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Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, spanning the border between the US state of New York and the Canadian province of Ontario. The largest of the three is Horseshoe Falls, also known as Canadian Falls, which straddles the international border between Canada and the United States. The smaller American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls lie entirely within the United States. Bridal Veil Falls are separated from Horseshoe Falls by Goat Island and from American Falls by Luna Island, with both islands situated in New York as well.

Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in North America that has a vertical drop of more than 50 meters (160 ft).

Niagara Falls is famed both for its beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power. In 1881, the Niagara River's first hydroelectric generating station was built. The water fell 86 feet (26 m) and generated direct current electricity, which ran the machinery of local mills and lit up some of the village streets. In 1893, Westinghouse Electric designed a system to generate alternating current. In 1896, giant underground conduits leading to turbines generating upwards of 100,000 horsepower (75 MW), we installed.
Niagara Falls from Prospect Point
1753
1753
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2017
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2017
997 Media in collectionpage 1 of 10
Falls of Niagara. View of the great pitch taken from below, see Foresters, a poem

Falls of Niagara. View of the great pitch taken from below, see Forest...

Drawing shows great volumes of water cascading over a cliff as seen from below at Niagara Falls. Title from item. See: "The Foresters : A poem descriptive of a pedestrian journey to the falls of Niagara, in the... more

View of the great pitch taken from below Barralet delt. from a sketch by A. Wilson ; engraved by George Cooke

View of the great pitch taken from below Barralet delt. from a sketch ...

Print shows great volumes of water cascading over a cliff as seen from below, at Niagara Falls. Title from item. Illus from: The Port Folio / Oliver Oldschool, Esq. Philadelphia, Pa. : The Editor and Asbury Dic... more

Niagara Falls—Canadian Side by Moonlight

Niagara Falls—Canadian Side by Moonlight

Pavel Petrovich Svinin (1787/88–1839)

Niagara Falls—Table Rock by Moonlight

Niagara Falls—Table Rock by Moonlight

Pavel Petrovich Svinin (1787/88–1839)

Battle of Niagara

Battle of Niagara

Print shows an American infantry charge against British guns during the battle of Lundy's Lane on Lake Niagara, Ontario, July 25th, 1814. This print is shortened on the right side, eliminating half of the fence... more

Niagara, Chute du Fer a Cheval Salathe, sc

Niagara, Chute du Fer a Cheval Salathe, sc

Illustration shows Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian side. Title from item. Illus. in: Excursions daguerriennes. Vues et monuments les plus remarquables du globe. Paris : Rittner et Goupil [etc.], 1842, plate 3... more

Niagara River leaving Lewiston, U.S. July 22nd 1846

Niagara River leaving Lewiston, U.S. July 22nd 1846

Drawing shows a lighthouse on a bluff above a narrow opening on the Niagara River near Lewiston, New York. Purchase; William Reese Company; 2000; (DLC/PP-2000:086). Title from item. Accession box no. DLC/PP-2000:086

Grand Falls at Niagara from near the Table Rock, Canada side, July 22, 1846

Grand Falls at Niagara from near the Table Rock, Canada side, July 22,...

Drawing shows a view from Canadian side of Grand Falls at Niagara with clouds of spray coming up from the majestic falls while four people observe from Table Rock, at right. Purchase; William Reese Company; 200... more

Clifton House & Niagara, Monday, July 22d, 1846, from above the Stair - Table Rock

Clifton House & Niagara, Monday, July 22d, 1846, from above the Stair ...

Drawing shows view of the Clifton House on the left and the American Falls on the right at Niagara Falls. Purchase; William Reese Company; 2000; (DLC/PP-2000:086). Title from item. Alternate title from accompan... more

Niagara Falls. Suspension bridge drawn from nature by Aug. Köllner ; lith. by Deroy ; printed by Cattier

Niagara Falls. Suspension bridge drawn from nature by Aug. Köllner ; l...

Print shows a train and horse and buggy crossing the Niagara River on a suspension bridge with the Niagara Falls in the distance. Title from item. Library of Congress copy is folded at bottom. Inscribed in ink ... more

Niagara Falls the falls of Niagara

Niagara Falls the falls of Niagara

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Goupil.

[Lampshade design with six views: "Kansas", "Jefferson City", "Erie R.R.", "New York", "Niagara", and "Water Works, Phila."]

