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Kingdom of Jerusalem

Chronicler of the Crusades by William of Tyre.Created by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222
William of Tyre has always been considered one of the greatest medieval writers. An archbishop of Tyre, he grew up in Jerusalem at the height of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which had been established in 1099 after the First Crusade, and spent twenty years studying the liberal arts and canon law in the universities of Europe. in In 1165, King Amalric made him an ambassador to the Byzantine Empire. After Amalric's death, William became chancellor and archbishop of Tyre, two of the highest offices in the kingdom, and in 1179 he led the eastern delegation to the Third Council of the Lateran.
William wrote an account of the Lateran Council and a history of the Islamic states from the time of Muhammad. Neither work survives. He is famous today as the author of a history of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. William composed his chronicle in excellent Latin for his time, with numerous quotations from classical literature. The chronicle is sometimes given the title Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea") or Historia Ierosolimitana ("History of Jerusalem"), or the Historia for short. It was translated into French soon after his death, and thereafter into numerous other languages. He is considered the greatest chronicler of the crusades, and one of the best authors of the Middle Ages.
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Jerusalem from BL Eg 1070, f. 5

Jerusalem from BL Eg 1070, f. 5

Full-page miniature of Jerusalem and the Dome of the Rock Image taken from f. 5 of Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of René d'Anjou'). Written in Latin, calendar and rubrics in French.

David besieging Jerusalem from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 56

David besieging Jerusalem from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 56

Detail of an upper register miniature of David besieging Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 56 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Philistines in Jerusalem from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 66v

Philistines in Jerusalem from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 66v

Detail of an upper register miniature of the battle of the Philistines in Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 66v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Pompeius in Jerusalem from BL Royal 20 D I, f. 362v

Pompeius in Jerusalem from BL Royal 20 D I, f. 362v

Bas-de-page miniature of Pompeius in Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 362v of Histoire ancienne jusqu'à César, part 3 of the second redaction. Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 157v

Jerusalem from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 157v

Miniature of the emperors meeting, and Jerusalem being recovered from the Saracens. Image taken from f. 157v of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis. Written in French.

Alexander in Jerusalem from BL Royal 19 D I, f. 11v

Alexander in Jerusalem from BL Royal 19 D I, f. 11v

Miniature of Alexander in Jerusalem, being met by chief priests and others. Image taken from f. 11v of Historia de proeliis, translated in French as La vraie ystoire dou bon roi Alixandre, and other romances. W... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222

Detail of an historiated initial 'A'(nno) of Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem, at the beginning of Daniel. Image taken from f. 222 of Bible (the 'Big' or 'Great Bible'), with the Gospel of Nicodemus and the ... more

John and the new Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D III, f. 531v

John and the new Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D III, f. 531v

Miniature of John and the new Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 531v of Bible historiale, the early version. Written in French.

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222

Historiated initial 'A'(nno) of Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem, at the beginning of Daniel. Image taken from f. 222 of Bible (the 'Big' or 'Great Bible'), with the Gospel of Nicodemus and the Interpretatio... more

Rebuilding of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D III, f. 236

Rebuilding of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D III, f. 236

Miniature of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 236 of Bible historiale, the early version. Written in French.

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222

Detail of an historiated initial 'A'(nno) of Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem, at the beginning of Daniel. Image taken from f. 222 of Bible (the 'Big' or 'Great Bible'), with the Gospel of Nicodemus and the ... more

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 138v

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 138v

Miniature of the demolition of the walls of Jerusalem, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 138v of La Bible Historiale, part 4 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 175

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 175

Miniature of Jerusalem taken by Antiochus with a full border containing the royal arms of England. Image taken from f. 175 of La Bible Historiale, part 4 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 203

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 203

Miniature of Jerusalem captured by Ptolemy, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 203 of La Bible Historiale, part 4 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 86v

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 86v

Miniature of the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 86v of La Bible Historiale, part 4 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 86v

