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Palestine 1936

The 1936–1938 Arab revolt in PalestineCreated by: PICRYLDated: 1936
Search for arms en masse outside Damascus Gate, Sept. 9, '38. Citizens covered with machine-gun while being searched. Large group in foreground being under temporary arrest
Between 1931 and 1936 the Jewish population of Palestine more than doubled from 175,000 to 370,000 people, from 17% to 27% of the total population. It caused a significant deterioration in relations between Palestinian Arabs and Jews. Jewish immigration peaked in 1935: between 1933 and 1936 more than 164,000 Jewish immigrants arrived in Palestine.

The dissent in Palestine was triggered also by the discovery in October 1935 at the port of Jaffa of a large arms shipment destined for the Haganah, sparking Arab fears of a Jewish military takeover of Palestine.
The Arab uprising began in 1936 and continued throughout 1938. Arab rebels were engaged in a campaign of vandalizing trees planted by Jewish farmers and destroying British-constructed rail lines.

In July 1938, the British garrison was strengthened from Egypt, and in September it was further reinforced from England. In October the Old City of Jerusalem, which had become a rebel stronghold, was reoccupied by the troops.

The main form of collective punishment employed by the British forces was the destruction of property. The biggest single act of destruction occurred in Jaffa on 16 June 1936, when large gelignite charges were used to cut long pathways through the old city, destroying 220–240 buildings and rendering up to 6,000 Arabs homeless.

By the end of 1938, a semblance of order had been restored in the towns, but terrorism continued until the outbreak of the Second World War.

According to official British figures, the army and police killed more than 2,000 Arabs in combat, 108 were hanged, and 961 died because of what they described as "gang and terrorist activities". In an analysis of the British statistics, Walid Khalidi estimates 19,792 casualties for the Arabs, with 5,032 dead: 3,832 killed by the British and 1,200 dead because of "terrorism", and 14,760 wounded. Over ten percent of the adult male Palestinian Arab population between 20 and 60 was killed, wounded, imprisoned or exiled. Estimates of the number of Palestinian Jews killed range from 91 to several hundred.
508 Media in collectionpage 1 of 6
Lydda Air Port. Palestine Airways plane in front of building
Dome of the Rock & little "Dome of the Chain"
Orthodox Jews on their usual Sabbath walk to the Wailing Wall (2 men, one with prayer cl[oth])
Palm Sunday procession near Gethsemane
Lydda Air Port. Palestine Airways plane ready to take off
Tenement children just home from school, Bokhara [i.e., Bukhara] Qu[arter]
Jewish market in Mea Shearim. Bokhara Quarter, Bokharian [i.e., Bukharan] type selling vegetables
Jewish market in Mea Shearim
[Children just out of school. Bokhara (I.e., Bukharan Quarter]
Entrance to Y.M.C.A. Symbolic figure of St. Matthew ; symbolic figure of St. Mark. Lion
View from St. Andrew's Church toward Jerusalem (view of J'lem [i.e., Jerusalem] fr[om] the south).
British police guarding entrance to Ch of H Sepulchre [i.e., Church of the Holy Sepulchre]
New broadcasting studios on Queen Milisande's Way, Jerusalem. Group of engineering staff, on front steps of P.B.S. [i.e., Palestine Broadcasting Service] bld'g. in sun light
Group of Jews in Mea Shearim Quarter
Police sports on Scopus
Aeroplane over Jerusalem, above in sky
Group of Br. [i.e., British] police at entrance into courtyard of the Ch. of H. Sepulchre [i.e., Church of the Holy Sepulchre]
Calling to prayer from Saladin's Tower [Jerusalem]
Palestine Potash lorries burned down on the Jericho road
I.P.C. [i.e., Iraq Petroleum Company] terminus in Haifa, with plane overhead
Gethsemane. In garden Middle East photographs, American Colony Jerusalem
Temporary vegetable market at Romema, Jerusalem

Temporary vegetable market at Romema, Jerusalem

Photograph shows a temporary market on the Jaffa Road in the Romema neighborhood of Jerusalem. Building in background is 167 Jaffa Road. (Source: L. Ben-David, Israel's History - A Picture a Day website, August 19, 2011)

[Damascus Gate. Bedouins unloading wheat-laden camels]
Jewish colonies. Haifa Bay project. Building & sand tractors
View from Y.M.C.A. tower. Panorama, looking east
War-ship in the Haifa harbour
Orthodox Jew with 2 youngsters, on Sab[b]ath journey to Wailing Wall
Shemen works at Haifa. Ext. [i.e., exterior]
Women's Institute, J'lem [i.e., Jerusalem]. Miss Hester Viney working with Arab women in Jerusalem Old City
Lydda Airport. Airport building showing a Misr plane & Palestine Airways plane
Haifa from Mt. Carmel
Auto gymkhana on Scopus, c.1930s
Crowds in the Mosque el-Aksa [i.e., al-Aqsa]
Orthodox Jew near Jews' wailing place
Palm Sunday procession at Bethphage
Ford cars parked in Damascus Gate area
Sheep market at Herod's Gate
Lydda Air Port. Palestine Airways plane close-up, showing name

Lydda Air Port. Palestine Airways plane close-up, showing name

Photo shows airplane with "Palestine Airways Limited" written in Arabic, English and Hebrew.

