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Curtiss

Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor CompanyCreated by: PICRYLDated: 1917
4th July
The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was created on January 13, 1916, from the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York and Curtiss Motor Company of Bath, New York. With the onset of World War I, military orders rose sharply, and the company moved its headquarters and most manufacturing activities to Buffalo, New York, where there was far greater access to transportation, manpower, manufacturing expertise, and much-needed capital.

In 1917, the two major aircraft patent holders, the Wright Company and the Curtiss Company had effectively blocked the building of new airplanes, which were desperately needed as the United States was entering World War I. The U.S. government, as a result of a recommendation of a committee formed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy, pressured the industry to form a cross-licensing organization (in other terms a Patent pool), the Manufacturer's Aircraft Association.

Curtiss was instrumental in the development of U.S. Naval Aviation by providing training for pilots and providing aircraft. The Company worked with the United States' British and Canadian allies. By the end of World War I, the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company would claim to be the largest aircraft manufacturer in the world, employing 18,000 in Buffalo and 3,000 in Hammondsport, New York. Curtiss produced 10,000 aircraft during that war, and more than 100 in a single week.
398 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
Paulhan, Curtiss

Paulhan, Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Ely, Aug. Post, Curtiss

Ely, Aug. Post, Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on field

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on field

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Curtiss

Glenn Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flight Albany to New York

Curtiss flight Albany to New York

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Mrs. G. Curtiss

Mrs. G. Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Maughan's Curtiss Pursuit plane

Maughan's Curtiss Pursuit plane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

C.F. Willard, pupil of Curtiss

C.F. Willard, pupil of Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring flying machine, on ground, Mineola, L.I

Curtiss-Herring flying machine, on ground, Mineola, L.I

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing the Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing the Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

DeLesseps, Curtiss and Latham

DeLesseps, Curtiss and Latham

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Curtiss at pilot's wheel of his biplane

Glenn Curtiss at pilot's wheel of his biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss Racer (Record 233 m. an hour)

Curtiss Racer (Record 233 m. an hour)

Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantham Bain Collection is availabl... more

The JUNE BUG which won Scientific American trophy, July 4, 1908, with Curtiss, pilot. Hammondsport, N.Y

The JUNE BUG which won Scientific American trophy, July 4, 1908, with ...

Two photos showing plane with A.M. Herring, Chas. M. Manly, A.R. Hawley, J.A.D. McCuroy & Tom Baldwin.

Luncheon by Aero Club of America honoring Glenn Curtiss, NYC, Sept. 22, 1909. Curtiss and Wilbur Wright at head table

Luncheon by Aero Club of America honoring Glenn Curtiss, NYC, Sept. 22...

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

G.H. Curtiss winning Scientific American Trophy with aeroplane "June Bug," driven by a Curtiss Motor, Hammondsport, N.Y., July 4, 1908

G.H. Curtiss winning Scientific American Trophy with aeroplane "June B...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. Army Air Service "1360 A.S." Copyright by H.M. Benner. Ernest L. Jones Collection. Caption card tracings: NY H-; Aviation 1908; Airplanes ... more

F.L. de Riemsdyk and Glenn Curtiss standing by aeroplane

F.L. de Riemsdyk and Glenn Curtiss standing by aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

F.L. de Riemsdyk at pilot wheel of Curtiss aeroplane

F.L. de Riemsdyk at pilot wheel of Curtiss aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, in fligh over field

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, in fligh over field

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on ground

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on ground

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Bust. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Curtis[s] flying boat

Curtis[s] flying boat

Photo "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

Doc Wildman in Curtiss Boat

Doc Wildman in Curtiss Boat

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Count de Lesseps, G. Curtiss, and H. Latham standing on train platform

Count de Lesseps, G. Curtiss, and H. Latham standing on train platform

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Lena Pearl Neff Curtiss, wife of Glenn Hammond Curtiss

Lena Pearl Neff Curtiss, wife of Glenn Hammond Curtiss

3/4 lgth., seated in biplane, facing slightly left. J145344 U.S. Copyright Office This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Shelf.

