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Kingdom of Jerusalem

William of Tyre has always been considered one of the greatest medieval writers. An archbishop of Tyre, he grew up in Jerusalem at the height of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which had been established in 1099 after the First Crusade, and spent twenty years studying the liberal arts and canon law in the universities of Europe. in In 1165, King Amalric made him an ambassador to the Byzantine Empire. After Amalric's death, William became chancellor and archbishop of Tyre, two of the highest offices in the kingdom, and in 1179 he led the eastern delegation to the Third Council of the Lateran.
William wrote an account of the Lateran Council and a history of the Islamic states from the time of Muhammad. Neither work survives. He is famous today as the author of a history of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. William composed his chronicle in excellent Latin for his time, with numerous quotations from classical literature. The chronicle is sometimes given the title Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea") or Historia Ierosolimitana ("History of Jerusalem"), or the Historia for short. It was translated into French soon after his death, and thereafter into numerous other languages. He is considered the greatest chronicler of the crusades, and one of the best authors of the Middle Ages.
Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 1 E IX, f. 222
167 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2

Jerusalem from BL Eg 1070, f. 5

Full-page miniature of Jerusalem and the Dome of the Rock Image taken from f. 5 of Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of René d'Anjou'). Written in Latin, calendar and rubrics in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Death of Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 150v

Detail of a miniature of Godfrey lying on his deathbed. Image taken from f. 150v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 2v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 2v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 5

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, showing the ending of the journey in Jerusalem and the Holy Land. Image taken from f. 5 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronic... more

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 2

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, from London to Beauvais. Image taken from f. 2 of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Heraclius from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 16

Miniature of emperor Heraclius carrying the True Cross, at a gate of Jerusalem, with a full border containing the royal arms of England on a banner and on a shield surmounted by a crowned helm and encircled by ... more

Soldiers from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 333

Detail of a miniature of two soldiers with a spear and a sword exchanging money. Image taken from f. 333 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Heraclius from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 16

Detail of a miniature of emperor Heraclius carrying the True Cross, at a gate of Jerusalem, at the beginning of chapter 1. Image taken from f. 16 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, ... more

Battle from BL YT 12, f. 109

Detail of an historiated initial 'C'(ourars) of a battle between Imperial knights and Saracen cavalry. Image taken from f. 109 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Siege of Tyre from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 209

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Tyre. Image taken from f. 209 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 241

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Caesarea. Image taken from f. 241 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Rodes from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 85

Detail of a mniature of the siege of Rodes [Edessa]. Image taken from f. 85 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Nicea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 32v

Detail of a miniature of Crusaders at the walls of Nicaea. Image taken from f. 32v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 375v

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Caesarea by Amaury and his army. Image taken from f. 375v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Jerusalem from BL Harley 4376, f. 356v

Miniature of the taking of Jerusalem, at the beginning of book 6. Image taken from f. 356v of Chronique de la Bouquechardière. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 4v

Detail of a section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem, showing the cities of Damascus, Antioch and Acre. Image taken from f. 4v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica m... more

Archers from BL YT 12, f. 204

Historiated initial 'O' of archers assaulting a city, and text. Image taken from f. 204 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Itinerary to Jerusalem from BL Royal 14 C VII, f. 3v

Section of an illustrated itinerary to Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 3v of Historia Anglorum, Chronica majora, Part III; Continuation of Chronica maiora. Written in Latin.

Siege of Damascus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 280v

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Damascus by Crusaders, under three banners, of England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'D(amas). Image taken from f. 280v of... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 438

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Saladin. Image taken from f. 438 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 300

Detail of a miniature of a battle between the Crusaders led by Baldwin and the Turks. Image taken from f. 300 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Tanis from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 357

Detail of a miniature of the Siege of Tanis. Image taken from f. 357 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Archers from BL YT 12, f. 204

Detail of an historiated initial 'O' of archers assaulting a city, and text. Image taken from f. 204 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Bishop Adhemar from BL YT 12, f. 34v

