PICRYL
PICRYL

The World's Largest Public Domain Source

  • homeHome
  • searchSearch
  • collectionsCollections
  • camera_altMedia
  • infoAbout

  • account_boxLogin

Moon Science

The Moon has always been a magical and mystical object for people throughout history. It is the 2nd brightest object in the sky after the Sun. Since prehistoric times, the Moon has been an object of fascination, awe, and worship. The Moon has its influence on our culture through music, theater, literature, and more.
'Tableau d'Astronomie et de sphère' by Henri Duval, 1834 (detail)
252 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3

Sublime and beautiful reflections on the French revolution, or the man in the moon at large

Print shows Edmund Burke sitting at a desk on a crescent moon, holding a quill pen, an open "pamphlet" and an inkwell are on the desk, broken chains hang from his wrists; a scene on the front of the desk, label... more

Corona of the Sun during a Solar Eclipse

Description: In 1900 the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, then based in Washington, D.C., loaded several railroad cars with scientific equipment and headed to Wadesboro, North Carolina. Scientists had det... more

Zodiac man; volvelle from BL Eg 2572, ff. 50v-51

On the left, a drawing of zodiac man, with parts of the body linked to their governing zodiac symbols with labels and numerals. On the right is a volvelle, with movable pointer, with depictions of the signs of ... more

Diagram from BL Harley 3647, f. 57

Diagram of the 'old quadrant' in Robertus Anglicus of Montpellier, 'Tractatus quadrantis veteris'. Image taken from f. 57 of Astronomical miscellany including Sacrobosco, 'De sphaera' (ff. 22-33); Solar tables ... more

Diagram from BL Harley 3667, f. 8

Byrhtferth's diagram' relating to the computation of the date of Easter and other astrological and natural science topics. Image taken from f. 8 of Portion of the annals of Peterborough Abbey. Written in Latin.

Diagram of the winds from BL Harley 2767, f. 16v

Detail of a diagram of the eight winds at Book I, vi, 12. Image taken from f. 16v of On Architecture (De architectura). Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 334, f. 29

Diagram of the earth. Image taken from f. 29 of Image du Monde (Le livre de clergie en roumans) (index Mappe Monde). Written in French.

Moon from BL Harley 4940, f. 37

Miniature of an astronomical diagram of the moon (Luna). Image taken from f. 37 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 48

Diagram with four people holding hands. Image taken from f. 48 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram of the phases of the Moon from BL YT 31, f. 55v

Detail of a diagram of the phases and course of the Moon, in Matfré Ermengau of Béziers's Breviari d'Amour. Image taken from f. 55v of Breviari d'Amor (Catalan prose version). Written in Spanish (Catalan), with... more

Volvelle from BL Sloane 4100, recto

Volvelle Image taken from recto of Volvelle. Written in English.

Diagram from BL Harley 2728, f. 131

Marginal diagram of the earth. Image taken from f. 131 of Pharsalia, Books 1-10, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 3091, f. 140v

Circular diagram with the earth as its centre. Image taken from f. 140v of Various works including De natura rerum, De temporibus, In libros Regum quaestiones XXX, computistical and calendrical writings and oth... more

Diagram from BL Harley 2407, f. 57

Astrological drawing of the sun, moon, and Zodiac constellations. Image taken from f. 57 of Miscellaneous treatises on alchemy, including John Lydgate's 'The Churl and the Bird' (the latter imperfect at the beg... more

Diagram of the planets from BL Harley 3017, f. 94

Diagram of the concentric orbits of the planets showing the periods of their revolution. Image taken from f. 94 of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and tables, including decenno... more

Diagram of the elements from BL Harley 3017, f. 92

Diagram of the four elements: fire, water, air, earth. Image taken from f. 92 of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and tables, including decennovenal (19-year) cycles (ff. 3v-8) a... more

Annus - Mundus - Homo diagram from BL Harley 3017, f. 89v

Annus - Mundus - Homo' diagram showing the qualities associated with the four seasons, elements and humours. Image taken from f. 89v of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and table... more

Annus communis diagram from BL Harley 3017, f. 65

Annus communis' diagram with seasons and cardinal directions. Image taken from f. 65 of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and tables, including decennovenal (19-year) cycles (ff. ... more

