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Roman de la Rose

Roman de la Rose. Various manuscripts, including Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun. France, Central (Paris), 1320 - 1340Created by: PICRYLDated: Invalid date
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 138v
Roman de la Rose was one of the most widely read works in France for three centuries, and possibly the most read book in Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries. The work started around 1220, possibly by Guillaume de Lorris, and continued later by Jean de Meun: between 1269 and 1278. This particular manuscript was copied from a printed edition published at Lyon, probably around 1487.
"Romance of the Rose" was both popular and controversial provoking attacks of many writers and moralists of the 14th and 15th centuries. The medieval French poem styled as an allegorical dream vision with a purpose to entertain and to teach others about the Art of Love. The "Rose" of the title is seen as the name of the lady and as a symbol of female sexuality in general. The other characters' names also serve as abstractions of the various factors that are involved in a love affair.
Its emphasis on sensual language. Historian Johan Huizinga writes: "It is astonishing that the Church, which so rigorously repressed the slightest deviations from dogma of a speculative character, suffered the teaching of this breviary of the aristocracy (for the Roman de la Rose was nothing else) to be disseminated with impunity."
About 320 manuscripts of the text survive, nearly 200 of these are illustrated.
152 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 138v

Pygmalion kneeling before the statue from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 138v

Detail of a miniature of Pygmalion kneeling before the statue. Image taken from f. 138v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Bel Acueil in prison from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 31v

Bel Acueil in prison from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 31v

Miniature of Bel Acueil in prison, being guarded by Vielle (old woman). Image taken from f. 31v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 25v

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 25v

Detail of a miniature of Amour (Love) instructing the Lover. Image taken from f. 25v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Deduiz from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 10v

Deduiz from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of Deduiz and four companions dancing. Image taken from f. 10v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 42

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 42

Detail of a miniature of Amour (Love) and the Lover. Image taken from f. 42 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Papelardie and Povrete from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 8

Papelardie and Povrete from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 8

Miniature of Papelardie (Pope-Holiness, or Religious Hypocrisy), with an open psalm book, kneeling at an altar; miniature of Povrete (Poverty), in rags, with a nun and a friar looking at her. Image taken from f... more

Bel Acueil in prison from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 31v

Bel Acueil in prison from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 31v

Detail of a miniature of Bel Acueil in prison, being guarded by Vielle (old woman). Image taken from f. 31v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

The Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 7

The Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 7

Detail of a miniature of the Lover in bed, and then dressed and taking out a pen from its case. Image taken from f. 7 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Lover talking to Amis from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 51v

Lover talking to Amis from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 51v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover (L'Amans) talking to Amis (Friend). Image taken from f. 51v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

The Lover and Danger from BL Harley 4425, f. 34

The Lover and Danger from BL Harley 4425, f. 34

Detail of a miniature of the Lover saluting Danger. Image taken from f. 34 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Assault on the castle from BL Harley 4425, f. 139

Assault on the castle from BL Harley 4425, f. 139

Detail of a miniature depicting an assault on the castle. Image taken from f. 139 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 177v

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 177v

Detail of a miniature of Pygmalion and the statue. Image taken from f. 177v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 83

Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche...

Detail of a miniature of Faussemblant (False Seeming or Fraud), Contrainte Atenance (Abstinence, or Forced Abstinence), and another speaking to Male Bouche (literally, Foul mouth, or Scandal). Image taken from ... more

Bel Accueil and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 30v

Bel Accueil and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 30v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover and Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome) in the garden; Danger and other allegorical figures are hiding in the bushes. Image taken from f. 30v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the ... more

Nature forging a baby from BL Harley 4425, f. 140

Nature forging a baby from BL Harley 4425, f. 140

Detail of a miniature depicting Nature forging a baby. Image taken from f. 140 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Dream of the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5

Dream of the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5

Miniature of the Lover (L'Amans) in bed, with a man holding a club (Dangier?) and the bush of rose, with a full border containing animals and hybrids and a foliate initial 'M'(aintes), at the beginning of the t... more

Detail: Felony and Villainy from BL YT 21, f. 4

Detail: Felony and Villainy from BL YT 21, f. 4

Miniature of Felony and Villainy, in the Roman de la Rose. Image taken from f. 4 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Venus in her chariot from BL Harley 4425, f. 138v

