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Ford

Ford Motor CompanyCreated by: PICRYLDated: 1908
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln at Capitol, [Washington, D.C.]
Henry Ford built his first automobile, which he called a quadricycle, at his home in Detroit in 1896. His first company called Detroit Automobile Company, founded in 1899 but failed soon. On June 16, 1903, the Ford Motor Company was incorporated. During its early years, the company produced a range of vehicles designated, chronologically, from the Ford Model A (1903) to the Model K and Model S of 1907. In 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model T.

By 1913, Ford introduced the world's first moving assembly line that year, which reduced chassis assembly time from 12 1⁄2 hours in October to 2 hours 40 minutes (and ultimately 1 hour 33 minutes), and boosted annual output to 202,667 units that year. By 1920, production exceeds one million a year.

Turnover of workers was very high. In January 1914, Ford solved the problem by doubling pay to $5 a day, cutting shifts from nine hours to an eight-hour day. It increased sales: a line worker could buy a T with less than four months' pay, and instituting hiring practices that identified the best workers, including disabled people, considered unemployable by other firms. Employee turnover plunged, productivity soared, and with it, the cost per vehicle plummeted. Ford cut prices again and again and invented the system of franchised dealers who were loyal to his brand name.

Wall Street had criticized Ford's generous labor practices when he began paying workers enough to buy the products they made.
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Ford Motor Co., new medical center parking lot
Ford Motor Co. Marine Car at Dist. Bldg., 9/14/26
Ford Motor Co., Union Station
Ford Motor Co., 13th & E
Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford before profit sharing committee. Washington, D.C., Dec. 6. Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford, President of the Ford Motor Co., made another appearance at the Capitol today - this time before the Senate Finance Subcommittee studying profit sharing systems. He told the Committee that a reduction in federal taxes would be as good an incentive as anything the government could do
Ford Motor Co., new medical center parking lot
[Ford Motor Company plant, Highland Park, Detroit, Michigan]
Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford before Monopoly Committee. Washington, D.C., Dec. 5. Appearing before the Monopoly Committee today, Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford, President of the Ford Motor, described one of the earliest efforts at maintaining a patent monopoly, success of which would have destroyed the Ford Motor Co. in the initial year of its operation
Ford Motor Co., Union Station
[Model T's coming off the assembly line at the Highland Park plant]

[Model T's coming off the assembly line at the Highland Park plant]

Photograph shows three men riding the skeleton of an automobile coming off the line with the rear wheels running on a revolving steel drum. No. 197. Title devised by Library staff.

Monopoly Chairman greets Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford. Washington, D.C., Dec. 5. Chairman of the Monopoly Committee Joseph C. O'Mahoney, left, greets Edsal [i.e. Edsel]  Ford, President of the Ford Motor Co., as he arrives to appear before the Committee. Ford's testimony took up most of the day's hearing
Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford before Monopoly Committee. Washington, D.C., Dec. 5. Appearing before the Monopoly Committee today, Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford, President of the Ford Motor, described one of the earliest efforts at maintaining a patent monopoly, success of which would have destroyed the Ford Motor Co. in the initial year of its operation
Young Ford blames ICC. Washington, D.C., Jan. 7. ICC order that all railroads use heavy equipment caused the Fords to sell the Detroit, Toledo, and Ironton Road in 1929, Edsel Ford, (right) President of the Ford Motor Co., told Chairman Burton K. Wheeler of the Senate rail inquiry today
Cameramen 'shoot' Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford. Washington, D.C., Dec. 5. Edsal [i.e. Edsel] Ford, President of the Ford Motor Co., faced a battery of cameramen as he took the stand today before the Monopoly Committee. He told of early efforts of the Ford Motor Co. to maintain a patent monopoly, success of which would have destroyed the company in its first year of operation
Early Ford automobile

Early Ford automobile

Photograph shows Ford Model T automobile on display. No. 10187. Title from item.

