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Old Edinburgh

By the first half of the 18th century, Edinburgh was one of Europe's most densely populated and overcrowded towns. Various social classes shared the same urban space, even inhabiting the same tenement buildings with lower classes occupying cellars and garrets, and the more established classes occupied the more expensive middle stories.

In the second half of the 18th century, the city was at the heart of the Scottish Enlightenment. It became a "hotbed of genius", a major intellectual center, "Athens of the North" because of its numerous neo-classical buildings and reputation for learning, recalling ancient Athens.

From the 1770s onwards, the professional and business classes gradually deserted the Old Town in favor of one-family residences of the New Town, changing the city's social character. "Unity of social feeling was one of the most valuable heritages of old Edinburgh, and its disappearance was widely and properly lamented."

Although Edinburgh's traditional industries of printing, brewing, and distilling continued to grow in the 19th century and were joined by new rubber works and engineering works, there was little industrialization compared with other cities in Britain. The Old Town became an increasingly dilapidated and overcrowded slum so Lord Provost William Chambers in the 1860s began the transformation of the central part of the city into the Victorian Old Town that exists today.
North Bridge from "Cassell's Old and New Edinburgh, etc"
1632
1632
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1930
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1930
607 Media in collectionpage 2 of 7
Presbytery of Dumbarton

Presbytery of Dumbarton

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The Fore Tower of the Castle

St. Andrews. The Fore Tower of the Castle

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[George Gordon (?)]

[George Gordon (?)]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews (?). Ships in the Harbor

St. Andrews (?). Ships in the Harbor

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Lady, Standing

Lady, Standing

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Charles John Brown

Rev. Charles John Brown

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

The Artist and the Grave Digger

The Artist and the Grave Digger

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Chalmers

Thomas Chalmers

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh.  The Royal High School

Edinburgh. The Royal High School

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Welsh (Retiring Moderator of Gel' Assembly 1843)

Dr. Welsh (Retiring Moderator of Gel' Assembly 1843)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

John Murray (Publisher)

John Murray (Publisher)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

James Dymock

James Dymock

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Lord Robertson

Lord Robertson

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwife

Newhaven Fishwife

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

George Gilfillan and Samuel Brown

George Gilfillan and Samuel Brown

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The Pends

St. Andrews. The Pends

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Master Finlay

Master Finlay

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fisherman

Newhaven Fisherman

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

John Henning as Edie Ochiltree from Sir Walter Scott's "The Antiquary"
St. Andrews.  North Street, Fishergate

St. Andrews. North Street, Fishergate

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Bonaly Towers

Bonaly Towers

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

William Borthwick Johnstone, William Leighton Leitch and David Scott as "The Monks of Kennaquhair" from Sir Walter Scott's "The Abbott"
[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. MacCulloch of Kelso and Greenock

Dr. MacCulloch of Kelso and Greenock

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Mrs. Marian Murray, Lady Stair

Mrs. Marian Murray, Lady Stair

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Patrick Byrne

Patrick Byrne

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Patrick Byrne

Patrick Byrne

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Sir John Jaffray and Dhanjiobai Nauroji

Sir John Jaffray and Dhanjiobai Nauroji

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Inglis, Halifax

Dr. Inglis, Halifax

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Dr. John Purves, Jedburgh

Rev. Dr. John Purves, Jedburgh

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Finlay Children

Finlay Children

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Group

Newhaven Group

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Bonaly Towers. Home of Lord Cockburn

Bonaly Towers. Home of Lord Cockburn

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Kenneth MaCleay, R.S.A.

Kenneth MaCleay, R.S.A.

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Foulis

Dr. Foulis

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. James Scott

Rev. James Scott

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Thomas Jollie, Bowden

Rev. Thomas Jollie, Bowden

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fisherman

Newhaven Fisherman

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Mrs. Shanker

Mrs. Shanker

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Edinburgh. Greyfriars' Churchyard

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The Fore Tower of the Castle

St. Andrews. The Fore Tower of the Castle

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Lady Elizabeth Eastlake

Lady Elizabeth Eastlake

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

The Porthole / Sergeant and Private of the 42nd Gordon Highlanders, Edinburgh Castle
Guthrie

Guthrie

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Miss Binney

Miss Binney

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Thomas Kitchenham Staveley, M.P. Ripon

Thomas Kitchenham Staveley, M.P. Ripon

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

The Misses McCandlish

The Misses McCandlish

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

MacKenzie (Tongue)

MacKenzie (Tongue)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Monro

Dr. Monro

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Family

Newhaven Family

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers

Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers

In 1843, four hundred ministers of the Church of Scotland met in Edinburgh to sign the Deed of Demission, resigning their positions and privileges in order to establish the Free Church of Scotland. Inspired by ... more

Dr. Welsh

Dr. Welsh

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Group

Newhaven Group

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

"Edinburgh Ale" James Ballentine, Dr. George Bell, D.O. Hill

"Edinburgh Ale" James Ballentine, Dr. George Bell, D.O. Hill

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Moir (?) and John Wilson

Moir (?) and John Wilson

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Prof. John Wilson

Prof. John Wilson

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven

Newhaven

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Mrs. Grierson

Mrs. Grierson

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Arnold

Dr. Arnold

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Dr. Andrew Sutherland

Rev. Dr. Andrew Sutherland

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Ogilvie Fairly, Capt. Hamilton, and Gilmore

Ogilvie Fairly, Capt. Hamilton, and Gilmore

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Lady Ruthven

Lady Ruthven

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Stephen Hislop, Missionary

Rev. Stephen Hislop, Missionary

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishermen

Newhaven Fishermen

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Latham - Editor of Dictionary

Dr. Latham - Editor of Dictionary

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Henning

Henning

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

The 42nd Gordon Highlanders, Edinburgh Castle

The 42nd Gordon Highlanders, Edinburgh Castle

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Cookie Miller

Cookie Miller

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Robert Aitken, Dundee

Rev. Robert Aitken, Dundee

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fishwives

Newhaven Fishwives

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dunlop Esq. of Craigton

Dunlop Esq. of Craigton

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Patrick Byrne

Patrick Byrne

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Cook of St. Andrews

Dr. Cook of St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Campbell of Monzie

Campbell of Monzie

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Annan Presbytery

Annan Presbytery

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Sir James Young Simpson & Wainhouse (or Muirhouse)

Sir James Young Simpson & Wainhouse (or Muirhouse)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews. The Abbey Wall

St. Andrews. The Abbey Wall

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

David Maitland Makgill Crichton, Rankeillour

David Maitland Makgill Crichton, Rankeillour

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fisherman

Newhaven Fisherman

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

William Etty

William Etty

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Scott (of Peel)

Scott (of Peel)

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Finlay - The Deerstalker

Finlay - The Deerstalker

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Dr. Capadore

Dr. Capadore

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

St. Andrews

St. Andrews

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Edinburgh. The Scott Monument

Edinburgh. The Scott Monument

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

[Man]

[Man]

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Newhaven Fisherman with Two Boys

Newhaven Fisherman with Two Boys

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Miss Elizabeth Logan

Miss Elizabeth Logan

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Mr. Elder of Watts

Rev. Mr. Elder of Watts

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

James Glencairn Burns

James Glencairn Burns

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)

Rev. Miller and His Son Rev. Samuel Miller

Rev. Miller and His Son Rev. Samuel Miller

Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)