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Old Edinburgh

By the first half of the 18th century, Edinburgh was one of Europe's most densely populated and overcrowded towns. Various social classes shared the same urban space, even inhabiting the same tenement buildings with lower classes occupying cellars and garrets, and the more established classes occupied the more expensive middle stories.

In the second half of the 18th century, the city was at the heart of the Scottish Enlightenment. It became a "hotbed of genius", a major intellectual center, "Athens of the North" because of its numerous neo-classical buildings and reputation for learning, recalling ancient Athens.

From the 1770s onwards, the professional and business classes gradually deserted the Old Town in favor of one-family residences of the New Town, changing the city's social character. "Unity of social feeling was one of the most valuable heritages of old Edinburgh, and its disappearance was widely and properly lamented."

Although Edinburgh's traditional industries of printing, brewing, and distilling continued to grow in the 19th century and were joined by new rubber works and engineering works, there was little industrialization compared with other cities in Britain. The Old Town became an increasingly dilapidated and overcrowded slum so Lord Provost William Chambers in the 1860s began the transformation of the central part of the city into the Victorian Old Town that exists today.
North Bridge from "Cassell's Old and New Edinburgh, etc"
1632
1632
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1930
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1930
607 Media in collectionpage 3 of 7
Swinton

Swinton

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Mr. McNab - Botanical Gardens

Mr. McNab - Botanical Gardens

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Henning, Handyside Ritchie, & D.O. Hill, R.S.A.

Henning, Handyside Ritchie, & D.O. Hill, R.S.A.

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers (?)

Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers (?)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

William Etty, R.A.

William Etty, R.A.

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews Cathedral

St. Andrews Cathedral

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

George Moon

George Moon

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Duncan

Thomas Duncan

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. The High Street with John Knox's House

Edinburgh. The High Street with John Knox's House

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Burnside, Fife / Island in the Almond River

Burnside, Fife / Island in the Almond River

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Jabez Bunting

Dr. Jabez Bunting

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Bell, Leswalt

Thomas Bell, Leswalt

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Cook

Dr. Cook

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh.  The Orphan Hospital

Edinburgh. The Orphan Hospital

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Earl of Rosemore

Earl of Rosemore

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Lane

Lane

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

John Wilson

John Wilson

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Jimmy Miller

Jimmy Miller

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

James Nasmyth (Steam Hammer)

James Nasmyth (Steam Hammer)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Davidson of Aberdeen

Davidson of Aberdeen

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Boys

Newhaven Boys

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. College Church of St. Salvator

St. Andrews. College Church of St. Salvator

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh.  Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Miss Kemp as Ophelia

Miss Kemp as Ophelia

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Jimmy Miller

Jimmy Miller

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Jabez Bunting

Dr. Jabez Bunting

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Duncan, R.S.A.

Thomas Duncan, R.S.A.

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The Spindle Rock

St. Andrews. The Spindle Rock

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Sobieski Stuart

Sobieski Stuart

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Henry Grey, D.D., St. Mary's, Edinburgh

Rev. Henry Grey, D.D., St. Mary's, Edinburgh

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Peter Jones

Rev. Peter Jones

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. George Cook, St. Andrews

Dr. George Cook, St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwife

Newhaven Fishwife

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwife

Newhaven Fishwife

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Tree at Colinton

Tree at Colinton

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Boy

Newhaven Boy

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Afghans

Afghans

The photographic collaboration between the painter D. O. Hill and the chemist Robert Adamson was a fruitful blending of the men’s respective talents. Hill’s membership in the Royal Scottish Academy gave the bus... more

Prof. Fraser, Rev. Welsh, Rev. Hamilton, and Three Other Men

Prof. Fraser, Rev. Welsh, Rev. Hamilton, and Three Other Men

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Principal Haldane, St. Andrews

Principal Haldane, St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man Holding Umbrella]

[Man Holding Umbrella]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

H.B. Johnston, R.S.A.

H.B. Johnston, R.S.A.

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

The Morning After "He Greatly Daring Dined"

The Morning After "He Greatly Daring Dined"

In this cleverly staged scenario, Hill (seated) appears to be suffering the effects of a hangover. Holding the artist’s hand and fixing him with a disapproving look is his friend James Miller, a temperance refo... more

Lady Elizabeth Eastlake

Lady Elizabeth Eastlake

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Henshaw Jones

Rev. Henshaw Jones

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Duncan and His Brother

Thomas Duncan and His Brother

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The Harbor

St. Andrews. The Harbor

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Campbell of Monzie

Campbell of Monzie

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

William Scott Moncrieff

William Scott Moncrieff

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Sobieski Stuart

Sobieski Stuart

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

John Ban MacKenzie

John Ban MacKenzie

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwife

Newhaven Fishwife

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Mrs. Rigby

Mrs. Rigby

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Robert Paul, Commercial Bank

Robert Paul, Commercial Bank

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Alexander Thompson

Alexander Thompson

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. Madras College

St. Andrews. Madras College

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Alexander of Duntocher, McMillan of Cardross and Two Others

Alexander of Duntocher, McMillan of Cardross and Two Others

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Symington, Paisley, and Glasgow

Symington, Paisley, and Glasgow

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The College Church of St. Salvator

St. Andrews. The College Church of St. Salvator

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Group

Newhaven Group

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. James Scott

Rev. James Scott

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Children

Newhaven Children

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwives

Newhaven Fishwives

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Henning with Parthenon Frieze

Henning with Parthenon Frieze

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Dr. Keith

Rev. Dr. Keith

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Two Unidentified Men]

[Two Unidentified Men]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Sir David Brewster, Earle Monteith, Dr. Welsh & Two Others

Sir David Brewster, Earle Monteith, Dr. Welsh & Two Others

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. George Lewis, Dundee

Rev. George Lewis, Dundee

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Kenneth Macleay

Kenneth Macleay

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Jimmy Miller

Jimmy Miller

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Chalmers

Thomas Chalmers

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. Greyfriar's Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriar's Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Welsh

Dr. Welsh

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

James Ballantine

James Ballantine

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Mrs. Marian Murray

Mrs. Marian Murray

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwife

Newhaven Fishwife

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

D.O. Hill and W.B. Johnstone

D.O. Hill and W.B. Johnstone

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev D.T.K. Drummond

Rev D.T.K. Drummond

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Frederic Monod (Paris)

Frederic Monod (Paris)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. College Church of St. Salvator

St. Andrews. College Church of St. Salvator

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Hugh Miller

Hugh Miller

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Prof. Fraser, Rev. Welsh, Rev. Hamilton, and Three Other Men

Prof. Fraser, Rev. Welsh, Rev. Hamilton, and Three Other Men

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

James Gordon, Dr. Hanna, and Mr. Cowan

James Gordon, Dr. Hanna, and Mr. Cowan

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

General John Munro, Teanich

General John Munro, Teanich

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

John Henning with Group of Ladies

John Henning with Group of Ladies

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Cunningham, Beff, John Hamilton, Guthrie

Cunningham, Beff, John Hamilton, Guthrie

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh.  Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)