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James McNeill Whistler

James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 10, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom.Created by: PICRYLDated: 2017
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He was averse to sentimentality and moral allusion in painting, and was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake". His famous signature for his paintings was in the shape of a stylized butterfly possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for it combined both aspects of his personality—his art was characterized by a subtle delicacy, while his public persona was combative. Finding a parallel between painting and music, Whistler entitled many of his paintings "arrangements", "harmonies", and "nocturnes", emphasizing the primacy of tonal harmony. His most famous painting is "Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1" (1871), commonly known as Whistler's Mother, the revered and oft-parodied portrait of motherhood. Whistler influenced the art world and the broader culture of his time with his artistic theories and his friendships with leading artists and writers.
1799
1799
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1999
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1999
393 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
Whistler as Butterfly

Whistler as Butterfly

Portrait of James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

James McNeill Whistler

James McNeill Whistler

Carlo Pellegrini (Italian, Capua 1839–1889 London)

James McNeill Whistler, Age 14

James McNeill Whistler, Age 14

After Sir William Boxall (British, Oxford 1800–1879 London)

Gladiator (from Sketchbook)

Gladiator (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Map of the Western Hemisphere (from Sketchbook)

Map of the Western Hemisphere (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Dress Parade (from Sketchbook)

Dress Parade (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

United States Military Academy: Song of the Graduates

United States Military Academy: Song of the Graduates

After James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Man Standing (from Sketchbook)

Man Standing (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Ross Winans Playing Violin (from Sketchbook)

Ross Winans Playing Violin (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Pour Boire (from Sketchbook)

Pour Boire (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

(from Sketchbook)

(from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Bust of a Young Woman with Hat, Wine Glass (from Sketchbook)

Bust of a Young Woman with Hat, Wine Glass (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Two Men Drinking (Recto) (from Sketchbook)

Two Men Drinking (Recto) (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Man Standing, Cigarette in Mouth (from Sketchbook)

Man Standing, Cigarette in Mouth (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

(from Sketchbook)

(from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Leg (from Sketchbook)

Leg (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Female Figure; Wheels; Autograph (from Sketchbook)

Female Figure; Wheels; Autograph (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Jem Bags (Recto); Drawing of Female Figure (Verso) (from Sketchbook)

Jem Bags (Recto); Drawing of Female Figure (Verso) (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Oriental Figure (from Sketchbook)

Oriental Figure (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Head of a Man (from Sketchbook)

Head of a Man (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Mr. Feathersanall, Lodger, Asks for a Little Wood (from Sketchbook)

Mr. Feathersanall, Lodger, Asks for a Little Wood (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

After Dinner (Possibly Ross Winans) (from Sketchbook)

After Dinner (Possibly Ross Winans) (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Monk (from Sketchbook)

Monk (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Man Playing Guitar (from Sketchbook)

Man Playing Guitar (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Sir John Chester (from Dickens' Barnaby Rudge) (from Sketchbook)

Sir John Chester (from Dickens' Barnaby Rudge) (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Three Men (Sketch in Lower Right Hand Corner of Handwritten Journal (from Sketchbook)

Three Men (Sketch in Lower Right Hand Corner of Handwritten Journal (f...

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

U.S. Coast Survey...Sketch of Anapaca Island in Santa Barbara Channel

U.S. Coast Survey...Sketch of Anapaca Island in Santa Barbara Channel

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Half-length Figure in a Monk's Cowl (Possibly a Self-portrait) (from Sketchbook)

Half-length Figure in a Monk's Cowl (Possibly a Self-portrait) (from S...

Possibly James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

U.S. Coast Survey...Reconnaissance of Smith's or Blunt's Island, Washington / U.S. Coast Survey...Sketch of Anacapa Island in Santa Barbara Channel

U.S. Coast Survey...Reconnaissance of Smith's or Blunt's Island, Washi...

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Old C'lo (from Sketchbook)

Old C'lo (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Well Sir! (from Sketchbook)

Well Sir! (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Sketch of Gladiator's Head (from Sketchbook)

Sketch of Gladiator's Head (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Sir Piercie Shafton Sings (from Sir Walter Scott's "The Monastery") (Recto); Sketch of Female Figure (Verso) (from Sketchbook)

Sir Piercie Shafton Sings (from Sir Walter Scott's "The Monastery") (R...

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Drawing Fragment (Verso) (from Sketchbook)

Drawing Fragment (Verso) (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Partial Text from Letter (?); Autograph (from Sketchbook)

Partial Text from Letter (?); Autograph (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Bust of Man (from Sketchbook)

Bust of Man (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Man at Table beneath Mosquito Net (from Sketchbook)

Man at Table beneath Mosquito Net (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Girl with Parasol (from Sketchbook)

Girl with Parasol (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

(from Sketchbook)

(from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Architectual (?) Sketches (from Sketchbook)

Architectual (?) Sketches (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Album
Four sketches (from Sketchbook)

Four sketches (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Thomas Winan's Family (from Sketchbook)

Thomas Winan's Family (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Last Page of Handwritten Journal (from Sketchbook)

Last Page of Handwritten Journal (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Vives Les Debardeures [sic]!! (from Sketchbook)

Vives Les Debardeures [sic]!! (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Printed Announcement from B. Christ to which is Glued Drawing with Inscription "W.B. Christ bids good morning . . . " (from Sketchbook)

Printed Announcement from B. Christ to which is Glued Drawing with Ins...

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Monk Saying Grace, "Tibi Gracias" (Recto); Three Sketches of Lamp (Verso) (from Sketchbook)

Monk Saying Grace, "Tibi Gracias" (Recto); Three Sketches of Lamp (Ver...

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Man Smoking (from Sketchbook)

Man Smoking (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Sketches of Wheels, Drums (from Sketchbook)

Sketches of Wheels, Drums (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Head of Man Smoking (from Sketchbook)

Head of Man Smoking (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

May 18th (55) (from Sketchbook)

May 18th (55) (from Sketchbook)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Annie
Annie

Annie

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Little Arthur

Little Arthur

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Annie

Annie

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Little Arthur

Little Arthur

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Seymour Seated (Seymour Haden, Jr., Seated)

Seymour Seated (Seymour Haden, Jr., Seated)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

En plein soleil

En plein soleil

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Unsafe Tenement (The Old Farm)

The Unsafe Tenement (The Old Farm)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Unsafe Tenement (The Old Farm)

The Unsafe Tenement (The Old Farm)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Liverdun

Liverdun

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Vielle aux Loques

La Vielle aux Loques

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Dog on the Kennel

The Dog on the Kennel

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Vieille aux loques

La Vieille aux loques

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Unsafe Tenement (The Old Farm)

The Unsafe Tenement (The Old Farm)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Rag Gatherers (Rag Pickers, Quartier Mouffetard, Paris)

The Rag Gatherers (Rag Pickers, Quartier Mouffetard, Paris)

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Liverdun

Liverdun

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Kitchen

The Kitchen

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Fumette

Fumette

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Liverdun

Liverdun

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Street at Saverne

Street at Saverne

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Vieille aux Loques

La Vieille aux Loques

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

The Wine Glass

The Wine Glass

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Vielle aux Loques

La Vielle aux Loques

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

En plein soleil

En plein soleil

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Annie Seated

Annie Seated

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Fumette

Fumette

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Marchande de moutarde

La Marchande de moutarde

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

Street at Saverne

Street at Saverne

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Rétameuse

La Rétameuse

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)

La Vielle aux loques

La Vielle aux loques

James McNeill Whistler (American, Lowell, Massachusetts 1834–1903 London)