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Orphans of The Great War

American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) encountered a multitude of orphaned children when they joined the war in 1917.

Grassroots orphans’ relief efforts sprang up in France as early as 1914. A 1916 advertisement in The New York Times stated that in August of 1914, a group of drafted factory workers demanded that an organization should be formed to care for their potentially parent-less children. This first charity was founded by M. Vilta, the head of the Paris Université Populaire. It was known as the Association Les Orphelins de la Guerre, War Orphans’ Association.

In 1915, the CNSA (National Relief and Food Committee) created the Oeuvre nationale des orphelins de guerre (National war orphans charity) in order to help children who had lost their parents due to the war. This section was created with the support of the very active Commission For Relief in Belgium (CRB). Across the Atlantic ocean, they were supported by a broad network of charitable donors and private citizens including philanthropist William D. Guthrie, Catholic Archbishop John Cardinal Farley, US Supreme Court Chief Justice Howard Douglass White, and French ambassador William H. Sharp, the American Society for the Relief of French War Orphans, which solicited funds from Yale University.

In August of 1914, a group of New York-based philanthropists, and several former French residents including August F. Jaccacci, Mrs. Cooper Hewitt and Frederick René Coudert Jr. began the most wide-reaching orphans’ relief organizations, the Franco-American Committee for the Protection of Children of the Frontier. The Committee was assisted by the Service de Transport France-Amerique, a shipping service for transferring goods across the ocean to help the French.

The Committee spread and advertisements printed in publications like the Chicago Tribune. Funds collected from the solicitation on the orphans’ behalf by the American public through the advertisements paid for ophan’s care and education that reportedly cost “16 cents a day.”

In addition to relief agencies’ fundraising campaigns, the US Red Cross hosted several large-scale Child Welfare Expositions in Saint Etienne, Lyons, and Marseilles in 1917.

By December 1, 1917, the Franco-American Committee for the Protection of Children of the Frontier recorded that they had aided 1,365 children. Despite the war environment, most of the children in American Red Cross photographs appear to be calm and well-fed despite their uprooting and the horrors that they may have witnessed. On April 12, 1918 Stars and Stripes newspaper reported that 38 children were adopted by Infantry companies.

The Great War resulted in six million orphans across Europe.
Brenugat, Michel. Address: 22 Rue des Jardina, Saint-Brieue (C du N) protege of: Officers & Enlisted Men, Intermediate Ordinance Depot 2, APO 713, AEF
1913
1913
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1923
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1923
389 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
Adopted children series. Little girl. Name not known

Adopted children series. Little girl. Name not known

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Miss Perrin. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative serie... more

Enfants adoptes, famille Andree, Madeleine, Suzanne, Juliette

Enfants adoptes, famille Andree, Madeleine, Suzanne, Juliette

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date (year) based of date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about... more

Enfant adopte, Yvonne Varin, 7 yrs. old

Enfant adopte, Yvonne Varin, 7 yrs. old

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Adopted child, Jacqueline Majorel

Adopted child, Jacqueline Majorel

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Enfant adopte, Andre Petit, 8 yrs. old

Enfant adopte, Andre Petit, 8 yrs. old

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Miss Perrin. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative serie... more

Enfants adoptes, Pierre Masse a Salles (D. Sevres) adopted child

Enfants adoptes, Pierre Masse a Salles (D. Sevres) adopted child

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date (year) based of date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about... more

Enfant adopte, Yvonne Noirot

Enfant adopte, Yvonne Noirot

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Enfants adoptes, Edmonde Fillaire

Enfants adoptes, Edmonde Fillaire

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Miss Perrin. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for... more

Enfant adopte, Marie Therese Chambre

Enfant adopte, Marie Therese Chambre

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Enfant adopte, Roger Perrier, 10 yrs. old

Enfant adopte, Roger Perrier, 10 yrs. old

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Adopted children series. Louise Hasquin

