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PICRYL

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Americans of 1840s

In 1844, Mathew Brady opened a photography studio at the corner of Broadway and Fulton Street in New York. By 1845, he began to exhibit his portraits of famous Americans, including the likes of Senator Daniel Webster and poet Edgar Allan Poe. In 1849, he opened a studio at 625 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. Brady's early images were daguerreotypes, and he won many awards for his work.

In 1850, Brady produced The Gallery of Illustrious Americans, a portrait collection of prominent contemporary figures. The album, which featured noteworthy images including the elderly Andrew Jackson at the Hermitage, was not financially rewarding but invited increased attention to Brady's work.

When the Civil War started, he used a mobile studio and darkroom enabled vivid battlefield photographs. Thousands of war scenes were captured, as well as portraits of generals and politicians on both sides of the conflict, though most of these were taken by his assistants, rather than by Brady himself. After the war, these pictures went out of fashion, and the government did not purchase the master-copies as he had anticipated. Brady's fortunes declined sharply, and he died in debt.
[Henry Peters Gray, half-length portrait, head three-quarters to left]
443 Media in collectionpage 3 of 5
[Robert Charles Winthrop, head-and-shoulders portrait, slightly to left, eyes front]

[Robert Charles Winthrop, head-and-shoulders portrait, slightly to lef...

Whig Congressman from Massachusetts, 1840-1850; Senator, 1850-1851.

[Michael Faraday, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right, seated in chair, hand resting on table]

[Michael Faraday, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right, s...

British physicist and chemist, inventor of the electric generator.

[Michael Faraday, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right, seated in chair, hand resting on table]

[Michael Faraday, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right, s...

British physicist and chemist, inventor of the electric generator.

[Joseph Story, half-length portrait, facing front, with spectacles]

[Joseph Story, half-length portrait, facing front, with spectacles]

Republican Congressman from Massachusetts, 1808-1809; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1811-1845; Acting Chief Justice, 1835-1836, 1844; Professor of Law Harvard University 1829-1845.

[Joseph Story, half-length portrait, facing front, with spectacles]

[Joseph Story, half-length portrait, facing front, with spectacles]

Republican Congressman from Massachusetts, 1808-1809; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1811-1845; Acting Chief Justice, 1835-1836, 1844; Professor of Law Harvard University 1829-1845.

[James M. Mason, three-quarter length portrait, facing left]

[James M. Mason, three-quarter length portrait, facing left]

Democratic Congressman from Virginia, 1837-1839; Senator, 1847-1861.

[James M. Mason, three-quarter length portrait, facing left]

[James M. Mason, three-quarter length portrait, facing left]

Democratic Congressman from Virginia, 1837-1839; Senator, 1847-1861.

[Nathan Kelsey Hall, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Nathan Kelsey Hall, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Congressman from New York, 1847-1849; Postmaster General, 1850-1852.

[Nathan Kelsey Hall, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Nathan Kelsey Hall, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Congressman from New York, 1847-1849; Postmaster General, 1850-1852.

[John P. Hale, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[John P. Hale, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

Democratic Congressman from New Hampshire, 1843-1845, 1847-1853, 1855-1865; Free Soil candidate for President, 1852.

[John P. Hale, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[John P. Hale, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

Democratic Congressman from New Hampshire, 1843-1845, 1847-1853, 1855-1865; Free Soil candidate for President, 1852.

[Theodore Sedgwick, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[Theodore Sedgwick, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

Lawyer, author, attache to the U.S. Embassy in Paris, President of the New York Crystal Palace Association.

[Theodore Sedgwick, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[Theodore Sedgwick, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

Lawyer, author, attache to the U.S. Embassy in Paris, President of the New York Crystal Palace Association.

[John Davis, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left]

[John Davis, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left]

Whig Congressman from Massachusetts, 1825-1834; Governor of Massachusetts, 1834-1835, 1841-1843; Senator, 1835-1841, 1845-1853.

[John Davis, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left]

[John Davis, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left]

Whig Congressman from Massachusetts, 1825-1834; Governor of Massachusetts, 1834-1835, 1841-1843; Senator, 1835-1841, 1845-1853.

[Pierre Soulé, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Pierre Soulé, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Democratic Senator from Louisiana, 1847-1853; French liberal exile; political adventurer; U.S. Minister to Spain, 1853-1855.

[Pierre Soulé, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Pierre Soulé, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Democratic Senator from Louisiana, 1847-1853; French liberal exile; political adventurer; U.S. Minister to Spain, 1853-1855.

