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Jamestown Settlement

America’s First Permanent English ColonyCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Site of Jamestown, on James R. Va.
English efforts to settle a colony in America were not successful. In 1606, King James I granted a charter to a new venture, the Virginia Company, to form a settlement in North America. Virginia, named Elizabeth I, the “virgin queen,” was the English name for the entire eastern coast of North America north of Florida. The Virginia Company sent three ships (the Susan Constant, the Godspeed and the Discovery) in search for gold and silver, as well as a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
On May 14, 1607, a group of 100 members of the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. The new settlement consisted of a wooden fort built in a triangle around a storehouse for weapons and other supplies, a church and a number of houses. Famine, disease, and conflict with local tribes brought Jamestown to the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies in 1610. A period of peace due to the marriage of colonist John Rolfe to Pocahontas, the daughter of an Algonquian chief, followed. Tobacco became Virginia’s first export and Jamestown expanded and remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699.
Pocahontas’ death during a trip to England in 1617 and the death of her father in 1618 strained the already fragile peace between the English settlers and the Native Americans. The Algonquians became angry about the colonists’ need for land. In March 1622, the Powhatan made an assault on English settlements in Virginia, killing up to 400 residents (or one-quarter of the population).
Soon, King James I dissolved the Virginia Company and made Virginia into an official crown colony, with Jamestown as its capital. In 1698, the central statehouse in Jamestown burned down, and Williamsburg replaced it as the colonial capital.
1606
1606
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2006
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2006
65 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
Plan du terrein à la rive gauche de la rivière de James vis-à-vis Jamestown en Virginie ou s'est livré le combat du 6 juillet 1781 entre l'armée américaine commandée par le Mis. de La Fayette el l'armée angloise aux ordres du Lord Cornwallis.

Plan du terrein à la rive gauche de la rivière de James vis-à-vis Jame...

Scale ca. 1:16,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Has watermark. Relief shown by hachures. Includes index to points of military interest. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1451 Available also throu... more

Chart of the head of navigation of the Potomac River shewing the route of the Alexandria Canal : made in pursuance of a resolution of the Alex'a Canal Company Oct. 1838 /

Chart of the head of navigation of the Potomac River shewing the route...

Nautical chart of the Potomac estuary within the District of Columbia. Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by contours and soundings. Oriented with north toward the lower right. Stephenson. Cartography of no... more

Jamestown from "[Pocahontas, and other poems.]"

Jamestown from "[Pocahontas, and other poems.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000010 from "[Pocahontas, and other poems.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Jamestown from "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia"

Jamestown from "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia"

This image has been taken from scan 000123 from volume 01 of "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the ... more

Map of Mercer Co., Pennsylvania : from actual surveys /

Map of Mercer Co., Pennsylvania : from actual surveys /

General-content county map also showing rural buildings and householders' names; the borough insets show real-property tracts (lots), owners' names, and building coverage; the village insets show houses and hou... more

Ancient Church. Jamestown 1864

Ancient Church. Jamestown 1864

Title inscribed below image. Formerly Waud no. B-45. Gift, J.P. Morgan, 1919 (DLC/PP-1919:R1.2.810) Forms part of: Morgan collection of Civil War drawings.

Jamestown from "The Past and the Present. Narragansett sea and shore. An illustrated guide to Providence, Newport, Narragansett Pier, Block Island, Watch Hill, Rocky Point, Silver Spring, and all the famous sea-side resorts of Rhode Island, with a map of Narragansett Bay"

Jamestown from "The Past and the Present. Narragansett sea and shore. ...

This image has been taken from scan 000093 from "The Past and the Present. Narragansett sea and shore. An illustrated guide to Providence, Newport, Narragansett Pier, Block Island, Watch Hill, Rocky Point, Silv... more

infantryman from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

infantryman from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first ...

This image has been taken from scan 000458 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

portrait from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

portrait from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first set...

This image has been taken from scan 000032 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Treacherous_capture_of_Osceola from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

Treacherous_capture_of_Osceola from "The Indian Wars of the United Sta...

This image has been taken from scan 000297 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Apache from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

Apache from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settl...

This image has been taken from scan 000415 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

horseback from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

horseback from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first se...

This image has been taken from scan 000453 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Brookfield from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated"

Brookfield from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first s...

This image has been taken from scan 000049 from "The Indian Wars of the United States from the first settlement at Jamestown in 1607 to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 ... Illustrated". The title and... more

Landing Negroes at Jamestown from Dutch man-of-war, 1619

Landing Negroes at Jamestown from Dutch man-of-war, 1619

20 slaves sold to colonists. Reproduction of painting (?). Illus. in Harper's Monthly Mag., v. 102, 1901 Jan., p. 172. Reference photographic copy available in 4422-A-1. This record contains unverified, old dat... more

Old Church at Jamestown, Virginia

Old Church at Jamestown, Virginia

Copyright 1902 by Detroit Photographic Co. Title from item. Title on inventory list: Old Church at Jamestown. Caption on similar image (LC-D4-14191) lists title as: Old Church, Jamestown, Va. Detroit Publishing... more

[Administration building (modelled after Monticello) Jamestown Exposition, Virginia]

[Administration building (modelled after Monticello) Jamestown Exposit...

Reproduction of a drawing. No. 556. Copyright by Jamestown Official Photo Co.

Jamestown Exposition, 1607-1907. Norfolk. Va. Exposition Design No. 3

Jamestown Exposition, 1607-1907. Norfolk. Va. Exposition Design No. 3

Seal showing American Indian and European explorer shaking hands; ship in background. H90649 U.S. Copyright Office. Photo of painting? This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card t... more

President  Roosevelt speaking at Jamestown Exposition, Georgia Day, June 10, 1907

President Roosevelt speaking at Jamestown Exposition, Georgia Day, Ju...