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 86v

Detail of a miniature of the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 86v of La Bible Historiale, part 4 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 383

Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 383

Detail of a miniature of the destruction of Jerusalem, at the beginning of chapter 8 of book 7. Image taken from f. 383 of De casibus virorum illustrium in French translation (Des cas des ruynes des nobles homm... more

Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 383

Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 383

Miniature of the destruction of Jerusalem, with a partial border containing the royal arms of Edward IV, at the beginning of chapter 8 of book 7. Image taken from f. 383 of De casibus virorum illustrium in Fren... more

Siege of Jerusalem by Crusaders, 1099

Siege of Jerusalem by Crusaders, 1099

Illus. in: Robertus Remensis, Historia itineris contra Turcos (Dutch), Gouda, ca. 1486. Referece copy may be in LOT 7012. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Incu... more

Pope Urban II urging kings and knights to join a Crusade, Nov. 1095

Pope Urban II urging kings and knights to join a Crusade, Nov. 1095

Illus. in: Robertus Remensis, Historia itineris contra Turcos (Dutch), Gouda, ca. 1486. Referece copy may be in LOT 7012. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Incu... more

Korte beschryvinge van de landschappen des werelts enz.

Korte beschryvinge van de landschappen des werelts enz.

Scales vary. Title from leather label on cover. Label has monogram E. B. de V., surmounted by a crown. Maps, not dated, intended to be bound in a Bible, but assembled in a modern half Morocco binding. The maps... more

Death of Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 150v

Death of Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 150v

Miniature of Godfrey lying on his deathbed, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'G'(odefroy). Image taken from f. 150v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation t... more

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3v

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Death of Sanguius from BL YT 12, f. 99v

Death of Sanguius from BL YT 12, f. 99v

Detail of an historiated initial 'N' of the death of Sanguius, who is beign murdered by his chamberlains. Image taken from f. 99v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Marriage from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 170

Marriage from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 170

Miniature of the marriage of Bohemond and Constance of France, with a partial border, and a foliate initial 'L'(este). Image taken from f. 170 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, wit... more

Sultan of Egypt from BL YT 12, f. 193

Sultan of Egypt from BL YT 12, f. 193

Detail of an historiated initial 'O' of the Sultan of Egypt falling from his horse and breaking his neck whilst out hunting. Image taken from f. 193 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Saladin ravaging the Holy Land from BL YT 12, f. 161

Saladin ravaging the Holy Land from BL YT 12, f. 161

Detail of an historiated initial 'B'(uymonz) of Saladin's mounted soldiers forcing captives and livestock from the burning city. Image taken from f. 161 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Council of war from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 69v

Council of war from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 69v

Detail of a miniature of the council of war before the attack on Antioch, with a foliate initial 'N'(os gens). Image taken from f. 69v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with contin... more

Siege of Gabala from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 116

Siege of Gabala from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 116

Detail of a miniature of Godfrey of Bouillon and his army at the walls of Gabala. Image taken from f. 116 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Heraclius from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 16

Heraclius from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 16

Miniature of emperor Heraclius carrying the True Cross, at a gate of Jerusalem, with a full border containing the royal arms of England on a banner and on a shield surmounted by a crowned helm and encircled by ... more

Siege of Tanis from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 357

Siege of Tanis from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 357

Miniature of the Siege of Tanis, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'T'(andis). Image taken from f. 357 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Writte... more

Flourished initials from BL YT 12, f. 49v

Flourished initials from BL YT 12, f. 49v

Text-page with flourished initials 'T'(andis) and 'I'(usqua). Image taken from f. 49v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Baldwin visiting Manuel Comnenus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 321v

Baldwin visiting Manuel Comnenus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 321v

Detail of a miniature of Baldwin II visiting Manuel Comnenus. Image taken from f. 321v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Procession from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 128v

Procession from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 128v

Detail of a miniature of the procession to the Mount of Olives, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 128v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written... more