[Lampshade design with six views: "Kansas", "Jefferson City", "Erie R....

Title devised by Library staff. Stamped on lower left: From the file of James F. Queen artist, 1824-1889. (DLC/PP-1997:105). Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress.

Sketch of Niagara Falls, with a man and a woman walking on a footpath on lower left, including Terrapin Tower at left center, and notation to make waterfall "green"

Sketch of Niagara Falls, with a man and a woman walking on a footpath ...

Title devised by Library staff. Stamped on verso: From the file of James F. Queen artist, 1824-1889. (DLC/PP-1997:105) Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress. Forms part of: Docum... more

Sketch of Niagara Falls from the American side, with notations "wider" and "light" (partially obscured by chalk highlights)

Sketch of Niagara Falls from the American side, with notations "wider"...

Title devised by Library staff. Stamped on verso: From the file of James F. Queen artist, 1824-1889. (DLC/PP-1997:105) Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress. Forms part of: Docum... more

The Niagara Falls

The Niagara Falls

Platt D. Babbitt (American, active 1840s–70s)

Sketch of Niagara Falls, including Terrapin Tower

Sketch of Niagara Falls, including Terrapin Tower

Title devised by Library staff. Stamped on verso: From the file of James F. Queen artist, 1824-1889. (DLC/PP-1997:105) Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress. Forms part of: Docum... more

The American falls from the Cave of the Winds

The American falls from the Cave of the Winds

Drawing shows Niagara Falls from the side and below, from the vantage point of the Cave of the Winds. Wallis was a British Commissioner from the Foreign Office to the United States in 1853. Originally 1 of 37 d... more

The American falls, Niagara, from the steamboat

The American falls, Niagara, from the steamboat

Drawing shows Niagara Falls on the American side from below. Terrapin Tower, built in 1833 and destroyed in 1873, hovers above the falls on the right. Wallis was a British Commissioner from the Foreign Office t... more

The Horse Shoe Falls, Niagara, from the Canada side

The Horse Shoe Falls, Niagara, from the Canada side

Drawing shows Niagara Falls on the Canadian side, looking toward Horseshoe Falls from the shore. The Terrapin Tower, built in 1833 and torn down in 1873 on the American side, hovers against the edge of the fal... more

The falls of Niagara from near the suspension bridge

The falls of Niagara from near the suspension bridge

Drawing shows Niagara Falls and a barely visible Terrapin Tower through the trees from a vantage point near the suspension bridge, which is not visible. Wallis was a British Commissioner from the Foreign Office... more

The falls of Niagara from the rock above the ferry, American side

The falls of Niagara from the rock above the ferry, American side

Drawing shows Niagara Falls from the American side looking across to the Canadian side. Terrapin Tower, built in 1833 and destroyed in 1873 hovers between the American and Canadian falls. Wallis was a British C... more

The falls of Niagara from Goat Island

The falls of Niagara from Goat Island

Drawing shows Niagara Falls looking toward Terrapin Tower on the American side and the Canadian Horseshoe Falls and Canadian from Goat Island. Some houses are visible in the Canadian town of Niagara Falls. Wal... more

The falls of Niagara from near Biddles Stairs

The falls of Niagara from near Biddles Stairs

Drawing shows Niagara Falls from the American side looking toward Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side, from the vantage point of Biddles Stairs. Wallis was a British Commissioner from the Foreign Office to the... more

The American falls, Niagara, from the steamboat

The American falls, Niagara, from the steamboat

Drawing shows Niagara Falls on the American side, looking toward Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side from below. The Terrapin Tower, built in 1833 and torn down in 1873, looms above the falls. Wallis was a Br... more

The Three Sisters (three islands) from Great Island, Falls of Niagara

The Three Sisters (three islands) from Great Island, Falls of Niagara

Drawing shows islands in the rapids above Niagara Falls on the American side. Wallis was a British Commissioner from the Foreign Office to the United States in 1853. Originally 1 of 37 drawings in portfolios wi... more

The rapids above the American falls, Niagara

The rapids above the American falls, Niagara

Drawing shows the rapids above Niagara Falls on the American side. Wallis was a British Commissioner from the Foreign Office to the United States in 1853. Originally 1 of 37 drawings in portfolios with binder's... more

Niagara, from the American side on stone by J. Queen ; P.S. Duval & Co's Steam lith. Press Philada

Niagara, from the American side on stone by J. Queen ; P.S. Duval & Co...

