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President James Garfield

James Abram Garfield was the 20th President of the United States, serving 200 days of 1881Created by: PICRYLDated: 2016
Scene of the assassination of Gen. James A. Garfield, President of the United States
James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later the same year. Garfield had served nine terms in the House of Representatives and had been elected to the Senate.
Garfield was raised on a humble Ohio farm by his widowed mother. He worked at various jobs, including on a canal boat before age 17, when he attended several schools, then studied at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts, from which he graduated in 1856. A year later, Garfield entered politics as a Republican. Garfield opposed Confederate secession, served as a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
His term cut short by his death after only 200 days. On July 2, 1881, less than four months into his term as the 20th President of the United States, Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. He died in Elberon, New Jersey eleven weeks later, on September 19, 1881. Garfield was the second of four Presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
"All free governments are managed by the combined wisdom and folly of the people.'
1854
1854
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1929
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1929
52 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
[Mrs. James Garfield, three-quarters length portrait, standing, facing slightly right]

[Mrs. James Garfield, three-quarters length portrait, standing, facing...

Brady-Handy Collection (Library of Congress). BH826-30278-A.

[President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, facing right]

[President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, facing right]

Brady-Handy Collection (Library of Congress). LC-BH826-1484-B.

Ohio.  The busy life of a president-elect of the United States--General Garfield at his home at Mentor.  Gen. Garfield's business office

Ohio. The busy life of a president-elect of the United States--Genera...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1880 Dec. 18, p. 252.

Washington, D.C. - an incident of the inauguration - ex-confederate soldiers saluting President Garfield

Washington, D.C. - an incident of the inauguration - ex-confederate so...

Waving U.S. Flag. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, v. 52, 1881, p. 68. Reference copy may be in PRES FILE - Garfield Inauguration. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Ca... more

New York - First celebration of President Garfield's recovery

New York - First celebration of President Garfield's recovery

The display of fireworks at Fort Greene, Brooklyn, August 4th. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1881 Aug. 20. This record contains unverified data from caption card.

Removing the President (Garfield) from the White House

Removing the President (Garfield) from the White House

Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, 1881 Sept. 17. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

New Jersey--The removal of President Garfield, with his physicians and attendants, from the White House to the Francklyn cottage, at Elberon by the sea, September 6th / from sketches by a staff artist.

New Jersey--The removal of President Garfield, with his physicians and...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1881 Sept. 24, p. 56-57.

Gen. James A. Garfield, 20th president of the United States / W.J. Morgan & Co. lith., Cleveland, O.

Gen. James A. Garfield, 20th president of the United States / W.J. Mor...

Print showing James A. Garfield, bust portrait, facing right. 13579 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1881 by W.J. Morgan & Co. in the office of the Librar... more

Historical photograph of the assassination of President Garfield

Historical photograph of the assassination of President Garfield

Composite of 9 photoprints: portraits of Pres. Garfield, Dr. Bliss, Dr. Townshend and Guiteau the assassin; exterior of B.&P. Depot and room where he was shot; the coffin in State in U.S. Capitol; the gun used.... more

[Events related to the assassination of President Garfield]

[Events related to the assassination of President Garfield]

Prints show Alexander Graham Bell using his induction-balance device to locate the bullet in President Garfield's body; fireworks at Fort Greene in Brooklyn, New York; and an evening service at Asbury Park, New Jersey.

The death of President Garfield - incidents at Elberon and on the route of the funeral train / from sketches by staff artists.

The death of President Garfield - incidents at Elberon and on the rout...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, v. 63, 1881 Oct 8, p. 85.

Removing the President (Garfield) from the express wagon to the railway car

Removing the President (Garfield) from the express wagon to the railwa...

Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, 1881 Sept. 17. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

Washington, D.C. - the attack on the President's [James Garfield's] life - Mrs. Smith supporting the president while awaiting the arrival of the ambulance

Washington, D.C. - the attack on the President's [James Garfield's] li...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, vol. 52, no. 1346 (1881 July 16), p. 325. Wood engraving from sketches by Berghaus & Upham. No referen... more

wife of U.S. President James A. Garfield from "Perley's Reminiscences of sixty years in the national metropolis ... Illustrated"

wife of U.S. President James A. Garfield from "Perley's Reminiscences ...

This image has been taken from scan 000405 from volume 02 of "Perley's Reminiscences of sixty years in the national metropolis ... Illustrated". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated fro... more

Artists - Artists and publicity men in the Government's service. Charles Dana Gibson, chairman of the division of pictorial publicity of the Committee on Public Information, gave a luncheon in Washington to some of the government's leading publicity men and those who are making Uncle Sam's posters. In this group,  from left to right (without regard to rows) are: D.W. Lee, Herbert Adams, Prof. Richard Rice, Library of Congress; M.L. Blumenthal, H. Devitt Welsh, Oliver Dennet Grover, George Creel, Frederick Keppell, (at top) W.E. Hall (in stripped suit), Edward N. hurley, (with hands folded). Back of Mr. Hurley with gray hat, is Joseph Pennell, whose sketches have been one of the war's best contributions to art. Back of him is Mr. Gibson and back of him R.D. Heini, editor of the Emergency Fleet News. Next to Mr. Hurley is Charles Piez, President of the Emergency Fleet Corporation; next to him Major Kendall Banning, above Major Banning, Joseph P. Tumulty, and back of him Dr. H.S. Garfield, Fuel Administrator. On the next step above is E.H. Blashfield, and on the top step M. Louis Aubert, of the French High Commission, Carl Milan and Francis Jones. Admiral Samuel McGowan's uniform is discernible near the sculptor. At the extreme right is F.D. Casey, art editor of Collier's. Apr. 2, 1918

Artists - Artists and publicity men in the Government's service. Charl...