Adopted children series. Louise Hasquin

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about th... more

Enfant adopte, Marie Grouyer

Enfant adopte, Marie Grouyer

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Adopted children series. Rouet

Adopted children series. Rouet

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about th... more

Adopted children series. Three children in group

Adopted children series. Three children in group

Two girls and a boy. Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General informatio... more

Adopted children series. Jean Byle

Adopted children series. Jean Byle

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about th... more

Suzanne Lempereur, 5 yrs. old

Suzanne Lempereur, 5 yrs. old

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date (year) based of date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about... more

Adopted children series. Little girl. Name not known

Adopted children series. Little girl. Name not known

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Miss Perrin. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative serie... more

Enfants adoptes, Louise Everro (Evene?), 5 years old

Enfants adoptes, Louise Everro (Evene?), 5 years old

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American ... more

Martha Enima VIELLE, adopted children. Address: 23 Rue de la Charite, Lyon (Rhone) protege of: Battery C, 301st Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces

Martha Enima VIELLE, adopted children. Address: 23 Rue de la Charite, ...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American Na... more

Enfants adoptes, Claudine Chalencon

Enfants adoptes, Claudine Chalencon

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Miss Perrin. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for... more

Enfants adoptes, Francette or Jacqueline Perale

Enfants adoptes, Francette or Jacqueline Perale

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Miss Perrin. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for... more

Enfants adoptes, Marius Laurange (?)

Enfants adoptes, Marius Laurange (?)

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American ... more

Enfant adopte, Georgette Wallet, 6 yrs

Enfant adopte, Georgette Wallet, 6 yrs

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Enfants adoptes, Alice Renolet

Enfants adoptes, Alice Renolet

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date (year) based of date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about... more

Adopted children series, little girl. Name not known

Adopted children series, little girl. Name not known

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about th... more

Enfant adopte, Rene Varin, 5 yrs. old

Enfant adopte, Rene Varin, 5 yrs. old

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Adopted children, Henry and Jules Pio

Adopted children, Henry and Jules Pio

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about th... more

Enfant adopte, Robert Crousselle, 10 12 yrs. old

Enfant adopte, Robert Crousselle, 10 12 yrs. old

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Lucy Denonne, adopted child, Rue a Reins (?) 1910

Lucy Denonne, adopted child, Rue a Reins (?) 1910

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Enfants adoptes, Yvonne Laurange (?)

Enfants adoptes, Yvonne Laurange (?)

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American ... more

Adopted child, PETITE FILLE NEGRIER

Adopted child, PETITE FILLE NEGRIER

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Adopted girl, Madeleine Lacour

Adopted girl, Madeleine Lacour

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Date based on date range for neg... more

Jean Piere Thomas (?) Born May 15, 1914; Henriette Maitile Thomas (?) Born June 8, 1913

Jean Piere Thomas (?) Born May 15, 1914; Henriette Maitile Thomas (?) ...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information abou... more

Enfant adopte, famille Dieu

Enfant adopte, famille Dieu

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Enfants adoptes, 1.) Yvonne Rouger, born Oct. 5, 1908 2.) Robert Rouger, born Jan. 9, 1910 3.) Henri Rouger, born March 1, 1912 4.) Louis Rouger, born June 3, 1913

Enfants adoptes, 1.) Yvonne Rouger, born Oct. 5, 1908 2.) Robert Rouge...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photog... more

Orphan survivor of family of 15, Armenian orphan

Orphan survivor of family of 15, Armenian orphan

Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative and caption card. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantham Bain Colle... more

53 Jewish orphans at Lwow

53 Jewish orphans at Lwow

Photo shows Jewish orphan children at Lviv, Ukraine. Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information ... more

French movable canteen, type to be adopted for similar use by American forces

French movable canteen, type to be adopted for similar use by American...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group Title: Canteen, Rolling, France, Military, Relief. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General info... more

Enfants adoptes. Meyer

Enfants adoptes. Meyer

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group Title: Adopted children, France. On caption card: 1210. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Bordone. Three children