Venus in her chariot from BL Harley 4425, f. 138v

Detail of a miniature of Venus coming to the rescue in a chariot drawn by six white doves. Image taken from f. 138v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Avarice and Envy from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6v

Avarice and Envy from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6v

Miniature of Avarice, with a chestful of treasures and raiment hanging above; miniature of Envie (Envy) looking askance at a pair of lovers. Image taken from f. 6v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Nature and priest from BL Harley 4425, f. 143

Nature and priest from BL Harley 4425, f. 143

Detail of a miniature of Nature confessing to a priest. Image taken from f. 143 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

The Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 7

The Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 7

Detail of a miniature of the Lover in bed, and then dressed and taking out a pen from its case. Image taken from f. 7 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Puer, Honte and other allegories from BL Harley 4425, f. 137

Puer, Honte and other allegories from BL Harley 4425, f. 137

Detail of a miniature of Peur, Honte and other allegories fighting. Image taken from f. 137 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Povrete from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 8

Povrete from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 8

Detail of a miniature of Povrete (Poverty), in rags, with a nun and a friar looking at her. Image taken from f. 8 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 25v

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 25v

Detail of a miniature of Amour (Love) instructing the Lover. Image taken from f. 25v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Jealous husband from BL Harley 4425, f. 85

Jealous husband from BL Harley 4425, f. 85

Detail of a miniature of a jealous husband beating his wife until her hair and clothes fly about, while spectators watch from the doorway. Image taken from f. 85 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose).... more

Dream of the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5

Dream of the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5

Detail of a miniature of the Lover (L'Amans) in bed, with a man holding a club (Dangier?), at the beginning of the text. Image taken from f. 5 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Bel Accueil and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 30v

Bel Accueil and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 30v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover and Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome) in the garden; Danger and other allegorical figures are hiding in the bushes. Image taken from f. 30v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the ... more

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 178v

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 178v

Detail of a miniature of Pygmalion on his knees, asking forgiveness from the statue. Image taken from f. 178v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Bel Accueil and Jalousie from BL Harley 4425, f. 37v

Bel Accueil and Jalousie from BL Harley 4425, f. 37v

Detail of a miniature of Jalousie (Jealousy) speaking to Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome). Image taken from f. 37v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Nature in a garden from BL Harley 4425, f. 161v

Nature in a garden from BL Harley 4425, f. 161v

Detail of a miniature of Nature in a garden. Image taken from f. 161v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 42

Amour and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 42

Miniature of Amour (Love) and the Lover. Image taken from f. 42 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Vilenie from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6

Vilenie from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6

Detail of a miniature of Vilenie (Villainy, Abuse, Baseness) offering the Lover (L'Amans) a potion. Image taken from f. 6 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Pygmalion kneeling before the statue from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 138v

Pygmalion kneeling before the statue from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 138v

Miniature of Pygmalion kneeling before the statue. Image taken from f. 138v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Oyseuse from BL YT 21, f. 6v

Oyseuse from BL YT 21, f. 6v

Detail of a miniature showing Oyseuse admitting the Lover through the gates into the Garden of Pleasure. Image taken from f. 6v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Dancing from BL Harley 4425, f. 14v

Dancing from BL Harley 4425, f. 14v

Detail of a miniature of the Carolle (round dance with music) in the garden of Sir Mirth, watched by the narrator of the Roman de la rose, dressed in blue, at the left. Image taken from f. 14v of Roman de la Ro... more

Honte and Peor rousing Dangier from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 29

Honte and Peor rousing Dangier from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 29

Miniature of Honte (Shame, Modesty) and Peor (Fear, Timidity) rousing Dangier (Danger). Image taken from f. 29 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Pitie and Franchise from BL Harley 4425, f. 35

Pitie and Franchise from BL Harley 4425, f. 35

Detail of a miniature of Pitie (Pity) and Franchise pleading with Danger on behalf of the Lover. Image taken from f. 35 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Bel Accueil and la Vieille from BL Harley 4425, f. 114

Bel Accueil and la Vieille from BL Harley 4425, f. 114

Detail of a miniature of Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome) looking at her reflection in a mirror while la Vieille (the Duenna) admires. Image taken from f. 114 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Genius' sermon from BL YT 21, f. 127

