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The Dust Bowl Exodus

Draught and Great Depression RefugeesCreated by: PICRYL - Public Domain Media Search EngineDated: 2017
The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history that happened during the Great Depression. Although overall three out of four farmers stayed on their land, the mass exodus depleted the population drastically in certain areas. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California.
Arriving in California, the migrants were faced with a life almost as difficult as the one they had left. Like the Joad family in John Steinbeck’s “The Grapes of Wrath”, some 40 percent of migrant farmers wound up in the San Joaquin Valley, picking grapes and cotton. They took up the work of Mexican migrant workers, 120,000 of whom were repatriated during the 1930s.
1,493 Media in collectionpage 1 of 15
"Cleanliness." Southern California. Oklahoma refugees camping in Imperial Valley, California

"Cleanliness." Southern California. Oklahoma refugees camping in Imper...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Oklahoma potato picker's family encamped on the flats near Shafter, California

Oklahoma potato picker's family encamped on the flats near Shafter, Ca...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Homes of Mexican field laborers. Brawley, Imperial Valley, California

Homes of Mexican field laborers. Brawley, Imperial Valley, California

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Meeting on courthouse steps. Baca County, Colorado. Drought committee

Meeting on courthouse steps. Baca County, Colorado. Drought committee

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of a historic courthouse building, court, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Young family, penniless, hitchhiking on U.S. Highway 99 in California. The father, twenty-four, and the mother, seventeen, came from Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Early in 1935, their baby was born in the Imperial Valley, California, where they were working as field laborers

Young family, penniless, hitchhiking on U.S. Highway 99 in California....

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Freightcar converted into home in "Little Oklahoma," California

Freightcar converted into home in "Little Oklahoma," California

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Water supply. Migratory camp for cotton pickers. San Joaquin Valley, California. American River camp

Water supply. Migratory camp for cotton pickers. San Joaquin Valley, C...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migratory woman, Greek, living in a cotton camp near Exeter, California

Migratory woman, Greek, living in a cotton camp near Exeter, Californi...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Wife of migratory worker in auto camp. California

Wife of migratory worker in auto camp. California

Public domain photograph of a truck, pickup truck, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Children of Oklahoma drought refugee in migratory camp in California

Children of Oklahoma drought refugee in migratory camp in California

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of children, kids, 20th-century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Farmers of Springfield, Colorado, listen attentively to H.H. Bennett of drought committee

Farmers of Springfield, Colorado, listen attentively to H.H. Bennett o...

Picryl description: Public domain image related to politics, political campaigns, committee, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Vernon Evans and family of Lemmon, South Dakota, near Missoula, Montana, Highway 10. Leaving the grasshopper-ridden and drought-stricken area for a new start in Oregon and Washington. Expect to arrive at Yakima in time for hop picking. Make about two hundred miles a day in Model T Ford. Live in tent

Vernon Evans and family of Lemmon, South Dakota, near Missoula, Montan...

Public domain photograph of an automobile, 1920s car, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Drought refugees in California migrant camp

Drought refugees in California migrant camp

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Drought committee stops for drink at artesian well on farm near Broadus, Montana

Drought committee stops for drink at artesian well on farm near Broadu...

Picryl description: Public domain image related to politics, political campaigns, committee, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Company housing for cotton workers near Corcoran, California

Company housing for cotton workers near Corcoran, California

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Stranded in southern California. Belongings of Oklahoma drought refugees camped alongside the road

Stranded in southern California. Belongings of Oklahoma drought refuge...

Public domain photograph of California in 1930s, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Drought refugees from Oklahoma in cotton camp near Exeter, California

Drought refugees from Oklahoma in cotton camp near Exeter, California

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Drought committee visits a stock water dam near Gillette, Wyoming

Drought committee visits a stock water dam near Gillette, Wyoming

Picryl description: Public domain image of field, irrigation, agriculture, water, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Part of migrant family of five encamped near Porterville, California, while waiting for work in the orange groves

Part of migrant family of five encamped near Porterville, California, ...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Street and homes in "Little Oklahoma," California

Street and homes in "Little Oklahoma," California

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

This family without food and work about to be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration. They have lost a baby as a result of exposure during the winter. Had to sell their tent and car to buy food. Neideffer Camp, Holtville, Imperial Valley, California

This family without food and work about to be returned to Oklahoma by ...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Daughter of Nels Birkeland, farmer of Burke County, North Dakota, who has moved to Williston because of crop failure

Daughter of Nels Birkeland, farmer of Burke County, North Dakota, who ...