Print shows four men on the bank of the Niagara River observing the waterfalls from the American side. The men are identified on the print as, from left: "R. Martin", "J.J." Sutton" (in pencil as "F.T"), "Jas. ... more

Niagara--General view from American side

Niagara--General view from American side

No. 910. Title from item. Attributed to William and Frederick Langenheim (Langenheim Brothers) of Philadelphia. (Source: J. Paul Getty Museum and researcher M. P. Higgins, 2018) Forms part of the Marian S. Cars... more

View of Niagara Falls showing Terrapin Tower on the American Side and Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side, as seen from Goat Island

View of Niagara Falls showing Terrapin Tower on the American Side and ...

Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of the: Larry Gottheim Collection of stereographs and other early photographs (Library of Congress) Purchase; Larry Gottheim; 2008; (DLC/PP-2008: 007)

Stereobild av vattenströmmar i Niagara River Gorge nedan Whirlpool International Bridge.

Stereobild av vattenströmmar i Niagara River Gorge nedan Whirlpool Int...

Stereobild av vattenströmmar i Niagara River Gorge nedan Whirlpool International Bridge.

Bridge to Goat Island, Niagara Falls

Bridge to Goat Island, Niagara Falls

Title devised by Library staff. (Source: similar image in the collections of the New York Public Libary). On photograph mount of similar image in the New York Public Library: "Platt D. Babbitt, photographer, Ni... more

Stereobild av Norra flygeln, Cataract House, Niagara.

Stereobild av Norra flygeln, Cataract House, Niagara.

Stereobild av Norra flygeln, Cataract House, Niagara.

Stereobild av vattenströmmar ovanför Niagarafallen."96 Rapids above the Falls Niagara N.Y.".

Stereobild av vattenströmmar ovanför Niagarafallen."96 Rapids above th...

Stereobild av vattenströmmar ovanför Niagarafallen."96 Rapids above the Falls Niagara N.Y.".

New suspension bridge. Niagara Falls

New suspension bridge. Niagara Falls

On mount: American Views. Standard Series. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Stereobild av New Suspension Bridge över Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av New Suspension Bridge över Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av New Suspension Bridge över Niagara Falls.

Point View Niagara

Point View Niagara

Photograph shows a man sightseeing on the American side of Niagara Falls. Title from item. Gottheim collection code: GNG 46B. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collection of stereographs and other early photogra... more

Ice view, Niagara

Ice view, Niagara

On mount: American Views. Standard Series. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Stereobild av istappar, fruset vatten, Niagarafallen på Canadensiska sidan."467. Under the Falls, Canada side. Winter, Niagara N.Y.".

Stereobild av istappar, fruset vatten, Niagarafallen på Canadensiska s...

Stereobild av istappar, fruset vatten, Niagarafallen på Canadensiska sidan."467. Under the Falls, Canada side. Winter, Niagara N.Y.".

Moon-light point view

Moon-light point view

Moonlight view of Niagara Falls. No. 176. On mount: Niagara scenery by S. Davis.

Stereobild av Hästskofallen, Niagara."Horseshoe Fall from Goat Island".

Stereobild av Hästskofallen, Niagara."Horseshoe Fall from Goat Island"...

Stereobild av Hästskofallen, Niagara."Horseshoe Fall from Goat Island".

Stereobild av Horseshor Fall sett från Canadensiska sidan, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av Horseshor Fall sett från Canadensiska sidan, Niagara Fal...

Stereobild av Horseshor Fall sett från Canadensiska sidan, Niagara Falls.

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls

Stereograph showing a man walking across a snow covered bridge. On mount: American Views. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Stereobild av sällskap på klippa vid Cave of The Winds, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av sällskap på klippa vid Cave of The Winds, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av sällskap på klippa vid Cave of The Winds, Niagara Falls.

Niagara from Point View

Niagara from Point View

Photograph shows people sightseeing on the American side of Niagara Falls. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 45. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collecti... more

Stereobild av Horseshoe Falls (Hästskofallen), Niagara.

Stereobild av Horseshoe Falls (Hästskofallen), Niagara.

