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President James Garfield

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later the same year. Garfield had served nine terms in the House of Representatives and had been elected to the Senate.
Garfield was raised on a humble Ohio farm by his widowed mother. He worked at various jobs, including on a canal boat before age 17, when he attended several schools, then studied at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts, from which he graduated in 1856. A year later, Garfield entered politics as a Republican. Garfield opposed Confederate secession, served as a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
His term cut short by his death after only 200 days. On July 2, 1881, less than four months into his term as the 20th President of the United States, Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. He died in Elberon, New Jersey eleven weeks later, on September 19, 1881. Garfield was the second of four Presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
"All free governments are managed by the combined wisdom and folly of the people.'
Scene of the assassination of Gen. James A. Garfield, President of the United States
52 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1

Statue of America in the U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield Inaugural Ball

Description: The Rotunda from the northwest balcony of the new United States National Museum, now the Arts and Industries Building, decorated for President James A. Garfield and Vice President Chester A. Arthur... more

U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield Inaugural Ball

Description: The United States National Museum (USNM) Building is decorated for the March 4, 1881, inaugural ball of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, the first public use of the museum building. A broad... more

Historical photograph of the assassination of President Garfield

Composite of 9 photoprints: portraits of Pres. Garfield, Dr. Bliss, Dr. Townshend and Guiteau the assassin; exterior of B.&P. Depot and room where he was shot; the coffin in State in U.S. Capitol; the gun used.

New York - First celebration of President Garfield's recovery

The display of fireworks at Fort Greene, Brooklyn, August 4th.

[Events related to the assassination of President Garfield]

Prints show Alexander Graham Bell using his induction-balance device to locate the bullet in President Garfield's body; fireworks at Fort Greene in Brooklyn, New York; and an evening service at Asbury Park, New Jersey.

wife of U.S. President James A. Garfield from "Perley's Reminiscences of sixty years in the national metropolis ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000405 from volume 02 of "Perley's Reminiscences of sixty years in the national metropolis ... Illustrated". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated fro... more

James A. Garfield Republican candidate for president - Chester A. Arthur Republican candidate for vice president / Vic Arnold.

Broadside showing James A. Garfield, bust portrait, facing right, and Chester A. Arthur, bust portrait, facing front.

James A. Garfield Republican candidate for president - Chester A. Arthur Republican candidate for vice president / Vic Arnold.

Broadside showing James A. Garfield, bust portrait, facing right, and Chester A. Arthur, bust portrait, facing front.

The late president James A. Garfield

Print shows President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, standing, facing right.

The late president James A. Garfield

Print shows President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, standing, facing right.

President Garfield family

President James A. Garfield and his family seated around table; portraits of Washington and Lincoln on wall in background.

J.A. Garfield, President of U.S.

Half-length portrait of James A. Garfield, seated, facing right, with his mother, and his wife; portrait of Lincoln on wall in background.

Our nation's choice--Gen. James Abram Garfield, Republican candidate for President, Gen. Chester A. Arthur, Republican Candidate for Vice-President

Campaign poster showing head-and-shoulders portraits of James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, with text and patriotic images including an American eagle and men gathered around flag.

Our nation's choice--Gen. James Abram Garfield, Republican candidate for President, Gen. Chester A. Arthur, Republican Candidate for Vice-President

Campaign poster showing head-and-shoulders portraits of James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, with text and patriotic images including an American eagle and men gathered around flag.