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Curtiss

The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was created on January 13, 1916, from the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York and Curtiss Motor Company of Bath, New York. With the onset of World War I, military orders rose sharply, and the company moved its headquarters and most manufacturing activities to Buffalo, New York, where there was far greater access to transportation, manpower, manufacturing expertise, and much-needed capital.

In 1917, the two major aircraft patent holders, the Wright Company and the Curtiss Company had effectively blocked the building of new airplanes, which were desperately needed as the United States was entering World War I. The U.S. government, as a result of a recommendation of a committee formed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy, pressured the industry to form a cross-licensing organization (in other terms a Patent pool), the Manufacturer's Aircraft Association.

Curtiss was instrumental in the development of U.S. Naval Aviation by providing training for pilots and providing aircraft. The Company worked with the United States' British and Canadian allies. By the end of World War I, the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company would claim to be the largest aircraft manufacturer in the world, employing 18,000 in Buffalo and 3,000 in Hammondsport, New York. Curtiss produced 10,000 aircraft during that war, and more than 100 in a single week.
4th July
1808
1808
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1979
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1979
398 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane
Paulhan, Curtiss

Paulhan, Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flight Albany to New York

Curtiss flight Albany to New York

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on field

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on field

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss Racer (Record 233 m. an hour)

Curtiss Racer (Record 233 m. an hour)

Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantham Bain Collection is availabl... more

Mrs. G. Curtiss
Glenn Curtiss
C.F. Willard, pupil of Curtiss

C.F. Willard, pupil of Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Ely, Aug. Post, Curtiss

Ely, Aug. Post, Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Paulhan, Curtiss
Curtiss Arrow for Gordon Bennett Race
J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane
Maughan's Curtiss Pursuit plane

Maughan's Curtiss Pursuit plane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Curtiss

Glenn Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flight Albany to New York
Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring flying machine, on ground, Mineola, L.I

Curtiss-Herring flying machine, on ground, Mineola, L.I

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

H.C. Cooke in Curtis biplane
Maughan's Curtiss Pursuit plane
DeLesseps, Curtiss and Latham
Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on field
DeLesseps, Curtiss and Latham

DeLesseps, Curtiss and Latham

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

J.C. Mars in Curtiss Aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Ely, Aug. Post, Curtiss
Mrs. G. Curtiss

Mrs. G. Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Curtiss at pilot's wheel of his biplane

Glenn Curtiss at pilot's wheel of his biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Rohlfs & his Curtiss "Wasp"
Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing the Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing the Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Luncheon by Aero Club of America honoring Glenn Curtiss, NYC, Sept. 22, 1909. Curtiss and Wilbur Wright at head table

Luncheon by Aero Club of America honoring Glenn Curtiss, NYC, Sept. 22...

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

The JUNE BUG which won Scientific American trophy, July 4, 1908, with Curtiss, pilot. Hammondsport, N.Y

The JUNE BUG which won Scientific American trophy, July 4, 1908, with ...

Two photos showing plane with A.M. Herring, Chas. M. Manly, A.R. Hawley, J.A.D. McCuroy & Tom Baldwin.

G.H. Curtiss winning Scientific American Trophy with aeroplane "June Bug," driven by a Curtiss Motor, Hammondsport, N.Y., July 4, 1908

G.H. Curtiss winning Scientific American Trophy with aeroplane "June B...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. Army Air Service "1360 A.S." Copyright by H.M. Benner. Ernest L. Jones Collection. Caption card tracings: NY H-; Aviation 1908; Airplanes ... more

F.L. de Riemsdyk and Glenn Curtiss standing by aeroplane

F.L. de Riemsdyk and Glenn Curtiss standing by aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Glenn Curtis
Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, in fligh over field

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, in fligh over field

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on ground

Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on ground

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

F.L. de Riemsdyk at pilot wheel of Curtiss aeroplane

F.L. de Riemsdyk at pilot wheel of Curtiss aeroplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

[Lt. Frank P. Lahm and Glenn H. Curtiss watching the flight of Orville Wright at Fort Myer]
Glenn Curtis
Curtiss-Herring aeroplane, on ground
Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Bust. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Curtiss flying boat

Curtiss flying boat

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss boat sent to England
Doc Wildman in Curtiss Boat
Lena Pearl Neff Curtiss, wife of Glenn Hammond Curtiss

Lena Pearl Neff Curtiss, wife of Glenn Hammond Curtiss

3/4 lgth., seated in biplane, facing slightly left. J145344 U.S. Copyright Office This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Shelf.

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

[Mrs. Glenn Curtiss at the controls of an airplane]

[Mrs. Glenn Curtiss at the controls of an airplane]

J146867 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by George Grantham Bain.

