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Dutch Golden Age

Dutch Golden Age Prints and Painting: Still life, Landscape, and Genre Art. Created by: PICRYLDated: 1600
Margaretha van Clootwijk (born about 1580/81, died 1662), Wife of Jacob van Dalen
The Dutch Golden Age was a period from 1581 to 1672, when the Netherlands experienced the "Dutch Miracle", transcended to the foremost maritime and economic power.

In 1568, the Seven Provinces started a rebellion against Philip II of Spain, leading to the Eighty Years' War with Spain and the Thirty Years' War between other European superpowers.

Protestants moved from the southern to the northern Netherlands, many settled in Amsterdam, transforming a port town into one of the most important commercial centers in the world by 1630. In addition to the migration of Protestants, there were also influxes of refugees who had previously fled from religious persecution, particularly Sephardi Jews from Portugal and Spain, and Protestants from France. Catholics moved in the other direction - to the southern provinces, modern Belgium.

North quickly gained the highest literacy rates in Europe, an abundance of capital, the largest merchant fleet in Europe. The Dutch dominated trade in the Baltic Sea, between China and Japan, and with the English colonies in North America. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) was the first multinational corporation, financed by shares that established the first modern stock exchange. The Bank of Amsterdam, the first central bank, was established in 1609.

The Dutch Golden Age is the art period dominanted by Rembrandt, Vermeer, Jacob van Ruisdael, and Frans Hals. Some notable artistic styles and trends include Haarlem Mannerism, Utrecht Caravaggism, the School of Delft, the Leiden fijnschilders, and Dutch classicism.

1672 is called a disaster year" when the Dutch Republic was attacked by England, France, Münster, and Bavaria. The invading armies quickly defeated most of the Dutch States Army and conquered part of the Republic.
3,589 Media in collectionpage 1 of 36
Hieronymus Bosch - The Adoration of the Magi
Maerten de Vos - Asia, 15th century

Maerten de Vos - Asia, 15th century

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century ?

Sheperd with his Flock and a Dog
Liturgical Spoon, 15th century
Prayer Bead with the Crucifixion and Jesus before Pilate
Giambologna - Bathing Venus, bronze
The Sense of Hearing; verso: light sketch of a woman's head and an arm
Mordecai overhears the two Conspirators plotting against the  King.

Mordecai overhears the two Conspirators plotting against the King.

? Circle of Pseudo-Aert Ortkens (Flemish, 1510–1540)

Strip, 16th century
Censer, copper alloy, Europe
Landscape, artist Hans Bol

Landscape, artist Hans Bol

Hans Bol (Netherlandish, Mechelen 1534–1593 Amsterdam)

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Moses after the sculpture by Michelangelo
The Pentecost, 15th century

The Pentecost, 15th century

Master of the Egmont Albums (Netherlandish, 16th century)

Casket, 15th century
Miracle of Saint Gregory

Miracle of Saint Gregory

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

King David driven from Jerusalem

King David driven from Jerusalem

Jan Rombouts (Flemish, ca. 1475–1535)

Raphael Sadeler I - Saint Luke Painting the Virgin

Raphael Sadeler I - Saint Luke Painting the Virgin

Raphael Sadeler I (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1560–1628 Venice (?))

Medallion with the Betrayal of Jesus
Adoration of the Magi
Roelandt Savery - A Hungarian Horseman

Roelandt Savery - A Hungarian Horseman

Roelandt Savery (Flemish, Kortrijk 1576–1639 Utrecht)

Rest on the Flight to Egypt

Rest on the Flight to Egypt

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Wineglass, 15th century
Jacques de Gheyn II - Study of a Tree

Jacques de Gheyn II - Study of a Tree

Jacques de Gheyn II (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1565–1629 The Hague)

Bellows with the Flight into Egypt
Design for a sepulchral monument with two figures

Design for a sepulchral monument with two figures

Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Paten, copper alloy, Europe
Judah Giving Tamar his Staff and Bracelets
Knife, 15th century
Putto Holding a Cloud and Horn
The Month of February: Man Pruning a Tree

The Month of February: Man Pruning a Tree

Attributed to Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

The Adoration of the Shepherds (Cartoon)

The Adoration of the Shepherds (Cartoon)

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Pauwels Franck - Venus Visiting the Forge of Vulcan

Pauwels Franck - Venus Visiting the Forge of Vulcan

Pauwels Franck, called Paolo Fiammingo (Flemish, Antwerp 1540–1596 Venice)

Half of a Prayer Bead with Jesus Carrying the Cross
Border tile, 15th century
Pieter Stevens - The Months: February and March
The Soldier Carrying His Pike at the Slope

The Soldier Carrying His Pike at the Slope

Jacques de Gheyn II (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1565–1629 The Hague)

Landscape with Mercury Holding Argus's Head

Landscape with Mercury Holding Argus's Head

Hieronymus Cock (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1510–1570 Antwerp)

Designs for Book Illustrations

Designs for Book Illustrations

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

The Adoration of the Shepherds

The Adoration of the Shepherds

Attributed to Aertgen Claesz. van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden 1498–1564 Leiden)

Study of a Standing Male Nude

Study of a Standing Male Nude

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Queen Esther hears of the Decree against the Jews.

Queen Esther hears of the Decree against the Jews.

