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President Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921. Wilson earned a PhD in political science at Johns Hopkins University, served as a professor and scholar at various institutions, as President of Princeton University. In 1910 he was elected the 34th Governor of New Jersey, serving from 1911 to 1913. He became the first Southerner elected as president since Zachary Taylor in 1848. He became the first Democrat since Andrew Jackson elected to two consecutive terms. He oversaw the passage of progressive legislative policies unparalleled until the New Deal in 1933.
Upon the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Wilson maintained a policy of neutrality and his second term was dominated by American entry into World War I. During the war, Wilson focused on diplomacy and financial considerations, leaving military strategy to the generals, especially General John J. Pershing. Loaning billions of dollars to Britain, France, and other Allies, the United States aided their finance of the war effort.
Following years of advocacy for suffrage on the state level, in 1918 he endorsed the Nineteenth Amendment, whose ratification in 1920 provided an equal right to vote for women. Early in 1918, he issued his principles for peace, the Fourteen Points, and in 1919 he traveled to Paris, promoting the formation of a League of Nations, concluding the Treaty of Versailles.
A devoted Presbyterian, Wilson infused morality into his internationalism, an ideology now referred to as "Wilsonian"—an activist foreign policy calling on the nation to promote global democracy. For his sponsorship of the League of Nations, Wilson was awarded the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize, the second of three sitting presidents so honored.
"Sometimes people call me an idealist. Well, that is the way I know I am an American. America is the only idealistic nation in the world."
Wilson's Second Inauguration
793 Media in collectionpage 1 of 8

Fort Greble, R.I.

Local Accession Number: PC 183..Description: Postcard photograph of 4 12 in. mortars at Fort Greble during World War I...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Donated by Jean Brannum Nichols..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print... more

Woodrow Wilson's Second Term

Local Accession Number: 331..Description: President Wilson with Edith Bolling Galt Wilson during his second term. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 4.5x6.5. .Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 04-06-1918

Woodrow Wilson

Local Accession Number: 1245..Description: President Wilson, with his chauffeur George Howard...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 7x9.5..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: Unknown

Woodrow Wilson

Local Accession Number: 969..Description: President Woodrow Wilson with Charles M. Schwab. Schwab's autograph is in the lower right hand corner of the photograph...Photographer: Carl. T. Thoner..Source: Unknown... more

Woodrow Wilson with Members of the Jefferson Society of UVA Law School

Local Accession Number: 1336..Description: Future President Wilson photographed with fellow members of the Jefferson Society at UVa...Photographer: Unknown..Source: University of Virginia Library..Size: 9x12..M... more

Woodorow Wilson at Ball Game

Local Accession Number: 981..Description: President Woodrow Wilson and wife Edith watch the season opener of the Washington Senators on April 20, 1916. Wilson threw out the opening ball and the Senators defeate... more

Wilson's with the King and Queen of Belgium

Local Accession Number: 987..Description: President and Mrs. Wilson photographed with the King and Queen the Amusement Garden in Brussels...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10, 7x6.75..... more

Wilson's Second Inauguration

Local Accession Number: 1504..Description: President Wilson in his second inauguration parade. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 5x7..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 03-05-1917

Wilson's First Term

Local Accession Number: 2213..Description: President Wilson speaking to reporters during his first term. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Donated by Robert L. Marrs..Size: 3.5x5. .Medium: Print, Black and White... more

Wilson's Arrival at Brest, France

Local Accession Number: PC 102..Description: Wilson arrives in Brest, France for the Paris Peace Conference...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 3.5x5.5..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 1918

Wilson With Child

Local Accession Number: 1145-A..Description: Photograph of President Wilson with his newly born granddaughter, Ellen Wilson McAdoo...Photographer: Harris and Ewing..Source: Unknown..Size: 9.5x7..Medium: Print, ... more

Wilson's Second Inauguration

Local Accession Number: 2411..Description: Wilson delivering his second inaugural address...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 03-05-1917

Wilson Opening Air Mail Service

Local Accession Number: 872..Description: Photograph of President and Mrs. Wilson opening the Air Mail Service. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Howard E. Potter Collection..Size: 7.5x8..Medium: Print, Black an... more

Wilson on Board U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 182 ..Description: President Wilson on the bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington en route to England and Paris for the Peace Conference. .From left to right: Edith Benham (Secretary to ... more