Bordone. Three children

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: R.C. Comm. to France. Group title: Adopted children, France. On caption card: 947... more

Gregoire, adopted

Gregoire, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Lucie Denonne lived for months in the cellar of her home in Reims, quite near the Cathedral and almost every day heard or felt the Boche shells come over the City. Now she lives in a refugee colony at the sea shore where she is getting fat and brown. She is a "Stars and Stripes" orphan. Her own father was killed at Verdun, but she has the whole corps of the 26th Division Quartermasters' for her god-fathers. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops. September 1918

Lucie Denonne lived for months in the cellar of her home in Reims, qui...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Adopted children series, H. Cassenac

Adopted children series, H. Cassenac

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

The Lemesnier family. The little girl on the left is one of the "Stars and Stripes" children adopted by the American troops. The funds for the maintanence of these children are administered by the AMERICAN RED CROSS

The Lemesnier family. The little girl on the left is one of the "Stars...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about ... more

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: M. Guerin. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 ... more

Little girl in curved chair

Little girl in curved chair

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: R.C. Comm. to France. Group title: Adopted children, France. On caption card: 175... more

Adopted children series, Armand Aubrien

Adopted children series, Armand Aubrien

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

Adopted children series, Fernande Courtens

Adopted children series, Fernande Courtens

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collection... more

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: M. Guerin. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 ... more

Adopted children, Lucienne Barbarou

Adopted children, Lucienne Barbarou

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

Adopted children. Simone Chanavel

Adopted children. Simone Chanavel

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Enfant adopte: Pierre Alexandre

Enfant adopte: Pierre Alexandre

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Melle. Perrie, 6 Mai 18. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Gift; Amer... more

Lucienne Gregoire, adopted

Lucienne Gregoire, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General ... more

Pupils of the orphan "Collegie" at Monteporizio saluting officers of the American Red Cross

Pupils of the orphan "Collegie" at Monteporizio saluting officers of t...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Children, Italy. On caption card: ms 1335. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General infor... more

Maurice Dallongeville (left) and Maxime Leduc (right), refugee children from the Northern districts of France, have been apprenticed in an "atellier" or repair shop at Caen. Here they will learn a trade that both have always been ambitious to learn. In this picture, noon has just struck and, like good workmen, they are ready for lunch. The master of the shop says they are "brave types", which means that they have good heads and good hands and good tempers

Maurice Dallongeville (left) and Maxime Leduc (right), refugee childre...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Adopted children, Hourdan

Adopted children, Hourdan

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more

Gabrielle Lepeletier lives at the "Farm of the Old Mill" at Blainville in Normandy. Her father was killed in the early days of the great war and she and her two sisters all help the mother to run the farm and to plant, cultivate and harvest the grain. Gabrielle is seven and she has been adopted by the 5th Balloon Company. Thanks to them, she will have a new warm dress next winter and will go to school. She wrote a letter to her god-fathers saying: "Dear Mother takes much pains to tell me about who you are so far away. When I am a little bigger, I shall write a longer letter. Your loving little ward, Gabrielle. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Gabrielle Lepeletier lives at the "Farm of the Old Mill" at Blainville...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Christiane Dart, adopted

Christiane Dart, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Adopted children series, Renee Pestic

Adopted children series, Renee Pestic

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collection... more

Orphan asylum for Flemish children at St. Ouen, Rue Saint-Denis 43, partly destroyed by nearby explosion. A.R.C. must move these children

Orphan asylum for Flemish children at St. Ouen, Rue Saint-Denis 43, pa...