Stereobild av Horseshoe Falls (Hästskofallen), Niagara.

Seascape at Niagara Falls, New York

Seascape at Niagara Falls, New York

Title devised by Library staff. Gottheim collection code: GNG 2A. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collection of stereographs and other early photographs (Library of Congress)

The suspension bridge interior Niagara Falls

The suspension bridge interior Niagara Falls

Title from item. "G.W. Thorne 60 Nassau St., New York" retailer's blind stamp on front of card. Card number: "70." Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 101. Forms part of the... more

Elevated railroad, Burling Slip, New York

Elevated railroad, Burling Slip, New York

Gift; Estate of Victor S. Clark ; 1946 Sept. 3. (The Library of Congress) On mount: C. Bierstadt, Niagara Falls, N.Y., Manufacturer of Stereoscopic Views. No. 1325. Title from item.

Stereobild av ingången till Cave of the Winds, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av ingången till Cave of the Winds, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av ingången till Cave of the Winds, Niagara Falls.

Horse Shoe Falls, from ferry landing Niagara

Horse Shoe Falls, from ferry landing Niagara

Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 58. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collection of stereographs and other early photographs (Library of Congress) Purcha... more

Stereobild, snöbild vid The Tower, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild, snöbild vid The Tower, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild, snöbild vid The Tower, Niagara Falls.

Table Rock in winter, Niagara

Table Rock in winter, Niagara

Photograph shows a close view of Table Rock with icicles, Niagara Falls, Ontario. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 22. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim C... more

Terrapin Tower and bridge Niagara Falls

Terrapin Tower and bridge Niagara Falls

Photograph shows a winter scene of Niagara Falls with a close view of Terrapin Tower and bridge on the American side. Title from item. "G.W. Thorne 60 Nassau St., New York" retailer's blind stamp on front of ca... more

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls

Stereograph showing white water rapids. On mount: American Views. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Ice view, Niagara

Ice view, Niagara

On mount: American Views. Standard Series. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls

Stereograph showing two men, in the distance, standing on bridge overlooking waters flowing from Niagara Falls. On mount: American Views. No. 845. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection ... more

Stereobild av The New Suspension Bridge, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av The New Suspension Bridge, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av The New Suspension Bridge, Niagara Falls.

Museum on Table Rock, Niagara

Museum on Table Rock, Niagara

Stacy's American Stereoscopic Views. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Goat Island bridge Niagara

Goat Island bridge Niagara

Photograph shows Goat Island Bridge, Niagara Falls, New York. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 137. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collection of stereo... more

Stereobild av mindre vattenfall vid Niagarafallen."696. Horse Shoe Falls and Sister Islads,. Niagara N.Y.".

Stereobild av mindre vattenfall vid Niagarafallen."696. Horse Shoe Fal...

Stereobild av mindre vattenfall vid Niagarafallen."696. Horse Shoe Falls and Sister Islads,. Niagara N.Y.".

Stereobild av man som går på lina invid Niagarafallen."Grand Rope Acsension- Niagara Falls".

Stereobild av man som går på lina invid Niagarafallen."Grand Rope Acse...

Stereobild av man som går på lina invid Niagarafallen."Grand Rope Acsension- Niagara Falls".

Niagara ice bridge

Niagara ice bridge

Photograph shows a winter scene at Niagara Falls. Title from item. Card number: "No. 137" written on back of card. "Morton" written on back of card. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collectio... more

Stereobild, vy över Niagarafallen."194 Niagara Suspensior Bridge from Monteage House".

Stereobild, vy över Niagarafallen."194 Niagara Suspensior Bridge from ...

Stereobild, vy över Niagarafallen."194 Niagara Suspensior Bridge from Monteage House".

Below Table Rock Niagara

Below Table Rock Niagara

Photograph shows Table Rock in winter with icicles, Thomas Barnett's museum (far left) and other buildings in the distance, Niagara Falls, Ontario. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Go... more

Niagara Falls. View from the trees

Niagara Falls. View from the trees

On mount: American Views. No. 5824. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Niagara from Point View

Niagara from Point View

Photograph shows people sightseeing on the American side of Niagara Falls. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 44. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collecti... more

Niagara. View of Cataract House

Niagara. View of Cataract House

Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Stereobild av hängbro övere Niagarafallen."199. Niagara Suspension Bridge- Interior".