Wilson in Paris

Local Accession Number: 173..Description: Wilson traveling with his party through Paris, France...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black an... more

Wilson Disembarking U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 185..Description: The President and Mrs. Wilson, disembarking the U.S.S. Washington, en route to Europe for the Paris Peace Conference...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Research... more

Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, Belgium

Local Accession Number: 985..Description: President Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, near Charleroi, Belgium, where five blast furnaces were set up to replace some of those destroyed by the Germans...Photographer:... more

Wilson and His First Cabinet

Local Accession Number: 2001..Description: President Wilson and his first cabinet...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Woodrow Wilson House..Size: 10x8. .Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1913

Wilson and King Albert in Adinkerke, Belgium

Local Accession Number: 1801..Description: President Wilson and King Albert walk alongside the train in Adinkerke...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Unknown..Size: 7x9..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 06-18-1919

Wilson and Governor

Local Accession Number: 1503..Description: Woodrow Wilson with the Virginia governor William Hodges Mann, probably taken during his 1912 Staunton, VA visit. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 4x5..... more

Wilson and Edith at a Ball Game

Local Accession Number: 2129..Description: President and Mrs. Wilson take in a baseball game during the President's second term in office. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Bl... more

Vive Wilson

Local Accession Number: 171..Description: Parisians greet President Wilson on the Rue Royal. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1918

U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 186..Description: President Wilson and Captain McCauley on the bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox..Size:... more

The Wilsons

Local Accession Number: 333..Description: President and Mrs. Wilson...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 4.5x6.5. .Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 04-06-1918

The Wilsons in France

Local Accession Number: 180..Description: President and Mrs. Woodrow Wilson in Paris, France, pictured with French President Raymond Poincare...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox.... more

Staunton Visit in 1912

Local Accession Number: 1505..Description: President-elect Wilson waves to homecoming crowd in front of his birthplace in Staunton, VA (the First Presbyterian Manse) on his 56th birthday. ..Photographer: Unknow... more

Special Train

Local Accession Number: 273..Description: Rear side view of the platform car of Wilson's special train. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1919

Special Train

Local Accession Number: 271..Description: Rear view of the platform car of Wilson's special train. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1919

Riding to the Inauguration

Local Accession Number: 303..Description: President Wilson and Harding riding to the inauguration. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Library of Congress..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 03-14-1921

President Wilson's Funeral Procession

Local Accession Number: 2368..Description: President Wilson's Funeral procession...Photographer: Mort Broffman?..Source: Washington National Cathedral..Size: 10x8..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 02-06-1924

President Wilson's Funeral Procession

Local Accession Number: 1866..Description: President Wilson's Funeral procession...Photographer: Mort Broffman?..Source: Washington National Cathedral..Size: 10x8..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 02-06-1924

President Wilson on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00032A..Description: President Wilson speaking to a child, with Dr. Grayson looking on...Photographer: Underwood and Underwood ..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 6x8..Medium... more

President Wilson on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00032..Description: President Wilson speaking to a gentleman, with Dr. Grayson looking on...Photographer: Underwood and Underwood ..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 6x8..Med... more

President Wilson on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00031..Description: President Wilson and his party arriving in Columbus, OH. ..Photographer: International ..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 1919

President Wilson's Funeral Procession

Local Accession Number: 2044..Description: Pall Bearers load Wilson's coffin into a hearse...Photographer: Mort Broffman..Source: Washington National Cathedral..Size: 10x8..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date:... more

President Wilson and President Poincare of France

Local Accession Number: 181b..Description: Wilson and President Poincare on parade in Paris, France. Wilson became the first president to leave the United States while in office when he traveled to France in De... more

President Wilson Greets a Woman on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00033D..Description: President Wilson speaking to a woman while on his cross-country speaking tour...Photographer: Harris and Ewing..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 3x4..Me... more

President Wilson En Route to Harding's Funeral

Local Accession Number: 2142..Description: President Wilson en route to President Harding's funeral...Photographer: Unknown..Source: University of Virginia Library..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..D... more

President Wilson at His Desk in the White House

Local Accession Number: 154..Description: Photograph of President Wilson at his desk in the White House...Photographer: Underwood and Underwood..Source: Purchased from Underwood and Underwood..Size: 6.5x8.5..Me... more

