PICRYL
PICRYL

The World's Largest Public Domain Source

  • homeHome
  • searchSearch
  • collectionsCollections
  • camera_altMedia
  • infoAbout

  • account_boxLogin

The Medieval Mediterranean

The Mediterranean Sea was the hub of transport, trade and cultural links between three continents: Western Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe. The history of the cultures and people of the Mediterranean region is important for understanding the origin and development of the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Canaanite, Phoenician, Hebrew, Carthaginian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Ottoman, Christian and Islamic cultures.
The Italian "Repubbliche Marinare" (Maritime Republics) of Venice, Genoa, Amalfi and Pisa developed their own "empires" in the Mediterranean shores. The Islamic states had never been major naval powers, and trade from the east to Europe was soon in the hands of Italian traders, especially the Genoese and the Venetians, who profited immensely from it. The Republic of Pisa and later the Republic of Ragusa used diplomacy to further trade and maintained a libertarian approach in civil matters to further sentiment in its inhabitants.
The republic of Venice got to dominate the eastern Mediterranean shores after the Fourth Crusade. In 1347 the Black Death spread from Constantinople across the mediterranean basin. In 1453, the Byzantine Empire was extinguished with the fall of Constantinople.
Ship at sea from BL Arundel 66, f. 45
460 Media in collectionpage 1 of 5

Cuthbert at sea from BL YT 26, f. 26

Cuthbert in a boat at sea, with two other men, from Chapter 11 of Bede's prose Life of St Cuthbert. Image taken from f. 26 of Prose Life of Cuthbert; extracts from the Historia Ecclesiastica (History of the Eng... more

Sea battle from BL Harley 4418, f. 190

Miniature of a sea battle. Image taken from f. 190 of Jean d'Arras, Roman de Mélusine (imperfect). Written in French.

Sea battle from BL Harley 4418, f. 113

Miniature of a battle scene, decorated initial 'L'(istoire) including heraldic arms and foliate borders. Image taken from f. 113 of Jean d'Arras, Roman de Mélusine (imperfect). Written in French.

Greeks by the sea from BL Royal 19 C VI, f. 64v

Miniature of Greeks by the sea shore ascending a path, with Orientals looking on. Image taken from f. 64v of Anabasis. Written in French.

Dante from BL YT 36, f. 68

Detail of a miniature of Dante encountering Casella and Cato. Image taken from f. 68 of Divina Commedia (index Divine Comedy). Written in Italian.

Mystery of the Redemption from BL YT 36, f. 141

Detail of a miniature of Dante and Beatrice witnessing the mystery of the Redemption. Image taken from f. 141 of Divina Commedia (index Divine Comedy). Written in Italian.

Justinian from BL YT 36, f. 139

Detail of a miniature of Dante and Beatrice before Justinian, who recounts the history of the Roman Empire. Image taken from f. 139 of Divina Commedia (index Divine Comedy). Written in Italian.

location:Mediterranean Sea from "[The Countries of the World: being a popular description of the various continents, islands, rivers, seas, and peoples of the globe. [With plates.]]"

This image has been taken from scan 000018 from volume 01 of "[The Countries of the World: being a popular description of the various continents, islands, rivers, seas, and peoples of the globe. [With plates.]]... more

Ship at sea from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 272v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of the 11,000 virgins in a ship at sea. Image taken from f. 272v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Sea fight off of La Rochelle from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 189v

Detail of a miniature of a sea fight off of La Rochelle. Image taken from f. 189v of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380). Written in French.

English at sea from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 214v

Detail of a miniature of the English at sea; miniature of the battle of the men of Ghent and the count of Flanders. Image taken from f. 214v of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380). Written in French.