Loss of the Holy Cross from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 433v

Loss of the Holy Cross from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 433v

Detail of a miniature of the defeat of Guy of Lusignan and the loss of the Holy Cross. Image taken from f. 433v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written... more

Ship of pilgrims from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 404v

Ship of pilgrims from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 404v

Detail of a miniature of a ship of pilgrims arriving to Damietta, with a foliate initial 'I'(l). Image taken from f. 404v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 123... more

Six gates of Jerusalem from BL Harley 627, f. 5v

Six gates of Jerusalem from BL Harley 627, f. 5v

Schematic plan of Jerusalem with the six gates, and within that 'habitationes' of various social strata, starting with the king and priests, and ending with the 'vulgus', from Pierre de Poitiers's Compendium. I... more

Death of count of Tripoli from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 293v

Death of count of Tripoli from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 293v

Miniature of the death of count of Tripoli, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 293v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Jeanne, queen of Jerusalem and Sicily from BL Royal 20 C V, f. 165v

Jeanne, queen of Jerusalem and Sicily from BL Royal 20 C V, f. 165v

Miniature of Jeanne, queen of Jerusalem and Sicily, receiving gifts from her subjects. Image taken from f. 165v of Des cleres et nobles femmes, De claris mulieribus in an anonymous French translation (index De ... more

Bishop Adhemar from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Bishop Adhemar from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Historiated initial 'C'(ez) of Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy lying in state with a mitre, a crozier, and a chalice on his breast, and a number of ecclesiastical figures about him. Image taken from f. 34v of Histoire... more

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 5

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 5

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, showing the ending of the journey in Jerusalem and the Holy Land. Image taken from f. 5 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronic... more

Flourished initial from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Flourished initial from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Detail of an initial 'P'(uis) with pen-flourishing. Image taken from f. 34v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Pompeius entering Jerusalem from BL Royal 16 G VII, f. 234

Pompeius entering Jerusalem from BL Royal 16 G VII, f. 234

Detail of a miniature of Pompeius entering Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 234 of Les anciennes hystoires rommaines (A compilation of ancient history in two parts, each preceded by a table of contents: Part 1, l... more

Coronation of Baldwin III from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 259

Coronation of Baldwin III from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 259

Miniature of the coronation of Baldwin III, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'N'(e demoura). Image taken from f. 259 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation ... more

Death of Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 150v

Death of Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 150v

Detail of a miniature of Godfrey lying on his deathbed. Image taken from f. 150v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Eg 2781, f. 190v

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Eg 2781, f. 190v

Miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, with an infant speared, and men encircled by a rope. Image taken from f. 190v of Book of Hours, Use of Sarum (The 'Neville of Hornby Hours'). Written in Latin and French.

Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus from BL YT 12, f. 132

Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus from BL YT 12, f. 132

Historiated initial 'R'(eines) with a mail-coated Nureddin, the Sultan of Damascus, with bare legs and an open helmet, fleeing on horseback with a foal underfoot from two knights (Godfrey Martel and Hugh de Lu... more

Defeat of Nureddin from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 335

Defeat of Nureddin from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 335

Miniature of the defeat of Nureddin by Geoffrey Martel of Anjou and Hugh of Lusignan, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'N'(oradin). Image taken from f. 335 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis ... more

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3v

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Council of war from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 91

Council of war from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 91

Miniature of the council of war before the attack on Antioch, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 91 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Heraclius from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 16

Heraclius from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 16

Detail of a miniature of emperor Heraclius carrying the True Cross, at a gate of Jerusalem, at the beginning of chapter 1. Image taken from f. 16 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, ... more

Bishop Adhemar from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Bishop Adhemar from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Detail of an historiated initial 'C'(ez) of Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy lying in state with a mitre, a crozier, and a chalice on his breast, and a number of ecclesiastical figures about him. Image taken from f. 34... more