Annus - Mundus - Homo diagram from BL Harley 3017, f. 92v

Annus - Mundus - Homo diagram showing the qualities associated with the four seasons, elements and humours. Image taken from f. 92v of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and tables... more

Isidorian zone diagram from BL Harley 3017, f. 90v

Isidorian zone diagram arranged in circles in a floral design. Image taken from f. 90v of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and tables, including decennovenal (19-year) cycles (ff... more

Angels turning the axis of the world from BL Harley 4940, f. 28

Diagram with angels turning the axis of the world. Image taken from f. 28 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram from BL Harley 2407, f. 16v

A drawing of a spirit, sun, man, and woman. Image taken from f. 16v of Miscellaneous treatises on alchemy, including John Lydgate's 'The Churl and the Bird' (the latter imperfect at the beginning). Written in E... more

Diagram from BL Harley 2407, f. 57v

A drawing of a man and woman embracing. Image taken from f. 57v of Miscellaneous treatises on alchemy, including John Lydgate's 'The Churl and the Bird' (the latter imperfect at the beginning). Written in Engli... more

Diagram from BL Harley 1117, f. 117v

Diagram. Image taken from f. 117v of Lives of Cuthbert in prose (ff. 2-42v) and verse (ff. 45-62v), with services for Cuthbert, Benedict and Guthlac with musical notation (ff. 43-44; 63-66). Written in Latin, w... more

Diagram from BL Harley 3735, f. 36v

Detail of circular diagram with a man at its centre, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Computus. Image taken from f. 36v of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 3735, f. 46v

Detail of circular diagram, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Computus. Image taken from f. 46v of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram of eclipses from BL Harley 3735, f. 27

Detail of diagrams showing eclipses of the sun and moon, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Tractatus de sphaera. Image taken from f. 27 of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram of the sun from BL Harley 3735, f. 18

Detail of diagrams with the movements of the sun around the earth, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Tractatus de sphaera. The cities of Rome and Paris are depicted in the diagram on the right. Image taken... more

Diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 36

Miniature of an astronomical diagram of the moon and planets. Image taken from f. 36 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 43

Detail of a miniature of an astronomical diagram. Image taken from f. 43 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Illuminated initial and diagram from BL Harley 3647, f. 81

Illuminated initial 'C'(irculus) with a bar-border sprouting with foliage, a hybrid creature and a bird, at the beginning of a 'Theorica planetarum'; in the lower half of the page is a diagram on the movement o... more

Historiated initial and diagram from BL Harley 3647, f. 118

Historiated initial 'Q'(uia) with a man holding a looking-glass (?), a bar-border sprouting with foliage, a hybrid creature and a hare; in the right column is a diagram for the geometrical demonstration (chords... more

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 44v

Detail of an astronomical diagram. Image taken from f. 44v of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 47v

Detail of an astronomical diagram. Image taken from f. 47v of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram from BL Harley 3647, f. 32

Initial 'N'(otandus) with pen-flourishing. In the lower margin is a diagram representing the Ptolemaic model for the motion of a superior planet: The centre of the outer circle, which is inscribed with 'zodia... more

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 45v

Detail of an astronomical diagram. Image taken from f. 45v of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Zodiacal diagram from BL Harley 3735, f. 30

Detail of a zodiacal diagram, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Computus. Image taken from f. 30 of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 3735, f. 23

Diagram illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Tractatus de sphaera. Image taken from f. 23 of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 3735, f. 32v

Detail of a drawing with a serpent biting its tail, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Computus. Image taken from f. 32v of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 3735, f. 38v

Detail of a diagram showing the phases of the moon, illustrating Johannes de Sacro Bosco's Computus. Image taken from f. 38v of Various calendarial and computistical treatises. Written in Latin.

Volvelle from BL Harley 13, f. 5

Text page with volvelle. Image taken from f. 5 of Miscellaneous scientific treatises. Written in Latin.

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 44

Detail of an astronomical diagram. Image taken from f. 44 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram from BL Harley 13, f. 3v

Diagram. Image taken from f. 3v of Miscellaneous scientific treatises. Written in Latin.

