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Medieval Canon Law: Liber Extra

The Decretals of Gregory IX (Latin, Decretales Gregorii IX), also collectively called the Liber extra, are an important source of medieval Canon Law. In 1230, Pope Gregory IX ordered his chaplain and confessor, St. Raymond of Penyafort, a Dominican, to form a new canonical collection destined to replace all former collections.
Raymond of Penyafort, O.P., (ca. 1175 – 6 January 1275) was a Spanish Dominican friar in the 13th century. He is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church and is the patron saint of lawyers, especially canon lawyers.
Rabbit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 64
685 Media in collectionpage 1 of 7

One knight unhorsing another from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 313v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of one knight unhorsing another before a castle, while a group of women look on. Image taken from f. 313v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretal... more

Two men sawing a plank from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 99v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two men sawing a plank with a two-handed saw. Image taken from f. 99v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Decorated initials from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 2v

Five decorated initial 'D's, with figurative borders and a bas-de-page scene of a castle flanked by grotesques. Image taken from f. 2v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals... more

Men building a church from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 289v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of men building a church, and two monks carrying a burden on poles. Image taken from f. 289v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Painting an image in a shrine from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 209v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man on a ladder painting an image in a shrine, with a church behind him and a devil on the right-hand side of the page. Image taken from f. 209v of Decretals of Gregory IX wit... more

Blind man and a boy from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 219

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a blind man and a boy seated on a bench eating, with a church in the background. Image taken from f. 219 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decret... more

Man handing a cloth to a woman from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 143

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man handing a cloth to a woman. Image taken from f. 143 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Man and woman by a spinning wheel from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 147v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man and a woman by a spinning wheel. Image taken from f. 147v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Table of contents from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 3

Table of contents, for the Decretals, with five decorated initial 'D's, with decorated borders, including mermaids and mermen. Image taken from f. 3 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithf... more

Castle and grotesques from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 2v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a castle flanked by grotesques. Image taken from f. 2v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Two men sawing a plank from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 99v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two men sawing a plank with a two-handed saw. Image taken from f. 99v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Mermaid and merman from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 3

Detail of a miniature of a mermaid and merman with bow and arrow in the border of the folio. Image taken from f. 3 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

A sinful hermit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 114v

Bas-de-page scene of a hermit sitting outside a tavern drinking ale; the alewife approaches him with a flagon. Subsequent scenes depict the hermit fornicating with the alewife, murdering the miller who catches... more

An amorous encounter from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 139

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a woman at a spinning wheel being kissed by a man while patting her on the bottom. Image taken from f. 139 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decr... more

A sinful hermit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 114v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a hermit sitting outside a tavern drinking ale; the alewife approaches him with a flagon. Subsequent scenes depict the hermit fornicating with the alewife, murdering the miller... more

Hounds chasing a rabbit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 71v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of hounds chasing a rabbit. Image taken from f. 71v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

A sinful hermit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 114v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a hermit sitting outside a tavern drinking ale; the alewife approaches him with a flagon. Subsequent scenes depict the hermit fornicating with the alewife, murdering the miller... more

Mermaid from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 47

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mermaid. Image taken from f. 47 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Bishop expelling a devil from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 242

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a bishop expelling a devil from a church tower. Image taken from f. 242 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Man approaching church from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 197v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man approaching a church, with a bishop and his attendant on the other side. Image taken from f. 197v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decreta... more

Border from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 3

Detail of medallion scenes within the lower border of the folio. Image taken from f. 3 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Prisoner seeking sanctuary from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 206v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a prisoner seeking sanctuary from monks. Image taken from f. 206v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 255v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mounted king, shooting at a stag with a bow and arrow. Image taken from f. 255v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 256

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a king with a hunting horn standing beside a lady; to their right a man bears a stag's head on a pole. Image taken from f. 256 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (... more

Woman and bird from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 122

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a woman and a bird above spewing round objects from its beak. Image taken from f. 122 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Rabbit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 64

Detail of a painting of a rabbit with a pennant. Image taken from f. 64 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Bird from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 58

Detail of a painting of a grotesque bird with a long beak. Image taken from f. 58 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 253v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mounted king hunting a fleeing stag; he raises a horn to his lips. Image taken from f. 253v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Writ... more

Birds from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 68

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of birds. Image taken from f. 68 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Two ships from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 19

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two ships engaged in a battle. Image taken from f. 19 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Man stealing food from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 217v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man stealing food from a blind beggar's bowl, through a tube. Image taken from f. 217v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hawking from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 254