Siege of Tyre from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 209

Siege of Tyre from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 209

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Tyre, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'H'(orte). Image taken from f. 209 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 12... more

Siege of Tanis from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 357

Siege of Tanis from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 357

Detail of a miniature of the Siege of Tanis. Image taken from f. 357 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Emperor John from BL YT 12, f. 90

Emperor John from BL YT 12, f. 90

Historiated initial 'A'(pres) of the Emperor John enthroned, with a courtier and a messenger, who points to the lower part of the initial that extends into the margin, where John's knights are assaulting two me... more

Baldwin and patriarch from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 155v

Baldwin and patriarch from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 155v

Detail of a miniature of the reconciliation of Baldwin and patriarch Dambert. Image taken from f. 155v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 4v

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 4v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, showing the cities of Damascus, Antioch and Acre. Image taken from f. 4v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Writt... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Eg 2781, f. 190

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Eg 2781, f. 190

Miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, with archers shooting arrows at people on the ramparts. Image taken from f. 190 of Book of Hours, Use of Sarum (The 'Neville of Hornby Hours'). Written in Latin and French.

Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus from BL YT 12, f. 132

Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus from BL YT 12, f. 132

Detail of an historiated initial 'R'(eines) with a mail-coated Nureddin, the Sultan of Damascus, with bare legs and an open helmet, fleeing on horseback with a foal underfoot from two knights (Godfrey Martel a... more

Saladin ravaging the Holy Land from BL YT 12, f. 161

Saladin ravaging the Holy Land from BL YT 12, f. 161

Historiated initial 'B'(uymonz) of Saladin's mounted soldiers forcing captives and livestock from the burning city. Image taken from f. 161 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 273v

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 273v

Detail of a battle between emperor Conrad and the Turks, with a foliate initial 'T'(andis). Image taken from f. 273v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Wr... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 438

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 438

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Saladin. Image taken from f. 438 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Flourished initials from BL YT 12, f. 49v

Flourished initials from BL YT 12, f. 49v

Detail of a text-page with flourished initials 'T'(andis) and 'I'(usqua). Image taken from f. 49v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Death of count of Tripoli from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 293v

Death of count of Tripoli from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 293v

Miniature of the death of the count of Tripoli, and Baldwin receiving a message about his death, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 293v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, w... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 300

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 300

Detail of a miniature of a battle between the Crusaders led by Baldwin and the Turks. Image taken from f. 300 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Rodes from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 85

Siege of Rodes from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 85

Miniature of the siege of Rodes [Edessa], with a partial border and a foliate initial 'A'(ntretant). Image taken from f. 85 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 56

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 56

Miniature of the battle between Suleiman and Bohemond, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 56 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continua... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 20 C IV, f. 263v

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 20 C IV, f. 263v

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 263v of De casibus virorum illustrium in French translation (Des cas des ruynes des nobles hommes et femmes). Written in French.

Godfrey and Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 51v

Godfrey and Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 51v

Historiated initial 'R' of Godfrey of Bouillon being placed in his coffin, and Baldwin being crowned king. Image taken from f. 51v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL YT 12, f. 46

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL YT 12, f. 46

Detail of an historiated initial 'S'(i cum) of Godfrey of Bouillon being created the Lord of the city. Image taken from f. 46 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 4v

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 4v

Detail of a section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, showing the cities of Damascus, Antioch and Acre. Image taken from f. 4v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica m... more

Bohemund and Daimbert from BL YT 12, f. 58v

Bohemund and Daimbert from BL YT 12, f. 58v

Detail of an historiated initial 'E'(stez) with Bohemund and Daimbert, Patriarch of Jerusalem, sailing for Apulia, in a ship flying the cross of St George. Image taken from f. 58v of Histoire d'Outremer, contin... more

