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History of Alexander

Le livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Paris, c. 1420–25, Created by: PICRYLDated: 2019
Alexander's army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 36v
Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, 356 B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.

In 343 B.C., King Philip II hired the philosopher Aristotle to tutor Alexander at the Temple of the Nymphs at Meiza. After Alexander completed his education in 340 B.C., he became a soldier and embarked on his first military expedition. Since then, Alexander was constantly battling for his kingdom and its expansion.
Here is the list of his counterparts:
- Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea.
- Hith mother-in-law Cleopatra
- region of Thessaly
- Thracian Triballians
- City of Thebes
- Persian King Darius III'
- Gaza
- Egypt
- Persians
- Eastern Iran
- Northern India
While preparing the conquests of Carthage and Rome, Alexander the Great died of malaria in Babylon (now Iraq), on June 13, 323 B.C. He was just 32 years old. His empire collapsed. Later, cultures of Greece and the Orient synthesized and thrived as Panhellenism - a side effect of Alexander's empire.
165 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2
Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 11

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 11

Detail of heraldic decoration. Image taken from f. 11 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Battle from BL Burn 169, f. 111

Battle from BL Burn 169, f. 111

Miniature of battle, with soldiers being pushed off of a cliff. Image taken from f. 111 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni... More

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 84

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 84

Detail of miniature. Image taken from f. 84 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Alexander fighting strange creatures from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 74

Alexander fighting strange creatures from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 74

Miniature of Alexander and his army encountering men with heads on their torsos (blemmyae); miniature of Alexander and his army fighting against horse-like beasts. Image taken from f. 74 of Roman d'Alexandre en... More

Alexander and women living in water from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 68v

Alexander and women living in water from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 68v

Miniature of Alexander finding women living in water (partly erased). Image taken from f. 68v of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexa... More

Alexander fighting dragons and creatures from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 73

Alexander fighting dragons and creatures from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 73

Miniature of Alexander and his army fighting against dragons; miniature of Alexander and his army encountering dog-headed men (cynocephali). Image taken from f. 73 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at th... More

Presentation of the volume from BL Burn 169, f. 11

Presentation of the volume from BL Burn 169, f. 11

Miniature of the presentation of the volume, with border with heraldic decoration. Image taken from f. 11 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Histor... More

Alexander killing a wild boar from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 49

Alexander killing a wild boar from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 49

Detail of a miniature of Alexander killing a wild boar. Image taken from f. 49 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romance). ... More

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 8

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 8

Detail of a miniature of Aristotle instructing Alexander, who holds a book covered with figures. Image taken from f. 8 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du... More

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 6

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 6

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus in the form of a dragon, flying over Olympias and Philip in bed. Image taken from f. 6 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoir... More

Nectanebus and Olympias from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 7

Nectanebus and Olympias from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 7

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus in the form of a dragon, kissing Olympias while she is at the table with Philip. Image taken from f. 7 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et ... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 75

Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 75

Miniature of Alexander building a tomb for Bucephalus. Image taken from f. 75 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romance). W... More

Nectanebus and Olympias from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 4v

Nectanebus and Olympias from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 4v

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus conversing with Olympias. Image taken from f. 4v of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Roma... More

Handguns from BL Burn 169, f. 127

Handguns from BL Burn 169, f. 127

Miniature of handguns in use at a siege. Image taken from f. 127 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Birth of Alexander the Great from BL Royal 20 C III, f. 15

Birth of Alexander the Great from BL Royal 20 C III, f. 15

Detail of a miniature of Olympias giving birth to Alexander the Great, with two eagles on the roof of the palace (foretelling Alexander's two empires in Europe and Asia). The temple of Diana at Ephesus burns in... More

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 14

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 14

Detail of miniature. Image taken from f. 14 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 50

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 50

Detail of miniature. Image taken from f. 50 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Birth of Alexander the Great from BL Royal 20 C III, f. 15

Birth of Alexander the Great from BL Royal 20 C III, f. 15

Miniature of Olympias giving birth to Alexander the Great, with two eagles on the roof of the palace (foretelling Alexander's two empires in Europe and Asia). The temple of Diana at Ephesus burns in the backgro... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 56

Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 56

Detail of a miniature of Alexander meeting a strange tribe. Image taken from f. 56 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romanc... More

Alexander the Great from BL Burn 169, f. 25

Alexander the Great from BL Burn 169, f. 25

Miniature of Alexander the Great encounters Diogenes in his barrel in Vasco da Lucena's French translation of Rufus's Historia Alexandri magni, executed mainly in grisaille. Image taken from f. 25 of History of... More

Queen from BL Burn 169, f. 14

Queen from BL Burn 169, f. 14

Miniature of a queen in bed with a dragon, the king looking on from a window. Image taken from f. 14 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Al... More

Aristotle from BL Eg 737, f. 1

Aristotle from BL Eg 737, f. 1

Miniature of Aristotle teaching his pupil Alexander the Great. Image taken from f. 1 of Les Ethiques d'Aristote. Written in French.

