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West Indies

West Indies colonization by North EuropeansCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
John Ogilby - Wonderful Mountain Popocatepeque., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
In the late sixteenth century, French, English and Dutch merchant and privateer ships began attacking Spanish and Portuguese in West Indies coastal areas. They had bases in the places the Spanish could not conquer, such as the Lesser Antilles, the northern coast of South America, the mouth of the Orinoco, and the Atlantic Coast of Central America. They managed to establish their foot on St Kitts in 1624 and Barbados in 1626. When the Sugar Revolution took off, they brought in thousands of African slaves to work the fields and mills.
English, Dutch, French and Spanish colonists, and in many cases their slaves from Africa first entered and then occupied the coast of The Guianas. The Dutch, allied with the Caribs of the Orinoco carried the fight against Spanish in all South America.
The English of Jamaica established alliances with the Miskito Kingdom of modern-day Nicaragua and Honduras, and began logging on the coast of modern-day Belize. These interconnected commercial and diplomatic relations made up the Western Caribbean Zone which was in place in the early eighteenth century.
West Indies gave names to several West India companies of the 17th and 18th centuries, including the Danish West India Company, the Dutch West India Company, the French West India Company, and the Swedish West India Company.
303 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
West Indies from BL Royal 20 E IX, ff. 23v-24

West Indies from BL Royal 20 E IX, ff. 23v-24

Map of the West Indies, with the eastern coast of North America, Central America, and the north coast of South America. Image taken from ff. 23v-24 of Boke of Idrography (The 'Rotz Atlas'). Written in English.

Wie Heironymus Benzodie Schiffart in Indian so gegen Nidergang der Sonnen gelegen erstamals fürgenommen

Wie Heironymus Benzodie Schiffart in Indian so gegen Nidergang der Son...

Imaginary view of Seville's harbor, where Girolamo Benzoni set sail for the West Indies.

Insvlæ Americanæ in Oceano Septentrionali cum terris adjacentibus

Insvlæ Americanæ in Oceano Septentrionali cum terris adjacentibus

Sheet removed from German ed. of W.J. Blaeu's atlas: Atlas novus, Amsterdam, 1634. Map redesigned from a portion of Blaeu's larger map of North America printed ca. 1630. Has vertical fold line at center of shee... More

Havana op 't Eyland Cvba.

Havana op 't Eyland Cvba.

Relief shown pictorially and by gradient tints. Shows aerial view of the port of Havana on the island of Cuba including buildings, ships, and fortifications. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Attributed to Joan Vinck... More

America: or An exact description of the West-Indies [Title page].
Dioecesis Trundhemiensis pars Australis.
West-Indische paskaert waer in de graden der breedde over weder zijden vande middellijn wassende so vergrooten dat die geproportioneert sijn tegen hunne nevenstaende graden der lengde. vertonende behalve Europaes zuydelijcste alle de seekusten van Africa en America, begrepen in 't Octroy bij de H.M.H. Staten Generael der vereenigde Nederl. verleent aende Generale West Indische Compagnie.

West-Indische paskaert waer in de graden der breedde over weder zijden...

Shows the west coast of North America from Belle Isle, Newfoundland, both coasts of South America, mediterranean Europe, and the east coast of Africa. Includes illustrations. Available also through the Library ... More

[West Indies: manufacture of manioc or cassava]

[West Indies: manufacture of manioc or cassava]

Illus. in: Du Tertre, Histoire generale des Antilles habitees par les François, Paris, 1667-1671, between pp. 420-421. Reference copy may be in SSF (Gr) - INDUSTRY SUGAR MISC. 1667. This record contains unverif... More

[West Indies: manufacture of sugar]

[West Indies: manufacture of sugar]

Illus. in: Du Tertre, Histoire generale des Antilles habitees par les François, Paris, 1667-1671, between pp. 122-123. Reference copy may be in SSF (Gr) - INDUSTRY FOOD MISC. 1667. This record contains unverifi... More

[West Indies: manufacture of indigo]

[West Indies: manufacture of indigo]

Illus. in: Du Tertre, Histoire generale des Antilles habitees par les François, Paris, 1667-1671, between pp. 106-107. Reference copy may be in SSF (Gr) - INDUSTRY DYES AND DYEING MISC. 1667. This record contai... More

Ménagerie. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Ménagerie. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Blacks working in plantation factory, French West Indies. Illus. in: Du Tertre, Histoire generale des Antilles habitees par les François, Paris, 1667-1671, right side of plate, between pp. 420-421. This record ... More

[Birds and turtles of the French West Indies; men spear-fishing from rowboat]

[Birds and turtles of the French West Indies; men spear-fishing from r...

