, 1970

Portrait of Rosa Parks standing next to tropical plants, 1970

Date (May 1970) from Polaroid photograph mount. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Reverend J.A. Abraham and Rosa Parks with family in Chicago, Ill., 1973

Reverend J.A. Abraham and Rosa Parks with family in Chicago, Ill., 197...

Date from stamp on back of print. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Portrait photo of Rosa Parks & Phyllis Frazier-Chillison

Portrait photo of Rosa Parks & Phyllis Frazier-Chillison

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Jonathan & Karin Newton (Louise's grandchildren, Cynithia's children)

Jonathan & Karin Newton (Louise's grandchildren, Cynithia's children)

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, half-length portrait facing left, sitting outside on a bench

Rosa Parks, half-length portrait facing left, sitting outside on a ben...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks at an event, likely in Cambridge, Massachusettsachusetts, 1984

Rosa Parks at an event, likely in Cambridge, Massachusettsachusetts, 1...

Photograph shows woman pinning Parks with a corsage. One of several photos Parks received from L. Attles [Rev. Leroy Attles?], pastor of St. Paul AME Church, Cambridge, Mass. Forms part of: Visual Materials fr... More

Rosa Parks, in deaconess dress, and another woman, likely at St. Matthew AME Church, Detroit, Michigan

Rosa Parks, in deaconess dress, and another woman, likely at St. Matth...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks visiting friends and family during a visit to Cailfornia, 1990

Rosa Parks visiting friends and family during a visit to Cailfornia, 1...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks with Elaine Steele and others at an African dress event, Pathways to Freedom program, sponsored by the Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development, Detroit, Michigan

Rosa Parks with Elaine Steele and others at an African dress event, Pa...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks, Coretta Scott King, Ella McCall Haygan (standing), at the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation Legislative Conference, Washington, D.C.

Rosa Parks, Coretta Scott King, Ella McCall Haygan (standing), at the ...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute board meeting, Southfield Marriott, Detroit, Michigan

Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute board meeting, Southfield Marriott, D...

Photograph shows Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute board members, left to right: Leo Branton (speaking at podium), John Conyers, Elaine Steele, Jim Parker, Dorothy Aldridge. Forms part of: Visual Materials from t... More

Rosa Parks visiting friends and family during a visit to Cailfornia, 1990

Rosa Parks visiting friends and family during a visit to Cailfornia, 1...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Commencement ceremony at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, where Rosa Parks was awarded a Doctor of Laws degree, 1991

Commencement ceremony at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, where Ro...

Photograph shows University of Michigan-Dearborn Chancellor Blenda Wilson, Rosa Parks, Elaine Steele and others on stage during the graduation ceremony. Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Pape... More

Rosa Parks, Artis Lane, Elaine Steele and others at the reception for the unveiling of Rosa Parks' bust sculpture, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1991

Rosa Parks, Artis Lane, Elaine Steele and others at the reception for ...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks visiting the Arizona Cactus-Pine Girl Scout Council, 1992

Rosa Parks visiting the Arizona Cactus-Pine Girl Scout Council, 1992

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress). "Seattle filmworks 27Jan92" printed on back.

Rosa Parks with other attendees at the National Political Congress of Black Women, Washington, D.C., 1993

Rosa Parks with other attendees at the National Political Congress of ...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

Rosa Parks and Tony Nicholas at the Brotherhood Crusade tribute to Parks and Muhammad Ali, Los Angeles, California, 1994

Rosa Parks and Tony Nicholas at the Brotherhood Crusade tribute to Par...

Forms part of: Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers (Library of Congress).

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