Detail of an historiated initial 'C'(ez) of Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy lying in state with a mitre, a crozier, and a chalice on his breast, and a number of ecclesiastical figures about him. Image taken from f. 34... more

Baldwin visiting Manuel Comnenus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 321v

Detail of a miniature of Baldwin II visiting Manuel Comnenus. Image taken from f. 321v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Greek fire from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 266

Detail of a miniature of a Greek fire burning Turks as a result of a miraculous change of wind, and Robert of Nazareth praying. Image taken from f. 266 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in Fr... more

Battle between Amaury and Siracon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 347

Detail of a miniature of a battle between Amaury and Siracon. Image taken from f. 347 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Godfrey and Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 51v

Historiated initial 'R' of Godfrey of Bouillon being placed in his coffin, and Baldwin being crowned king. Image taken from f. 51v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Spear from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 98v

Detail of a miniature of the finding of the spear with which Christ was pierced. Image taken from f. 98v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Godfrey and Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 51v

Detail of an historiated initial 'R' of Godfrey of Bouillon being placed in his coffin, and Baldwin being crowned king. Image taken from f. 51v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Map of Jerusalem from BL Eg 1500, ff. 48v-49

Drawing of a map of Jerusalem. Image taken from ff. 48v-49 of Abbreviamen de las Estorias (begins imperfectly), or Chronologia magna. Written in French (Provençal dialect).

Jeanne, queen of Jerusalem and Sicily from BL Royal 20 C V, f. 165v

Miniature of Jeanne, queen of Jerusalem and Sicily, receiving gifts from her subjects. Image taken from f. 165v of Des cleres et nobles femmes, De claris mulieribus in an anonymous French translation (index De ... more

The holy city of Jerusalem from BL Harley 4972, f. 39

Miniature of one of the seven angels showing John the holy city of Jerusalem descending from heaven. Image taken from f. 39 of Apocalypse with prologue of Gilbert de la Porrée (ff. 1-43), Prophétie de la sibyll... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 438

Miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Saladin, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'O'(r vous). Image taken from f. 438 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation... more

Richard I in Sicily from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 450v

Detail of a miniature of the landing of Richard I in Sicily. Image taken from f. 450v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Loss of the Holy Cross from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 433v

Detail of a miniature of the defeat of Guy of Lusignan and the loss of the Holy Cross. Image taken from f. 433v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written... more

Andronicus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 420v

Detail of a miniature of the punishment of Andronicus. Image taken from f. 420v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 393

Miniature of a battle in a forest between the army of Baldwin IV and the Turks, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 393 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum... more

Caliph and Hugh of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 342

Miniature of Hugh of Caesarea before the caliph, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 342 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation ... more

Coronation of Baldwin IV from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 377

Detail of a miniature of the coronation of Baldwin IV, with a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 377 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Writte... more

Defeat of Nureddin from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 335

Miniature of the defeat of Nureddin by Geoffrey Martel of Anjou and Hugh of Lusignan, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'N'(oradin). Image taken from f. 335 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis ... more

Amaury from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 368v

Miniature of Amaury visiting the emperor of Constantinople, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 368v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Tanis from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 357

Miniature of the Siege of Tanis, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'T'(andis). Image taken from f. 357 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Writte... more

Capture of Gaza from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 365v

Detail of a miniature of the capture of Gaza by the Turks. Image taken from f. 365v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Marriage from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 353

Miniature of the marriage of Amaury with Maria Comnena, with an inscription 'MARIA' on the wall of a church, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'U'(ne chose). Image taken from f. 353 of Historia rerum ... more

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 375v

Miniature of the siege of Caesarea by Amaury and his army, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'N'(oradin). Image taken from f. 375v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with ... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 347

Miniature of a battle between Amaury and Siracon, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'I'(lz). Image taken from f. 347 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation t... more

Coronation of Amaury from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 330v

Miniature of the coronation of Amaury, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'D'(e moure). Image taken from f. 330v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 123... more