Curtis[s] flying boat

Curtis[s] flying boat

Photo "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

Mrs. Glenn Curtiss

Mrs. Glenn Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flying boat

Curtiss flying boat

Photo "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part ... more

Curtiss Flying Boat Monoplane

Curtiss Flying Boat Monoplane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss boat sent to England

Curtiss boat sent to England

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss machine used by him in his flight from Albany to New York, May 29, 1910 - the hydrosurface in the picture was removed and floats substituted for the flight

Curtiss machine used by him in his flight from Albany to New York, May...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. No. "4267-A.S." Ernest L. Jones Collection. Caption card tracings: Airplanes - 1910.

Curtiss Flying Boat of Marshall E. Reid

Curtiss Flying Boat of Marshall E. Reid

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss Flying Boats
Curtiss Flying Boats

Curtiss Flying Boats

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Lt. Porte and Glenn Curtiss
Curtiss 160 H.P. Military Plane

Curtiss 160 H.P. Military Plane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flying boat making 60 miles an hour

Curtiss flying boat making 60 miles an hour

Photo probably shows the America, a "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State, July 12, 1914. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

Curtiss Flying Boat of Marshall E. Reid
Count de Lesseps, G. Curtiss, and H. Latham standing on train platform

Count de Lesseps, G. Curtiss, and H. Latham standing on train platform

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

[Men inspecting airplane - "New Curtiss - 2 separate engines"]

[Men inspecting airplane - "New Curtiss - 2 separate engines"]

Photo copyrighted by Cole & Co. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Doc Wildman in Curtiss Boat

Doc Wildman in Curtiss Boat

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Curtiss flying boats & hydraeoplane
G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat 60 m.p.h.

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat 60 m.p.h.

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

G.M. Heckscher's Curtiss Flying Boat
Curtiss flying boat
Curtiss flying boats & hydraeoplane

Curtiss flying boats & hydraeoplane

Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantham Bain Collection is availabl... more

Capt. E.C. Bass

Capt. E.C. Bass

Photograph shows aviator Ernest C. Bass who flew a Curtiss Model F Flying Boat with a modified engine. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011 and New York Times, Jan. 4, 1914)

Curtiss 160 H.P. Military Plane
Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, 1878-1930

Head, facing slightly left, wearing cap. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Ward

Ward

Photo shows aviator James J. Ward in his Curtiss Pusher biplane taking off from Governor's Island, New York at the start of the Hearst Transcontinental Flight. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009 and New Yor... more

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, 3 June 1911.

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, 3 June ...

Photograph copyrighted by T. Gagnon. No. 374. No copyright renewal. This record contains unverified data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Wash. Wentachee 1911; Photog. I.; Airplanes 1911; BI; Shelf. Cu... more

Curtiss biplane [in flight] at Northern Wisconsin State Fair

Curtiss biplane [in flight] at Northern Wisconsin State Fair

J161221 U.S. Copyright Office This record contains unverified data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Airplanes.

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, June 3, 1911

Curtiss Farnum biplane, aviation field, Wenatchee, Washington, June 3,...

Man seated on plane, people standing and seated in grandstand. Copyright by T. Gagnon.

["Hammond" airplane]

["Hammond" airplane]

Aviator formerly misidentified as Glenn Hammond Curtiss, but this pilot lacks mustache. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Ward starting 91311

Ward starting 91311

Photo shows aviator James J. Ward's Curtiss Pusher biplane taking off from Governor's Island, New York at the start of the Hearst Transcontinental Flight. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009 and New York Time... more

PECK, PAUL. COMMERCIAL AVIATOR. IN CURTISS TYPE PLANE; COLLEGE PARK

PECK, PAUL. COMMERCIAL AVIATOR. IN CURTISS TYPE PLANE; COLLEGE PARK

Title and date from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.g... more

Aviation, Curtis [sic] at Atlantic City

Aviation, Curtis [sic] at Atlantic City

Photograph shows four men on the beach watching a biplane flying over the ocean. Title from item.

KENNEDY, FRANKLIN. LT., U.S.A. AVIATOR. IN CURTISS DUAL CONTROL AIRPLANE, HEADLESS; COLLEGE PARK, MARYLAND

KENNEDY, FRANKLIN. LT., U.S.A. AVIATOR. IN CURTISS DUAL CONTROL AIRPLA...

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Curtiss "Flying boat"

Curtiss "Flying boat"

Photo probably shows the Flying Fish, the first "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, on the surface of Lake Keuka, New York State, 1912. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

CURTISS AIRPLANE. TESTS OF CURTISS PLANE FOR ARMY. GENERAL VIEWS

CURTISS AIRPLANE. TESTS OF CURTISS PLANE FOR ARMY. GENERAL VIEWS

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Curtiss "Flying Boat"

Curtiss "Flying Boat"

Photo probably shows the Flying Fish (Model E), the first "flying boat" produced by Glenn Curtiss, flying over Lake Keuka, New York State, 1912. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009) Title from data provided b... more