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Roach (headdress)

Porcupine hair roaches are a traditional male headdress of a number of Native American tribes in what is now New England, the Great Lakes and Missouri River regions, including the Potawatomi who lived where Chicago now stands. Created by: PICRYL - Public Domain Media Search EngineDated: 1800
Chief Duckhunter (HS85-10-27759)
The porcupine hair roach is often made of guard hair of the porcupine, the tail hair of the white-tail deer, moose hair, or artificial stiff hair; often, the hair is dyed a bright color, such as red or yellow, which can symbolize a veteran of combat. Some roaches from the southern plains are made with black turkey beards.

The term roach also applies to the traditional Mohawk hairstyle worn by some warriors of some southern plains tribes such as the Pawnee and some Algonquian tribes, such as the Mohegan and Lenape. This is where their hair is shorn like a horse’s mane which was considered stylish in the 19th century. All their hair would be cut, save a strip down the middle of their head.

Present day, most roaches have evolved into separate headdresses. They are made from turkey beard hair, porcupine guard hair and deer-tail hair. Depending on where a tribe is from can determine what their headdress will look like. Typically, central and southern plains style their roaches with the front hairs standing straight up with only a gradual outward flare and are usually smaller in size. The northern plains style hair roach headdress typically have the hairs in front form horizontally outward and tend to be larger in size. Often, men would add bits of animal hair to the headdresses.
35 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
A Piegan Dandy, 1900, Edward Sheriff Curtis photograph

A Piegan Dandy, 1900, Edward Sheriff Curtis photograph

A Piegan Dandy, 1900 Français : Un superbe Piegan, 1900 Public domain photograph of native Americans, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Chief Duckhunter (HS85-10-27759)

Chief Duckhunter (HS85-10-27759)

Chief Duckhunter. Public domain photograph of native Americans, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Kee-o-kúk, The Watchful Fox, Chief of the Tribe

Kee-o-kúk, The Watchful Fox, Chief of the Tribe

Picryl description: Public domain image of Native Americans, Indians of North America, indigenous tribes, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

1833 Catlin Not-Chi-Mi-Ne, Ioway Chief anagoria

1833 Catlin Not-Chi-Mi-Ne, Ioway Chief anagoria

Picryl description: Public domain image of Native Americans, Indians of North America, indigenous tribes, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Mon-chonsia, a Kansas chief

Mon-chonsia, a Kansas chief

Mon-chonsia, a Kansas chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embell... More

Kish-kal-wa, a Shawanoe chief

Kish-kal-wa, a Shawanoe chief

Kish-kal-wa, a Shawanoe chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embe... More

1825 Waemboeshkaa, Chippeway anagoria

1825 Waemboeshkaa, Chippeway anagoria

Public domain image - related to German history, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Mar-ko-me-te, a Menomene brave

Mar-ko-me-te, a Menomene brave

Mar-ko-me-te, a Menomene brave. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Emb... More

Chono Cape, an Ottoe chief

Chono Cape, an Ottoe chief

Chono Cape, an Ottoe chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embelli... More

Ne-o-mon-e, an Ioway chief

Ne-o-mon-e, an Ioway chief

Ne-o-mon-e, an Ioway chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embelli... More

Sauk Indian family by Frank Rinehart 1899

Sauk Indian family by Frank Rinehart 1899

Sauk (or Sac) Indian family photographed by Frank Rinehart (1861-1928)

Tahrohon

Tahrohon

TAH-RO-HON, AN IOWAY WARRIOR Lithographed, colored and published ca. 1836-44 by J.T. Bowen, Philadelphia. SI.1990.008 H.10 1/4" X W.6 3/8" (octavo) Deutsch: TAH-RO-HON, ein Krieger der Iowa-Indianer

Ap-pa-noo-se, Saukie chief

Ap-pa-noo-se, Saukie chief

Ap-pa-noo-se, Saukie chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embelli... More

No-way-ke-sug-ga, Otoe

No-way-ke-sug-ga, Otoe

No-way-ke-sug-ga, Otoe. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embellished... More

Father detail, from- Sauk Indian family by Frank Rinehart 1899 (cropped)

Father detail, from- Sauk Indian family by Frank Rinehart 1899 (croppe...