Volvelle from BL Harley 13, f. 5

Text page with volvelle. Image taken from f. 5 of Miscellaneous scientific treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 13, f. 127v

Detail of diagram. Image taken from f. 127v of Miscellaneous scientific treatises. Written in Latin.

Diagram with the symbols of the zodiac from BL Harley 2332, f. 17v

Circular diagram with the symbols of the zodiac. Image taken from f. 17v of Almanac with an astrological miscellany. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 2728, f. 128v

Marginal diagram of the continents and winds. Image taken from f. 128v of Pharsalia, Books 1-10, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Allegorical diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 93

Allegorical diagram representing God's blessing to Abraham. Image taken from f. 93 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 38

Astrological diagram. Image taken from f. 38 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram from BL Harley 4940, f. 9

Diagram with various figures. Image taken from f. 9 of Breviari d'amor. Written in French.

Diagram of the phases of the Moon from BL YT 31, f. 55v

Diagram of the phases and course of the Moon, in Matfré Ermengau of Béziers's Breviari d'Amour. Image taken from f. 55v of Breviari d'Amor (Catalan prose version). Written in Spanish (Catalan), with some Hebrew... more

Double course of the moon and central path of the sun from BL Royal 12 F X, f. 20v

Detail of a diagram of the double course of the moon and the central path of the sun. Image taken from f. 20v of Dragmaticon philosophiae, imperfect at the beginning and the end (index Dramaticon). Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 2633, f. 40

Diagram charting rainfall. Image taken from f. 40 of Commentary on Cicero's De somno Scipionis. Written in Latin.

White vine initial and diagram from BL Harley 4794, f. 46v

Detail of a white vine initial 'S'(uperio) and circular diagram of rainfall. Image taken from f. 46v of Commentary on Cicero's De somno Scipionis. Written in Latin.

Diagram of the Easter cycle from BL Harley 3017, ff. 53v-54

Diagram of the Easter cycle. Image taken from ff. 53v-54 of A Carolingian miscellany of computational and astronomical texts and tables, including decennovenal (19-year) cycles (ff. 3v-8) a calendar (ff. 22-32v... more

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 3719, f. 156

An astrological diagram of the phases of the sun and moon, with vovelles. Image taken from f. 156 of Miscellany with various astronomical, calendrical, medical, and philosophical texts. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 3719, f. 175v

A diagram of the sphere of life and death used in prognostication. Image taken from f. 175v of Miscellany with various astronomical, calendrical, medical, and philosophical texts. Written in Latin.

Paradise: the heaven of the moon from BL Eg 943, f. 131

Framed miniature of Dante, Beatrice, and the heaven of the moon. Image taken from f. 131 of Divina Commedia (index Divine Comedy): Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso, with a short Latin commentary; the Capitolo (ff... more

Astrological diagram from BL Harley 3719, f. 155v

Astrological diagram with volvelles. Image taken from f. 155v of Miscellany with various astronomical, calendrical, medical, and philosophical texts. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 2686, f. 103

Large diagram relating to family relationships, outlined in red or brown, with interlace and foliate decoration in green. Image taken from f. 103 of Etymologies (index Etymologiae), with letters of corresponden... more

Diagram from BL Harley 2686, f. 102v

Diagram. Image taken from f. 102v of Etymologies (index Etymologiae), with letters of correspondence between Isidore and Braulio (ff. 1-4), imperfect. Written in Latin.

Heaven of the Moon from BL YT 36, f. 131

Miniature of Dante and Beatrice visiting the inhabitants of the heaven of the moon. Image taken from f. 131 of Divina Commedia (index Divine Comedy). Written in Italian.

Theological diagram from BL Harley 1648, f. 5

Theological diagram relating to the passage in the Lord's prayer that states, 'Give us this day'. Image taken from f. 5 of Commentary on the Lord's Prayer and various tables concerning religious subjects, inclu... more

Heaven of the Moon from BL YT 36, f. 131

Detail of miniature of Dante and Beatrice visiting the inhabitants of the heaven of the moon. Image taken from f. 131 of Divina Commedia (index Divine Comedy). Written in Italian.

