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President Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53). He served as Vice President before he succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945 upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri on his family's 600-acre farm. In the last months of World War I, he served in combat in France as an artillery officer. After the war, he joined the Democratic Party and was elected to public office as a county official in 1922, and as a U.S. Senator in 1934. He became well known as chairman of the Truman Committee, formed in March 1941, which exposed waste, fraud, and corruption in Federal Government wartime contracts.
During his few weeks as Vice President, Harry Truman rarely saw President Franklin Roosevelt and received little or no briefing on foreign policy and the development of the atomic bomb. He became a president during the final months of World War II, making the decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Truman was elected a president on his own in 1948.
During Truman's presidency, the United States engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. Truman helped found the United Nations in 1945, issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 to contain Communism, and got the $13 billion Marshall Plan enacted to rebuild Western Europe. The Soviet Union, a wartime ally, became an enemy in the Cold War. Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948, creation of NATO in 1949, a Korean War beginning in 1950.
His administration guided the American economy through the post-war economic recession with a success.
"I have found the best way to give advice to your children is to find out what they want and then advise them to do it."
President Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin at Potsdam
275 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3

Photograph of Harry S. Truman with Glasses at Age 13

This photograph shows Harry S. Truman at age 13. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

Early Portrait of Harry S. Truman

Caption: Early portrait of Harry S. Truman, around the age of 16. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman with his Noland Cousins

Caption: Photo postcard of Harry S. Truman with his two Noland cousins. From left to right: Fielding Houchens, Nellie Noland, Harry S. Truman, and Mary Ethel Noland. On the right, Truman has written "This is us... more

Harry S. Truman and his Mother and Grandmother on the Grandview Farm

Caption: Early photo of the Grandview farmhouse of the Truman family. In front of the house, left to right: Martha Ellen Truman, Harry Truman's mother; Harriet Louisa Gregg Young, Truman's grandmother; and a y... more

Portrait of Harry S. Truman

Caption: Portrait of Harry S. Truman as a young man, around the age of 24. It is a three-quarter profile shot, and he is wearing a suit and tie. From: Estate of Mary Jane Truman. Photographs Relating to the Adm... more

Photograph of Bess Wallace and Harry S. Truman on a Fishing Trip

Caption: Photo taken of Bess Wallace Truman and Harry S. Truman during their courting days. They are seated among friends in a rowboat on the Little Blue River. L to R: Mrs. Emma P. Southern, mother of May Wall... more

Harry S. Truman in World War I Uniform

Caption: Postcard photo of Harry S. Truman taken in France during World War I. Noted on the reverse of the postcard "Given to John A. Hatfield in France in 1918 - returned to Harry S. Truman in January, 1962."... more

Eddie Jacobson and Harry S. Truman in Haberdashery

Caption: Eddie Jacobson (left) and Harry S. Truman (right) and two unidentified men (center) in the Truman-Jacobson Haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri. From: Truman home. Photographs Relating to the Administ... more

Harry and Bess Truman Wedding Party

Caption: Wedding party of Mr. and Mrs. Harry S. Truman in the yard at 219 North Delaware in Independence, Missouri. From left to right: Helen Wallace; Harry S. Truman; Mrs. Bess Wallace Truman; Louise Wells H... more

Harry and Bess Truman Wedding Photograph

Caption: Wedding photo of Harry S. and Bess Wallace Truman. They are in the backyard of the home of Bess's family at 219 North Delaware Street, Independence, Missouri. Photographs Relating to the Administratio... more

Harry S. Truman Holding Baby Margaret Truman

Caption: Slightly out-of-focus full-length photo of Harry S. Truman holding baby Margaret, standing in the yard of the Truman home in Independence, Missouri. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family,... more

Photograph of Harry S. Truman at Fort Riley

Caption: Lieutenant Colonel Harry S. Truman (left) at Army Reserve Camp at Fort Riley, Kansas. He is chatting with Captain Hurd and leaning against military equipment. In the upper right corner of the photo, in... more