Circle of Pseudo-Aert Ortkens (Flemish, 1510–1540)

Cornelisz van Haarlem - Juno Appearing to Sea Gods

Cornelisz van Haarlem - Juno Appearing to Sea Gods

Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem (Netherlandish, Haarlem 1562–1638 Haarlem)

Roundel with Killing of the Ox (December)
Censer, copper alloy, Europe
Jan Muller - Abraham Bloemaert - Elijah Fed by Ravens

Jan Muller - Abraham Bloemaert - Elijah Fed by Ravens

Jan Muller (Netherlandish, Amsterdam 1571–1628 Amsterdam)

Fantastic Landscape with Figures Crossing a Bridge

Fantastic Landscape with Figures Crossing a Bridge

Lancelot Blondeel (Flemish, Poperinghe 1498–1561 Bruges)

Design for Silver Plate Decorated with Crabs

Design for Silver Plate Decorated with Crabs

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Design for a Vignette in Strap-Work

Design for a Vignette in Strap-Work

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Design for Shallow Round Dish on Three Legs

Design for Shallow Round Dish on Three Legs

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Crispijn van den Broeck - The Battle of Trasimeno

Crispijn van den Broeck - The Battle of Trasimeno

Crispijn van den Broeck (Netherlandish, Mechelen ca. 1524–ca. 1591 Antwerp)

The Death of Saint Hilary; verso: Sketch of an Arm

The Death of Saint Hilary; verso: Sketch of an Arm

Jan van Scorel (Netherlandish, Schoorl 1495–1562 Utrecht)

Fork (part of a set)
The Month of April: Man Grafting a Branch onto a Tree

The Month of April: Man Grafting a Branch onto a Tree

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Johann Sadeler I - Mary with the Child and Joseph
Prayer Bead with the Adoration of the Magi and the Crucifixion
Market Scene, 15th century

Market Scene, 15th century

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Design for a reliquary

Design for a reliquary

Attributed to Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Tobias Verhaecht - Mountainous Landscape, 15th century

Tobias Verhaecht - Mountainous Landscape, 15th century

Tobias Verhaecht (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1561–1631 Antwerp)

Half of a Prayer Bead with the Lamentation
Pair of "triple-gourd" vases
Pieter de Jode I - Neptune in his Chariot

Pieter de Jode I - Neptune in his Chariot

Attributed to Pieter de Jode I (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1570–Antwerp 1634)

Temptation of St Anthony

Temptation of St Anthony

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Village Fair, 15th century

Village Fair, 15th century

Master of the Hermitage Sketchbook (Netherlandish, 16th century)

Karel van Mallery - Venationes ferarum avium, piscium...

Karel van Mallery - Venationes ferarum avium, piscium...

after Jan van der Straet, called Stradanus (Netherlandish, Bruges 1523–1605 Florence)

Maerten de Vos - Europe, 15th century

Maerten de Vos - Europe, 15th century

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century ?

Jael Killing Sisera, without ornamental frame (copy)

Jael Killing Sisera, without ornamental frame (copy)

After Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1494–1533 Leiden)

Lucas van Leyden - The Greatness of Mordecai

Lucas van Leyden - The Greatness of Mordecai

? Circle of Pseudo-Aert Ortkens (Flemish, 1510–1540)

Adoration of the Shepherds

Adoration of the Shepherds

Aertgen Claesz. van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden 1498–1564 Leiden)

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Bacchus on the Shoulders of a Satyr
Landscape, artist Hans Bol

Landscape, artist Hans Bol

Hans Bol (Netherlandish, Mechelen 1534–1593 Amsterdam)

Allegory of the Triumph of the Church

Allegory of the Triumph of the Church

Jan van der Straet, called Stradanus (Netherlandish, Bruges 1523–1605 Florence)

The Virgin Surrounded by Angels and Representatives of Secular and Ecclesiastical Authorities
The Triumph of Virtues: Justice, Peace and Abundance (one of a series)
An Eagle Preaching to the Animals

An Eagle Preaching to the Animals

Attributed to Marcus Gheraerts the Elder (Flemish, Bruges ca. 1520–ca. 1590 London (?) (active England)) , attributed to

Pair of candlesticks
Madonna and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist, Three Women, and an Angel
Pieter Bruegel the Elder - Seated Man, Precariously Balanced, Playing Bagpipes
Classical Landscape with a Building and a River
Tobacco box, copper alloy, Europe
Julius Goltzius - Africa from The Four Continents

Julius Goltzius - Africa from The Four Continents

Julius Goltzius (Netherlandish, died ca. 1595)

Levi Avenging the Honor of his Sister Dinah

Levi Avenging the Honor of his Sister Dinah

Crispijn van den Broeck (Netherlandish, Mechelen ca. 1524–ca. 1591 Antwerp)

Jan Brueghel the Elder - Boats and Houses
Medallion, 15th century
A Reclining Peasant (recto); Study of a Young Man (verso)

A Reclining Peasant (recto); Study of a Young Man (verso)

Jacques de Gheyn II (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1565–1629 The Hague)

December: And Old Man Seated by a Hearth with a Young Man Blowing on the Fire
Erasmus Hornick - Design for a platter

Erasmus Hornick - Design for a platter

Erasmus Hornick (Netherlandish, Antwerp ca. 1520–1583 Prague)

Bracer (Archer's Arm Guard)
Hendrick van Schoel - Four Landscapes with the Four Seasons

Hendrick van Schoel - Four Landscapes with the Four Seasons

Hendrick van Schoel (Flemish, active Rome, ca. 1565–1622)

Vase, 16th century
Tobacco box, copper alloy, Europe
Bowl, 16th century
Bull, bronze, Europe
Design for a tomb

Design for a tomb

Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Man on a Donkey in a Landscape

Man on a Donkey in a Landscape

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 16th century

Bernard van Orley - The Resurrection, 15th century

Bernard van Orley - The Resurrection, 15th century

Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels)

The Triumph of the Church (one of a series)
Roemer, 16th century
Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Bacchus on the Shoulders of a Satyr
Miniature Coffin, 15th century
Glass Fragment, 16th century
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