Genius' sermon from BL YT 21, f. 127

Detail of a miniature of a sermon being preached by Nature's priest, Genius. Image taken from f. 127 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Tristece from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 7

Tristece from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 7

Miniature of Tristece (Sorrow or Misery), tearing her hair and clothes. Image taken from f. 7 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Garden of Pleasure from BL Harley 4425, f. 12v

Garden of Pleasure from BL Harley 4425, f. 12v

Miniature of a scene in the Garden of Pleasure with the Lover and Dame Oiseuse (Idleness) outside; text and trompe l'oeil borders of flowers and birds. Image taken from f. 12v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance... more

Peur from BL Harley 4425, f. 136v

Peur from BL Harley 4425, f. 136v

Detail of a miniature of Peur fighting while Honte looks on. Image taken from f. 136v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Image from BL Harley 4425, f. 137v

Image from BL Harley 4425, f. 137v

Image taken from f. 137v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Jason and the Golden Fleece from BL Harley 4425, f. 86

Jason and the Golden Fleece from BL Harley 4425, f. 86

Detail of a miniature of Jason and the Golden fleece, with his ship and spectators in the foreground. Image taken from f. 86 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Tristesse from BL Harley 4425, f. 10

Tristesse from BL Harley 4425, f. 10

Detail of a miniature of an allegorical figure embodying Tristesse (Sadness). Image taken from f. 10 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Convoitise from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6

Convoitise from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6

Detail of a miniature of Convoitise (Covetousness or Greed) standing outside a closed gate. Image taken from f. 6 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Nature from BL Harley 4425, f. 166

Nature from BL Harley 4425, f. 166

Detail of a miniature in the left-hand column of Nature dispatching Gennie to the God of Love. Image taken from f. 166 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Dancing from BL Harley 4425, f. 14v

Dancing from BL Harley 4425, f. 14v

Miniature of the Carolle (round dance with music) in the garden of Sir Mirth, watched by the narrator of the Roman de la rose, dressed in blue, at the left. Image taken from f. 14v of Roman de la Rose (index Ro... more

Zeuxis and nude models from BL Harley 4425, f. 142

Zeuxis and nude models from BL Harley 4425, f. 142

Detail of a miniature of the painter Zeuxis painting nude models from nature. Image taken from f. 142 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Deduiz from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 10v

Deduiz from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 10v

Miniature of Deduiz and four companions dancing. Image taken from f. 10v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Envy from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6v

Envy from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6v

Detail of a miniature of Envie (Envy) looking at a pair of lovers. Image taken from f. 6v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 178v

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 178v

Detail of a miniature of Pygmalion on his knees, asking forgiveness from the statue. Image taken from f. 178v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Pygmalion from BL YT 21, f. 136

Pygmalion from BL YT 21, f. 136

Detail of a miniature showing Pygmalion working on his sculpture. Image taken from f. 136 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 83

Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche...

Miniature of Faussemblant (False Seeming or Fraud), Contrainte Atenance (Abstinence, or Forced Abstinence), and another speaking to Male Bouche (literally, Foul mouth, or Scandal). Image taken from f. 83 of Rom... more

Pauvrete from BL Harley 4425, f. 11v

Pauvrete from BL Harley 4425, f. 11v

Detail of a miniature of an allegorical figure of 'Pouvrete' (Poverty). Image taken from f. 11v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Richesse from BL YT 21, f. 9v

Richesse from BL YT 21, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature showing the Lover with the dancer, Richesse. Image taken from f. 9v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Detail: Flourished initials from BL YT 21, f. 135

Detail: Flourished initials from BL YT 21, f. 135

Text page of the Roman de la Rose with initials with pen-flourishing. Image taken from f. 135 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5v

Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5v

Miniature of Hayne (Hatred) looking askance at the Dreamer. Image taken from f. 5v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Diex d'Amors taking hold of the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 17v

Diex d'Amors taking hold of the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 17v

Detail of a miniature of Diex d'Amors (the God of Love) taking hold of the Lover (L'Amans). Image taken from f. 17v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Narcissus at the fountain from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 14v

Narcissus at the fountain from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 14v

Miniature of Narcissus at the fountain, with an instruction to illuminator reading 'Narcisus qui se / mire en la font/aine'. Image taken from f. 14v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Lover and God of Love from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 3v