President Wilson Boarding U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: CTG 00019..Description: President Wilson boarding the U.S.S. George Washington, likely leaving from the Paris Peace Conference...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Potomac Books, Cary T. Gra... more

President Wilson and President Poincare of France

Local Accession Number: 181..Description: Wilson and President Poincare on parade in Paris, France. Wilson became the first president to leave the United States while in office when he traveled to France in Dec... more

President Wilson and Joseph Tumulty

Local Accession Number: 1007..Description: Photo of the President Wilson and Joseph Tumulty in the White House...Photographer: Harris and Ewing..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox..Size: 6.5x9, 8x10..Me... more

President Wilson and King George V of England

Local Accession Number: CTG 0008..Description: President Wilson and King George V of England, outside of Buckingham Palace...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print,... more

Leaving S Street House for Armistice Day Celebration

Local Accession Number: 1833..Description: President Wilson with attendant, leaving S Street for Armistice Day celebration. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: University of Virginia Library..Size: 8x10..Medium: P... more

Czech Postcard of Wilson

Local Accession Number: PC123..Description: Portrait of Woodrow Wilson...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Purchased from Joe Kanturek, Flushing, N.Y., 03/18/1994...Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: c. 1918-1925

Brussels, Belgium

Local Accession Number: 296..Description: President Wilson and King Albert leaving after the President made a speech before the Belgian Chamber of Deputies...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Unknown..Si... more

Adinkerke, Belgium Railway Station

Local Accession Number: 291..Description: President Wilson and King Albert leaving the station at Adinkerke...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Unknown..Size: 7x9..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 06-18-1919

Woodrow Wilson's Second Term

Local Accession Number: 331..Description: President Wilson with Edith Bolling Galt Wilson during his second term. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 4.5x6.5. .Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 04-06-1918

YMCA Card of Masaryk and Wilson

Local Accession Number: PC117..Description: Postcard of Czech origin from the Wilson era...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Purchased from Joe Kanturek, Flushing, N.Y., 03/18/1994...Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Col... more

Woodrow Wilson

Local Accession Number: 1245..Description: President Wilson, with his chauffeur George Howard...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 7x9.5..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: Unknown

Woodrow Wilson with Soldiers in Europe

Local Accession Number: 1802..Description: Painting of President Wilson with Soldiers in Europe, by Stanley Dersh...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10.5..Medium: Print, Color..Date: Unknown

Woodrow Wilson with Members of the Jefferson Society of UVA Law School

Local Accession Number: 1336..Description: Future President Wilson photographed with fellow members of the Jefferson Society at UVa...Photographer: Unknown..Source: University of Virginia Library..Size: 9x12..M... more

Woodrow Wilson

Local Accession Number: 969..Description: President Woodrow Wilson with Charles M. Schwab. Schwab's autograph is in the lower right hand corner of the photograph...Photographer: Carl. T. Thoner..Source: Unknown... more

Woodrow Wilson and American Flags

Local Accession Number: PC 140..Description: Patriotic postcard from World War I...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Carole Nelson..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Color..Date: c. 1918

Woodorow Wilson at Ball Game

Local Accession Number: 981..Description: President Woodrow Wilson and wife Edith watch the season opener of the Washington Senators on April 20, 1916. Wilson threw out the opening ball and the Senators defeate... more

Woodrow Wilson & Edith Bolling Galt

Local Accession Number: 1497..Description: President Wilson and his second wife, Edith Bolling Galt Wilson...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Library of Congress..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: Unknown

Wilson's with the King and Queen of Belgium

Local Accession Number: 987..Description: President and Mrs. Wilson photographed with the King and Queen the Amusement Garden in Brussels...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10, 7x6.75..... more

Wilson's Second Inauguration

Local Accession Number: 1504..Description: President Wilson in his second inauguration parade. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 5x7..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 03-05-1917

Wilson's First Term

Local Accession Number: 2213..Description: President Wilson speaking to reporters during his first term. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Donated by Robert L. Marrs..Size: 3.5x5. .Medium: Print, Black and White... more

Wilson's Arrival at Brest, France

Local Accession Number: PC 102..Description: Wilson arrives in Brest, France for the Paris Peace Conference...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 3.5x5.5..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 1918

Wilson's Second Inauguration

Local Accession Number: 2411..Description: Wilson delivering his second inaugural address...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 03-05-1917