The holy city of Jerusalem from BL Harley 4972, f. 39

The holy city of Jerusalem from BL Harley 4972, f. 39

Miniature of one of the seven angels showing John the holy city of Jerusalem descending from heaven. Image taken from f. 39 of Apocalypse with prologue of Gilbert de la Porrée (ff. 1-43), Prophétie de la sibyll... more

Siege of Damascus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 280v

Siege of Damascus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 280v

Miniature of the siege of Damascus by Crusaders, under three banners, of England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'D(amas). Image taken from f. 280v of Historia re... more

Godfrey and Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 51v

Godfrey and Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 51v

Detail of an historiated initial 'R' of Godfrey of Bouillon being placed in his coffin, and Baldwin being crowned king. Image taken from f. 51v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 137v

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 137v

Detail of a miniature of Godfrey of Bouillon praying in the church of the Holy Sepulchre, with a foliate initial 'L'(a). Image taken from f. 137v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, ... more

Siege of Damascus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 280v

Siege of Damascus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 280v

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Damascus by Crusaders, under three banners, of England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'D(amas). Image taken from f. 280v of... more

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 241

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 241

Miniature of the siege of Caesarea, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'A'(pres). Image taken from f. 241 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Writ... more

Defeat of Manuel Comnenus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 383

Defeat of Manuel Comnenus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 383

Miniature of Manuel Comnenus defeated by the Turks, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'E'(n cellui). Image taken from f. 383 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with contin... more

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 375v

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 375v

Miniature of the siege of Caesarea by Amaury and his army, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'N'(oradin). Image taken from f. 375v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with ... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 438

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 438

Miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Saladin, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'O'(r vous). Image taken from f. 438 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation... more

Coronation of Baldwin IV from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 377

Coronation of Baldwin IV from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 377

Detail of a miniature of the coronation of Baldwin IV, with a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 377 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Writte... more

Attack of Jaffa from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 161v

Attack of Jaffa from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 161v

Detail of a miniature of the attack on Jaffa. Image taken from f. 161v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 2v

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 2v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 2v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Caliph and Hugh of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 342

Caliph and Hugh of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 342

Miniature of Hugh of Caesarea before the caliph, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 342 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation ... more

Battle outside Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 29

Battle outside Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 29

Detail of a miniature of the battle outside Antioch. Image taken from f. 29 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Coronation of Amaury from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 330v

Coronation of Amaury from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 330v

Miniature of the coronation of Amaury, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'D'(e moure). Image taken from f. 330v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 123... more

Map of Jerusalem from BL Eg 1500, f. 49

Map of Jerusalem from BL Eg 1500, f. 49

Drawing of a map of Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 49 of Abbreviamen de las Estorias (begins imperfectly), or Chronologia magna. Written in French (Provençal dialect).

Capture of Gaza from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 365v

Capture of Gaza from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 365v

Detail of a miniature of the capture of Gaza by the Turks. Image taken from f. 365v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 2

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 2

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, from London to Beauvais. Image taken from f. 2 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Baldwin IV from BL YT 12, f. 152v

Baldwin IV from BL YT 12, f. 152v

Detail of an historiated initial 'M'(ot) of a group of boys with bleeding arms; they include Baldwin IV, who was found to have leprosy. Image taken from f. 152v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Writte... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL YT 12, f. 40v

Siege of Jerusalem from BL YT 12, f. 40v

Detail of an historiated initial 'V'(erite) of soldiers undermining the walls of a Jerusalem during the siege. Image taken from f. 40v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Siege of Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 23v

Siege of Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 23v

Detail of an historiated initial 'V' of the siege of Antioch. Image taken from f. 23v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Spear from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 98v

Spear from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 98v

Detail of a miniature of the finding of the spear with which Christ was pierced. Image taken from f. 98v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Patriarch of Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 120

Patriarch of Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 120

Detail of an historiated initial 'O'(rous) of the Patriarch of Antioch being bound to a tower and smeared with honey to attract bees. Image taken from f. 120 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.