Public domain photograph of America during the Great Depression, 1930s, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Son of William Huravitch. Williams County, North Dakota

Son of William Huravitch. Williams County, North Dakota

Picryl description: Public domain image of industrial or agricultural worker, 1930s, 20th-century, free to use, no copyright restrictions. show less

Oklahomans, drought refugees in a southern California squatter's camp

Oklahomans, drought refugees in a southern California squatter's camp

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Baby of Frank Weeks, WPA (Works Progress Administration) worker. Near Williston, North Dakota

Baby of Frank Weeks, WPA (Works Progress Administration) worker. Near ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a great depression era, migrant workers, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Auction sale poster. Charlson (vicinity), South Dakota

Auction sale poster. Charlson (vicinity), South Dakota

Public domain photograph of United States agriculture in the 1930s, country, farmer, farm, great depression, migration, dust bowl refugees, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Three related drought refugee families from Oklahoma on highway near Lordsburg, New Mexico

Three related drought refugee families from Oklahoma on highway near L...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Mrs. Huravitch and youngest son. Williams County, North Dakota

Mrs. Huravitch and youngest son. Williams County, North Dakota

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Drought refugees from Oklahoma at work in the pea fields near Nipomo, California

Drought refugees from Oklahoma at work in the pea fields near Nipomo, ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a farmer worker, 20th-century dust bowl, great depression era, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Migratory field worker's home on the edge of a pea field. The family lived here through the winter. Imperial Valley, California

Migratory field worker's home on the edge of a pea field. The family l...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Children of William Huravitch. Williams County, North Dakota

Children of William Huravitch. Williams County, North Dakota

Picryl description: Public domain image of children in poverty, child labor, Great Depression, 1930s, migrant workers, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Housing in a tourist camp occupied by migrant citrus workers. Many migrants, who cannot afford to rent such houses, live in tents or in crude homemade trailers. Winterhaven, Florida

Housing in a tourist camp occupied by migrant citrus workers. Many mig...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Note on campaign "Olson for Governor, 1938." Car of migrant agricultural worker on strike for wage increase in cotton. Bakersfield, California

Note on campaign "Olson for Governor, 1938." Car of migrant agricultur...

Public domain photograph of an automobile, 1920s car, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migrant agricultural labor family. Tenant farmer with six children, refugees from Texas, near Wasco, California. "People just can't make it back there with drought, hailstorms, windstorms, duststorms, insects.  They'll all be here in another year or two. People exist here and they can't do that there. You can make it here if you sleep late and eat little, but it's pretty tough--there's so many people"

Migrant agricultural labor family. Tenant farmer with six children, re...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a farmer, 1930s, 20th-century dust bowl era, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Dust bowl farmer driving tractor with young son near Cland, New Mexico

Dust bowl farmer driving tractor with young son near Cland, New Mexico

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of farming, farmer, agriculture, 20th-century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

The last frontier. Kern County, California. No water, no shade, no sanitation for the families who camp here during the potato harvesting season. When the season is over they move on. The tin cans and rubbish remain

The last frontier. Kern County, California. No water, no shade, no san...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Northern Arkansas on U.S. 62. Migrants carry this sect to California

Northern Arkansas on U.S. 62. Migrants carry this sect to California

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Family of white migrants in their automobile east of Fort Gibson, Muskogee County, Oklahoma

Family of white migrants in their automobile east of Fort Gibson, Musk...

Public domain photograph of an automobile, 1920s car, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Main street of Muskogee, Oklahoma with migrants' car passing down the middle of it

Main street of Muskogee, Oklahoma with migrants' car passing down the ...

Public domain photograph of car, historic place, automobile, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Farm Security Administration (FSA) temporary camp for migrants. Gridley, California. Peak of the season is August

Farm Security Administration (FSA) temporary camp for migrants. Gridle...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Housing for rapidly growing settlement of lettuce workers on fringes of town. Salinas, California

Housing for rapidly growing settlement of lettuce workers on fringes o...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Arkansawyers auto camp. Ten cabins which rent for ten dollars a month with iron bed and electric light, one room. Greenfield, Salinas Valley, California

Arkansawyers auto camp. Ten cabins which rent for ten dollars a month ...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

On U.S. 99 between Bakersfield and the Ridge, en route to San Diego. Migrant man shaving by roadside. See general caption 1.

On U.S. 99 between Bakersfield and the Ridge, en route to San Diego. M...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Vegetable pickers, migrants, waiting after work to be paid. Near Homestead, Florida

Vegetable pickers, migrants, waiting after work to be paid. Near Homes...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

A group of men standing around a truck, Florida. Farm Security Administration photograph

A group of men standing around a truck, Florida. Farm Security Adminis...