[Pierre Soulé, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Pierre Soulé, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Democratic Senator from Louisiana, 1847-1853; French liberal exile; political adventurer; U.S. Minister to Spain, 1853-1855.

[George Washington Parke Custis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, wearing white waistcoat]

[George Washington Parke Custis, half-length portrait, three-quarters ...

Builder and original owner of Arlington House, later the Lee Mansion, Arlington (Va.); author, historian, artist (painter).

[George Washington Parke Custis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, wearing white waistcoat]

[George Washington Parke Custis, half-length portrait, three-quarters ...

Builder and original owner of Arlington House, later the Lee Mansion, Arlington (Va.); author, historian, artist (painter).

[George Washington Parke Custis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, wearing white waistcoat]

[George Washington Parke Custis, half-length portrait, three-quarters ...

Builder and original owner of Arlington House, later the Lee Mansion, Arlington (Va.); author, historian, artist (painter).

[Samuel G. Goodrich, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to the left, wearing spectacles]

[Samuel G. Goodrich, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to th...

Author, editor, publisher, known as Peter Parley.

[Samuel G. Goodrich, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to the left, wearing spectacles]

[Samuel G. Goodrich, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to th...

Author, editor, publisher, known as Peter Parley.

[Thomas Hart Benton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[Thomas Hart Benton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

Democratic Senator from Missouri, 1821-1851.

[Thomas Hart Benton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[Thomas Hart Benton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

Democratic Senator from Missouri, 1821-1851.

[James Alfred Pearce, head-and-shoulders portrait, nearly facing front]

[James Alfred Pearce, head-and-shoulders portrait, nearly facing front...

Whig Congressman from Maryland, 1835-1839, 1841-1843; Whig and Democratic Senator, 1843-1862.

[James Alfred Pearce, head-and-shoulders portrait, nearly facing front]

[James Alfred Pearce, head-and-shoulders portrait, nearly facing front...

Whig Congressman from Maryland, 1835-1839, 1841-1843; Whig and Democratic Senator, 1843-1862.

[Roger S. Baldwin, three-quarter length portrait, facing slightly left]

[Roger S. Baldwin, three-quarter length portrait, facing slightly left...

Whig Senator from Connecticut, 1847-1851; Governor of Connecticut, 1844-1846.

[Roger S. Baldwin, three-quarter length portrait, facing slightly left]

[Roger S. Baldwin, three-quarter length portrait, facing slightly left...

Whig Senator from Connecticut, 1847-1851; Governor of Connecticut, 1844-1846.

[Hopkins Lacey Turney, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Hopkins Lacey Turney, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the lef...

Democratic Congressman from Tennessee, 1837-1843; Senator, 1845-1851.

[Hopkins Lacey Turney, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Hopkins Lacey Turney, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the lef...

Democratic Congressman from Tennessee, 1837-1843; Senator, 1845-1851.

[Jacob Collamer, half-length portrait, three-quarters to left]

[Jacob Collamer, half-length portrait, three-quarters to left]

Whig Congressman from Vermont, 1843-1849; U.S. Postmaster General, 1849-1850; Republican Senator, 1855-1865.

[Jacob Collamer, half-length portrait, three-quarters to left]

[Jacob Collamer, half-length portrait, three-quarters to left]

Whig Congressman from Vermont, 1843-1849; U.S. Postmaster General, 1849-1850; Republican Senator, 1855-1865.

[John A. Dix, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, in civilian dress, with long hair]

[John A. Dix, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, in civ...

Democratic Senator from New York, 1845-1849; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1861; Governor of New York, 1873-1875.

[John A. Dix, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, in civilian dress, with long hair]

[John A. Dix, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, in civ...

Democratic Senator from New York, 1845-1849; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1861; Governor of New York, 1873-1875.

[John A. Dix, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, in civilian dress, with long hair]

[John A. Dix, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left, in civ...

Democratic Senator from New York, 1845-1849; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1861; Governor of New York, 1873-1875.

[Sam Houston, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[Sam Houston, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to the right...

President of Texas, 1836-1838, 1841-1844; Democratic Senator from Texas, 1846-1859.

[Sam Houston, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[Sam Houston, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to the right...

President of Texas, 1836-1838, 1841-1844; Democratic Senator from Texas, 1846-1859.