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mounted king, hawking, coming upon two stags feeding. Image taken from f. 254 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Men playing a game from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 94v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of men playing a game with bats and a ball. Image taken from f. 94v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Rabbit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 40v

Detail of a painting of a seated rabbit with a scroll in its mouth. Image taken from f. 40v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Monk and man with a sword from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 247v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a monk with a group of other men speaking to a man who carries a sword. Image taken from f. 247v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). W... more

Monk and nun from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 181

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a monk and a nun approaching a house. Image taken from f. 181 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King and bishop from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 243

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a seated king and bishop talking to one another. Image taken from f. 243 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Two men sawing a plank from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 99v

Bas-de-page scene of two men sawing a plank with a two-handed saw. Image taken from f. 99v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Bishop and clerks from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 242v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a bishop standing at an altar, with two clerks at a lectern. Image taken from f. 242v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King and monk disputing from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 245

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a king, a monk, and another man disputing. Image taken from f. 245 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Monk speaking to a man from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 246v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a monk speaking to a man who is turning a wheel to haul up building material; the rope breaks and a man on the right with an axe reacts with alarm. Image taken from f. 246v of D... more

Dunstan pinching the Devil from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 250v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of Dunstan pinching a devil's nose with pincers; a man sits beside him with bellows at a fire. Image taken from f. 250v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smith... more

Devil and Dunstan from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 248

Bas-de-page scene from the legend of Dunstan. Dunstan sits before a stand painting a picture of an insect. The devil, disguised as an injured man, tries to distract him from his work. Image taken from f. 248 o... more

Monk driving off a devil from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 247

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a monk driving off a devil with a cudgel. Image taken from f. 247 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Bear attacking monk from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 246

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a bear attacking a mounted monk. Image taken from f. 246 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Monk departing from a king from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 245v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a monk with a crozier departing from a king. Image taken from f. 245v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Grotesque from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 75

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a blue-faced grotesque, hunched, with a man standing on his shoulders, from Book 1 of the Decretals. Image taken from f. 75 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the... more

Man handing a cloth from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 143

Bas-de-page scene of a man handing a cloth to a woman. Image taken from f. 143 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Man shooting at a bird from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 46

Bas-de-page scene of a man shooting at a bird, with an owl at the top of the tree. Image taken from f. 46 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Woman on stilts from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 29v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a woman on stilts, nursing an infant, with a man, a woman and a bird. Image taken from f. 29v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Writ... more

Woman carding wool from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 138

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a woman carding wool. Image taken from f. 138 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Invasion of a castle from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 18v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man attempting to invade a castle being killed by one of the defenders. Image taken from f. 18v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). ... more

Knight killing a wild man from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 74v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a knight killing a wild man who has abducted a woman. Image taken from f. 74v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Two ships from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 19

Bas-de-page scene of two ships engaged in a battle. Image taken from f. 19 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Two women from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 137v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two women, one seated and performing a domestic task. Image taken from f. 137v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Performers from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 58

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of performers: a man with a pipe and tabor, another with pipes, and a woman balancing on sword points. Image taken from f. 58 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the ... more

Geese hanging a fox from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 48v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of geese hanging a fox, a goose with a bow and arrow, and a cock and chicken watching. Image taken from f. 48v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Dec... more

King and messenger from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 302v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a king and a messenger. Image taken from f. 302v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Reynard the Fox from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 49v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of Reynard the Fox, wearing a bishop's mitre and carrying a crozier, preaching to birds, including falcons, chickens, geese, a stork and a swan. Image taken from f. 49v of Decretal... more

Dunstan from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 197

Bas-de-page showing Dunstan healing injured peasants. Image taken from f. 197 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Archer from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 49v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of an archer, from the lower margin of the folio. Image taken from f. 49v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Knights jousting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 65v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of knights jousting and trumpeters. Image taken from f. 65v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Woman approaching a windmill from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 70v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a woman approaching a windmill with a sack of grain. Image taken from f. 70v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Reynard the Fox from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 49v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of Reynard the Fox, with a fox wearing a bishop's mitre and carrying a crozier preaching to birds, including falcons, chickens, geese, a stork and a swan. On the right, fox runs t... more

Man shooting at a stag from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 159v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man shooting at a stag. Image taken from f. 159v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Two knights, a lady, and a hound from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 102

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two knights, a lady, and a hound. Image taken from f. 102 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Men playing from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 95