Cliche envoye le 29 Juin 18/au Secretaire General. Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Mosher, 4.18. Group title: Chi... more

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: M. Guerin. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 ... more

Marie Rouget who lives in Cain, has lost her father in the war but she has just acquired a whole Company of the Telegraph Battalion for a godfather. Company "D" decided that it must have a "feminine mascot". Marie wrote them early in August that her "brother Paul once saw some Americans and he waved his hand to them, but as for me, I never saw any as I go out only for school. I like better helping my mother with household work: dusting, sweeping, peeling potatoes or sewing for my doll." Company "D" certainly got the kind of mascot it wanted, especially as Marie is as pretty as she is feminine. The A.R.C. administers the funds for the maintenance of all the children adopted by the American troops

Marie Rouget who lives in Cain, has lost her father in the war but she...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: A.R.C. Comm. to France. Group title: Adopted children, France. October 1918 [date... more

Adopted children. Simone Clerhy

Adopted children. Simone Clerhy

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Jeanne Septvents is a beautiful French girl, 10 years old, whose father, for nearly a year a prisoner in Germany, has given his life for France. Jeanne has been adopted by Company "E", 6th Battalion of the 20th Engineers. When the AMERICAN RED CROSS photographer found her in the garden of her little stone house at Caen, she was playing with knuckle-bones that she had painted red, white and blue in honor of her God-fathers. She wrote them soon after she was adopted saying: "I hope you are all in good health and not too unhappy at the front and I send big kisses to you all." The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops. September 1918

Jeanne Septvents is a beautiful French girl, 10 years old, whose fathe...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Adopted children, Vigouraux

Adopted children, Vigouraux

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more

Gabrielle Lepeletier lives at the "Farm of the Old Mill" at Blainville in Normandy. Her father was killed in the early days of the great war and she and her two sisters all help the mother to run the farm and to plant, cultivate and harvest the grain. Gabrielle is seven and she has been adopted by the ... Baloon Company. Thanks to them, she will have a new warm dress next winter and will go to school. She wrote a letter to her godfathers saying: Dear Mother takes much pains to tell me about you who are so far away. When I am a little bigger, I shall write a longer letter. Your loving little ward, Gabrielle. The American Red Cross administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Gabrielle Lepeletier lives at the "Farm of the Old Mill" at Blainville...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name from LC-A6199-3880. Source of original on caption card: A.R.C., R.C. Commission to France. Group title: Adopted children. France. On caption ... more

Marcel Aubert and Serge Castel ar orphans of the war and are refugees from Nancy. Marcel has been adopted by the ship Nancy, built by the Foundation Shipbuilding Company of Portland, Oregon. He is eleven years old, shows a special liking for mechanics and is studying English. Serge is eight and is the ward of an American Captain stationed in Paris. The boys were evacuated from their homes six months ago and are living in a seashore colony of other boys from the same district. As they come from war-stricken Lorraine, they know a great deal more about playing war than do the summer-resort children, and the fisher-boy, who are watching them dig themselves in the sand at Riva Bella. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Marcel Aubert and Serge Castel ar orphans of the war and are refugees ...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Marie France de Opienoso de Compiedec

Marie France de Opienoso de Compiedec

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children, France. On caption card: 1277. Data: Miss Metzer, Sept. 13/18. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General inf... more

Orphans from the Dartford asylum participate in a little Christmas festivity. They are the guests of the American soldiers at the big American base hopital at Dartford, near London, and the soldiers have a present for each orphan, each present distributed by a life-like American Santa Claus. The solider on crutches in the foreground is Leen Sturgeon of Los Angeles. Santa Claus is Lieut. Ira Hodes of Berkeley, Cal

Orphans from the Dartford asylum participate in a little Christmas fes...

