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Banknote Maker

Cyrus Durand, the Machinist and Bank-Note EngraverCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Banknote motif: the word ONE set against a rectangular band of lathe work
Cyrus Durand was born in 1787, in Essex County, New Jersey. His grandfather moved from France to Connecticut in 1750. When he was seventeen, Cyrus began to make silver spoons by casting the silver in ingots and forging them. He also started to make tools for clock manufacturing.
In 1808 when Durand married and British embargo was laid on all trade, John Taylor, a president of one of the Newark banks, advised him to make a turning-lathe for jewelry. In 1814 Durand moved to Newark and was engaged in silversmithing. Local factories were booming so Durand started to build machines for spinning and carding. He made a machine for ruling straight and wave lines for bank notes. The next year he made two other machines: one for making water marks, and the other for plain ovals that may be regarded as the beginning of a series of his geometrical lathes mahines.
In 1823 Cyrus moved to New York and entered into a partnership with C. C. Wright, in a bank-note engraving. In 1824 Cyrus invented the geometrical lathe, by which was able to cut circles and ovals. In 1846 he invented the routing machine for cutting figures on type-metal rollers for oil-cloth printing.
Durand has been occupied in bank-note engraving, and in improving the geometrical lathe. He has produced several machines that were capable of producing a great variety of figures.
1799
1799
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1899
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1899
51 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
Stylus of a Machine Used for Engraving Bank notes

Stylus of a Machine Used for Engraving Bank notes

Attributed to Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: band of lace-like lathe work ornament

Banknote motif: band of lace-like lathe work ornament

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: small circular ornament containing floral lathe work

Banknote motif: small circular ornament containing floral lathe work

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: oval of lathe work ornament with a wavy edge

Banknote motif: oval of lathe work ornament with a wavy edge

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: rounded ornamental lathe work design witha wavy edge

Banknote motif: rounded ornamental lathe work design witha wavy edge

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Proof of one side of a New York Merchants Banking Company 100 Dollar Bill

Proof of one side of a New York Merchants Banking Company 100 Dollar B...

Attributed to Asher Brown Durand (American, Jefferson, New Jersey 1796–1886 Maplewood, New Jersey)

Banknote motif: band of lathe work ornament

Banknote motif: band of lathe work ornament

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motifs: two bands of lathe work ornament

Banknote motifs: two bands of lathe work ornament

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: the number 3, its interior composed of lathe work edged with a band of black

Banknote motif: the number 3, its interior composed of lathe work edge...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: the number 20 against an ornamental lathe work oval resembling woven rope

Banknote motif: the number 20 against an ornamental lathe work oval re...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: the word ONE with each letter set against a circle of lathe work

Banknote motif: the word ONE with each letter set against a circle of ...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: number 500 in an ornamental frame

Banknote motif: number 500 in an ornamental frame

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: number 5 against a circular panel of lace-like lathe work with a scalloped edge

Banknote motif: number 5 against a circular panel of lace-like lathe w...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: the number 50 against an ornamental lathe work rondel resembling lace

Banknote motif: the number 50 against an ornamental lathe work rondel ...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: oval lathe work ornament resembling a lace ruff

Banknote motif: oval lathe work ornament resembling a lace ruff

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: a child's portrait surrounded by a floral frame

Banknote motif: a child's portrait surrounded by a floral frame

Attributed to Asher Brown Durand (American, Jefferson, New Jersey 1796–1886 Maplewood, New Jersey)

Banknote motif: Portrait on George Washington in a decorative panel

Banknote motif: Portrait on George Washington in a decorative panel

Attributed to Asher Brown Durand (American, Jefferson, New Jersey 1796–1886 Maplewood, New Jersey)

Banknote motif: the word ONE set against a rectangular band of lathe work

Banknote motif: the word ONE set against a rectangular band of lathe w...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: panel of lathe work ornament composed of tiny 2s each set in a diamond surrounded by a star

Banknote motif: panel of lathe work ornament composed of tiny 2s each ...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: the word ONE against a rectangle of ornamental basket-like lathe work

Banknote motif: the word ONE against a rectangle of ornamental basket-...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif with a girl's head derived from Leonardo da Vinci against a patterned band

Banknote motif with a girl's head derived from Leonardo da Vinci again...

Attributed to Asher Brown Durand (American, Jefferson, New Jersey 1796–1886 Maplewood, New Jersey)

Banknote motif: the number 1 against an oval of woven lathe work, inside a rectangle decorated with grain

Banknote motif: the number 1 against an oval of woven lathe work, insi...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motifs: two bands of lace-like lathe work ornament

Banknote motifs: two bands of lace-like lathe work ornament

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: a circular lathe work design composed out of the repetition of the words "Five thousand dollars"

Banknote motif: a circular lathe work design composed out of the repet...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: a small six lobed ornament with a rope border, the interior adorned with lathe work florets

Banknote motif: a small six lobed ornament with a rope border, the int...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motifs: panel of lathe work ornament with rounded ends, with a repeating floral pattern

Banknote motifs: panel of lathe work ornament with rounded ends, with ...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: number 2 against a circular panel of lathe work with a scalloped edge

Banknote motif: number 2 against a circular panel of lathe work with a...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motifs: band of lace-like lathe work ornament

Banknote motifs: band of lace-like lathe work ornament

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: Five oval or circular ornamental lathe work designs, one containing the word TEN

Banknote motif: Five oval or circular ornamental lathe work designs, o...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: lathe work ornament resembling a long flat woven basket

Banknote motif: lathe work ornament resembling a long flat woven baske...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motifs: circular lobed lathe work design, its interior composed of repeated stars, missing a pie shaped wedge (recto); Two pie-shaped wedges of lathe work ornament resembling cut glass (verso)

Banknote motifs: circular lobed lathe work design, its interior compos...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motifs: two bands of lathe work ornament

Banknote motifs: two bands of lathe work ornament

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: the word FIVE against a rectangle of ornamental lathe work resembling wavy woven bands

Banknote motif: the word FIVE against a rectangle of ornamental lathe ...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: capital V within an oval containing basket-like lathe work

Banknote motif: capital V within an oval containing basket-like lathe ...

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

Banknote motif: two six-lobed lathe work ornaments

Banknote motif: two six-lobed lathe work ornaments

Associated with Cyrus Durand (American, 1787–1868)

$1000 Bill for The Greenwich Bank, The City of New York

$1000 Bill for The Greenwich Bank, The City of New York

Asher Brown Durand (American, Jefferson, New Jersey 1796–1886 Maplewood, New Jersey)

Specimen Sheet of Bank Note Engraving

Specimen Sheet of Bank Note Engraving

Asher Brown Durand (American, Jefferson, New Jersey 1796–1886 Maplewood, New Jersey)

[Unidentified man, possibly Asher Brown Durand, half-length portrait, slightly to the left, head three-quarters to the right, with beard]

[Unidentified man, possibly Asher Brown Durand, half-length portrait, ...

Alternative identification: Galusha Aaron Grow. Scratched on back of plate: 223. Corners rounded. Transfer; U.S. War College; 1920; (DLC/PP-1920:46153). Forms part of: Daguerreotype collection (Library of Congr... more