Orthodox Jews on their usual Sabbath walk to the Wailing Wall (1 man 2 youths covering f[aces] with hands)
I.P.C. [i.e., Iraq Petroleum Company]. Tank in Haifa terminus with plane in sky
Crowds in the Mosque el-Aksa [i.e., al-Aqsa], showing a victim
Jerusalem. View from Tower of Notre Dame de France
Fruit & vegetable store in Mea Shearim, Yemenite
Concrete tower & blocks across Gethsemane road at N.E. corner of city wall
Distributing shepherd meals in the Shepherds' Field
Children just out of school, Bokhara [i.e., Bukhara] Quarter
Auto gymkhana on Scopus, c.1930s
New Hadassah University Medical Centre, Jerusalem (Scopus). Dinner (lunch) served by the institution to a large gathering of journalis[ts]
Crowds in the Mosque el-Aksa [i.e., al-Aqsa], showing a victim
Police sports on Scopus
Close up of the Citadel ramparts [Jerusalem]
Types at Jews' Wailing Wall
St. Andrews Church, Jerusalem. Dedication with H.E. [i.e., His Excellency] the high commissioner.
Scene outside the gate with military cordon. During a search of Quarter inside Damascus Gate
Army & police raid in Jewish Mahneh Juda [i.e., Mahne Yehuda] Quarter on Jaffa Road
Jerusalem & Olivet
Opening day of Shell at Haifa
Types at Jews' Wailing Wall
War ship in the Haifa Harbour.
Pal. [i.e., Palestine] police on point duty
Jewish market in Mea Shearim
Orthodox Jews on their usual Sabbath walk to the Wailing Wall (group of men & youths, Mt. Oliv[et] in backg[round])
Pal. [i.e., Palestine] police on point duty
Calling to prayer from Saladin's Tower [Jerusalem]
Haifa & the harbour [i.e., harbor] from the slopes of Mt. Carmel
Damascus Gate showing few Arabs wearing kafiyas
Jewish market in Mea Shearim. Bokhara Quarter, Bokharian [i.e., Bukharan] type selling vegetables
[Zion Square, Jerusalem]
Crowds on the roof of the Greek convent. Holy Fire celebration [Church of the Holy Sepulchre]
Lydda Air Port. Air Port building showing a Misr plane & Palestine Airways plane
Ain Karim views Middle East photographs, American Colony Jerusalem
Pal. [i.e., Palestine] police on point duty
Temple area & Dome of the Rock.
Auto gymkhana on Scopus
Decontamination activity. A.R.P. (air raid precaution) in Jerusalem. A.R.P. demonstration by Major A.D. Spark on the Y.M.C.A. sports field in Jerusalem
Jewish market in Mea Shearim. Bokharian [i.e., Bukharan], vegetables vendor with donkey car
Dead Sea album prepared for the Palestine Potash Ltd. Panorama in two sections also taken from the factory looking S.E. and south toward the Akaba. Wady Figra & Ein Arous are in the far distance to the extreme right
Opening day of Shell at Haifa
British policeman on duty in Jer. [i.e., Jerusalem]
I.P.C. [i.e., Iraq Petroleum Company]. Inaugural. Sir Wauchope & [Haifa]
Palestine disturbances 1936. British ship brin[g]ing loads of war material [Haifa]
Palestine disturbances 1936. Arab gathering at Abou Ghosh
Palestine disturbances 1936. Nail picking on a Jerusalem Street, citizens ordered
Palestine disturbances 1936. Disabled locomotive near Ras el-Ain. Loose rail buckelled [i.e., buckled] into S shape by force of weighty engine
Arrival of the Negus to Haifa

Arrival of the Negus to Haifa

Photo probably shows the train at Haifa which brought Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I and his family to Jerusalem, May 8, 1936.

Palestine disturbances 1936. Soldiers with club guarding at the post office
U.S. Senators and their wives, Jerusalem, 1936, R. Copeland, W. Austin, D. Hastings.
Palestine disturbances 1936. The Balaclava Camp of the 8th Hussars, near Talpioth in background
Arrival of the Negus to Haifa

Arrival of the Negus to Haifa

Photo shows the family of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I arriving at Haifa on the British ship, the H.M.S. Enterprise, May 8, 1936.

Arrival of the Negus to Haifa

Arrival of the Negus to Haifa

Photo shows the family of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I arriving at Haifa on the British ship, the H.M.S. Enterprise, May 8, 1936.

Palestine disturbances 1936. Lieut. General Dill on a sightseeing tour in the Old City. Photo taken in court of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Palestine disturbances 1936. Steel helmets & bayonets protecting post office boxes
Palestine disturbances during summer 1936. Jaffa. Dynamiting slum sections, close view, thunderhead effect
Palestine disturbances 1936. Dr. Weizman [i.e., Weizmann], Mr. Dizingoff and the High Commissioner at the opening ceremony [Tel Aviv]
Palestine disturbances 1936. Moslem [i.e., Muslim] sheikh addressing large Arab gathering at Abou Ghosh
Palestine disturbances 1936. Palestine Arabs at Abou Ghosh taking the oath of allegiance to the Arab cause, viz. to fight Jewish immigration, etc.
Palestine disturbances 1936. H.E. (i.e., His Excellency) The High Commissioner talking to officers of the 8th Hussars
Palestine disturbances 1936. The first divisional A corps, Royal Signals, unloading stores in camp [outside Jerusalem]
[Palestine disturbances 1936. Lt. General Dill saluting the Scots Guards]
Palestine disturbances 1936. Armoured concrete coach escorting passenger train
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