PICRYL
PICRYL

The World's Largest Public Domain Source

  • homeHome
  • searchSearch
  • photo_albumStories
  • collectionsCollections
  • infoAbout
  • star_rateUpgrade
  • account_boxLogin

Dutch School

The Dutch School painters can be dated as Early Netherlandish (1400–1500), Dutch Renaissance (1500–1584), and, later, Dutch Golden Age painting in the United Provinces.

The detailed realism of Early Netherlandish painting, led by Robert Campin and Jan van Eyck in the 1420s and 1430s, is today generally considered to be the beginning of the early Northern Renaissance in painting. This style was greatly respected in Italy, but there was little reciprocal influence on the North until nearly the end of the 15th century. Despite frequent cultural and artistic exchange, the Antwerp Mannerists (1500–1530) were unrelated to Italian Mannerism. Among notable northern painters were highly individualistic artists such as Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel the Elder who developed styles that were imitated by many subsequent generations. In the 16th century northern painters increasingly traveled to Italy, so the art of Michelangelo and Raphael and the late Renaissance Mannerism had a great impact on their work.

Hieronymus Bosch and Geertgen tot Sint Jans are well-known examples of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Dutch painters.

In the northern Netherlands, the Reformation brought religious painting almost completely to an end. Portrait painting was slow to spread from the elite to new riches. By the end of the 16th century, artists such as Karel van Mander and Hendrik Goltzius collected in Haarlem in a brief but intense phase of Northern Mannerism that also spread to Flanders. Between 1605 and 1635 over 100,000 paintings were produced in Haarlem. Rembrandt van Rijn, Frans Hals, Johannes Vermeer, Jacob van Ruisdael, and Jan Steen are just a few names form the seventeenth century.
Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece)
1426
1426
slider-holder
1907
slider-holder
1907
312 Media in collectionpage 4 of 4
Portrait of a Young Woman

Portrait of a Young Woman

Cornelis de Vos (Flemish, Hulst 1584/85–1651 Antwerp)

Saint Donatian; Saint Victor Presenting a Donor

Saint Donatian; Saint Victor Presenting a Donor

Netherlandish (Bruges) Painter (ca. 1490)

Scene in a Courtyard

Scene in a Courtyard

Ludolf de Jongh (Dutch, Overschie 1616–1679 Hillegersberg)

The Holy Family with Saints Francis and Anne and the Infant Saint John the Baptist

The Holy Family with Saints Francis and Anne and the Infant Saint John...

An ecstatic Saint Francis adores the infant Christ, who appears in this warm-hearted vision with the Virgin Mary, her mother Saint Anne, a subdued Saint Joseph, and a playful young Saint John the Baptist. Ruben... more

Kitchen Scene

Kitchen Scene

Peter Wtewael (Dutch, Utrecht 1596–1660 Utrecht)

Francis I (1494–1547), King of France

Francis I (1494–1547), King of France

Workshop of Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish, Cleve ca. 1485–1540/41 Antwerp)

Venus and Adonis

Venus and Adonis

The subject is from Ovid’s Metamorphoses (completed 8 A.D). Accidently pricked by one of Cupid’s arrows, Venus fell in love with the handsome hunter Adonis. Rubens shows their leave-taking—a Renaissance embelli... more

A Partridge and Small Game Birds

A Partridge and Small Game Birds

This small game piece is a mature work by Fyt, whose subtle description of textures—especially in feathers—recalls Dutch still lifes more than works by his Antwerp teacher, Frans Snyders (1579–1657). Jan Fyt (F... more

Head of Christ

Head of Christ

Rembrandt painted this subject a number of times; three examples, one described as "Een Christus tonie nae't leven" ("a head of Christ done from life," that is, from a model probably found in the Jewish quarter... more

Man in a Red Cloak

Man in a Red Cloak

Style of Rembrandt (Dutch, 1650s or early 1660s)

Rembrandt (1606–1669) as a Young Man

Rembrandt (1606–1669) as a Young Man

Style of Rembrandt (Dutch, ca. 1630–35)

Portrait of a Man with a Breastplate and Plumed Hat

Portrait of a Man with a Breastplate and Plumed Hat

Style of Rembrandt (Dutch, mid- to late 1640s)