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two men playing a hockey-type game. Image taken from f. 95 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Banquet from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 236

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a king at a banquet with others. Image taken from f. 236 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Animals from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 49

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of geese dragging a fox supported by women, in front of a cock and behind a rabbit, each with a mace. Image taken from f. 49 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the '... more

Abbot blessing monks from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 224v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of an abbot blessing a group of monks. Image taken from f. 224v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Mary of Egypt feeding a lion, a bear and a stag from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 280v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a hair-covered Mary of Egypt feeding a lion, a bear and a stag. Image taken from f. 280v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Man shooting at a bird from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 46

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man shooting at a bird, with an owl at the top of the tree. Image taken from f. 46 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Dunstan from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 197

Detail of a bas-de-page showing Dunstan healing injured peasants. Image taken from f. 197 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Messenger from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 3v

Detail of the bottom border of the folio with a bas-de-page scene of a messenger delivering a letter to a man seated at a desk. Image taken from f. 3v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smit... more

Bird from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 50

Detail of a painting of a bird, from the lower margin of the folio. Image taken from f. 50 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Wild man embracing a woman from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 72

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a wild man embracing a woman. Image taken from f. 72 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Grotesque from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 75

Bas-de-page scene of a blue-faced grotesque, hunched, with a man standing on his shoulders, and in the upper margin, a man painted around a textual addtion so that he appears to be holding it, from Book 1 of th... more

Man asperging from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 108v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man asperging a couple seated at a dining table. Image taken from f. 108v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Painting an image in a shrine from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 209v

Bas-de-page scene of a man on a ladder painting an image in a shrine, with a church behind him and a devil on the right-hand side of the page. Image taken from f. 209v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ord... more

Mary of Egypt feeding a lion, a bear and a stag from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 280v

Bas-de-page scene of Mary of Egypt feeding a lion, a bear and a stag. Image taken from f. 280v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Baker putting loaves in oven from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 145v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man taking his loaves out of a basket, while a baker puts them into the oven. Image taken from f. 145v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decret... more

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 253v

Bas-de-page scene of a mounted king hunting a fleeing stag; he raises a horn to his lips. Image taken from f. 253v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hawking from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 254

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mounted king, hawking, coming upon two stags feeding. Image taken from f. 254 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hawking from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 254

Bas-de-page scene of a mounted king, hawking, coming upon two stags feeding. Image taken from f. 254 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 255v

Bas-de-page scene of a mounted king, shooting at a stag with a bow and arrow. Image taken from f. 255v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 256

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a king with a hunting horn standing beside a lady; to their right a man bears a stag's head on a pole. Image taken from f. 256 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (... more

King hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 256

Bas-de-page scene of a king with a hunting horn standing beside a lady; to their right a man bears a stag's head on a pole. Image taken from f. 256 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfi... more

Weighing of a soul from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 184

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of an angel weighing a soul on scales, with the devil and a watching woman on either side. Image taken from f. 184 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield... more

Mounted knight from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 66

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mounted knight emerging from a castle, ladies on battlements, and trumpeters. Image taken from f. 66 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretal... more

Unicorn and bears from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 157

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a fight between a unicorn and two bears. Image taken from f. 157 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Baker from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 94

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man playing a fife and drum, with a man on his shoulder, while below, a bad baker is being dragged on a horse-drawn hurdle with his deficient loaf of brea around his neck. Ima... more

Drunk hermit from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 115

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a drunk hermit and woman embracing on the ground near a windmill; the miller emerges carrying a mallet. Image taken from f. 115 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria ... more

Grotesque from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 94

Detail of a grotesque figure. Image taken from f. 94 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Hunting from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 229v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a mounted man galloping towards a stag during a hunt, at the beginning of Book IV. Image taken from f. 229v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Dec... more

Marriage from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 229v

Detail of a miniature of a priest marrying a couple. Image taken from f. 229v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Man attacking butterfly from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 91v

Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a man attacking a butterfly with a sword. Image taken from f. 91v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Pope from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 91v

Detail of a miniature of the Pope flanked by a monk and a layman. Image taken from f. 91v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Borders and scenes from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 3v

Borders with scenes, capitals and text, and a bas-de-page scene of a messenger delivering a letter. Image taken from f. 3v of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Grotesque from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 4

Detail of a grotesque playing a rebec. Image taken from f. 4 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.

Grotesque from BL Royal 10 E IV, f. 4

Detail of a painting of a winged grotesque holding a shield of arms. Image taken from f. 4 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.