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Medici

Created by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Kroning van Cosimo De' Medici in 1569
The Medici family, also known as the House of Medici, first attained wealth and political power in Florence in the 13th century through its success in commerce and banking. The Medici first mentioned in 1230. A self-made man, Giovanni Medici was one of five sons of a poor widow. His success with the Medici bank branch in Rome made him the Capo of the Medici family. After Giovanni's death, his son Cosimo fought with the richest in Florence and jealous Albizzi family. Cosimo became the patron of the arts, commissioned Lippi, Donatello, Michelozzo and Gozzoli, financed the extraordinary Duomo and the Council of Florence. He is known as the Godfather of the Renaissance.
His son Lorenzo foiled an ambush against his father, saved his family and secured the position of the Medici in Florence. Lorenzo’s was also the patron of genius artists, including Botticelli, Leonardo, and Michelangelo. Lorenzo's son Giovanni received the tonsure at seven years old and by thirteen and became the youngest cardinal in history. In 1513 he became the Pope Leo X, best-known for his failure to control Martin Luther.
Giovanni's bastard brother Giuliano had a son named Giulio who was adopted by his uncle, Lorenzo. With cousin's death, Giulio became Pope under Clement VII name and dealt with Henry VIII’s divorce. The Medicis produced four popes (Leo X, Clement VII, Pius IV and Leon XI), and their genes have been mixed into many of Europe’s royal families.
Cosimo Medici got rid of Florence's republican government and became the King. His gentle son Ferdinand was standing up to the Pope, trying to protect his mentor and tutor, Galileo, but Intimidated by papal authority, Ferdinando was forced to withdrew his support from Galileo.
Another prominent figure, Catherine Medici was orphaned at birth and raised by illegitimate cousins and papal uncles. She was threatened during the siege of Florence and handed to her new husband, the future King of France. After her husband death in hunting episode, she ruled France through her deranged and deviant sons. Her rule saw the St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre of 1572. She was obsessed with the prophecies of Nostradamus and ruled her court through the whispers of her “flying squadron ladies“.
The last Medici ruler died without a male heir in 1737, ending the family dynasty after almost three centuries.



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503 Media in collectionpage 1 of 6
Lorenzo I de Medici
Giovanni de Medici

Giovanni de Medici

Stecher: Vico, Enea Verleger: Lafreri, Antonio Datierung: 1538 / 1577 Verlagsort: Rom

Giovanni de Medici

Giovanni de Medici

Stecher: Vico, Enea Verleger: Lafreri, Antonio Datierung: 1538 / 1577 Verlagsort: Rom

Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich
Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Verleger: Florimi, Matteo Stecher: Galle, Cornelis (1576) Datierung: 1600 / 1613

Cosimo de Medici

Cosimo de Medici

Verleger: Gheyn, Jacques de (1565) Stecher: Visscher, Claes Jansz. (1550) Datierung: 1580 / 1612

Cosimo de Medici

Cosimo de Medici

Verleger: Gheyn, Jacques de (1565) Stecher: Visscher, Claes Jansz. (1550) Datierung: 1580 / 1612

Medici, Alessandro de'

Medici, Alessandro de'

Stecher: Meier, Melchior

Cosimo de Medici

Cosimo de Medici

Formschneider: Stimmer, Tobias

Cosimo III. de Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Cosimo III. de Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Verleger: Bertrand, Pierre (1600) Stecher: Larmessin, Nicolas de (3) Verlagsort: Paris

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Verleger: Sadeler, Johann (1) Verlagsort: Venedig

Giovanni de Medici

Giovanni de Medici

Radierer: Custos, Dominicus Zeichner: Fontana, Giovanni Battista

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

unbekannter Künstler Datierung: 1601 / 1750

Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich

Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich

unbekannter Künstler Datierung: 1601 / 1750

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

unbekannter Künstler Datierung: 1601 / 1750

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Stecher: Passe, Crispyn de (1) Verleger: Passe, Crispyn de (1) faktischer Entstehungsort: Köln

Giovanni de' Medici

Giovanni de' Medici

Stecher: Sibmacher, Johann Verlagsort: Nürnberg

Giovanni de' Medici

Giovanni de' Medici

Stecher: Sibmacher, Johann Verlagsort: Nürnberg

Giovanni de' Medici

Giovanni de' Medici

Stecher: Sibmacher, Johann Verlagsort: Nürnberg

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Radierer: Vaccari, Andrea faktischer Entstehungsort: Rom

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Stecher: Granthomme, Jacques Radierer: Granthomme, Jacques Verleger: Granthomme, Jacques Verlagsort:

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Stecher: Hondius, Hendrik (1)

Klaudia de Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana
Klaudia de Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana
Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Verleger: Soutman, Pieter Claesz. Radierer: Sompel, Pieter van

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana

Verleger: Jode, Pieter de (2)

Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana
Maria de 'Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana
Cosimo III. de Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Cosimo III. de Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Stecher: Lenfant, Jean (1615) faktischer Entstehungsort: Paris

Lorenzo I de Medici

Lorenzo I de Medici

Stecher: Franck, Johann

Cosimo I. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana
Klaudia de Medici, Prinzessin von Toskana
Cosimo III. de Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Cosimo III. de Medici, Großherzog von Toskana

Zeichner: Campiglia, Giovanni Domenico Stecher: Preißler, Georg Martin faktischer Entstehungsort: Nürnberg

Villa Medici from "Rome ... With ... illustrations. A new edition"

Villa Medici from "Rome ... With ... illustrations. A new edition"

This image has been taken from scan 000304 from "Rome ... With ... illustrations. A new edition". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library... more

[Luxembourg Gardens, the Medici fountains, Paris, France]

[Luxembourg Gardens, the Medici fountains, Paris, France]

Title devised by Library staff. Misidentified in the Detroit Publishing Co., Catalogue J foreign section (Detroit, Mich. : Detroit Publishing Company, 1905) as: Bois du Boulougne (i.e., Boulogne). Print no. "6... more

Cosimo II. de' Medici, Großherzog von Toskana
Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich

Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich

Verleger: Cock, Hieronymus Stecher: Huys, Frans Verlagsort: Antwerpen

Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich

Katharina von Medici, Königin von Frankreich

Lithograph: Delpech, François Séraphin Drucker: Delpech, François Séraphin Datierung: 1800 / 1825