Stereobild av hängbro övere Niagarafallen."199. Niagara Suspension Bri...

Stereobild av hängbro övere Niagarafallen."199. Niagara Suspension Bridge- Interior".

Stereobild av frusen bro till Terrapin Tower, Horseshoe Falls, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av frusen bro till Terrapin Tower, Horseshoe Falls, Niagara...

Stereobild av frusen bro till Terrapin Tower, Horseshoe Falls, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av färja framför Niagarafallen."Ferry- boat crossing Niagara N.Y.".

Stereobild av färja framför Niagarafallen."Ferry- boat crossing Niagar...

Stereobild av färja framför Niagarafallen."Ferry- boat crossing Niagara N.Y.".

Stereobild av ingången till Cave of Winds, Niagara Falls, vintertid.

Stereobild av ingången till Cave of Winds, Niagara Falls, vintertid.

Stereobild av ingången till Cave of Winds, Niagara Falls, vintertid.

The Indian curiosity store and rapids

The Indian curiosity store and rapids

Photograph shows the Tugby & Walker Variety store, with advertisement on roof reading "Six Nations Indian Store," Niagara Falls, New York. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim co... more

Stereobild av American Falls och Niagara sett från Canadensiska sidan.

Stereobild av American Falls och Niagara sett från Canadensiska sidan.

Stereobild av American Falls och Niagara sett från Canadensiska sidan.

Niagara in winter-the icicle below

Niagara in winter-the icicle below

Photograph shows icicles below Niagara Falls. Title from item. "G.W. Thorne 60 Nassau St. New York" retailer's blind stamp on front of card. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: ... more

Cave of the Winds, Niagara

Cave of the Winds, Niagara

Man standing by bridge at lower part of waterfalls, Cave of the Winds, Niagara Falls. No. 781.

Niagara in winter. The icicle below

Niagara in winter. The icicle below

Photograph shows icicles below Niagara Falls. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 92. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collection of stereographs and other ... more

Stereobild av The Tree Sister Islands, Niagara.

Stereobild av The Tree Sister Islands, Niagara.

Stereobild av The Tree Sister Islands, Niagara.

Goat Island bridge Niagara

Goat Island bridge Niagara

Photograph shows Goat Island Bridge, Niagara Falls, New York. Title from item. Publisher attribution based on provenance. Gottheim collection code: GNG 136. Forms part of the Larry Gottheim Collection of stereo... more

The great ice bridge & American Fall Niagara

The great ice bridge & American Fall Niagara

Photograph shows a man standing on the ice bridge near the American Falls, Niagara Falls, New York. Title from item. "Stacy neg. c. 1860" and "card c. 1868" in pencil on back of card. Card probably produced aro... more

Stereobild av stor samling på stora isberget, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av stor samling på stora isberget, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av stor samling på stora isberget, Niagara Falls.

Niagara Falls. View from the trees

Niagara Falls. View from the trees

On mount: American Views. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Stereobild av sällskap på bron till Sister Island, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av sällskap på bron till Sister Island, Niagara Falls.

Stereobild av sällskap på bron till Sister Island, Niagara Falls.

Niagara Falls. View of the bridge

Niagara Falls. View of the bridge

Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls

On mount: American Views. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.

Stereobild av solnedgånd, Niagarafloden. Man i roddbåt."121. Sunset, Niagara River".

Stereobild av solnedgånd, Niagarafloden. Man i roddbåt."121. Sunset, N...

Stereobild av solnedgånd, Niagarafloden. Man i roddbåt."121. Sunset, Niagara River".

Stereobild av ett vinterfruset Niagara Falls."Prospekt Point".

Stereobild av ett vinterfruset Niagara Falls."Prospekt Point".

Stereobild av ett vinterfruset Niagara Falls."Prospekt Point".

"Prince of Wales Arch," Table Rock, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada

"Prince of Wales Arch," Table Rock, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada

Title devised by Library staff. "Prince of Wales arch, Niagara" in pencil on back. Forms part of the: Larry Gottheim Collection of stereographs and other early photographs (Library of Congress) Purchase; Larry ... more

Niagara. View during the winter

Niagara. View during the winter

On mount: American Series. Title from item. Forms part of the Marian S. Carson Collection at the Library of Congress.