Diagram from BL Harley 4333, f. 57

Diagram with the planets and decorated initial with pen-flourishing in Gossuin de Metz's Image du monde. Image taken from f. 57 of Various texts, mainly in verses, including Gossuin de Metz's Image du monde (ff... more

Diagram from BL Harley 3814, f. 58v

Diagram with the bodily humours, elements, etc. Image taken from f. 58v of Various astrological and computistical treatises, including a calendar (ff. 81-86v). Written in Latin.

Musical diagram from BL Harley 6525, f. 7v

Musical diagram. Image taken from f. 7v of Ritus canendi. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial and diagram from BL Harley 625, f. 23v

Puzzle initial 'E'(t) with pen-flourished decoration and marginal diagram at the beginning of book 3 of Geber's 'De astronomia'. Image taken from f. 23v of A collection of astronomical and mathematical treatise... more

Musical diagram from BL Harley 3199, f. 83

Musical diagram. Image taken from f. 83 of Miscellany of treatises relating to computus and music, imperfect at the end, including Helperic's 'Liber de computo' (ff. 2-55v); Guido's 'Regulae rhythmicae' (ff. 55... more

Drawing and diagram from BL Harley 5605, f. 15

Drawing and diagram in ink. Image taken from f. 15 of 'Pneumatica' (index Pnematics) (ff. 3-50) and 'De automatis' (index Automata) (ff. 50v-69). Written in Greek.

Diagram from BL Harley 3861, f. 53v

Trinitarian diagram with the tetragrammaton in chapter 6 ('De Trinitate') of Petrus Alfonsi's 'Dialogus contra Judaeos'. Image taken from f. 53v of Dialogus contra Judaeos. Written in Latin.

Diagram of the sun from BL Harley 3263, f. 83

Diagram of the hourly movements of the sun. Image taken from f. 83 of Organon Astronomicon ex hypothesibus Copernici extructum. Written in Latin.

Diagram from BL Harley 5237, f. 34v

Diagram and initial 'E'(x) at the beginning of Book 4, Chapter 9 of Boethius' De institutione musica. Image taken from f. 34v of De institutione musica. Written in Latin.

Volvelle from BL Harley 941, f. 29v

Volvelle for calculating Easter, other movable feasts, Sunday letters, the Golden Number and the leap year, with a figure (a woman?) in the centre. Image taken from f. 29v of A literary and scientific miscellan... more

Volvelle from BL Sloane 702, ff. 21v-22

A volvelle, a device with a moveable disc rotating with a fixed matrix, with a pointing moveable index of the sun (here painted yellow to represent the sun) which could be set at the sign and degree of the zod... more

Volvelle from BL Sloane 405, f. 4

A volvelle, a device with moveable discs rotating with a fixed matrix, the pointing moveable index of which could be set at the sign and degree of the zodiac for a particular day in order to predict the best ti... more

Volvelle from BL Eg 848, f. 22

Volvelle with three moving parts representing the zodiac, the sun, and the moon, and showing their relative positions and the moon's phases, and astronomical diagram. Image taken from f. 22 of Medical miscellan... more

Diagram from BL Harley 2473, f. 3v

Diagram representing the genealogy of Jupiter. Image taken from f. 3v of Genealogy of the gods (ff. 1-4), Names of rivers (f. 4v), Commentary on Aeneis (f. 5), Aeneis (index Aeneid) with marginal gloss (ff. 5v-... more

Diagram from BL Harley 531, f. 4v

Diagram. Image taken from f. 4v of Tractatus de sphaera (index De sphera), in a mathematical and scientific miscellany. Written in Latin.

Diagram on rainfall from BL Harley 5433, f. 43

Detail of text page with a diagram on rainfall in the lower margin at the end of the first book of Macrobius' Commentary on Cicero's 'De somno Scipionis'. Image taken from f. 43 of Commentary on Cicero's De som... more

Astronomical diagram from BL Harley 3843, f. 71v

Astonomical diagram Image taken from f. 71v of Calendar, Computus, Alphonsine tables, Tractatus de arte numerandi (Algorismus), and Astronomical tables. Written in Latin.

Emblem of Percy moon receiving light from the Tudor sun from BL Royal 18 D II, f. 200

Emblem of a man (a king?) wearing a crown of flames and holding an orb marked 'Sol' in the centre of a radiating Tudor Rose inscribed with verses 'Ex paterno trono radii splendoris/ ex matre candor virginii dec... more