Public domain photograph of military personnel, army, militia, infantry, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

White migrant talking in camp near Edinburg, Texas. These people claimed that they were not migrants, even though it was obvious that they were doing migrant day labor and the condition of their tents showed that they had been on the road for a long time. They expressed themselves as needing nothing and desiring no governmental aid. However they agreed to having the pictures made since they felt that there were other people that might be helped in that way

White migrant talking in camp near Edinburg, Texas. These people claim...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

In a carrot pullers' camp near Holtville, Imperial Valley, California. Woman from Broken Row, Oklahoma

In a carrot pullers' camp near Holtville, Imperial Valley, California....

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migrants getting truck ready to leave Belcross, North Carolina for Onley, Virginia

Migrants getting truck ready to leave Belcross, North Carolina for Onl...

Public domain photograph of military personnel, army, militia, infantry, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Barbed wire-surrounded barracks for Florida Negro migrants working at Webster Canning Company, Cheriton, Virginia

Barbed wire-surrounded barracks for Florida Negro migrants working at ...

Public domain photograph related to race relations, African Americans, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Pinal County, Arizona. Sign. The name "Dust Bowl" is reminiscent of home to the agricultural laborers of this section, many of whom came from the Dust Bowl sections of Texas and Oklahoma

Pinal County, Arizona. Sign. The name "Dust Bowl" is reminiscent of ho...

Public domain photograph of life in the United States in the 1930s, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

A player weaves through opposing defenders while trying to score during an intramural rugby game at a makeshift field nicknamed the"Dust Bowl"June 12, 2005, at Camp Liberty, Iraq.  (U.S. Army photo by PFC. Matthew Clifton) (Released)

A player weaves through opposing defenders while trying to score durin...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Subject Operation/Series: IRAQI FREEDOM Base: Camp Liberty State: Baghdad Country: Iraq (IRQ) Scene Camera Operator: PFC Matthew Clifton, USA Release... More

Migrant agricultural worker's family. Seven hungry children. Mother aged thirty-two. Father is a native Californian. Destitute in pea picker's camp, Nipomo, California, because of the failure of the early pea crop. These people had just sold their tent in order to buy food. Of the twenty-five hundred people in this camp most of them were destitute

Migrant agricultural worker's family. Seven hungry children. Mother ag...

Photograph shows Florence Thompson with two of her children as part of the "Migrant Mother" series. For background information, see "Dorothea Lange's M̀igrant Mother' photographs ..." http://www.loc.gov/rr/pri... More

Squatter camp. California. Great Depression public domain photograph.

Squatter camp. California. Great Depression public domain photograph.

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Okla. drought refugees in Calif. 1936

Okla. drought refugees in Calif. 1936

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

An old black and white photo of a shack, Migrant's home, California

An old black and white photo of a shack, Migrant's home, California

Picryl description: Public domain historical photograph of 1930s America during the Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

The town of Mills, New Mexico. The grain elevator in background at right has been long ago abandoned. The bank is closed

The town of Mills, New Mexico. The grain elevator in background at rig...

Picryl description: Public domain historical photograph of 1930s America during the Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Typical Teutonic farm wife and child of Mills, New Mexico, area. Client for resettlement

Typical Teutonic farm wife and child of Mills, New Mexico, area. Clien...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of child, child labor, farmer, early 20th-century farm, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Dust bowl refugees living in camps in California

Dust bowl refugees living in camps in California

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Dispossessed Arkansas farmers. These people are resettling themselves on the dump outside of Bakersfield, California

Dispossessed Arkansas farmers. These people are resettling themselves ...

Public domain photograph of Dorothea Lange, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description Dorothea Lange was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, widely recognized for ... More

Section of Kern migrant camp, California

Section of Kern migrant camp, California

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of a refugee camp, migrant workers, 1930s, Great Depression, Dust Bowl refugees, poverty, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Family of four to be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration. "They won't go until they get so hungry that there's nothing else for them to do. They won't go--not twenty-five percent will go" said a transient case worker in Imperial County

Family of four to be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Eighteen year-old mother from Oklahoma, now a California migrant

Eighteen year-old mother from Oklahoma, now a California migrant

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Drought refugee families from Oklahoma on road to Rosewell, New Mexico to chop cotton. Near Lordsburg, New Mexico

Drought refugee families from Oklahoma on road to Rosewell, New Mexico...