[Howell Cobb, half-length portrait, facing front]

[Howell Cobb, half-length portrait, facing front]

Democratic Congressman from Georgia, 1843-1851, 1855-1857; Governor of Georgia, 1851-1853; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1857-1860.

[Howell Cobb, half-length portrait, facing front]

[Howell Cobb, half-length portrait, facing front]

Democratic Congressman from Georgia, 1843-1851, 1855-1857; Governor of Georgia, 1851-1853; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1857-1860.

[William Allen, half-length portrait, nearly facing front]

[William Allen, half-length portrait, nearly facing front]

Democratic Senator from Ohio, 1837-1849; Governor of Ohio, 1874-1876.

[William Allen, half-length portrait, nearly facing front]

[William Allen, half-length portrait, nearly facing front]

Democratic Senator from Ohio, 1837-1849; Governor of Ohio, 1874-1876.

[John Francis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[John Francis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

Physician; editor of American Medical and Philosophical Register; first president of the New York Academy of Medicine; historian and author.

[John Francis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[John Francis, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

Physician; editor of American Medical and Philosophical Register; first president of the New York Academy of Medicine; historian and author.

[Taliaferro Preston Shaffner, full-length portrait, three-quarters to the right, head front, standing, holding a tall hat. On the left is a chair and on the right a small table covered with tablecloth]

[Taliaferro Preston Shaffner, full-length portrait, three-quarters to ...

Inventor, associate in the introduction of the telegraph and north Atlantic cable; telegraph company official; author and historian.

[Taliaferro Preston Shaffner, full-length portrait, three-quarters to the right, head front, standing, holding a tall hat. On the left is a chair and on the right a small table covered with tablecloth]

[Taliaferro Preston Shaffner, full-length portrait, three-quarters to ...

Inventor, associate in the introduction of the telegraph and north Atlantic cable; telegraph company official; author and historian.

[Solon Borland, half-length portrait, facing three-quarters left]

[Solon Borland, half-length portrait, facing three-quarters left]

Democratic Senator from Arkansas, 1848-1853.

[Solon Borland, half-length portrait, facing three-quarters left]

[Solon Borland, half-length portrait, facing three-quarters left]

Democratic Senator from Arkansas, 1848-1853.

[John Van Buren, three-quarter length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[John Van Buren, three-quarter length portrait, three-quarters to the ...

Democratic Congressman from New York, 1841-1843; son of President Martin Van Buren.

[John Van Buren, three-quarter length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[John Van Buren, three-quarter length portrait, three-quarters to the ...

Democratic Congressman from New York, 1841-1843; son of President Martin Van Buren.

[Thomas Corwin, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Thomas Corwin, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Whig Congressman from Ohio, 1831-1840; Governor of Ohio, 1840-1842; Senator, 1845-1850; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1850-1853; Republican Congressman, 1858-1861.

[Thomas Corwin, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[Thomas Corwin, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

Whig Congressman from Ohio, 1831-1840; Governor of Ohio, 1840-1842; Senator, 1845-1850; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1850-1853; Republican Congressman, 1858-1861.

[George Washington Crawford, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[George Washington Crawford, half-length portrait, three-quarters to t...

Whig Congressman from Georgia, 1843; Governor of Georgia 1843-1847; U.S. Secretary of War, 1849-1850.

[George Washington Crawford, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the left]

[George Washington Crawford, half-length portrait, three-quarters to t...

Whig Congressman from Georgia, 1843; Governor of Georgia 1843-1847; U.S. Secretary of War, 1849-1850.

[David Rice Atchison, half-length portrait, facing three-quarters to left]
[David Rice Atchison, half-length portrait, facing three-quarters to left]
[Thomas Sowerby Hamblin, head-and shoulders portrait, slightly to the left]

[Thomas Sowerby Hamblin, head-and shoulders portrait, slightly to the ...

Shakespearean actor; manager of the Bowery theater, and of other New York theaters.

[Thomas Sowerby Hamblin, head-and shoulders portrait, slightly to the left]

[Thomas Sowerby Hamblin, head-and shoulders portrait, slightly to the ...

Shakespearean actor; manager of the Bowery theater, and of other New York theaters.

[William C. Dawson, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to right]

[William C. Dawson, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to rig...

Whig Congressman from Georgia, 1836-1841; Senator, 1849-1855.

[William C. Dawson, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to right]

[William C. Dawson, head-and-shoulders portrait, three-quarters to rig...

Whig Congressman from Georgia, 1836-1841; Senator, 1849-1855.