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Ironclad War

Ironclads of American Civil War TimeCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Great naval victory in Mobile Bay, Aug. 5th 1864
After first battles involving of American ironclads (both with wooden ships and with one another) in 1862 during the American Civil War, it became clear that the ironclad had championed the unarmored ship as the most powerful warship. This type of ship would come to be very successful in the American Civil War. This change was pushed forward by the development of heavier naval guns (the ironclads of the 1880s carried some of the heaviest guns ever mounted at sea at the time), more sophisticated steam engines, and advances in metallurgy which made steel shipbuilding possible. An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century. The ironclad was developed as a result of the vulnerability of wooden warships to explosive or incendiary shells. The first ironclad battleship, Gloire, was launched by the French Navy in November 1859. In early 1859 the Royal Navy started building two iron-hulled armored frigates, and by 1861 had made the decision to move to an all-armored battle fleet.
The rapid development of warship design in the late 19th century transformed the ironclad from a wooden-hulled vessel that carried sails to supplement its steam engines into the steel-built, turreted battleships and cruisers of the 20th century.
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2002
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475 Media in collectionpage 1 of 5
[Ironclad vessel with rudder and paddlewheel]

[Ironclad vessel with rudder and paddlewheel]

Illus. in: Gaspar Schott, Technica Curiosa, 1664, pl. 30, opp. p. 388. Reference copy may be in LOT 7007. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Marine engineering; ... more

Chesapeake & Patapsco

Chesapeake & Patapsco

Four scenes of rivers, lighthouses, ships and boats.

U.S. Gun Boat "Fanny"

U.S. Gun Boat "Fanny"

Broadside view of steamship.

U.S. Gun Boat "Seminole"

U.S. Gun Boat "Seminole"

Broadside view of steamship. Title inscribed below image. Inscribed below title: The "Wabash" is like the "Minnesota" of which you have a drawing. Formerly Waud no. C-44. Gift, J.P. Morgan, 1919 (DLC/PP-1919:R1... more

U.S. Gun Boat "Daylight"

U.S. Gun Boat "Daylight"

Broadside view of steamship. Title inscribed below image. Inscribed below image: has Latteen Sails (a sort of Bolucca rig). Formerly Waud no. C-43. Gift, J.P. Morgan, 1919 (DLC/PP-1919:R1.2.970) Forms part of: ... more

U.S. gunboats DeKalb, Mound City, and Cincinati [i.e. Cincinnati] - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboats DeKalb, Mound City, and Cincinati [i.e. Cincinnati] - Mi...

No. 3123. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of the monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

Officers on deck of the monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

No. B759. Title from item. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. VI, p. 143". Negative at National Archives, B5044. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Scenes in the Brooklyn Navy-Yard: Gunboat on the Stocks

Scenes in the Brooklyn Navy-Yard: Gunboat on the Stocks

Men building gunboat. Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, 1861 Aug. 24, p. 534. Reference copy may be in LOT 4397-I (oversize). This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: NYC, N... more

U.S. gunboat Black Hawk

U.S. gunboat Black Hawk

No. 3141. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

(Sailors on deck of warship)

(Sailors on deck of warship)

Title from item. Part of Brady-Handy Collection. Cited in Miller, vol. 6, p. 278-279, as the gunboat Mendota.

A gun crew on deck of U.S.S. Mendota, James River, Va.

A gun crew on deck of U.S.S. Mendota, James River, Va.

Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Gunboat "Commodore Perry", James River, Va.

Gunboat "Commodore Perry", James River, Va.

No. 4274. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S.S. New Hampshire off Charleston, S.C.

On deck of U.S.S. New Hampshire off Charleston, S.C.

No. 4957. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs and one print. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck on U.S. frigate Sabine

Officers on deck on U.S. frigate Sabine

No. 4367. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers and crew on deck of gunboat Agawam, James River, Va.

Officers and crew on deck of gunboat Agawam, James River, Va.

No. B261. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

The Gun-boat New Era, just built at St. Louis, Missouri / sketched by a correspondent.

The Gun-boat New Era, just built at St. Louis, Missouri / sketched by ...

Illus. in: Harper's weekly, 1861 Oct. 12, p. 646.

U.S. gunboat Pittsburg - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Pittsburg - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3136. Title from item. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. VI, p. 148". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Views at Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

Views at Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

No. 4242. Title from item. Mounted with 5 other photographs showing different views of the same location. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

[Ship deck with sailors and cannons]

[Ship deck with sailors and cannons]

Photograph possibly by George H. Houghton, photographer of other photographs in this album and fellow resident of Mead's in Brattleboro, Vermont. Houghton worked as a photographer at Camp Griffin and in the Tid... more

On deck of U.S.S. New Hampshire off Charleston, S.C.

On deck of U.S.S. New Hampshire off Charleston, S.C.