Lover and God of Love from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 3v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover (L'Amans) pierced by an arrow kneeling before the God of Love (Diex d'Amour) and holding a scroll reading 'Sa mon gre e sauourousaite.' Image taken from f. 3v of Roman de la R... more

The Lover and Raison from BL Harley 4425, f. 32v

The Lover and Raison from BL Harley 4425, f. 32v

Detail of a miniature of Raison (Reason) advising the Lover. Image taken from f. 32v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

The Lover and the rose from BL Harley 4425, f. 184v

The Lover and the rose from BL Harley 4425, f. 184v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover tending the rose. Image taken from f. 184v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Avarice from BL Harley 4425, f. 9

Avarice from BL Harley 4425, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of the allegorical figure of Avarice. Image taken from f. 9 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Detail: Coveriousness from BL YT 21, f. 4

Detail: Coveriousness from BL YT 21, f. 4

Miniature of Coveriousness, in the Roman de la Rose. Image taken from f. 4 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Raison and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 43v

Raison and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 43v

Detail of a miniature of Raison (Reason) advising the Lover. Image taken from f. 43v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Death of Malebouche from BL Harley 4425, f. 111

Death of Malebouche from BL Harley 4425, f. 111

Detail of a miniature showing Abstinence Contrainte (Forced Abstinence) and Faux Semblant (False Seeming) killing Malebouche (Evil Tongue), and cutting his tongue. Image taken from f. 111 of Roman de la Rose (i... more

Castle of Jalousie from BL Harley 4425, f. 39

Castle of Jalousie from BL Harley 4425, f. 39

Detail of a miniature of the Lover outside the Castle of Jalousie (Jealousy), where Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome) is imprisoned; Danger guards its gate. Image taken from f. 39 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of... more

Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5v

Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 5v

Detail of a miniature of Hayne (Hatred) looking askance at the Dreamer. Image taken from f. 5v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Narcissus from BL Harley 4425, f. 20

Narcissus from BL Harley 4425, f. 20

Detail of a miniature of Narcissus admiring his own reflection. Image taken from f. 20 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Franchise from BL YT 21, f. 11

Franchise from BL YT 21, f. 11

Detail of a miniature showing the Lover with the dancer, Franchise. Image taken from f. 11 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Feloniye from BL Harley 4425, f. 8v

Feloniye from BL Harley 4425, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of the allegorical figure of Feloniye (Crime), in the first column of the folio. Image taken from f. 8v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Castle on fire from BL Harley 4425, f. 181

Castle on fire from BL Harley 4425, f. 181

Detail of a miniature of Danger and other allegorical figures escaping from the castle in flames. Image taken from f. 181 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Franchise and Dangier from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 103

Franchise and Dangier from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 103

Miniature of Franchise and Dangier with an instruction to an illuminator reading, 'Franchise qui parle a danger'. Image taken from f. 103 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Amors shooting the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 16

Amors shooting the Lover from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 16

Detail of a miniature of the God of Love (Diex d'Amors) shooting the Lover (L'Amans). Image taken from f. 16 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Death of Dido from BL Harley 4425, f. 117v

Death of Dido from BL Harley 4425, f. 117v

Detail of a miniature of Dido falling on her sword and committing suicide after Aeneas' betrayal. Image taken from f. 117v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Vielesce from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 7v

Vielesce from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 7v

Detail of a miniature of Vielesce (Old Age or Senility), with a crutch, crouching over a fire. Image taken from f. 7v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Bel Accueil and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 36

Bel Accueil and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 36

Detail of a miniature of Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome) leading the Lover to the rose. Image taken from f. 36 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Castle of Jalousie from BL Harley 4425, f. 39

Castle of Jalousie from BL Harley 4425, f. 39

Detail of a miniature of the Lover outside the Castle of Jalousie (Jealousy), where Bel Accueil (Fair Welcome) is imprisoned; Danger guards its gate. Image taken from f. 39 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of... more

The Lover and the rose from BL Harley 4425, f. 184v

The Lover and the rose from BL Harley 4425, f. 184v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover tending the rose. Image taken from f. 184v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Lover and God of Love from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 3v

Lover and God of Love from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 3v

Two miniatures in two compartments: the Lover (L'Amans), being pierced by an arrow, kneeling before the God of Love (Diex d'Amour) and holding a scroll reading 'Sa mon gre e sauourousaite', and 4 figures includ... more