Picryl description: Public domain image of military vehicle, automobile, tractor truck, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Abandoned tenant house. Childress County, Texas

Abandoned tenant house. Childress County, Texas

Public domain photograph of Dorothea Lange, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description Dorothea Lange was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, widely recognized for ... More

Brawley, Imperial Valley. In Farm Security Administration (FSA) migratory labor camp. Family father, mother and eleven children originally from Mangrum, Oklahoma. See 19201

Brawley, Imperial Valley. In Farm Security Administration (FSA) migrat...

Picryl description: Public domain image of children of farmers, migrant workers, Great Depression era, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Migrant family outfit on U.S. 99 between Bakersfield, California, and the Ridge

Migrant family outfit on U.S. 99 between Bakersfield, California, and ...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of a car, 1930s, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

A tubercular painter from Iowa and part of his family of nine who are stranded and penniless in New Mexico

A tubercular painter from Iowa and part of his family of nine who are ...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migrant workers' camp, outskirts of Marysville, California. The new migratory camps now being built by the Resettlement Administration will remove people from unsatisfactory living conditions such as these and substitute at least the minimum of comfort and sanitation

Migrant workers' camp, outskirts of Marysville, California. The new mi...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Dr. Tugwell confers with farmer on lawn of courthouse. Springfield, Colorado

Dr. Tugwell confers with farmer on lawn of courthouse. Springfield, Co...

Picryl description: Public domain image related to politics, political campaigns, committee, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Liberal (vicinity), Kan. Soil blown by dust bowl winds piled up in large drifts on a farm

Liberal (vicinity), Kan. Soil blown by dust bowl winds piled up in lar...

Corresponding negative no. LC-USF34-52508-D Forms part of: FSA/OWI Collection (Library of Congress). LOT 1642.

Mother of five children from Oklahoma, now picking cotton in California, near Fresno

Mother of five children from Oklahoma, now picking cotton in Californi...

Picryl description: Public domain image of children in poverty, child labor, Great Depression, 1930s, migrant workers, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Housing for Oklahoma refugees. California

Housing for Oklahoma refugees. California

Picryl description: Public domain image of a damaged, burned, or destroyed building, natural disaster, war destruction, ruins, 19th-century architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Drought committee meeting. Scott City, Kansas. Presidential report

Drought committee meeting. Scott City, Kansas. Presidential report

Picryl description: Public domain image related to politics, political campaigns, committee, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Privy in cotton camp for migratory workers. California

Privy in cotton camp for migratory workers. California

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Company housing for cotton workers near Corcoran, California

Company housing for cotton workers near Corcoran, California

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

President Roosevelt speaking at Bismarck, North Dakota

President Roosevelt speaking at Bismarck, North Dakota

Photo shows U.S. Secret Service agents Michael "Mike" Reilly, bottom right; and Russell Wood, top right (Source: Secret Service archivist, 2012)

Migrant camp, California. Great Depression public domain photograph.

Migrant camp, California. Great Depression public domain photograph.

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Children of migratory workers, hauling water, American River camp, San Joaquin Valley, California

Children of migratory workers, hauling water, American River camp, San...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of children, kids, 20th-century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Destitute family. American River camp. Five children aged two to seventeen. Near Sacramento California

Destitute family. American River camp. Five children aged two to seven...

Picryl description: Public domain image of children in poverty, child labor, Great Depression, 1930s, migrant workers, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Water supply, American River camp, California, San Joaquin Valley

Water supply, American River camp, California, San Joaquin Valley

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Oklahomans encamped on a river bottom near Holtville, California

Oklahomans encamped on a river bottom near Holtville, California

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

A black and white photo of a group of people in a factory, Florida. Farm Security Administration photograph

A black and white photo of a group of people in a factory, Florida. Fa...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Corner of room in Edwin Gorder's farmhouse. Williams County, North Dakota

Corner of room in Edwin Gorder's farmhouse. Williams County, North Dak...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Dining room in the Jorgenson farm home. Divide County, North Dakota

Dining room in the Jorgenson farm home. Divide County, North Dakota

Picryl description: Public domain image of food, dinner, grocery store, eating, 1930s, mid-20th-century United States, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Oklahoma grandmother in southern California squatter's camp. "Yes'm we're getting along just fine"

Oklahoma grandmother in southern California squatter's camp. "Yes'm we...

Public domain photograph of statue, sculpture, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Visiting farmers at the O'Brien homesteading shack on farm near Williston, North Dakota

Visiting farmers at the O'Brien homesteading shack on farm near Willis...