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Recreation. Data: Central, Pacific, Atlantic, Mr. Redding, Northern, S.W. New England, Pa. Lake, Potomac. 12/18. Gift; American National Red ... more

Serge Castel (left) and Marcel Aubert (right) are the two "Stars and Stripes" boys in the Refugee Colony from Nancy which has been installed for the summer on the sea shore of Normandy. These boys sing "The Star Spangled Banner", La Banniere Etoiles, as few schools of American boys can sing it, but then they know from their own experience what "the rocket's red glare" means, what "perilous nights" really are, and what bombs can do when they "burst in the air". Serge and Marcel are the "filleuls" of the ship "Nancy", launched in Portland, Oregon, and of an American Captain, and they are envied by all the rest of the school. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Serge Castel (left) and Marcel Aubert (right) are the two "Stars and S...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Anna Le Doeuf, adopted

Anna Le Doeuf, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Company G. takes the whole bunch

Company G. takes the whole bunch

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children, France. On caption card: 1752. Data: Miss Metzer, Sept. 13/18. Miss Davis 9/16/18. Divisions. 9/28/18. Gift; American Natio... more

Adopted children, Germaine Dulet

Adopted children, Germaine Dulet

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more

Adopted children: Raymond Le Kanne

Adopted children: Raymond Le Kanne

On caption card: 3289. Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: ARC Comm. to France Group title: Adopted children. Gift; A... more

Guy Braneon, adopted

Guy Braneon, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Marie Rouget who lives in Caen, has lost her father in the war, but she has just acquired a whole Company of the 408th Telegraph Battalion for a god-father. Company "D" decided that it must have a "feminine mascot". Marie wrote them early in August that her "brother Paul once saw some Americans and he waved his hand at them, but as for me, I never saw any, as I only go out for school. I like better helping mother with household work, dusting, sweeping, peeling potatoes or sewing for my doll." Company "D" certainly got the kind of mascot it wanted, especially as Marie is as pretty as she is feminine. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Marie Rouget who lives in Caen, has lost her father in the war, but sh...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collection... more

Adopted children series, Raymond Dumoulin

Adopted children series, Raymond Dumoulin

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

Adopted children, A. Bolonge

Adopted children, A. Bolonge

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more

Yvonne Laurance is knitting a pair of socks to send to some one of her American god-fathers, the men of Company C, 1st Battalion of the 20th Engineers. Yvonne is a refugee from Lorraine. twice evacuated from bombarded villages, and she believes with all her heart that the "bons soldats Americains" are going to win back her home for France. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Yvonne Laurance is knitting a pair of socks to send to some one of her...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collection... more

Adopted children, Jeanne Guilleneuf

Adopted children, Jeanne Guilleneuf

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more

Adopted children series, Henri Hassmans

Adopted children series, Henri Hassmans

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

Georgette Wallet, 6 years old

Georgette Wallet, 6 years old

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: R.C. Comm. to France. Group title: Adopted children, France. On caption card: 115... more

Enfant adopte: Georges Le Jariel

Enfant adopte: Georges Le Jariel

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Melle. Perrie, 6 Mai 18. Group title: Adopted children. Plate in file. Gift; Amer... more

Two months ago little Gilberte Dieu and her mother left their home in the Somme to go see the soldier father who was in a hospital, badly gassed. When they reached the town where he was they learned that the Germans were approaching their home, and if they wished to save any of their possessions they must hurry back. They started home, only to find they were too late. Again they turned around to go back to the hospital, hoping to find the father better, and learned that he was dead. Now they are living in a quiet old town in Normandy. Gilberte is as pale as if she had been ill a long time, but she has been adopted by Company E of the 406th Telegraph Battalion, and the money they have sent will provide her generously with good food and warm clothing for next winter. Perhaps with these the memory of what the war has done to her will fade out partly from her tragic little face. The AMERICAN RED CROSS administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

Two months ago little Gilberte Dieu and her mother left their home in ...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1... more

Adopted children, Fernande Bellanger

Adopted children, Fernande Bellanger

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

Adopted children, France

Adopted children, France

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. On caption card: 1273. Data: Miss Metzer, Sept. 13/18. Miss Davis 9/16/18. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the ... more

Henri Piot, adopte

Henri Piot, adopte

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Reproduction. Gift; Americ... more

