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Across the Hudson

Starting in the 1630's, Dutch New Amsterdam settlers tried to set their new home base across the Hudson river. Despite conflict with the native Indian Lenapes tribe, in 1660, a new town known as Bergen was settled atop the Palisade Hill . Soon, farms, religious congregations, and the self-governed communities spread throughout the region. The quiet and rural nature of Bergen survived the American Revolution, but, in 1804, a group of New Yorker investors purchased land along the waterfront for a new development which they called the Town of Jersey.
Robert Fulton, an entrepreneur, soon built a dry dock and in 1812 began to run his steamboats and ferries to and from Manhattan to Newark and Philadelphia, sealing area's future as a major transportation hub, connecting the mainland United States with New York and Long Island. Access to the Pennsylvania's coal mines attracted industry which, in turn, required population growth. In the 1880's, Irish and German immigrants, fleeing their homelands, gave the area another boost. It was a melting pot of nationalities and ethnic tensions battlefield.
Expansion of the railroads along the waterfront, growing industrialization and a steady supply of workers continued through the Civil War. The area boomed with rail terminals, barges, lighters, and ferries which crossed the river and New York Bay, carrying coal, food, manufactured goods and passengers throughout the Greater New York area.
American Can, Emerson Radio, Lorillard tobaccos, Colgate soaps, and toothpaste, Dixon Ticonderoga pencils - are just a few brand names tat were born here.
In the years following World War II, the cities declined, following the collapse of the independent railroad lines and death of the factories. In 1980s the now empty west bank of the Hudson, once crowded with railroad yards, became the place of numerous developments, bringing new residents, new stores and restaurants, and new jobs.
Liberty State Park, opened for the Bicentennial in 1976, acquired the abandoned terminal and plant of the Jersey Central and gave the area breathtaking views, ferries to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty, and the new Liberty Science Center.
Pulaski Skyway, Spanning Passaic & Hackensack Rivers, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ
891 Media in collectionpage 1 of 9

[Statue of Liberty and Rising Moon During Blackout]

Title: [Statue of Liberty and Rising Moon During Blackout]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie, 1908-1984..Date: November 9, 1965..Place: New York Harbor, Manhattan, New York..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie photogr... more

[Statue of Liberty with Lower Manhattan in Background]

Title: [Statue of Liberty with Lower Manhattan in Background] ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie, 1908-1984..Date: November 9, 1965..Place: New York Harbor, Manhattan, New York..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie pho... more

[Statue of Liberty at Sunset]

Title: [Statue of Liberty at Sunset]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie, 1908-1984..Date: November 9, 1965..Place: New York Harbor, Manhattan, New York..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie photograph collection..Descri... more

[Statue of Liberty at Night]

Title: [Statue of Liberty at Night]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie, 1908-1984..Date: November 9, 1965..Place: New York Harbor, Manhattan, New York..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie photograph collection..Descrip... more

The junction of the Sacandaga and Hudson Rivers / painted by W.G. Wall ; finished by I. Hill.

Print shows the confluence of the Sacandaga and Hudson rivers with some rapids at the junction; also shows a broad view of the landscape with pasture lands, rolling hills, and buildings near a bridge, with carr... more

Map of New Jersey and Pennsylvania exhibiting the post offices, post roads, canals, railroads, & c.

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, drainage, township and county boundaries, cities and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. [From published bibliography]

Hoboken Clay Club

Print shows a Whig campaign badge produced for the Hoboken Clay Club featuring portraits of candidates Henry Clay (right) and Theodore Frelinghuysen (left). The portraits, in overlapping ovals, are surmounted b... more

Map and profile of the proposed Paterson and Dover Rail Road and Paterson and Ramapo Rail Road.

Map of northern New Jersey from Jersey City to Andover. Shows drainage, relief by hachures, cities & towns, roads, iron works, forges, mines and mills. The Paterson and Ramapo was chartered March 10, 1841.

City of New-York, Brooklyn, Jersey City & Quarantine Station on Staten Island

Small panoramic print shows the waterfront of New York City and New Jersey ca. 1850. Places identified include: Jersey City; Hoboken; Bedlow's Island; Ellis Island; Hudson River; Robbins Reef Light House; New-Y... more

A baseball match at the Elysian Fields, Hoboken

Illustration showing a small crowd gathered around the edges of a field watching a baseball game.

Map of the Northern Rail Road of New Jersey.

Topographic map of part of New Jersey and New York, covering the area north of the Hudson River and between Jersey City and Nyack, N.Y. The map shows drainage, roads, houses, cities and towns, single-track, dou... more

portrait from "History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men ... Compiled under the supervision of W. W. Clayton, assisted by W. Nelson ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000433 from "History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men ... Compiled under the supervision of W.... more

Presentation Drawing of the Hoboken, NJ PO

This map has front and North Elevations. Architectural Drawings for Post Office Building in Hoboken, New Jersey