Harry S. Truman and Other Fellow Army Reservists

Caption: From left to right: Harry S. Truman, unidentified man, John Snyder, Harry Vaughan, and unidentified man at Army Reserve Camp. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Ha... more

Senator Harry S. Truman and Others Eating Chinese Food

Caption: Albert Kam Chow (known as the unofficial mayor of San Francisco's Chinatown), Senator Harry S. Truman (second from left), and unidentified men eating with chopsticks at a luncheon in San Francisco, Cal... more

The haberdasher--Harry Truman--He sulked because she called Mrs. Truman "Overtime Bess"

Photograph shows head-and-shoulders portrait of Harry Truman, during Clare Luce Boothe's 1944 re-election campaign for US representative from the 4th district of Connecticut (Fairfield County) against Margaret ... more

Senator Harry S. Truman at Lunch with President Franklin Roosevelt

Caption: Democratic Vice Presidential candidate Senator Harry S. Truman (left) sits down for lunch with President Franklin D. Roosevelt beneath a magnolia tree on the White House lawn. Photographs Relating to t... more

Pres. Truman's real smile

Photograph shows President Harry Truman at a baseball game, standing, shaking hands with a man, the stadium crowd behind him, probably in Washington, D.C.

Harry S. Truman, the President of the United States / Walters, Seattle.

Head-and-shoulders portrait of Harry S. Truman, facing front.

Portrait of President Harry S. Truman at Desk, Grinning

Caption: Portrait of President Harry S. Truman, seated at a White House desk. U. S. Army Signal Corps File Number C-1858. Note the Presidential flag on the left of President Truman, with the old seal. Photograp... more

Photograph of Hiroshima after Atomic Bomb

Photographs Used In The Report Effects of the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, Japan

Vice-President Harry S. Truman with Gordon Young and Harry Vaughan

Caption: Vice-President Harry S. Truman (left) walks at Fort Belvoir with Brigadier General Gordon Young, Commander of Fort Belvoir (center), and Colonel Harry H. Vaughan, Aide to the Vice President (right). So... more

Head and Shoulders Portrait of Harry S. Truman

Caption: Head and shoulders portrait of Harry S. Truman. This is third in the series of nine photos of Harry S. Truman by the Hessler Studio of Washington, D. C. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Fami... more

Head and Shoulders Serious View of President Harry S. Truman at His Desk

Caption: President Harry S. Truman at his desk. He is glancing down. This is similar to 58-228, in which the President refers to this suit as his "Race track suit." (See Eben Ayers Diary, March 22, 1947.) Photo... more

President Harry S. Truman and Captain James Vardaman in Car

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (left) and Captain James Vardaman (right), his Naval Aide, are seated in the back of a convertible in Independence, Missouri. The man standing in the background is unidentifie... more

President Harry S. Truman and Margaret Truman

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (right) with his daughter Margaret (left) seated on garden furniture in the backyard of their home at 219 North Delaware Street, Independence, Missouri. This photo was taken d... more

President Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin at Potsdam

Caption: Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin meeting at Potsdam. From left to right, row 1 : Joseph Stalin, Harry S. Truman, Soviet Ambassador Andrei Gromyko, Secretary of State James Byrnes, and Soviet Foreign M... more

Untitled

Berryman Political Cartoon Collection

Portrait of President Harry S. Truman

Caption: Head and shoulders portrait photograph of President Harry S. Truman. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

Photograph of Poppy Presentation to President Harry S. Truman

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (left) is presented a poppy by Mrs. Walter G. Craven on Poppy Day. Mrs. Craven is National President of the American Legion Auxiliary. Photographs Relating to the Administrati... more

Aerial View of the Flash of Light from the Able Day Explosion over Bikini Lagoon

Original caption: Atomic Fireball as Seen from the Air -- Here is the camera record of the evolution of the atomic fireball, beginning micro-seconds after the detonation of the atomic bomb. Scrapbooks, Logbooks... more

President Harry S. Truman Walking near the White House

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (left) walking with an unidentified Secret Service agent from the White House grounds in Washington, D.C. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life... more

President Harry S. Truman Walking near the White House

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (right) and an unidentified Secret Service agent walking towards the White House. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