Maurice Guitton, adopted

Maurice Guitton, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Two sisters in charge of an orphan asylum in district invaded by Germans. They were driven out with their charges, and are seen in the photograph conversing at the Gare de Lyon with a worker in a canteen aided by the American Red Cross

Two sisters in charge of an orphan asylum in district invaded by Germa...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Refugees and relief. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collect... more

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Enfants adoptes, Boyle

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: M. Guerin. Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 ... more

Roger Perrier wants to be a designer. He draws automobiles, Red Cross men wearing campaign hats, and riding bicycles, Baldwin locomotives, trolly cars and American war ships with the Stars and Stripes at both bow and stern. The strong American tone in his designs is accounted for by the fact that the Enlisted Men of Battery "A" of the ... Field Artillery have made him their mascot and he is enormously proud of it. His designing, however, occupies only his leisure hours. Most of the time when he is not in school, he helps his mother make rain coats of horizon blue for the French Poilus. The American Red Cross administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American Troops

Roger Perrier wants to be a designer. He draws automobiles, Red Cross ...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: A.R.C., R.C. Commission to France. Group title: Adopted children. France. On capt... more

Adopted children. Christine Mellion

Adopted children. Christine Mellion

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Adopted children, Marcel Cazier

Adopted children, Marcel Cazier

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more

Serge Castel (left) and Marcel (right) are the two "Stars and Stripes" boys in the Refugee colony from Nancy which has been installed for the summer on the seashore of Normandy. These boys sing the Star Spangled Banner. La Bannierre Etoilee as few schools of American boys can sing it, but then they know from their own experience what "the rocket's red glare" means, what "perilous nights" really are, and what bombs can do when they "burst in the air". Serge and Marcel are the "filleuls" of the ship Nancy launched in Portland, Oregon, and of an American Captain, and they are envied by all the funds for the maintenance of all the children adopted by the American troops

Serge Castel (left) and Marcel (right) are the two "Stars and Stripes"...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: A.R.C. Comm. to France. Group title: Adopted children, France. October 1918 [date... more

Camille Weber, adopted

Camille Weber, adopted

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Colin [Joseph A. Collin] Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General... more

Naples. Giovanni Petrella as he was when taken aboard the "Caracciolo"

Naples. Giovanni Petrella as he was when taken aboard the "Caracciolo"

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Children, Italy, Jr. Red Cross. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Used in: Division Bulletin, June 30; Junior Red Cross, indef.,... more

Orphan children in the care of ARC who manage to be happy and well. Entirely forgetful of the war

Orphan children in the care of ARC who manage to be happy and well. En...

Title from negative or negative sleeve. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Adopted children series. Mayer

Adopted children series. Mayer

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Adopted children (France) On caption card: 1831. Data: Mrs. Davis, 9/16/18. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General informat... more

These are all "Stars and Stripes" Children little French war orphans, adopted by American soldiers and sailors. They are proud of their lucky chance to be the wards of the Americans and if they are old enough to go to school they work specially so that their godfathers may be well satisfied with them. If they are too small to go to school, they keep busy "mascotting" as hard as they can for their "good godfathers." This photo shows the group of the "Stars and Stripesers" in the refugee colony at Caen. There, in an old Chateau built originally by William the Conqueror, they live in barracks like little soldiers, go to school, march and sing the soldier songs of fair Lorraine which is in their home. The Director of the Colony, M. Eugene Schmidt, who is standing in the center of the group, is himself from Lorraine. He has given his own son to France and he loves these fatherless children almost as if they were his own. He says: "tell those American men who have taken an interest in these little waifs of the great war that every heart in France is grateful to them." The A.R.C. administers the funds for the maintanence of all the children adopted by the American troops

These are all "Stars and Stripes" Children little French war orphans, ...

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: A.R.C. Comm. to France. Group title: Adopted children, France. Used in: Woman's M... more

Adopted children, H. Lapland

Adopted children, H. Lapland

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Coles. [Henri A. Coles] Group title: Adopted children. Gift; American National Re... more