Siege of Rodes from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 85

Miniature of the siege of Rodes [Edessa], with a partial border and a foliate initial 'A'(ntretant). Image taken from f. 85 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1... more

Lord of Asaz from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 108v

Miniature of the lord of Asaz doing fealty to Godfrey of Bouillon, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'U'(ne grant). Image taken from f. 108v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in Fre... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 74

Miniature of the defeat of Swain and his army, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'E'(n celui). Image taken from f. 74 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation ... more

Siege of Gabala from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 116

Detail of a miniature of Godfrey of Bouillon and his army at the walls of Gabala. Image taken from f. 116 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Antioch from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 101v

Miniature of the review of Crusaders at the walls of Antioch, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'B'(ien). Image taken from f. 101v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with ... more

Governor of Antioch from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 77

Miniature of the governor of Antioch sending a letter, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'L'(e seigneur). Image taken from f. 77 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with co... more

Baldwin from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 185

Miniature of Baldwin receiving a letter from the countess of Sicily, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'I'(a). Image taken from f. 185 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, w... more

Slaughter from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 134

Miniature of the slaughter of Turks in the temple, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'E'(n lestre). Image taken from f. 134 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continu... more

Coronation of Baldwin from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 192v

Detail of a miniature of the coronation of Baldwin, with a foliate initial 'Y'(eres). Image taken from f. 192v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Death of count of Tripoli from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 293v

Miniature of the death of count of Tripoli, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 293v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Damascus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 280v

Miniature of the siege of Damascus by Crusaders, under three banners, of England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'D(amas). Image taken from f. 280v of Historia re... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 273v

Detail of a battle between emperor Conrad and the Turks, with a foliate initial 'T'(andis). Image taken from f. 273v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Wr... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 300

Miniature of a battle between the Crusaders led by Baldwin and the Turks, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'L'(e roy). Image taken from f. 300 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in... more

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 137v

Detail of a miniature of Godfrey of Bouillon praying in the church of the Holy Sepulchre, with a foliate initial 'L'(a). Image taken from f. 137v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, ... more

Coronation of Baldwin III from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 259

Miniature of the coronation of Baldwin III, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'N'(e demoura). Image taken from f. 259 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation ... more

Death of count of Tripoli from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 293v

Miniature of the death of the count of Tripoli, and Baldwin receiving a message about his death, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 293v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, w... more

Surrender of Aleppo from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 317v

Detail of a miniature of citizens of Aleppo giving the keys of the city to the Turks. Image taken from f. 317v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Siege of Tyre from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 209

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Tyre, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'H'(orte). Image taken from f. 209 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 12... more

Jerusalem from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 122

Detail of a miniature of the city of Jerusalem, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'V'(erite). Image taken from f. 122 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation ... more

Fulk and Melisende from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 224v

Detail of a miniature of the marriage of Fulk and Melisende, with a foliate initial 'R'(oy). Image taken from f. 224v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. W... more

Council of war from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 69v

Detail of a miniature of the council of war before the attack on Antioch, with a foliate initial 'N'(os gens). Image taken from f. 69v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with contin... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 51

Detail of a miniature of the battle between Suleiman and the Crusaders, with a foliate initial 'D'(es gens). Image taken from f. 51 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuat... more

Procession from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 128v

Detail of a miniature of the procession to the Mount of Olives, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 128v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written... more

Council of war from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 91

Miniature of the council of war before the attack on Antioch, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 91 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Baldwin and patriarch from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 155v

Detail of a miniature of the reconciliation of Baldwin and patriarch Dambert. Image taken from f. 155v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Ship of pilgrims from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 404v

Detail of a miniature of a ship of pilgrims arriving to Damietta, with a foliate initial 'I'(l). Image taken from f. 404v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 123... more

Attack of Jaffa from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 161v

Detail of a miniature of the attack on Jaffa. Image taken from f. 161v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 47

Detail of a miniature of Greeks attacking the count of Toulouse, with a foliate initial 'L'(es comestables). Image taken from f. 47 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuat... more