Illus. in: Du Tertre, Histoire generale des Antilles habitees par les François, Paris, 1667-1671, plate between pp. 246-247. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: ... More

Pascaert van de Caribes Eylanden.
Pascaerte van't Eylant St. Juan de Puerto Rico. nautical chart
A chart of the Caribe Ilands [sic] /

A chart of the Caribe Ilands [sic] /

Oriented with north to the right. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

Isole Antili, la Cuba e la Spagnuola

Isole Antili, la Cuba e la Spagnuola

Gift of the estate of Jessica Lee. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Acquisitions control no. 95-11 Vault

A plan of the harbour of Chebucto and town of Halifax

A plan of the harbour of Chebucto and town of Halifax

Depths shown by soundings. Includes ensign of Nova Scotia, 6 coat of arms, and drawings of three native insects and a porcupine. Oriented with north to the right. Appears in the Gentleman's Magazine, May 1750, ... More

An accurate map of the West Indies containing the Bahama & Caribbe Islands, the Great & Little Antilles with the Leward and Windward Islands & part of the American continent /

An accurate map of the West Indies containing the Bahama & Caribbe Isl...

Relief shown pictorially. From The General magazine of arts and sciences. 1758. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1722 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

An accurate map of the West Indies containing the Bahama & Caribbe Islands, the Great & Little Antilles with the Leward and Windward Islands & part of the American continent /

An accurate map of the West Indies containing the Bahama & Caribbe Isl...

Relief shown pictorially. From The General magazine of arts and sciences. 1763. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1722 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Dominica, from an actual survey compleated in the year 1773

Dominica, from an actual survey compleated in the year 1773

Scale ca. 1:85,000. Hand colored. LC copy sectioned and mounted on cloth backing. Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings. Appears in the author's The West-India atlas. 1775. LC Maps of North Americ... More

To the right honble. Lord Rodney admiral of the White, vice admiral of Great Britain, Commander in Chief of his majesties fleet in the West Indies, this view of the glorious & signal victory obtain'd over the French fleet ... is most respectfuly offered by his lordships most obedt. & very humble servant Thomas Walker Lieut. 2d Battn. 60th light Infantry / Thos. Walker delin. ; Jno. Wells sculp.

To the right honble. Lord Rodney admiral of the White, vice admiral of...

Print shows the British fleet under Lord Rodney breaking the line of the French fleet under Count de Grasse; the French fleet "thrown into confusion" and attempting "to form a new line" with the British fleet b... More

Bowles's new map of North America and the West Indies, exhibiting the British Empire therein with the limits and boundaries of the United States as also the dominions possessed in that quarter, by the Spaniards, the French & other European states, the whole compiled from the best surveys and authentic memoirs which have appeared to the present year, 1783.

Bowles's new map of North America and the West Indies, exhibiting the ...

Scale ca. 1:5,500,000. Hand colored. Prime meridian: Ferro. "Publish'd as the Act directs 2. Jan. 1783." Includes historic notes. Insets: A particular map of Baffin and Hudson Bays [ca. 1:18,000,000]--A map of ... More

Bowles's new map of North America and the West Indies ...

Bowles's new map of North America and the West Indies ...

Print shows an allegorical scene with a Native couple representing America depicted among the various enterprises of the time, such as fishing, weaving, and lumber production.

St. Lucia in the West Indies taken possession of by Admiral Barrington, Monsieur de Micoud and the inhabitants having capitulated the 30th of December, 1778, being the day after Count d'Estaign left the island much disconcerted Hamilton delin. ; Thornton sculp

St. Lucia in the West Indies taken possession of by Admiral Barrington...

Print shows six ships in line flying the French flag, however, appears to be disembarking British troops who are about to take possession of the island after the French have withdrawn. At the bottom, shows an o... More

Count de Grasse, the French admiral, resigning his sword to Admiral Rodney, after being defeated by that gallant commander in the West Indies, on April 12th 1782 / Metz delin. ; Fiegl sculp.

Count de Grasse, the French admiral, resigning his sword to Admiral Ro...

Title from item. Engraved for Raymond's history of England. Illus. in: A new, universal and impartial history of England ... to the spring of the year 1784 ... / by George Frederick Raymond, Esq.... London : Pr... More

Lord Robert Manners mortally wounded, on board the Resolution, in the memorable engagement between Admiral Rodney & Count de Grasse, in the West Indies, the 12th of April 1782 / Metz delin. ; Grignion sculp.

Lord Robert Manners mortally wounded, on board the Resolution, in the ...

Print shows a group of sailors attending to Lord Robert Manners during battle between the British fleet and the French fleet in the West Indies. Title from item. Engraved for Raymond's history of England. Illus... More

Robert Sayer - A plan of Mobile Bar, nautical chart

Robert Sayer - A plan of Mobile Bar, nautical chart

Scale ca. 1:95,000. "The soundings are in feet." Shows "Isle Dauphine," "Mobile Point," "Pelican Id.," and other islands. Plate no. "33." From Thomas Jefferys' The West-India atlas. 1794. LC Maps of North Ameri... More

insects from "The Traveller's Guide to Madeira and the West Indies. Being a hieroglyphic representation of appearances and incidents during a voyage out and homewards. ... With a treatise explanatory of the various figures, etc"

insects from "The Traveller's Guide to Madeira and the West Indies. Be...

