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Dutch Golden Age

Dutch Golden Age Prints and Painting: Still life, Landscape, and Genre Art. Created by: PICRYLDated: 1600
Margaretha van Clootwijk (born about 1580/81, died 1662), Wife of Jacob van Dalen
The Dutch Golden Age was a period from 1581 to 1672, when the Netherlands experienced the "Dutch Miracle", transcended to the foremost maritime and economic power.

In 1568, the Seven Provinces started a rebellion against Philip II of Spain, leading to the Eighty Years' War with Spain and the Thirty Years' War between other European superpowers.

Protestants moved from the southern to the northern Netherlands, many settled in Amsterdam, transforming a port town into one of the most important commercial centers in the world by 1630. In addition to the migration of Protestants, there were also influxes of refugees who had previously fled from religious persecution, particularly Sephardi Jews from Portugal and Spain, and Protestants from France. Catholics moved in the other direction - to the southern provinces, modern Belgium.

North quickly gained the highest literacy rates in Europe, an abundance of capital, the largest merchant fleet in Europe. The Dutch dominated trade in the Baltic Sea, between China and Japan, and with the English colonies in North America. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) was the first multinational corporation, financed by shares that established the first modern stock exchange. The Bank of Amsterdam, the first central bank, was established in 1609.

The Dutch Golden Age is the art period dominanted by Rembrandt, Vermeer, Jacob van Ruisdael, and Frans Hals. Some notable artistic styles and trends include Haarlem Mannerism, Utrecht Caravaggism, the School of Delft, the Leiden fijnschilders, and Dutch classicism.

1672 is called a disaster year" when the Dutch Republic was attacked by England, France, Münster, and Bavaria. The invading armies quickly defeated most of the Dutch States Army and conquered part of the Republic.
1474
1474
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1964
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1964
3,590 Media in collectionpage 1 of 36
Design for a Frontispiece with the Medici Arms

Design for a Frontispiece with the Medici Arms

Jan van der Straet, called Stradanus (Netherlandish, Bruges 1523–1605 Florence)

Rest on the Flight to Egypt

Rest on the Flight to Egypt

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Village Fair

Village Fair

Master of the Hermitage Sketchbook (Netherlandish, 16th century)

An Eagle Preaching to the Animals

An Eagle Preaching to the Animals

Attributed to Marcus Gheraerts the Elder (Flemish, Bruges ca. 1520–ca. 1590 London (?) (active England)) , attributed to

Black Venus
Christ in Emmaus

Christ in Emmaus

Johann Sadeler I (Netherlandish, Brussels 1550–1600/1601 Venice)

Tityus Punished in Hell

Tityus Punished in Hell

Cornelis Cort (Netherlandish, Hoorn ca. 1533–1578 Rome)

Studies of a Dog

Studies of a Dog

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Neptune in his Chariot

Neptune in his Chariot

Attributed to Pieter de Jode I (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1570–Antwerp 1634)

Landscape with Two Pilgrims Walking Along a Road

Landscape with Two Pilgrims Walking Along a Road

Attributed to Pieter Balten (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1526/27–1584 Antwerp)

Africa from The Four Continents

Africa from The Four Continents

Julius Goltzius (Netherlandish, died ca. 1595)

The Musicians (copy)

The Musicians (copy)

After Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1494–1533 Leiden)

Bacchus, Music, Amor

Bacchus, Music, Amor

Johann Sadeler I (Netherlandish, Brussels 1550–1600/1601 Venice)

The Last Supper

The Last Supper

Master of the Egmont Albums (Netherlandish, 16th century)

Saint Luke Painting the Virgin

Saint Luke Painting the Virgin

Raphael Sadeler I (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1560–1628 Venice (?))