Wilson With Child

Local Accession Number: 1145-A..Description: Photograph of President Wilson with his newly born granddaughter, Ellen Wilson McAdoo...Photographer: Harris and Ewing..Source: Unknown..Size: 9.5x7..Medium: Print, ... more

Wilson Opening Air Mail Service

Local Accession Number: 872..Description: Photograph of President and Mrs. Wilson opening the Air Mail Service. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Howard E. Potter Collection..Size: 7.5x8..Medium: Print, Black an... more

Wilson on the Bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 995..Description: President Wilson and Dr. Gary T. Grayson on the bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington coming up the New York Bay...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Donated by ... more

Wilson on Board U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 182 ..Description: President Wilson on the bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington en route to England and Paris for the Peace Conference. .From left to right: Edith Benham (Secretary to ... more

Wilson Disembarking U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 185..Description: The President and Mrs. Wilson, disembarking the U.S.S. Washington, en route to Europe for the Paris Peace Conference...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Research... more

Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, Belgium

Local Accession Number: 985..Description: President Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, near Charleroi, Belgium, where five blast furnaces were set up to replace some of those destroyed by the Germans...Photographer:... more

Wilson and King Albert in Adinkerke, Belgium

Local Accession Number: 1801..Description: President Wilson and King Albert walk alongside the train in Adinkerke...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Unknown..Size: 7x9..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 06-18-1919

Wilson and Governor

Local Accession Number: 1503..Description: Woodrow Wilson with the Virginia governor William Hodges Mann, probably taken during his 1912 Staunton, VA visit. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 4x5..... more

Wilson and His First Cabinet

Local Accession Number: 2001..Description: President Wilson and his first cabinet...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Woodrow Wilson House..Size: 10x8. .Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1913

Vive Wilson

Local Accession Number: 171..Description: Parisians greet President Wilson on the Rue Royal. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1918

The Wilsons in France

Local Accession Number: 180..Description: President and Mrs. Woodrow Wilson in Paris, France, pictured with French President Raymond Poincare...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox.... more

U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: 186..Description: President Wilson and Captain McCauley on the bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington...Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps..Source: Research Library, 20th Century Fox..Size:... more

The Wilsons

Local Accession Number: 333..Description: President and Mrs. Wilson...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 4.5x6.5. .Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 04-06-1918

Special Train

Local Accession Number: 273..Description: Rear side view of the platform car of Wilson's special train. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Unknown..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 1919

Staunton Visit in 1912

Local Accession Number: 1505..Description: President-elect Wilson waves to homecoming crowd in front of his birthplace in Staunton, VA (the First Presbyterian Manse) on his 56th birthday. ..Photographer: Unknow... more

Riding to the Inauguration

Local Accession Number: 303..Description: President Wilson and Harding riding to the inauguration. ..Photographer: Unknown..Source: Library of Congress..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 03-14-1921

President Wilson's Funeral Procession

Local Accession Number: 2368..Description: President Wilson's Funeral procession...Photographer: Mort Broffman?..Source: Washington National Cathedral..Size: 10x8..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date: 02-06-1924

President Wilson's Funeral Procession

Local Accession Number: 2044..Description: Pall Bearers load Wilson's coffin into a hearse...Photographer: Mort Broffman..Source: Washington National Cathedral..Size: 10x8..Medium: Print, Black and White..Date:... more

President Wilson on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00031..Description: President Wilson and his party arriving in Columbus, OH. ..Photographer: International ..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print, Sepia..Date: 1919

President Wilson and President Poincare of France

Local Accession Number: 181b..Description: Wilson and President Poincare on parade in Paris, France. Wilson became the first president to leave the United States while in office when he traveled to France in De... more

President Wilson on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00032..Description: President Wilson speaking to a gentleman, with Dr. Grayson looking on...Photographer: Underwood and Underwood ..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 6x8..Med... more

President Wilson Greets a Woman on Speaking Tour

Local Accession Number: CTG 00033D..Description: President Wilson speaking to a woman while on his cross-country speaking tour...Photographer: Harris and Ewing..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 3x4..Me... more

President Wilson Boarding U.S.S. George Washington

Local Accession Number: CTG 00019..Description: President Wilson boarding the U.S.S. George Washington, likely leaving from the Paris Peace Conference...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Potomac Books, Cary T. Gra... more