President Harry S. Truman Speaking with a Group

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (second from right) is holding a Naval hat and speaking with a group of unidentified men. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

Portrait of President Harry S. Truman

Caption: A formal portrait of President Harry S. Truman. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

Photograph of President Harry S. Truman with Cabinet and Family Leaving the Capitol

Caption: From left to right, Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal, Attorney General Tom Clark, Secretary of War Robert Patterson, Secretary of State James Byrnes, First Lady Bess Wallace Truman, President Harr... more

President Harry S. Truman Meets with Dean Acheson and Warren Austin

Caption: President Harry S. Truman is meeting with Warren Austin, United States representative to the United Nations Security Council, and Acting Secretary of State Dean Acheson. From left to right: Mr. Truman,... more

President Harry S. Truman Presents Award to Alexander De Seversky

Caption: In ceremonies on the White House lawn, President Harry S. Truman awarded the International Harmon Trophy to Major Alexander P. De Seversky, aeronautical engineer. The Ligue Internationale des Aviateurs... more

Photograph of President Harry S. Truman as He Inspects the Personnel of the USS Missouri

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (center, in civilian clothes) inspects the personnel of the USS Missouri accompanied by Admiral James Foskett (behind Truman). All others are unidentified Photographs Relating... more

President Harry S. Truman Presents a Trophy

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (left), is presenting the Yacht Club trophy cup. The President's Cup Regatta Cup is being received by Danny Foster, the winner of the race. Photographs Relating to the Adminis... more

Photograph of Archibald Roosevelt, President Harry S. Truman and Bess Wallace Truman Before the Straus Memorial

Caption: From left to right: Archibald Roosevelt, President Harry S. Truman, and First Lady Bess Wallace Truman standing in front of the Oscar Straus Memorial Fountain. Photographs Relating to the Administratio... more

President Harry S. Truman takes a momemt to honor his country and his home state of Missouri before proceeding through the sideboys on board USS Missouri

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: USS Missouri (BB 63) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public Combined Military ... more

President Harry S. Truman with a Submarine Tie Clasp

Caption: President Harry S. Truman showing off his new submarine tie clasp. The officers and crew of the submarine U-2513 presented the clasp to President Truman when he visited them while on vacation in Key We... more

President Harry S. Truman at Everglades National Park Dedication

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (at podium) is speaking at the dedication of Everglades National Park in Florida, while on vacation in Key West. Also present and visible behind the President are (from left t... more

Truman, Harry S., Pres. U.S., 1884-1973

Half lgth., standing on train, facing right. Shows Truman winking, probably during his whistle stop campaign.

President Harry S. Truman with a Group of Men

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (front row, center) stands with a group of unidentified men outside the White House. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

President Harry S. Truman in his Office

Caption: President Harry S. Truman is seated at his desk in the Oval Office at the White House. Five unidentified men are standing behind him. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Li... more

Photograph of President Harry S. Truman at Opening Baseball Game

Caption: President Harry S. Truman attending the first baseball game of the season with his family and friends. Front row, left to right: General Harry Vaughan, Margaret Truman, Evlyn (Mrs. John) Snyder, First ... more

President Harry S. Truman Speaking at Memorial Day Services

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (standing) speaking at the Amphitheatre of Arlington National Cemetery on Memorial Day. All others are unidentified. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Pe... more

President Harry S. Truman's Study

Caption: Photo of President Truman's study, second floor oval room. The Steinway grand piano is now a museum object at the Truman Library, as are two of the paintings: "At the Beach of Scheveningen," (or Dutch ... more

President Harry S. Truman Poses With Completed Cartoon Portraits

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (center, glasses) posing outside the White House with a group of visiting cartoonists, as they exhibit the sketches they have just made of the President. Those holding up draw... more

President Harry S. Truman with a Girl Scout in Yonkers, New York

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (foreground, left) with eleven-year old Girl Scout Carol Bayerschmidt (foreground, right) in Yonkers, New York. Carol pins a red feather on the President's lapel at Larkin Pl... more