H95957 U.S. Copyright Office Title from item. Sold only by Berry, Kelley & Chadwick, Office: Philadelphia Studio. No. 8521. Copyright, 1907, by E.W. Kelley.

[Exhibits Building testifying to the progress of the African American race -- Jamestown Exposition]

[Exhibits Building testifying to the progress of the African American ...

H99193 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by Keystone View Co. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. No. 14171. Caption card tracings: African American history Post-Reconstruction; Exhibit... more

Flight of Lord Dunmore / Ogden; American Colortype Co., N.Y.

Flight of Lord Dunmore / Ogden; American Colortype Co., N.Y.

Postcard showing passengers in rowboat with British flag at the stern as they near the British man-of-war ship "Fowey". Copyright by Jamestown A. & V. Co. No. 35.

Statue of Captain John Smith on Jamestown Island, part of the Colonial National Historical Park in Jamestown, Virginia

Statue of Captain John Smith on Jamestown Island, part of the Colonial...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more

One of three tall-masted ships-replicas of the three English ships that sailed to Virgnia in 1607 lie at anchor in the James River at the Jamestown Settlement in Virginia

One of three tall-masted ships-replicas of the three English ships tha...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more

[Assignment: 48-DPA-SOI_K_James_Godspeed] Visit of Secretary Dirk Kempthorne to Jamestown Settlement, Virginia, [where he joined National Park Service Director Fran Mainella and other officials for tours of the grounds and a re-created version of the 17th Century vessel], the Godspeed, [as well as for other events marking the] 400th anniversary of the founding of Jamestown [48-DPA-SOI_K_James_Godspeed_DOI_6493.JPG]

[Assignment: 48-DPA-SOI_K_James_Godspeed] Visit of Secretary Dirk Kemp...

Complete assignment is listed as: Subject: Visit of Secretary Dirk Kempthorne to Jamestown Settlement, Virginia, [where he joined National Park Service Director Fran Mainella and other officials for tours of t... more

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamestown, Guilford County, NC

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamesto...

Significance: Only known existing ante-bellum engine house built solely as a gold mill in North Carolina. Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-7 Survey number: HAER NC-7 Building/str... more

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamestown, Guilford County, NC

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamesto...

Significance: Only known existing ante-bellum engine house built solely as a gold mill in North Carolina. Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-7 Survey number: HAER NC-7 Building/str... more

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamestown, Guilford County, NC

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamesto...

Significance: Only known existing ante-bellum engine house built solely as a gold mill in North Carolina. Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-7 Survey number: HAER NC-7 Building/str... more

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamestown, Guilford County, NC

McCulloch Gold Mill, Copper Branch, north of State Route 1153, Jamesto...

Significance: Only known existing ante-bellum engine house built solely as a gold mill in North Carolina. Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-7 Survey number: HAER NC-7 Building/str... more

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City Coun...

Significance: The architectural remains recorded in the HABS drawings reference the gambrel-roofed dwelling built by Edward Champion Travis after 1755. The house stood through 1781 and likely until 1803. The ... more

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City Coun...

Significance: The architectural remains recorded in the HABS drawings reference the gambrel-roofed dwelling built by Edward Champion Travis after 1755. The house stood through 1781 and likely until 1803. The ... more

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City Coun...

Significance: The architectural remains recorded in the HABS drawings reference the gambrel-roofed dwelling built by Edward Champion Travis after 1755. The house stood through 1781 and likely until 1803. The ... more

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 62, Jamestown, James City Coun...

Significance: The architectural remains recorded in the HABS drawings reference the gambrel-roofed dwelling built by Edward Champion Travis after 1755. The house stood through 1781 and likely until 1803. The ... more

Pocahontas at the court of King James / Richard Rummels; American Colortype Co., N.Y.
U. S. Naval display, Hampton Roads, Jamestown, Virginia

U. S. Naval display, Hampton Roads, Jamestown, Virginia

Postcard shows battleships surrounded by smaller craft at Hampton, Virginia. Ships include the Georgia, Maine, Indiana, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Virginia, Ohio, Minnesota, Alabama, Louisiana, Iowa, Tennessee, ... more

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County, VA

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County,...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-74. Significance: The establishment of the Colonial Parkway in the 1930s made the historic sites at Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown more accessible to the ev... more

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County, VA

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County,...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-74. Significance: The establishment of the Colonial Parkway in the 1930s made the historic sites at Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown more accessible to the ev... more

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County, VA

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County,...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-74. Significance: The establishment of the Colonial Parkway in the 1930s made the historic sites at Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown more accessible to the ev... more

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County, VA

Colonial Parkway, Yorktown to Jamestown Island, Yorktown, York County,...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-74. Significance: The establishment of the Colonial Parkway in the 1930s made the historic sites at Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown more accessible to the ev... more

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City Co...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-72 (Jamestown Island) Significance: Completed in 1957, the Jamestown island loop road was the last road-building contract associated with the completion of the Col... more

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City Co...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-72 (Jamestown Island) Significance: Completed in 1957, the Jamestown island loop road was the last road-building contract associated with the completion of the Col... more

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City Co...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-72 (Jamestown Island) Significance: Completed in 1957, the Jamestown island loop road was the last road-building contract associated with the completion of the Col... more

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Jamestown Island Loop Road, Jamestown Island, Jamestown, James City Co...

For additional documentation, see also HALS VA-72 (Jamestown Island) Significance: Completed in 1957, the Jamestown island loop road was the last road-building contract associated with the completion of the Col... more