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 2

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 2

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus receiving a messenger. Image taken from f. 2 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romance)... More

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 2v

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 2v

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus on a roof enchanting a basin of water; miniature of Nectanebus having his beard shaved; miniature of Nectanebus departing on horseback. Image taken from f. 2v of Roman d'Alex... More

Siege from BL Burn 169, f. 21v

Siege from BL Burn 169, f. 21v

Miniature of a siege. Image taken from f. 21v of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 21v

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 21v

Miniature of cannons firing at a besieged city in flames. Image taken from f. 21v of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Wri... More

Presentation of the volume from BL Burn 169, f. 11

Presentation of the volume from BL Burn 169, f. 11

Detail of the miniature. Image taken from f. 11 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Building of Alexandria from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 19

Building of Alexandria from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 19

Detail of a miniature of the building of Alexandria. Image taken from f. 19 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romance). Wri... More

Griffins carrying Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 70v

Griffins carrying Alexander from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 70v

Miniature of griffins carrying Alexander into the heavens. Image taken from f. 70v of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romanc... More

Alexander and women living in water from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 68v

Alexander and women living in water from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 68v

Miniature of Alexander finding women living in water (partly erased). Image taken from f. 68v of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexa... More

Jousting from BL Burn 169, f. 84

Jousting from BL Burn 169, f. 84

Miniature of jousting. Image taken from f. 84 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 111

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 111

Detail of miniature. Image taken from f. 111 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Death of Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 8v

Death of Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of the death of Nectanebus. Image taken from f. 8v of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romance). Writte... More

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 169, f. 176

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 169, f. 176

Illuminated initial. Image taken from f. 176 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Decorated initial from BL Royal 15 C VI, f. 4

Decorated initial from BL Royal 15 C VI, f. 4

Initial 'P' with foliate decoration with ownership inscription of Sir Robert Cotton. Image taken from f. 4 of Historia Romana (ff. 4-50), Historia gentis Longobardorum (ff. 51-102v); Gesta Alexandri magni (inde... More

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 84

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 84

Detail of initial and lower border. Image taken from f. 84 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Battle from BL Burn 169, f. 50

Battle from BL Burn 169, f. 50

Miniature of a battle, and decorated initial and border. Image taken from f. 50 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Writt... More

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 169, f. 42

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 169, f. 42

Illuminated initial. Image taken from f. 42 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 50

Detail from BL Burn 169, f. 50

Detail of initial and lower border. Image taken from f. 50 of History of Alexander the Great (Les faize d'Alexandre) (index De Rebus Gestis Alexandri Magni; Historia Alexandri Magni). Written in French.

Alexander consults his astrologers from BL Burn 169, f. 69

Alexander consults his astrologers from BL Burn 169, f. 69

Miniature of Alexander the Great consulting his astrologers about an eclipse of the sun after the battle of Arbela and illuminated initial 'A'(lexandre) in Vasco da Lucena's French translation of Rufus's Histor... More

Nectanebus enthroned from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 1

Nectanebus enthroned from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 1

Detail of an historiated initial 'P' of Nectanebus enthroned. Image taken from f. 1 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Roman... More

Decorated initial from BL Harley 527, f. 1

Decorated initial from BL Harley 527, f. 1

Decorated initial 'O'(iez seigneurs baruns deu uus creisse buntez). Image taken from f. 1 of Chanson of Gui de Bourgogne (ff. 1-32), Chastoiement d'un Père à son fils, imperfect at the end (ff. 32v-46v), an exc... More

Alexander enthroned from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 18v

Alexander enthroned from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 18v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander enthroned, conversing with his subjects. Image taken from f. 18v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alex... More

Alexander crowned from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 14

Alexander crowned from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 14

Detail of a miniature of Alexander being crowned by two bishops. Image taken from f. 14 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Writ... More

Alexander defeating Pausanias from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 18

Alexander defeating Pausanias from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 18