Capt. E.C. Bass

Capt. E.C. Bass

Photograph shows aviator Ernest C. Bass who flew a Curtiss Model F Flying Boat with a modified engine. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011 and New York Times, Jan. 4, 1914)

Curtiss flying boat

Curtiss flying boat

Photo "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part ... more

Curtiss Flying Boat of Marshall E. Reid

Curtiss Flying Boat of Marshall E. Reid

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss Flying Boats

Curtiss Flying Boats

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Mrs. Glenn Curtiss

Mrs. Glenn Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flying boat making 60 miles an hour

Curtiss flying boat making 60 miles an hour

Photo probably shows the America, a "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State, July 12, 1914. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

Curtiss flying boats & hydraeoplane

Curtiss flying boats & hydraeoplane

Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantham Bain Collection is availabl... more

[Men inspecting airplane - "New Curtiss - 2 separate engines"]

[Men inspecting airplane - "New Curtiss - 2 separate engines"]

Photo copyrighted by Cole & Co. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Curtiss machine used by him in his flight from Albany to New York, May 29, 1910 - the hydrosurface in the picture was removed and floats substituted for the flight

Curtiss machine used by him in his flight from Albany to New York, May...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. No. "4267-A.S." Ernest L. Jones Collection. Caption card tracings: Airplanes - 1910.

Curtiss 160 H.P. Military Plane

Curtiss 160 H.P. Military Plane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flying boat

Curtiss flying boat

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

[Mrs. Glenn Curtiss at the controls of an airplane]

[Mrs. Glenn Curtiss at the controls of an airplane]

J146867 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by George Grantham Bain.

Curtiss boat sent to England

Curtiss boat sent to England

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat 60 m.p.h.

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat 60 m.p.h.

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss Flying Boat Monoplane

Curtiss Flying Boat Monoplane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Head, facing slightly left, wearing cap. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Curtiss biplane [in flight] at Northern Wisconsin State Fair

Curtiss biplane [in flight] at Northern Wisconsin State Fair

J161221 U.S. Copyright Office This record contains unverified data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Airplanes.

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, June 3, 1911

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, June 3,...

Man seated on plane, people standing and seated in grandstand. Copyright by T. Gagnon.

["Hammond" airplane]

["Hammond" airplane]

Aviator formerly misidentified as Glenn Hammond Curtiss, but this pilot lacks mustache. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, 3 June 1911.

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, 3 June ...

Photograph copyrighted by T. Gagnon. No. 374. No copyright renewal. This record contains unverified data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Wash. Wentachee 1911; Photog. I.; Airplanes 1911; BI; Shelf. Cu... more

Aviation, Curtis [sic] at Atlantic City

Aviation, Curtis [sic] at Atlantic City

Photograph shows four men on the beach watching a biplane flying over the ocean. Title from item.

Ward

Ward

Photo shows aviator James J. Ward in his Curtiss Pusher biplane taking off from Governor's Island, New York at the start of the Hearst Transcontinental Flight. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009 and New Yor... more

PECK, PAUL. COMMERCIAL AVIATOR. IN CURTISS TYPE PLANE; COLLEGE PARK

PECK, PAUL. COMMERCIAL AVIATOR. IN CURTISS TYPE PLANE; COLLEGE PARK

Title and date from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.g... more

Ward starting 91311

Ward starting 91311

Photo shows aviator James J. Ward's Curtiss Pusher biplane taking off from Governor's Island, New York at the start of the Hearst Transcontinental Flight. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009 and New York Time... more

CURTISS AIRPLANE. TESTS OF CURTISS PLANE FOR ARMY

CURTISS AIRPLANE. TESTS OF CURTISS PLANE FOR ARMY

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Curtiss "Flying Boat"

Curtiss "Flying Boat"

Photo probably shows the Flying Fish (Model E), the first "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, flying over Lake Keuka, New York State, 1912. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

AVIATION, NAVY. COMMODORE J.C. GILLMORE IN CURTISS HEADLESS PLANE, DUAL CONTROL, AT COLLEGE PARK ARMY FLYING FIELD, LT. MILLING, RIGHT

AVIATION, NAVY. COMMODORE J.C. GILLMORE IN CURTISS HEADLESS PLANE, DUA...

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

CURTISS AIRPLANE. TESTS OF CURTISS PLANE FOR ARMY. SECRETARY OF WAR DICKINSON AND GEN. WOOD

CURTISS AIRPLANE. TESTS OF CURTISS PLANE FOR ARMY. SECRETARY OF WAR DI...

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Date from related negs. LC-H261-195 thru 199. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collec... more

Curtiss "Flying Boat"

Curtiss "Flying Boat"

Photo probably shows the Flying Fish (Model E), the first "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, flying over Lake Keuka, New York State, 1912. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009) Title from data provided b... more