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Jamestown Settlement

English efforts to settle a colony in America were not successful. In 1606, King James I granted a charter to a new venture, the Virginia Company, to form a settlement in North America. Virginia, named Elizabeth I, the “virgin queen,” was the English name for the entire eastern coast of North America north of Florida. The Virginia Company sent three ships (the Susan Constant, the Godspeed and the Discovery) in search for gold and silver, as well as a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
On May 14, 1607, a group of 100 members of the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. The new settlement consisted of a wooden fort built in a triangle around a storehouse for weapons and other supplies, a church and a number of houses. Famine, disease, and conflict with local tribes brought Jamestown to the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies in 1610. A period of peace due to the marriage of colonist John Rolfe to Pocahontas, the daughter of an Algonquian chief, followed. Tobacco became Virginia’s first export and Jamestown expanded and remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699.
Pocahontas’ death during a trip to England in 1617 and the death of her father in 1618 strained the already fragile peace between the English settlers and the Native Americans. The Algonquians became angry about the colonists’ need for land. In March 1622, the Powhatan made an assault on English settlements in Virginia, killing up to 400 residents (or one-quarter of the population).
Soon, King James I dissolved the Virginia Company and made Virginia into an official crown colony, with Jamestown as its capital. In 1698, the central statehouse in Jamestown burned down, and Williamsburg replaced it as the colonial capital.
Site of Jamestown, on James R. Va.
68 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1

Jamestown from "[Pocahontas, and other poems.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000010 from "[Pocahontas, and other poems.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Jamestown from "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia"

This image has been taken from scan 000123 from volume 01 of "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the ... more

Jamestown from "The Past and the Present. Narragansett sea and shore. An illustrated guide to Providence, Newport, Narragansett Pier, Block Island, Watch Hill, Rocky Point, Silver Spring, and all the famous sea-side resorts of Rhode Island, with a map of Narragansett Bay"

This image has been taken from scan 000093 from "The Past and the Present. Narragansett sea and shore. An illustrated guide to Providence, Newport, Narragansett Pier, Block Island, Watch Hill, Rocky Point, Silv... more

portrait from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000032 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

infantryman from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000458 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Apache from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000415 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Brookfield from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000049 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Treacherous_capture_of_Osceola from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000297 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

horseback from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

This image has been taken from scan 000453 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Jamestown Exposition, 1607-1907. Norfolk. Va. Exposition Design No. 3

Seal showing American Indian and European explorer shaking hands; ship in background.

Flight of Lord Dunmore / Ogden; American Colortype Co., N.Y.

Postcard showing passengers in rowboat with British flag at the stern as they near the British man-of-war ship "Fowey".

U. S. Naval display, Hampton Roads, Jamestown, Virginia

Postcard shows battleships surrounded by smaller craft at Hampton, Virginia. Ships include the Georgia, Maine, Indiana, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Virginia, Ohio, Minnesota, Alabama, Louisiana, Iowa, Tennessee, ... more