Photograph of President Harry Truman's Inaugural Parade

Photographs of Pennsylvania Ave. Development Corp. Sites and Activities

President Harry S. Truman at Blair House

Caption: A faded snapshot of President Harry S. Truman slumped in a lawn chair reading a book on the back lawn of the Blair House. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

President Harry S. Truman and the Committee for the Renovation of the White House

Caption: President Harry S. Truman stands on the lawn of the White House with the Commission on the Renovation of the Executive Mansion. From left to right: Senator Edward Martin; Senator Kenneth McKellar; Rich... more

Photograph of President Harry S. and Mrs. Bess W. Truman Fishing

Caption: President Harry S. Truman and Mrs. Bess Wallace Truman fishing from the boat "Big Wheel" off Key West, Florida while on vacation. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life o... more

Bumper V-2 Launch

(July 24, 1950) A new chapter in space flight began in July 1950 with the launch of the first rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida: the Bumper 8. Shown above, Bumper 8 was an ambitious two-stage rocket program t... more

President Harry S. Truman at an Unknown Event

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (right) is seated at an event next to an unidentified woman before or after an address. Behind Truman are General Robert Landry and Rear Admiral Robert Dennison. All others ar... more

President Harry S. Truman's Oval Office

Caption: President Harry S. Truman's Oval Office in the White House, showing a view of the desk and right wall. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

President Harry S. Truman Meets with Home Owner's Loan Corproration

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (seated) poses with officials of the Home Owner's Loan Corporation (HOLC) to mark their repayment of $26,000,000 to the Federal Treasury on the $200,000,000 advanced by the Go... more

Harpo Marx Talks with President Harry S. Truman

Caption: Entertainer Harpo Marx (left) talks with President Harry S. Truman (right) at Fairfield Air Base in Suisan, California. President Truman stopped in California on his way to Wake Island to meet with Gen... more

Photograph of President Harry S. Truman and England's Princess Elizabeth in Limousine

Caption: After arriving at Washington National Airport's Military Air Transport Service Terminal, England's Princess Elizabeth (left) joins President Harry S. Truman in the Chief Executive's limousine for her r... more

President Harry S. Truman at Home on Christmas Eve

Caption: President Harry S. Truman at home in Independence, Missouri, on Christmas Eve. He is preparing to give his Christmas address to the nation and remotely light the National Christmas Tree in Washington, ... more

Harry S. Truman Reading on the Balcony of White House

Caption: President Harry S. Truman is reading a book on the "Truman balcony" of White House. First Lady Bess Truman is seated at far right, partly obscured. She is also reading a book. Photographs Relating to... more

President Harry S. Truman and First Lady Bess Truman Returning to the White House after the Renovation

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (foreground, right) and First Lady Bess W. Truman (foreground, second from right) are arriving at the White House to reoccupy the building after the massive renovation project... more

Photograph of President Harry S. Truman at Carillon Ceremony

Caption: President Harry S. Truman (left) with First Lady Bess W. Truman (right) at Meridian Hill Park, Washington, D.C. They are there for a ceremony in which Queen Juliana of the Netherlands presented a caril... more

General Omar N. Bradley, President Harry S. Truman, and Karl T. Compton at United States Military Academy Convocation

Caption: From left to right, General Omar N. Bradley, President Harry S. Truman, and Karl T. Compton, President of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. They are attending the Jubilee Convocation of the United... more

President Harry S. Truman and Others at Army-Navy Baseball Game

Caption: From left to right, Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Secretary of the Navy Dan A. Kimball, President Harry S. Truman, and Vice Admiral Harry S. Hill at the Army-Navy baseball game at Annapolis, Maryla... more

President Harry S. Truman's Study, Second Floor Oval Room

Caption: President Harry S. Truman's Study, the Second Floor Oval Room, at the White House, after the renovations were completed. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman

President Harry S. Truman Visits Hungry Horse Dam

Caption: Left to right: C. H. Spencer, Hungry Horse Dam construction engineer; Margaret Truman; President Harry S. Truman; and Congressman Mike Mansfield at the Hungry Horse Dam project outside Kalispell, Monta... more