No. 4956. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs and one print. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S. gunboat Hunchback

On deck of U.S. gunboat Hunchback

No. B708. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Virginia

Officers on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Virginia

No. B889. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Crew on deck of monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

Crew on deck of monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

No. B80. Title from item. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. VI, p. 179". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat "47"

U.S. gunboat "47"

No. 3146. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Benton

U.S. gunboat Benton

No. 3148. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi RIver Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Milwaukee

U.S. gunboat Milwaukee

No. 3139. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of the monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

On deck of the monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

No. B768. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Lafayette, Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Lafayette, Mississippi River Fleet

No. 4584. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Peosta - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Peosta - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3133. Title from item. Cited in: The South Besieged: The Image of War, vol. 5, p. 49. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S.S. New Hampshire off Charleston, S.C.

On deck of U.S.S. New Hampshire off Charleston, S.C.

No. 4954. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs and one print. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S. gunboat Hunchback

On deck of U.S. gunboat Hunchback

No. B675. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Hand written on verso: "See Miller, vol. 6, p. 315". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Wreck of U.S. gunboat Indianola - Mississippi River Fleet

Wreck of U.S. gunboat Indianola - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3117. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Gun crew on deck of U.S.S. Miami, [i.e. Mendota] James River, Va.

Gun crew on deck of U.S.S. Miami, [i.e. Mendota] James River, Va.

No. B504. Title from item. Additional information from similar image, 111-B-374, held at the National Archives. Hand written on verso: "See Miller, vol. 6, page 275". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Lafayette

U.S. gunboat Lafayette

No. 3143. Title from item. Mounted with one other photograph. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Crew on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

Crew on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

No. B343. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

[Sling for heavy artillery. Drewry's Bluff, Virginia]

[Sling for heavy artillery. Drewry's Bluff, Virginia]

Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of: Civil War Photograph Collection (Library of Congress). Original negative may be available: LC-B811-1152.

U.S. gunboat Silver Cloud

U.S. gunboat Silver Cloud

No. 3149. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Cited in Fighting for Time: the Image of War, vol. 4, p. 334. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Essex - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Essex - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3134. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Ozark - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Ozark - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3124. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Agawam and the monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

U.S. gunboat Agawam and the monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

No. B81. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Commodore Barney

U.S. gunboat Commodore Barney

No. B115. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Black Hawk

U.S. gunboat Black Hawk

No. 3140. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Lexington [i.e. Tyler] - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Lexington [i.e. Tyler] - Mississippi River Fleet

Photograph shows a Union timberclad, the U.S.S. Tyler. No. 3122. Title from item. Cited in Miller, vol. I, p. 203, as the U.S.S. Tyler. "U.S. Army Military History Institute also identifies it as (U.S.S) Tyler"... more

U.S. gunboat Kickopee

U.S. gunboat Kickopee

No. 3138. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Tyler - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Tyler - Mississippi River Fleet

Photograph shows a Union timberclad, the U.S.S. Tyler. No. 3127. Title from item. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. I, p. 189". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Cricket

U.S. gunboat Cricket

No. 3142. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S. Frigate Hartford

On deck of U.S. Frigate Hartford

No. 3152. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs and one print. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. VI, p. 187 (bottom)". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

[Navy crewmen on the deck of a ship]

[Navy crewmen on the deck of a ship]

No. 5132. Title devised by library staff. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Vindicator

U.S. gunboat Vindicator

No. 3144. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

The United States gun-boat "Wyandotte" firing a salute on Washington's Birthday in Pensacola Harbor / drawn by an officer of Lieut. Slemmer's command.

The United States gun-boat "Wyandotte" firing a salute on Washington's...

Shown are the gun-boat "Wyandotte," and in the background left to right Fort Barrancas, Barrancas barracks, and United States Marine Hospital. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, 1861 April 6, p. 212.

U.S. gunboat Queen City

U.S. gunboat Queen City

No. 3147. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. hospital boat Red Rover - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. hospital boat Red Rover - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3125. Title from item. Caption continues: Mississippi River fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Mendota, James River, Va.

U.S. gunboat Mendota, James River, Va.

No. B239. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

No. 4094. Title from item. Hand written on verso: Miller I, 276. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

No. B517. Title from item. Hand written on verso: Miller, vol. 1, pp. 110-111. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Virginia

Officers on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Virginia

No. B696. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Confederate obstructions in James River at Drewry's Bluff

Confederate obstructions in James River at Drewry's Bluff

No. B470. Title from item. Similar to LC-B811-2475. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Gunboat "Mendota", Deep Bottom, James River, Va.

Gunboat "Mendota", Deep Bottom, James River, Va.

No. B241. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Osage - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Osage - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3126. Title from item. Hand written on mount: "Lt. Comdr. Thos. O. Selfridge". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of monitor Mahopac, James River, Virginia

Officers on deck of monitor Mahopac, James River, Virginia

No. B403. Title from item. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. VI, p. 145". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Meteor [i.e. Cricket]

U.S. gunboat Meteor [i.e. Cricket]

No. 3145. Title from item. Correction to title made on card mount comparing images of the two gunboats. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Admiral Farragut and Captain Drayton on deck of U.S. frigate Hartford

Admiral Farragut and Captain Drayton on deck of U.S. frigate Hartford

No. 3169. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

The Mississippi River Fleet at Mound City, Illinois

The Mississippi River Fleet at Mound City, Illinois

No. 3132. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Admiral Farragut and Captain Drayton on deck of U.S. frigate Hartford