Detail of a miniature of Alexander defeating Pausanias. Image taken from f. 18 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Capture of Candaculus' wife from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 67v

Capture of Candaculus' wife from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 67v

Detail of a miniature of the capture of Candaculus' wife. Image taken from f. 67v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Alexander and caladrius birds from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 83

Alexander and caladrius birds from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 83

Detail of a miniature of Alexander enthroned, presented with the caladrius birds, and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant) with a partial border, at the beginning of chapter 74. Image taken from f. 83 of Historia de pro... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 62v

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 62v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander erecting an inscribed column. Image taken from f. 62v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Wri... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 55v

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 55v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander, at a river crossing, encountering women armed with maces. Image taken from f. 55v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Ali... More

Funeral of Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 92

Funeral of Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 92

Detail of a miniature of the funeral of Alexander. Image taken from f. 92 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Defeat of Philip from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 16v

Defeat of Philip from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 16v

Detail of a miniature of the defeat of Philip by Pausanias. Image taken from f. 16v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Battle against wild bulls from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 73v

Battle against wild bulls from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 73v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle against wild bulls. Image taken from f. 73v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Writ... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 40v

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 40v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander praying that the mountains would close in upon a tribe of wicked savages. Image taken from f. 40v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire... More

Alexander and his army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 19v

Alexander and his army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 19v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander and his army leaving Macedon, with the temple of Apollo on the right. Image taken from f. 19v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du ... More

Astronomy and geometry from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 3

Astronomy and geometry from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 3

Detail of a miniature of a landscape with clerks studying astronomy and geometry, holding an armillary sphere, a set square, and compasses. Image taken from f. 3 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (... More

Battle with dragons from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 49v

Battle with dragons from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 49v

Miniature of Alexander's battle with dragons. Image taken from f. 49v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Alexander and his fleet from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 20

Alexander and his fleet from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 20

Detail of a miniature of Alexander and his fleet about to set sail. Image taken from f. 20 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). W... More

Alexander and elephants from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 82v

Alexander and elephants from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 82v

Miniature of Alexander presented with white elephants, and a foliate initial 'L'(endemain) with a partial border, at the beginning of chapter 73. Image taken from f. 82v of Historia de proelis in a French trans... More

Alexander and elephants from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 82v

Alexander and elephants from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 82v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander presented with white elephants, at the beginning of chapter 73. Image taken from f. 82v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon ro... More

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 8v

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus practicising enchantments of Olympias, who lies in bed. Image taken from f. 8v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixan... More

Candace and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 70

Candace and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 70

Detail of a miniature of Candace in her chamber showing Alexander his statue. Image taken from f. 70 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Ale... More

Philip from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 9v

Philip from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature of Philip seated with a bird in his lap and a serpent and eggshell on the floor, surrounded by attendants, with an astronomer interpreting. Image taken from f. 9v of Historia de proelis in... More

Burial of Darius from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 38v

Burial of Darius from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 38v

Detail of a miniature of the burial of Darius. Image taken from f. 38v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Restoration of Candaculus' wife from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 68v

Restoration of Candaculus' wife from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 68v

Detail of a miniature of a city being captured and Candaculus' wife being restored. Image taken from f. 68v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(in... More

Surrender of a city from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 34

Surrender of a city from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 34

Detail of a miniature of the surrender of the keys to a city. Image taken from f. 34 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written... More

Burial of Porrus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 54v

Burial of Porrus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 54v

Detail of a miniature of the burial of Porrus. Image taken from f. 54v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Battle with one-eyed giants (cyclops) from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 79v

Battle with one-eyed giants (cyclops) from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 79v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle with one-eyed giants (cyclops). Image taken from f. 79v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alex... More

Battle with a three-horned beast from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 51v

Battle with a three-horned beast from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 51v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle with a three-horned beast and other strange animals. Image taken from f. 51v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy ... More

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 4

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of Nectanebus enthroned, receiving three messengers. Image taken from f. 4 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexand... More

Memorial to Bucephalus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 82

Memorial to Bucephalus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 82

Detail of a miniature of Alexander building a city as a memorial to his horse, Bucephalus. Image taken from f. 82 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixand... More

Battle with a hippopotamus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 56

Battle with a hippopotamus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 56

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle with a hippopotamus-like beast. Image taken from f. 56 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexa... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 57

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 57

Detail of a miniature of Alexander driving off elephants with pigs and musical instruments. Image taken from f. 57 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixan... More

Alexander, Aristotle and Bucephalus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 12

Alexander, Aristotle and Bucephalus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 12