Sauk (or Sac) Indian family photographed by Frank Rinehart (1861-1928)

Moa-na-hon-ga, Great Walker, an Ioway chief

Moa-na-hon-ga, Great Walker, an Ioway chief

Moa-na-hon-ga, Great Walker, an Ioway chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Princip... More

Pes-ke-le-cha-ko, a Pawnee chief

Pes-ke-le-cha-ko, a Pawnee chief

Pes-ke-le-cha-ko, a Pawnee chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. E... More

The last American frontier (1910) (14773751615)

The last American frontier (1910) (14773751615)

Identifier: lastamericanfron00paxs (find matches) Title: The last American frontier Year: 1910 (1910s) Authors: Paxson, Frederic L. (Frederic Logan), 1877-1948 Subjects: Frontier and pioneer life -- West (U... More

Kee-shes-wa, a Fox chief

Kee-shes-wa, a Fox chief

Kee-shes-wa, a Fox chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embellish... More

Ma has kah, chief of the Ioways

Ma has kah, chief of the Ioways

Ma has kah, chief of the Ioways. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Em... More

Tah-col-o-quoit

Tah-col-o-quoit

Tah-col-o-quoit. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embellished with O... More

Chon-mon-i-case, an Otto half chief

Chon-mon-i-case, an Otto half chief

Chon-mon-i-case, an Otto half chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief... More

Not-chi-mi-ne, an Ioway chief

Not-chi-mi-ne, an Ioway chief

Not-chi-mi-ne, an Ioway chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embe... More

Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiah or Black Hawk, a Saukie brave

Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiah or Black Hawk, a Saukie brave

Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiah or Black Hawk, a Saukie brave. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of... More

Chief Black Hawk3

Chief Black Hawk3

Sauk Chief Makataimeshekiakiah, or Black Hawk

Karl Bodmer Travels in America (36)

Karl Bodmer Travels in America (36)

Author: aquatint by Karl Bodmer from the book "Maximilian, Prince of Wied’s Travels in the Interior of North America, during the years 1832–1834" by Prince Maximilian of Wied (Publisher: Ackermann & Co., 1839)... More

O-kee-makee-quid, a Chippeway chief

O-kee-makee-quid, a Chippeway chief

O-kee-makee-quid, a Chippeway chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief... More

Ki-on-twog-ky or Corn Plant, a Seneca chief

Ki-on-twog-ky or Corn Plant, a Seneca chief

Ki-on-twog-ky or Corn Plant, a Seneca chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Princip... More

Shar-i-tar-ish, a Pawnee chief

Shar-i-tar-ish, a Pawnee chief

Shar-i-tar-ish, a Pawnee chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Emb... More

Tens-kwau-ta-waw, the prophet

Tens-kwau-ta-waw, the prophet

Tens-kwau-ta-waw, the prophet. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embe... More

Todros Geller - From Land to Land - 1936 - Oklahoma Indian dancer - 0073
Wapella

Wapella

WA-PEL-LA THE PRINCE, A MUSQUAKEE CHIEF, painted by Charles Bird King Lithographed, colored and published ca. 1836-44 by J.T. Bowen, Philadelphia. SI.1990.019 H.10 1/4" X W.6 3/8" (octavo)

George Catlin - Háh-je-day-ah'-shee, Meeting Birds, a Brave - 1985.66.184 - Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Catlin - Háh-je-day-ah'-shee, Meeting Birds, a Brave - 1985.66....

Picryl description: Public domain image of Native Americans, Indians of North America, indigenous tribes, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

George Catlin - Sháw-da-mon-nee, There He Goes, a Brave - 1985.66.115 - Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Catlin - Sháw-da-mon-nee, There He Goes, a Brave - 1985.66.115 ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of Native Americans, Indians of North America, indigenous tribes, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Pow-a-sheek, a Fox chief

Pow-a-sheek, a Fox chief

Pow-a-sheek, a Fox chief. McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 & Hall, James, 1793-1868. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chief. Embellish... More