This image has been taken from scan 000122 from "The Traveller's Guide to Madeira and the West Indies. Being a hieroglyphic representation of appearances and incidents during a voyage out and homewards. ... Wit... More

Litter from "Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel ... based on Hellwald's “Die Erde und ihre Völker.” Translated (and with ethnological appendix) by A. H. Keane. (Africa. Edited and extended by Keith Johnston. Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Edited and extended by H. W. Bates. Australasia. Edited and extended by A. R. Wallace, etc"

Litter from "Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel ... based o...

This image has been taken from scan 000394 from volume 03 of "Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel ... based on Hellwald's “Die Erde und ihre Völker.” Translated (and with ethnological appendix) by A.... More

Fashion from "Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel ... based on Hellwald's “Die Erde und ihre Völker.” Translated (and with ethnological appendix) by A. H. Keane. (Africa. Edited and extended by Keith Johnston. Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Edited and extended by H. W. Bates. Australasia. Edited and extended by A. R. Wallace, etc"

Fashion from "Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel ... based ...

This image has been taken from scan 000259 from volume 01 of "Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel ... based on Hellwald's “Die Erde und ihre Völker.” Translated (and with ethnological appendix) by A.... More

West Indies, from the Types of All Nations series (N24) for Allen & Ginter Cigarettes

West Indies, from the Types of All Nations series (N24) for Allen & Gi...

Trade cards from the "Types of All Nations" series (N24), issued in 1889 in a set of 50 cards to promote Allen & Ginter brand cigarettes. Allen & Ginter (American, Richmond, Virginia)

Goff's historical map of the Spanish-American War in the West Indies, 1898.

Goff's historical map of the Spanish-American War in the West Indies, ...

Insets: San Juan, island of Puerto Rico.--Havana, city and harbor.--Santiago campaign June-July 1898. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Carib Indians making Baskets, Dominica
Santiago De Cuba. - West Indies
Jamaica - West Indies
Types of Women, Martinique
Afternoon drive in Rural Cuba.
Barbados - West Indies
Jamaica - West Indies
Nicolas, Prince of Congo
Bahamas - West Indies
Scenes in Cuba. - West Indies
State Reception by the Muata Cazembe
[Three Dwellings of different shapes.]
View in the Plaza, Cienfuegos [Cuba.]
Scenes in Cuba. - West Indies
Entire Population of a Negro Hamlet, Antigua
Cultivation of Sugar-Cane, Jamaica
Fort-De-France, Martinique
Martinique - West Indies
Scenes in Cuba. - West Indies
A Lunda or Cazembe Warrior
Map of Cuba with general map of the West Indies.

Map of Cuba with general map of the West Indies.

Relief shown by hachures. "Copyright ... by the M.- N. Co. ..." Ancillary map: General map of the West Indies. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Jamaicans Carrying Bananas - Breadfruit-Tree Overhead
Part of North America : comprehending the course of the Ohio, New England, New York, New Jersey, Pensilvania, Maryland, Virginia ...
A map of the West-Indies &c. with the adjacent countries : also ye trade winds, and ye several tracts made by ye galeons and flota from place to place
A chart of the West Indias from Cap Cod to ye River Oronoque
[Indian art of making the Mandihoka fit for bread.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - [Natives dancing.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Sacrifice Island., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Ferdinand Magellanus, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
[Dogs attacking the Black slaves.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Christofel Colonus, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - America, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - A Remarkable beast., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Sea spiders and dragons., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Americus Vesputius, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
After what manner the Inhabitants of America came thither., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
'Llama (says he) a four-footed Creature, furnishes its Master with Meat and clothing.'
John Ogilby - Brave reception of a King in Hispaniola., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Remarkable Images and strange Stage., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Columbus goes to Sea to discover the Countreys., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Pizarro fights with Attabaliba., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
Novissima et Accuratissima Totius Americae Descriptio per Johanem Ogiluium Cosmographum Regium
John Ogilby - St. Iago, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Mexicans Apparel., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Angra op Tercera, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Cruel dealings in Curiana., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Title page, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Strange Garden House., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
A new and correct map of America : laid down according to the accurate improvements of Senex, Moll, and other modern geographers.
A New map of Virginia.
[Native Chief of New Gallicia or Guadalajara.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Pagus Hispanorum, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
Tabula Magellanica Qua Tierrae Del Fuego, Cum celeberrimis fretis a F. Magellano et I. Le Maire detectis Noviss. et accuratissim descript. Exhibetur
Peruvians throwing ashes of their offerings into the river., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Nova Mexico, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
Yucatan Conventus Iuridici Hispaniae Novae Pars Occidentalis, et Guatimala Conventus Iuridicus
John Ogilby - King Powhaten., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
Various idolataries of the Peruvians., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - [Brasilian man and woman.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - St. Francisco De Campeche, Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Siara., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Offerings of the Peruvians., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
[Spaniards making chocolate mix maiz.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
[Trees and animals of Tabago.], Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Truxillo., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Harts and Stags., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
Habit of a Floridan King., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
John Ogilby - Novum Amsterodamum., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
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