Miniature of Alexander and Aristotle, and Bucephalus being brought in by two attendants. Image taken from f. 12 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre... More

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 8v

Nectanebus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 8v

Miniature of Nectanebus practicising the enchantments of Olympias, who lies in bed. Image taken from f. 8v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(ind... More

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 10v

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of Aristotle instructing Alexander and three other children in the schoolroom, and Alexander being instructed by others outside. Image taken from f. 10v of Historia de proelis in a French ... More

Battle with boars and savages from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 51

Battle with boars and savages from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 51

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle with boars and many-handed savages. Image taken from f. 51 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index A... More

Olympias enthroned from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 7

Olympias enthroned from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 7

Detail of a miniature of Olympias enthroned, with attendants, and Nectanebus in a white robe with a case of astronomical instruments. Image taken from f. 7 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Liv... More

Alexander and the wild man from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 64

Alexander and the wild man from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 64

Detail of a miniature of Alexander burning a wild man. Image taken from f. 64 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Alexander and Olympias from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 27

Alexander and Olympias from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 27

Detail of a miniature of Olympias in bed, with Alexander holding her hand. Image taken from f. 27 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexan... More

Jobas poisoning Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 88v

Jobas poisoning Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 88v

Detail of a miniature of Jobas serving Alexander with poisoned wine. Image taken from f. 88v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre).... More

Burning of a city from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 94v

Burning of a city from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 94v

Detail of a miniature of a city being burnt to prevent its capture by Perdiccas. Image taken from f. 94v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 89

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 89

Detail of a miniature of Alexander leaving the table. Image taken from f. 89 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Entry of Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 84

Entry of Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 84

Detail of a miniature of the triumphant entry of Alexander into Babylon. Image taken from f. 84 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandr... More

Alexander's army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 36v

Alexander's army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 36v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's army before Darius' city. Image taken from f. 36v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Writt... More

Battle with the Persians from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 33

Battle with the Persians from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 33

Detail of a miniature of the battle of Alexander with the Persians. Image taken from f. 33 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). W... More

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 26v

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 26v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander answering the envoys of Darius. Image taken from f. 26v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). W... More

Albanians from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 41v

Albanians from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 41v

Detail of a miniature of Albanians presenting Alexander with a dog, and the dog fighting an elephant and a lion. Image taken from f. 41v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hyst... More

Murderers of Darius from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 39v

Murderers of Darius from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 39v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander ordering the murderers of Darius to be bound. Image taken from f. 39v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index... More

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 10v

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 10v

Miniature of Aristotle instructing Alexander and three other children in the schoolroom, and Alexander being instructed by others outside. Image taken from f. 10v of Historia de proelis in a French translation ... More

Alexander and his fleet from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 20

Alexander and his fleet from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 20

Miniature of Alexander and his fleet about to set sail. Image taken from f. 20 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 50

Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 50

Detail of a miniature of Alexander the Great slaying other extraordinary creatures (dragons?). Image taken from f. 50 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Ali... More

Alexander, Aristotle and Bucephalus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 12

Alexander, Aristotle and Bucephalus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 12

Detail of a miniature of Alexander and Aristotle, and Bucephalus being brought in by two attendants. Image taken from f. 12 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon r... More

Battle against dragons from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 73

Battle against dragons from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 73

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle against dragons with emeralds in their foreheads. Image taken from f. 73 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alix... More

Battle with white lions from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 50v

Battle with white lions from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 50v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle with white lions. Image taken from f. 50v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Writte... More

Ambria from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 75v

Ambria from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 75v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander entering the city of Ambria. Image taken from f. 75v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Writ... More

Alexander and Porrus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 54

Alexander and Porrus from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 54

Detail of a miniature of Alexander killing Porrus. Image taken from f. 54 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Written in French.

Battle with blemmyae from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 80

Battle with blemmyae from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 80

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's battle with headless men with faces on their torsos (blemmyae). Image taken from f. 80 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon r... More

Jobas poisoning Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 88v

Jobas poisoning Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 88v

Miniature of Jobas serving Alexander with poisoned wine, and an illuminated initial 'Q', with a foliate border. Image taken from f. 88v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hysto... More

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 10v

Aristotle and Alexander from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of Aristotle instructing Alexander and three other children in the schoolroom. Image taken from f. 10v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon ... More

Battle with boars and savages from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 51

Battle with boars and savages from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 51

Miniature of Alexander's battle with boars and many-handed savages. Image taken from f. 51 of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). W... More