Pompeius entering Jerusalem from BL Royal 16 G VII, f. 234

Detail of a miniature of Pompeius entering Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 234 of Les anciennes hystoires rommaines (A compilation of ancient history in two parts, each preceded by a table of contents: Part 1, l... more

Battle from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 56

Miniature of the battle between Suleiman and Bohemond, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 56 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continua... more

Marriage from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 170

Miniature of the marriage of Bohemond and Constance of France, with a partial border, and a foliate initial 'L'(este). Image taken from f. 170 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, wit... more

Defeat of Manuel Comnenus from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 383

Miniature of Manuel Comnenus defeated by the Turks, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'E'(n cellui). Image taken from f. 383 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with contin... more

Death of Godfrey of Bouillon from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 150v

Miniature of Godfrey lying on his deathbed, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'G'(odefroy). Image taken from f. 150v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation t... more

Siege of Caesarea from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 241

Miniature of the siege of Caesarea, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'A'(pres). Image taken from f. 241 of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Writ... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Royal 20 C IV, f. 263v

Detail of a miniature of the siege of Jerusalem. Image taken from f. 263v of De casibus virorum illustrium in French translation (Des cas des ruynes des nobles hommes et femmes). Written in French.

Ebremars, Archbishop of Caesarea from BL YT 12, f. 67v

Detail of an historiated initial 'X'(erses) of Ebremars, the Archbishop of Caesarea, bringing the True Cross to Antioch. Image taken from f. 67v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Assault on Tyre from BL YT 12, f. 75

Detail of an historiated initial 'F' of the assault on Tyre, and Balac's severed head being held aloft. Image taken from f. 75 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Bohemund and Daimbert from BL YT 12, f. 58v

Detail of an historiated initial 'E'(stez) with Bohemund and Daimbert, Patriarch of Jerusalem, sailing for Apulia, in a ship flying the cross of St George. Image taken from f. 58v of Histoire d'Outremer, contin... more

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL YT 12, f. 46

Detail of an historiated initial 'S'(i cum) of Godfrey of Bouillon being created the Lord of the city. Image taken from f. 46 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Siege of Nicea from BL YT 12, f. 13v

Detail of an historiated initial 'D'(e) of the siege of Nicea. Image taken from f. 13v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Baldwin from BL YT 12, f. 18v

Detail of an historiated initial 'O'(rauez) of Baldwin being recevied by the clergy. Image taken from f. 18v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Coronation of Foulques from BL YT 12, f. 82v

Detail of an historiated initial 'B' of the crowning and anointing of Foulques. Image taken from f. 82v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Siege of Antioch from BL YT 12, f. 23v

Detail of an historiated initial 'V' of the siege of Antioch. Image taken from f. 23v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Godfrey of Bouillon from BL YT 12, f. 9

Detail of an historiated initial 'V' of Godfrey of Bouillon and his train setting out on horseback. Image taken from f. 9 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Battle from BL YT 12, f. 109v

Detail of an historiated initial 'C'(ourars) of a battle between Imperial knights and Saracen cavalry. Image taken from f. 109v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Sultan of Egypt from BL YT 12, f. 193

Detail of an historiated initial 'O' of the Sultan of Egypt falling from his horse and breaking his neck whilst out hunting. Image taken from f. 193 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.

Baldwin IV from BL YT 12, f. 152v

Detail of an historiated initial 'M'(ot) of a group of boys with bleeding arms; they include Baldwin IV, who was found to have leprosy. Image taken from f. 152v of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Writte... more

Siege of Jerusalem from BL Eg 2781, f. 190

Miniature of the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, with archers shooting arrows at people on the ramparts. Image taken from f. 190 of Book of Hours, Use of Sarum (The 'Neville of Hornby Hours'). Written in Latin and French.

Amaury and Mary from BL YT 12, f. 143

Detail of an historiated initial 'V' of the Archbishop joining the hands of Amaury and Mary. Image taken from f. 143 of Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232. Written in French.