Admiral Farragut and Captain Drayton on deck of U.S. frigate Hartford

No. 3168. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Virginia

Officers on deck of monitor Saugus, James River, Virginia

No. B655. Title from item. Mounted with four other photographs. For information on the identification of the photographer see article: "Richmond Again Taken: Reappraising the Brady Legend through Photographs by... more

U.S. gunboat Milwaukee - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Milwaukee - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3131. Title from item. Caption continue: Mississippi River fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

No. B596. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Confederate iron-clad Stonewall

Confederate iron-clad Stonewall

No. 912. Civil War Photograph Collection (Library of Congress). Original negative: LC-B817-7912-B

Officers on deck of U.S. gunboat Commodore Barney

Officers on deck of U.S. gunboat Commodore Barney

No. B182. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Benton

U.S. gunboat Benton

No. 3137. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs with general caption: Mississippi River Fleet. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Choctaw - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Choctaw - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3116. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

(Deck of warship)

(Deck of warship)

Title from item. Part of Brady-Handy Collection.

On deck of the monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

On deck of the monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

No. B686. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Crew on deck of U.S.S. Colorado

Crew on deck of U.S.S. Colorado

No. 4455. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of U.S. gunboat Miami

Officers on deck of U.S. gunboat Miami

No. B82. Title from item. Hand written on verso: "See Miller, vol. 6, p. 199". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Drewry's Bluff, Va. (vicinity).  Obstructions in James River

Drewry's Bluff, Va. (vicinity). Obstructions in James River

Sunken gunboats in James River, Virginia. Civil War Photograph Collection. No. 1116. Reproduced in The photographic history of the Civil War / Francis Trevelyan Miller. New York : T. Joseloff, 1957, v. 1, p. 10... more

Officers on deck of the monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

Officers on deck of the monitor Saugus, James River, Va.

No. B438. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S.S. Vermont off Charleston, S.C.

On deck of U.S.S. Vermont off Charleston, S.C.

No. 4960. Title from item. Mounted with three other photographs and two prints. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Naval Station, Mound City, Illinois

Naval Station, Mound City, Illinois

No. 3165. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Gunboat on the Mississippi

Gunboat on the Mississippi

Title from item. Part of the Brady-Handy Collection.

Deck of one of Porter's mortar schooners

Deck of one of Porter's mortar schooners

Title from item. Hand written on verso: "Miller, vol. VI, p. 197". Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

On deck of U.S. gunboat Hunchback

On deck of U.S. gunboat Hunchback

No. B699. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

The Iron-coated French frigate La Gloire / Smythh.

The Iron-coated French frigate La Gloire / Smythh.

Illus. in: The Illustrated London news, 1861 March 9, p. 227.

On deck of U.S.S. Vermont off Charleston, S.C.

On deck of U.S.S. Vermont off Charleston, S.C.

No. 4959. Title from item. Mounted with three other photographs and two prints. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James River, Va.

No. B481. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

[Group portrait of the crew on the deck of an ironclad]

[Group portrait of the crew on the deck of an ironclad]

Title devised by library staff. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

U.S. gunboat Commodore Barney(?)

U.S. gunboat Commodore Barney(?)

No. B113. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

[Sailors and a cannon on deck of a gunboat]

[Sailors and a cannon on deck of a gunboat]

Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of: Civil War Photograph Collection (Library of Congress).

On deck of the monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

On deck of the monitor Lehigh, James River, Va.

No. B671. Title from item. Mounted with five other photographs. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Officers on deck of U.S.S. Mendota, James River, Va.

Officers on deck of U.S.S. Mendota, James River, Va.

No. B265. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

(River gunboat)

(River gunboat)

Title from item. Part of Brady-Handy Collection.

U.S. gunboat Cairo - Mississippi River Fleet

U.S. gunboat Cairo - Mississippi River Fleet

No. 3135. Title from item. Copy neg., LC-B8184-3135, not made from this print. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Map showing the system of rebel fortifications on the Mississippi River at Island no. 10 and New Madrid, also the operations of the U.S. forces under General John Pope against these positions

Map showing the system of rebel fortifications on the Mississippi Rive...

Scale 1:84,480 ("3/4 of an inch = one mile"). LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 299.8 From U.S. Congress. Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Supplemental report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the W... more

[James River, Va. Deck of iron-clad gunboat Galena, showing stack damaged by fire from Fort Darling, May 15, 1862]

[James River, Va. Deck of iron-clad gunboat Galena, showing stack dama...

Photographs of the Federal Navy, and seaborne expeditions against the Atlantic Coast of the Confederacy -- the Federal Navy, 1861-1865.

Map showing the system of Confederate fortifications on the Mississippi River at Island no. 10 and New Madrid, also the operations of the United States forces under General John Pope against these positions

Map showing the system of Confederate fortifications on the Mississipp...

Scale 1:84,480. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 300 In lower left margin: Report of Maj. Gen. John Pope to the Committee on the Conduct of War. "No. 1" is in the upper right margin. Similar to the preceding map, b... more