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Claude Monet

The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris.

Monet's ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light and the passing of the seasons. From 1883 Monet lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house and property and began a vast landscaping project which included lily ponds that would become the subjects of his best-known works. In 1899 he began painting the water lilies, first in vertical views with a Japanese bridge as a central feature, and later in the series of large-scale paintings that was to occupy him continuously for the next 20 years of his life.
Landscape: The Parc Monceau
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Landscape

Claude Monet (French, Paris 1840–1926 Giverny)

The Bodmer Oak, Fontainebleau Forest

The Forest of Fontainebleau, south of Paris, became an artistic hot spot in the 1830s. One popular motif was the Bodmer Oak, named after Swiss artist Karl Bodmer (1809–1893), who exhibited a painting of the tre... more

Regatta at Sainte-Adresse

Writing from the seaside resort of Sainte-Adresse on June 25, 1867, Monet reported that he was hard at work, noting, "Among the seascapes, I am doing the regattas of Le Havre with many figures on the beach and ... more

La Grenouillère

During the summer of 1869, Monet and Renoir set up their easels at La Grenouillère, a boating and bathing resort on the Seine, not far from Paris. Monet noted on September 25, "I do have a dream, a painting, th... more

Manet's Studio in the Batignolles

This drawing depicts Fantin-Latour’s circle of friends and fellow practitioners of Impressionism. The artist made it as a preparatory study for a painting exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1870. Édouard Manet is ... more

Houses on the Achterzaan

On the advice of the French painter Charles-François Daubigny, Claude Monet traveled to the Netherlands in 1871, where he painted this landscape of limpid waters and azure skies along the Achterzaan River in Za... more

Spring (Fruit Trees in Bloom)

Monet made this work in the vicinity of his home in Argenteuil, a village on the Seine northwest of Paris that was a favorite gathering place of the Impressionists. Although the scene has previously been called... more

Poppy Fields near Argenteuil

This work is one of four similar views of the plain of Gennevilliers, just southeast of Argenteuil, which Monet executed in the summer of 1875. He first painted the subject two years earlier in the celebrated P... more

Camille Monet (1847–1879) in the Garden at Argenteuil

In 1876, Monet made no less than ten paintings of his rented house and garden at Argenteuil. This canvas may be among the ones he painted in June, when he was working on "a series of rather interesting new thin... more

Landscape: The Parc Monceau

Situated on the boulevard de Courcelles in Paris and surrounded by fashionable town houses, the Parc Monceau was planned in the late eighteenth century in the form of an English garden. Monet painted three view... more

The Parc Monceau

Monet painted six views of the Parc Monceau: three in 1876 and three in 1878. In this canvas, the disposition of light and shade in the foreground, the patterns of the leaves, and the broad contours beginning t... more

The Seine at Vétheuil

The extreme horizontality, the sweeping arc of the riverbank, and the types of the brushstrokes used in the foreground and sky of this painting are characteristic of Monet's work of the early 1880s. Monet had a... more

Vétheuil in Summer

In this view of Vétheuil, seen from the opposite bank of the Seine, the flicker of individual brushstrokes reflects Monet's concern with recording sensations of color and light as accurately as possible. Ironic... more

View of Vétheuil

The footpath winding through the poppy field at bottom right points the way toward the church tower at Vétheuil, the village northwest of Paris where Monet set up house in 1878. Although the landscape appears c... more

Île aux Fleurs near Vétheuil

This is one of two views of the Île aux Fleurs, an island in the Seine near Vétheuil, that Monet painted in the summer of 1880. The other, slightly larger version is in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, ... more

Bouquet of Sunflowers

In November 1888, Van Gogh wrote: "Gauguin was telling me the other day—that he’d seen a painting by Claude Monet of sunflowers in a large Japanese vase, very fine. But—he likes mine better. I’m not of that opi... more

Cabin of the Customs Watch

Of the fourteen versions of this motif painted at Pourville in 1882, this painting is among the most interesting in terms of color refinement and execution. Claude Monet (French, Paris 1840–1926 Giverny)

The Manneporte (Étretat)

Monet spent most of February 1883 at Étretat, a fishing village and resort on the Normandy coast. He painted twenty views of the beach and the three extraordinary rock formations in the area: the Porte d'Aval, ... more

Palm Trees at Bordighera

This canvas, like The Valley of the Nervia (30.95.251), was painted during Monet's trip to the Italian Riviera in early 1884. The view looks to the west across the Bay of Ventimiglia and toward the Maritime Alp... more

The Valley of the Nervia

Monet painted The Valley of the Nervia during a ten-week trip to the Italian Riviera in early 1884. The river Nervia flows into the Mediterranean near the French-Italian border between Ventimiglia and Bordigher... more

The Manneporte near Étretat

In 1886, the writer Guy de Maupassant published his eyewitness account of Monet at Étretat. "The artist walked along the beach, followed by children carrying five or six canvases representing the same subject a... more

The Stroller (Suzanne Hoschedé, later Mrs. Theodore Earl Butler, 1868–1899)

This painting of Suzanne Hoschedé in the meadows just south of Le Pressoir, Monet's home at Giverny, was probably made in the summer of 1887. She became Monet's preferred model in the period after the death of ... more

Rapids on the Petite Creuse at Fresselines

Monet spent the spring of 1889 painting the landscape around the confluence of two rivers, the Petite Creuse and the Grande Creuse, at the village of Fresselines in central France. For this view, which is nearl... more

Haystacks (Effect of Snow and Sun)

Between 1890 and 1891 Monet devoted some thirty paintings to the haystacks in a field near his house at Giverny. In the midst of this effort, he wrote to the critic Gustave Geoffroy: "I am working very hard, st... more

The Four Trees

During summer and fall 1891 Monet painted a series of views of poplars along the Epte River, at Giverny. Completion of the series was temporarily threatened when the village of Limetz, across the Epte from Give... more

Ice Floes

The prolonged freeze and heavy snowfalls in the winter of 1892–93 inspired Monet to capture their effects on the Seine in a series of paintings for which he chose a vantage point not far from his home in Givern... more

Île aux Orties near Vernon

Once an island, the Île aux Orties is now joined to the riverbank close to the site where the Epte flows into the Seine near Giverny. Monet owned the property and used it to moor his boats. He painted four vers... more

Morning on the Seine near Giverny

Begun in 1896, Monet’s Mornings on the Seine series was not completed until 1897 because of inclement weather. Having patiently scouted out views along the river, Monet then painted the pictures from a boat tha... more

Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies

In 1893, Monet, a passionate horticulturist, purchased land with a pond near his property in Giverny, intending to build something "for the pleasure of the eye and also for motifs to paint." The result was his ... more

The Doge's Palace Seen from San Giorgio Maggiore

Monet visited Venice for the first time in autumn 1908. Captivated by the "unique light," he embarked on a painting campaign featuring four different areas of the cityscape. He began each day with views such as... more

The Path through the Irises

Irises, among Monet's favorite flowers, lined the pathways leading up to the house and Japanese bridge on the artist's property at Giverny. This bird's-eye view of a garden path belongs to a series of monumenta... more

Water Lilies

As part of his extensive gardening plans at Giverny, Monet had a pond dug and planted with lilies in 1893. From 1899 on, he repeatedly turned to the subject, attempting to capture every observation, impression,... more

Water Lilies

This work is one of four pictures of water lilies that, quite exceptionally, Monet finished, signed, and sold in 1919. Much of his late work was not finished, and few paintings were released for sale. In a lett... more