Garden of Pleasure from BL Harley 4425, f. 12v

Garden of Pleasure from BL Harley 4425, f. 12v

Detail of a miniature of a scene in the Garden of Pleasure with the Lover and Dame Oiseuse (Idleness) outside; text and trompe l'oeil borders of flowers and birds; detail showing a lutenist and singers. Image t... more

Venus in her chariot from BL Harley 4425, f. 138v

Venus in her chariot from BL Harley 4425, f. 138v

Detail of a miniature of Venus coming to the rescue in a chariot drawn by six white doves. Image taken from f. 138v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Jealous man and his wife from BL Harley 4425, f. 77

Jealous man and his wife from BL Harley 4425, f. 77

Detail of a miniature of a jealous man reproaching his wife. Image taken from f. 77 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Friendship from BL Harley 4425, f. 47v

Friendship from BL Harley 4425, f. 47v

Detail of a miniature of a sufferer being given money by his true friend. Image taken from f. 47v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 177v

Pygmalion and the statue from BL Harley 4425, f. 177v

Detail of a miniature of Pygmalion and the statue. Image taken from f. 177v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Narcissus at the fountain from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 14v

Narcissus at the fountain from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 14v

Detail of a miniature of Narcissus at the fountain. Image taken from f. 14v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Vilenie and Convoitise from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6

Vilenie and Convoitise from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 6

Miniature of Vilenie (Villainy, Abuse, Baseness) offering the Lover (L'Amans) a potion; miniature of Convoitise (Covetousness or Greed) standing outside a closed gate. Image taken from f. 6 of Roman de la Rose.... more

Raison and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 43v

Raison and the Lover from BL Harley 4425, f. 43v

Detail of a miniature of Raison (Reason) advising the Lover. Image taken from f. 43v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Felony and Villainy, Coveriousness and Avarice from BL YT 21, f. 4

Felony and Villainy, Coveriousness and Avarice from BL YT 21, f. 4

Three miniatures of Felony and Villainy, Coveriousness and Avarice, in the Roman de la Rose. Image taken from f. 4 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Tristece from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 7

Tristece from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 7

Detail of a miniature of Tristece (Sorrow or Misery), tearing her hair and clothes. Image taken from f. 7 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Nero and Seneca from BL Harley 4425, f. 59v

Nero and Seneca from BL Harley 4425, f. 59v

Detail of a miniature of Seneca sitting in a bathtub while a man is slitting his veins, obeying Nero's orders. Image taken from f. 59v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Convoitise and Largesse from BL Harley 4425, f. 111

Convoitise and Largesse from BL Harley 4425, f. 111

Detail of a miniature of Convoitise (Covetousness) and Largesse (Generosity) entering the castle. Image taken from f. 111 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Dread, Shame, and Danger from BL YT 21, f. 26v

Dread, Shame, and Danger from BL YT 21, f. 26v

Miniature of Dread, Shame, and Danger, in the Roman de la Rose. Image taken from f. 26v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Virginius and Appius from BL Harley 4425, f. 54

Virginius and Appius from BL Harley 4425, f. 54

Detail of a miniature of Virginius pleading before Appius. Image taken from f. 54 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Author from BL Harley 4425, f. 133

Author from BL Harley 4425, f. 133

Detail of a miniature of the author writing his book. Image taken from f. 133 of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Vilenie from BL Harley 4425, f. 8v

Vilenie from BL Harley 4425, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of the allegorical figure of Vilenie (Villainy), in the second column of the folio. Image taken from f. 8v of Roman de la Rose (index Romance of the Rose). Written in French.

Mirth and Gladness, and God of Love from BL YT 21, f. 8v

Mirth and Gladness, and God of Love from BL YT 21, f. 8v

Miniature of the dance with Mirth and Gladness; miniature of the God of Love with a youth and a damsel. Image taken from f. 8v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Papelardie from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 8

Papelardie from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 8

Detail of a miniature of Papelardie (Pope-Holiness, or Religious Hypocrisy), with an open psalm book, kneeling at an altar. Image taken from f. 8 of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.

Venus setting fire to the castle from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 141v

Venus setting fire to the castle from BL Royal 19 B XIII, f. 141v

Miniature of Venus setting fire to the castle. Image taken from f. 141v of Roman de la Rose. Written in French.