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President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, served as the 32nd President of the United States, from 1933 to 1945Created by: PICRYLDated: 2016
President's trip abroad meeting with Churchill. President Roosevelt is about to cut into birthday cake. Enroute in a big plane from Trinidad to Miami on his 61st birthday anniversary, he had to forego his customary personal address to celebrate at birthday balls throughout the United States for the benefit of infantile paralysis suffers. At his right is his chief military advisor, Admiral William D. Leahy. Looking on with deep interest from the other side of the table is Harry L. Hopkins. Lieutenant Cone, captain of the plane, is at Hopkins' left
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known as FDR, served as the 32nd President of the United States, from 1933 to 1945.
Roosevelt was born in 1882, to a prominent Dutch family from Dutchess County, New York. He attended the elite Groton School and Harvard College. He married Eleanor Roosevelt, with whom he had six children. Roosevelt fought with polio since 1921.
He entered politics in 1910, serving in the New York State Senate, and then as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson. In 1920, Roosevelt ran for vice president with presidential candidate James M. Cox, but lost to the Republican ticket. He successfully ran for Governor of New York in 1928.
In 1932 Roosevelt successfully defeated Republican president Herbert Hoover to win the presidency of the United States. In his first hundred days in office, Roosevelt initiated an unprecedented legislation and issued a number of executive orders that instituted the New Deal programs.
He created numerous programs supporting the unemployed and farmers, encouraged labor union growth while more closely regulating business and Wall street finance. The repeal of Prohibition in 1933 helped FDR to win re-election in 1936. The economy improved rapidly from 1933 to 1937 but then relapsed into a deep recession in 1937–38.
As World War II loomed after 1938, with the Japanese invasion of China and the aggression of Nazi Germany, Roosevelt gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China and the United Kingdom, while remaining officially neutral. His goal was to make America the "Arsenal of Democracy", which would supply munitions to the Allies.
In March 1941, Roosevelt, with Congressional approval, provided Lend-Lease aid to Britain and China. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, United States declared war on Japan and, a few days later, on Germany. During the war, unemployment dropped to 2%, relief programs largely ended, and the industrial economy grew rapidly to new heights as millions of people moved to wartime factory jobs or entered military service.
Roosevelt supervised the mobilization of the U.S. economy. As an active military leader, he implemented a war strategy on two fronts that ended in the defeat of the Axis Powers and the development of the world's first nuclear bomb. His work also influenced the later creation of the United Nations and Bretton Woods. Roosevelt's health seriously declined during the war years, and he died three months into his fourth term.
"If you treat people right they will treat you right... ninety percent of the time."
1899
1899
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1996
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1996
782 Media in collectionpage 1 of 8
Portraits - Portraits "R"

Portraits - Portraits "R"

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Portraits - Portraits "R"

Portraits - Portraits "R"

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Portraits - Portraits "R"

Portraits - Portraits "R"

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Laying Keel of U.S.S. Battleship Number 39, Arrival of Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Others

Laying Keel of U.S.S. Battleship Number 39, Arrival of Assistant Secre...

Photographs of the Construction and Repair of Buildings, Facilities, and Vessels at the New York Navy Yard

Woodrow Wilson and some of his associates: William J. Bryan, Josephus Daniels, Breckinridge Long, William Phillips, and Franklin D. Roosevelt - photo. taken at the State Department, June 14, 1914

Woodrow Wilson and some of his associates: William J. Bryan, Josephus ...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item, with subsequent revisions. In album: Woodrow Wilson, Herbert E. French, National Photo Company. National Photo Company Collection (Library of ... more

Flag Day 1914 - Bryan, Daniels, Wilson, Breckinridge Long, Wm. Phillips, & Franklin D. Roosevelt

Flag Day 1914 - Bryan, Daniels, Wilson, Breckinridge Long, Wm. Phillip...

Standing in front of State, War & Navy Building, Washington, D.C. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. In album: Woodrow Wilson, Herbert E. French, National Photo Company. Nationa... more

Governor Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt surrounded by newspapermen as they arrived outside the White House for conference with Pres. Wilson

Governor Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt surrounded by newspapermen as t...

National Photo Company Collection (Library of Congress).

[Franklin D. Roosevelt, full length, standing, facing left; holding hat and speaking]

[Franklin D. Roosevelt, full length, standing, facing left; holding ha...

J242619 U.S. Copyright Office. Photo copyrighted by Harris & Ewing. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Photog. I.; Pres. I.; Shelf.

[Franklin D. Rooosevelt, full-length portrait, speaking from platform, facing slightly left, during campaign]

[Franklin D. Rooosevelt, full-length portrait, speaking from platform,...

J242619 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by Harris & Ewing.

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Governor Cox photographed on the latter's arrival in Washington today

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Governor Cox photographed on the latter's ar...

Standing with small group of other men. National Photo Company Collection.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Exercising in a Pool at Warm Springs
[Franklin D. Roosevelt, three quarters length portrait, seated on porch, facing right]

[Franklin D. Roosevelt, three quarters length portrait, seated on porc...

J10137 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Pres. I.; Shelf.

[Franklin D. Roosevelt, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing left]

[Franklin D. Roosevelt, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing ...

J10138 U.S. Copyright Office. Photoprint by Margaret DeM. Brown.

Memorable prayer

Memorable prayer

Franklin D. Roosevelt, center left in top hat, beside limousine in which he will ride to his inauguration. Associated Press photograph. Forms part of: New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Co... more

[President Franklin Roosevelt and six other men in cabinet room]

[President Franklin Roosevelt and six other men in cabinet room]

Copyright by Underwood & Underwood. Photograph by National Photo Co.