Date Taken: 4/2/1918 Photographer: Harris & Ewing Artists

President Garfield's cottage, Long Branch, New Jersey

President Garfield's cottage, Long Branch, New Jersey

J287293 U.S. Copyright Office. No. 26953.

Statue of America in the U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield Inaugural Ball

Statue of America in the U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield I...

Description: The Rotunda from the northwest balcony of the new United States National Museum, now the Arts and Industries Building, decorated for President James A. Garfield and Vice President Chester A. Arthur... more

U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield Inaugural Ball

U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield Inaugural Ball

Description: The United States National Museum (USNM) Building is decorated for the March 4, 1881, inaugural ball of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, the first public use of the museum building. A broad... more

Remains of President Garfield lying in state in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol / C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C.

Remains of President Garfield lying in state in the rotunda of the U.S...

14593M U.S. Copyright Office. Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1881, by C. M. Bell, in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D.C. No. 3. Title from item.

James A. Garfield  Republican candidate for president - Chester A. Arthur Republican candidate for vice president / Vic Arnold.

James A. Garfield Republican candidate for president - Chester A. Art...

Broadside showing James A. Garfield, bust portrait, facing right, and Chester A. Arthur, bust portrait, facing front. 10784 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Signed on stone "Vic Arnold" lower left. Libra... more

James A. Garfield  Republican candidate for president - Chester A. Arthur Republican candidate for vice president / Vic Arnold.

James A. Garfield Republican candidate for president - Chester A. Art...

Broadside showing James A. Garfield, bust portrait, facing right, and Chester A. Arthur, bust portrait, facing front. 10784 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Signed on stone "Vic Arnold" lower left. Libra... more

Gen. Jas. A Garfield's grand march

Gen. Jas. A Garfield's grand march

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1870-1885 (Microfilm M 3500) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form)

The late president James A. Garfield

The late president James A. Garfield

Print shows President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, standing, facing right. M17754 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Entered by G. F. Gilman 1881.

The late president James A. Garfield

The late president James A. Garfield

Print shows President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, standing, facing right. M17754 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Entered by G. F. Gilman 1881.

President Garfield family

President Garfield family

President James A. Garfield and his family seated around table; portraits of Washington and Lincoln on wall in background. Copyright by E.P. & L. Restein.

Gen. J. A. Garfield's grand march

Gen. J. A. Garfield's grand march

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1870-1885 (Microfilm M 3500) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form)

J.A. Garfield, President of U.S.

J.A. Garfield, President of U.S.

Half-length portrait of James A. Garfield, seated, facing right, with his mother, and his wife; portrait of Lincoln on wall in background. 15892M U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by Kurz & Allison, Chicago.

Death of General James A. Garfield: Twentieth President of the United States

Death of General James A. Garfield: Twentieth President of the United ...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 1609.

Death of General James A. Garfield: Twentieth President of the United States

Death of General James A. Garfield: Twentieth President of the United ...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 1609.

Our nation's choice--Gen. James Abram Garfield, Republican candidate for President, Gen. Chester A. Arthur, Republican Candidate for Vice-President

Our nation's choice--Gen. James Abram Garfield, Republican candidate f...

Campaign poster showing head-and-shoulders portraits of James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, with text and patriotic images including an American eagle and men gathered around flag.

Our nation's choice--Gen. James Abram Garfield, Republican candidate for President, Gen. Chester A. Arthur, Republican Candidate for Vice-President

Our nation's choice--Gen. James Abram Garfield, Republican candidate f...

Campaign poster showing head-and-shoulders portraits of James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, with text and patriotic images including an American eagle and men gathered around flag.

Gen. James Abraham Garfield K.T. 14 A. & A.S.R. late president U.S.A.

Gen. James Abraham Garfield K.T. 14 A. & A.S.R. late president U.S.A.

N200 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Kurz & Allison.

James A. Garfield - President of the United States

James A. Garfield - President of the United States

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Bufford's (John H.) Sons.

President James A. Garfield's grand funeral march

President James A. Garfield's grand funeral march

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1870-1885 (Microfilm M 3500) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form)

[James Garfield and family in library(?)]

[James Garfield and family in library(?)]

142592 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by Kurz & Allison, art publishers, Chicago. Published in: Presidential Pets / Niall Kelly (1992), p. 40.

[James Garfield and family in library(?)]

[James Garfield and family in library(?)]

142592 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by Kurz & Allison, art publishers, Chicago. Published in: Presidential Pets / Niall Kelly (1992), p. 40.

President James Abram Garfield Monument, 12316 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

President James Abram Garfield Monument, 12316 Euclid Avenue, Clevelan...

Significance: The Garfield Monument was erected as a memorial to President James Abram Garfield (1831-81), who was shot by an assassin on July 2, 1881 and died September 19, 1881. Survey number: HABS OH-2122 ... more

President James Abram Garfield Monument, 12316 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

President James Abram Garfield Monument, 12316 Euclid Avenue, Clevelan...

Significance: The Garfield Monument was erected as a memorial to President James Abram Garfield (1831-81), who was shot by an assassin on July 2, 1881 and died September 19, 1881. Survey number: HABS OH-2122 ... more

Scene of the assassination of Gen. James A. Garfield, President of the United States

Scene of the assassination of Gen. James A. Garfield, President of the...

M19843 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Mathews.