Public domain photograph of the United States in the 1930s, portraits, people, events, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Forty families of drought and depression refugees camped by the roadside beside an irrigated pea field. A freeze which destroyed the pea crop threw practically every family in this camp on emergency relief. Nine miles from Calipatria, California

Forty families of drought and depression refugees camped by the roadsi...

Picryl description: Public domain image of field, irrigation, agriculture, water, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Texas ex-farmer, now a migratory agricultural worker in Nipomo, California

Texas ex-farmer, now a migratory agricultural worker in Nipomo, Califo...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a farmer, 1930s, 20th-century dust bowl era, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Small child of Frank Peaches. Farm near Williston, North Dakota

Small child of Frank Peaches. Farm near Williston, North Dakota

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of child, child labor, farmer, early 20th-century farm, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Tent housing a family of four who will be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration. Imperial County, California

Tent housing a family of four who will be returned to Oklahoma by the ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of military vehicle, automobile, tractor truck, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Home of agricultural workers in Arizona. Two families live in this house.  They have been in Arizona for six months. Before that they worked in south Texas, picking cotton. "Blair had a farm near Blair, Texas but didn't get it paid for so we started our moving."  Near the Casa Grande project, Arizona

Home of agricultural workers in Arizona. Two families live in this hou...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migrant cotton picker's child who lives in a tent in the government camp instead of along the highway or in a ditch bank. Shafter Camp for migrants, California

Migrant cotton picker's child who lives in a tent in the government ca...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migratory family from Louisiana, been in California eighteen months now on Works Progress Administration (WPA), receives fifty-five dollars a month. No house available in nearest town under twenty dollars a month

Migratory family from Louisiana, been in California eighteen months no...

Picryl description: Public domain image of military vehicle, automobile, tractor truck, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Napa Valley, California. More than twenty-five years a bindle-stiff. Walks from the mines to the lumber camps to the farms. The type that formed the backbone of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in California before the war

Napa Valley, California. More than twenty-five years a bindle-stiff. W...

Public domain photograph of Great Depression, farm, farmer, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Sunday morning revival of the Victory through Christ Society. Dos Palos, California

Sunday morning revival of the Victory through Christ Society. Dos Palo...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Waiting for the potato harvest to open, 150 migratory families from eleven states are camped in the brush along the highway. No water, no toilets provided. This is a newly developed potato area. Large scale industrialized farming, 3000 additional acres under cultivation this year for the first time. Seven miles east of Bakersfield, California

Waiting for the potato harvest to open, 150 migratory families from el...

Public domain photograph of rural California, dust bowl refugees, 1930s-1940s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Farm Security Administration (FSA) temporary camp for migrants. Gridley, California. Peak of the season is August

Farm Security Administration (FSA) temporary camp for migrants. Gridle...

Public domain photograph - United States during the 1930s and 1940s, Farm Security Administration, New Deal, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Bakersfield, California. Detail of church in rapidly growing addition of Bakersfield for colored people

Bakersfield, California. Detail of church in rapidly growing addition ...

Public domain photograph of church building, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Migrant camp, Weslaco, Texas. Local employment men say that there was no need for migrant labor to handle the citrus and vegetable crops in the valley, the local supply of labor being ample for this purpose. Most of the local labor is Mexican and the labor contractors favor Mexican labor over white labor, partly because the Mexican will work much cheaper than whites. One white woman who was a permanent resident (her husband was on WPA (Works Progress Administration/Work  Projects Administration) said that the white people who lived in the valley, had no trouble with the Mexicans. The Mexicans were good neighbors, she said, always willing to share what they had. She said the white migrants who came into the valley and resented and misunderstood the Mexicans caused the trouble between the two races. Some towns in this section permit camping only in trailers. The charge for camping in tents is about fifty cents per week, including water, which in some cases must be carried four city blocks. Privies are tin, very bad condition. Garbage is collected only once a week, with large dumps of decaying fruits and vegetables scattered among the camps. Some of the white migrants in this camp were very suspicious of governmental activity, due to the use by south Texas newspapers of the term "concentration camps" referring to FSA (Farm Security Administration) camps

Migrant camp, Weslaco, Texas. Local employment men say that there was ...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of a refugee camp, migrant workers, 1930s, Great Depression, Dust Bowl refugees, poverty, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Vegetable workers, migrants, waiting after work to be paid. Near Homestead, Florida

Vegetable workers, migrants, waiting after work to be paid. Near Homes...

Public domain photograph - United States during 1930s Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

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