Landscape

Landscape

Hans Bol (Netherlandish, Mechelen 1534–1593 Amsterdam)

America from The Four Continents

America from The Four Continents

Julius Goltzius (Netherlandish, died ca. 1595)

The Battle of Trasimeno

The Battle of Trasimeno

Crispijn van den Broeck (Netherlandish, Mechelen ca. 1524–ca. 1591 Antwerp)

Europa from The Four Continents

Europa from The Four Continents

Julius Goltzius (Netherlandish, died ca. 1595)

Medallion
Glass Panel of Saint Nicholas

Glass Panel of Saint Nicholas

After a design by Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen (Netherlandish, Oostsanen ca. 1470–1533 Amsterdam)

Design for a Bucket

Design for a Bucket

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Crouching Venus

Crouching Venus

After a composition by Giambologna (Netherlandish, Douai 1529–1608 Florence)

The Destruction of the Pharaoh’s Army

The Destruction of the Pharaoh’s Army

Hendrick de Clerck (Netherlandish, 1570–1629)

The Adoration of the Shepherds

The Adoration of the Shepherds

Attributed to Aertgen Claesz. van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden 1498–1564 Leiden)

King Ahasuerus in Council

King Ahasuerus in Council

? Circle of Pseudo-Aert Ortkens (Flemish, 1510–1540)

Design for a platter

Design for a platter

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Design for Serving Piece

Design for Serving Piece

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Joachim's Offering Refused

Joachim's Offering Refused

Attributed to Jan Wellens de Cock (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1480–before 1527 Antwerp)

Seated Man, Precariously Balanced, Playing Bagpipes

Seated Man, Precariously Balanced, Playing Bagpipes

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

The Servants of Absalom killing Amnon (2 Samuel 13, 28-29); verso: Sketch of a seated woman

The Servants of Absalom killing Amnon (2 Samuel 13, 28-29); verso: Ske...

Karel van Mander I (Netherlandish, Meulebeke 1548–1606 Amsterdam)

Leaving Troy

Leaving Troy

Sebastiaen Vrancx (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1573–1647 Antwerp)

Adoration of the Shepherds

Adoration of the Shepherds

Aertgen Claesz. van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden 1498–1564 Leiden)

Censer
America

America

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century ?

The Adoration of the Shepherds (Cartoon)

The Adoration of the Shepherds (Cartoon)

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Study of a Standing Male Nude

Study of a Standing Male Nude

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Design for a Bronze Vessel

Design for a Bronze Vessel

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

The Annunciation

The Annunciation

Dirck Pietersz. Crabeth (Netherlandish, Gouda 1501–1574 Gouda)

Military Procession

Military Procession

Hans Mont (Netherlandish, ca. 1545–after 1585)

A Reclining Peasant (recto); Study of a Young Man (verso)

A Reclining Peasant (recto); Study of a Young Man (verso)

Jacques de Gheyn II (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1565–1629 The Hague)

The Month of February: Man Pruning a Tree

The Month of February: Man Pruning a Tree

Attributed to Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Imaginary Hilly Landscape with Ruins

Imaginary Hilly Landscape with Ruins

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Fragment of an Ornamental Design

Fragment of an Ornamental Design

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Study of a Tree

Study of a Tree

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

King David driven from Jerusalem

King David driven from Jerusalem

Jan Rombouts (Flemish, ca. 1475–1535)

The Women of Weinsberg

The Women of Weinsberg

Otto van Veen (Netherlandish, Leiden 1556–1629 Brussels)

Four Landscapes with the Four Seasons

Four Landscapes with the Four Seasons

Hendrick van Schoel (Flemish, active Rome, ca. 1565–1622)

Casket
Censer
Allegorical Figure (Faith?)

Allegorical Figure (Faith?)

Pieter Cornelisz Kunst (Netherlandish, Leiden 1489/90–1560/61 Leiden)

Mordecai rides through the Streets in the Apparel the King has sent him.

Mordecai rides through the Streets in the Apparel the King has sent hi...

? Circle of Pseudo-Aert Ortkens (Flemish, 1510–1540)

Garden of Eden; Creation of the Animals

Garden of Eden; Creation of the Animals

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Palazzo Nerone

Palazzo Nerone

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Queen Esther hears of the Decree against the Jews.

Queen Esther hears of the Decree against the Jews.

Circle of Pseudo-Aert Ortkens (Flemish, 1510–1540)

River Landscape with Wagons on a Road near a Village

River Landscape with Wagons on a Road near a Village

Joos de Momper the Younger (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1564–1635 Antwerp)

Design for a Vignette in Strap-Work

Design for a Vignette in Strap-Work

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century