Ford Motor Co., Banner Laundry truck at Geo. Wash. Mem., [Alexandria, Va.]
Ford Motor Co. Lincoln in Shenandoah Nat. Park, [Virginia]
Ford Motor Co. interior
Ford Motor Co. 1 door sedan
Ford Motor Co. Lincoln at War College, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co. Italian Embassy, [16th and Fuller Sts., N.W., Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co., Ford touring car at Capitol, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co. stump pulling
Ford Motor Co. interior
Ford Motor Co. new Ford body [U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C., in background]
Ford Motor Co. Ford touring car in Rock Creek Pk., [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln at Captiol, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co. Wardman Pk. Salon
Ford Motor Co. [...]
Holmes Bakery truck, Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln Roadster
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln at Burnside bridge [near Antietam, Maryland]
Old Colony Ldy.[Laundry], Ford Motor Co.
[Four o'clock shift, Ford Motor Company, Detroit, Mich.]
Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co.
[Ford Motor Company, Detroit, Mich.]
Ford Motor Co. Hanlon Lincoln hearse
Ford Motor Co. dealers
Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co., Ford touring car at White House, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co. Hilltop Farm Dairies truck
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln at Capitol, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co., Ford Coupe at little house in Alex., Va.
Ford Motor Co., Fort Macey
State War & Navy Bldg., [Washington, D.C.], Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co. Ford at French Embassy, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln at Antietam Battle field, [Maryland]
Ford Motor Co., Sen. Jos. T. Robinson of Ark., in Lincoln
Ford Motor Co. interior
Ford Motor Co. Hanlon Lincoln hearse
Ford Motor Co. Lincoln [at] private residence
[Four o'clock shift, Ford Motor Company, Detroit, Mich.]
Ford Motor Co., Lincoln in Shenandoah Nat. Park, [Virginia]
Ford Motor Co., Capitol bedding truck
Ford Motor Co., Manhattan Ldy.[Laundry] trucks
Ford Motor Co., Ford touring car at Monument, [Washington, D.C.]
(J.C. Flood truck) Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor [Co. truck]
Ford Motor Co. Banner Laundry truck
Ford Motor Co. Lincoln [at] private residence
Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co. Lincoln at Lincoln Memorial, [Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co., Holmes trucks
Ford Motor Co. Duz delivery car
Capitol Awning Co., Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co. Ford touring car at Library [of Congress, Washington, D.C.]
Ford Motor Co. snow plows
Ford Motor Co. interior
Ford Motor Co., special body truck
[Assembly line at the Ford Motor Company's Highland Park plant]

[Assembly line at the Ford Motor Company's Highland Park plant]

Photograph shows unfinished Model T's rolling on the assembly line. Title devised by Library staff.

Ford Motor Co. [showroom], Calgary branch
Ford Motor Co. factory, [possibly in Windsor, Ontario]
The First factory of the Ford Motor Company, Mack Avenue, Detroit, 1903-1904
N.A. Hawkins

N.A. Hawkins

Photograph shows N. A. Hawkins, an official of the Ford Motor Company, Detroit, who served as president of the National Salesmanship Congress. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2014)

Home of Light Horse Harry Lee, Alex., Va. (Ford Motor Co.)
Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co. interior
Ford Motor Co. (cars parked at Robey Mtr. Co.)
Dr. Fairfax home, Alexandria, Va. (Ford Motor Co.)
Ford Motor Co., interior
City Hotel and Gadsby's Inn, Alex. [Virginia] (Ford Motor Co.)
Ford Motor Co. Merchants Transfer truck
Ford Motor Co. Ruth Elder
Ford Motor Co. old electric
Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co.
Ford Motor Co. Ford car at new museum
Ford Motor Co. stock room
Ford Motor Co. old electric
Ford Motor Co. new Ford at Capitol, [Washington, D.C.]
At Ford tractor show

At Ford tractor show

Two men coming from saw mills and wood saws exhibit tent at the tractor show, Washington, D.C. National Photo Company Collection.

At Ford tractor show

At Ford tractor show

Three men in overcoats and hats in field of tractors. National Photo Company Collection.

Ford Motor Co., panorama #6
Ford Motor Bldg.
Ford Motor Co., copy
Ford Motor Co., panorama #2
Ford Motor Co., panorama #4
Ford Motor Co., panorama #1
Ford Motor Co.
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