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Clara Barton

Founder of the American Red CrossCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Miss Clara Barton
Clara Barton, (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912), founder the American Red Cross, declared that the war put the American woman “at least fifty years in advance of the normal position which continued peace would have assigned her.”
Clara Barton was born in North Oxford. When Clara was 10, she assigned herself the task of nursing her brother David back to health after he fell from the roof of a barn. Clara learned how to distribute the prescribed medication to her brother, as well as how to place leeches on his body to bleed him (a standard treatment at this time). She continued to care for David long after doctors had given until he made a full recovery.
She was a teacher for 12 years at schools in Canada, West Georgia and at open a free school in Bordentown, NJ which was the first ever free school in New Jersey. She was also a patent clerk in Washington D.C., in the US Patent Office. She was the first woman in government office who had received a salary equal to a man's salary.
She became a hospital nurse during the American Civil War. Nursing education was not formalized at that time and Clara did not attend nursing school and provided self-taught nursing care. On April 19, 1861, the Baltimore Riot resulted in the first bloodshed of the American Civil War. Victims were transported to Washington D.C. where she lived at the time. Barton went to the railroad station when the victims arrived and nursed 40 men providing crucial assistance to wounded.
1839
1839
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1979
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1979
104 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2
[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, full face]

[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait...

Photographer unidentified. Case: variant of Rinhart 123. Accompanying label: Unidentified friend of C.B. Accompanying lock of hair. Was part of LOT 8492. Transfer; Manuscript Division; 1959. Forms part of: Clar... more

[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, full face]

[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait...

Photographer unidentified. Case: variant of Rinhart 123. Accompanying label: Unidentified friend of C. B. Was part of LOT 8492. Transfer; Manuscript Division; 1959. Forms part of: Clara Barton Papers, 1834-1918... more

Miss Clara Barton

Miss Clara Barton

Original Caption: Miss Clara Barton..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1857..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: B... more

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Brady's National Photographic Galleries, No. 352 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C. & Broadway & Tenth Street, New York.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Brady's...

Title devised by Library staff. Notation on verso: Kent. Possibly the name of the woman in the photograph.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Brady's National Photographic Galleries, No. 352 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C. & Broadway & Tenth Street, New York.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Brady's...

Title devised by Library staff. Notation on verso: Hamlin. Possibly the name of the woman in the photograph.

[Unidentified soldier in Union private's uniform displaying his leg wound]

[Unidentified soldier in Union private's uniform displaying his leg wo...

Title devised by Library staff. Photograph was probably part of the work of military surgeon Reed Brockway Bontecou, who directed photographers documenting the injuries of Civil War soldiers. (Source: M. Patric... more

Hospital ship, Nashville

Hospital ship, Nashville

Title from item.

Surgeons and hospital stewards at Harewood Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Surgeons and hospital stewards at Harewood Hospital, Washington, D.C.

No. B489. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C.

No. 5215. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital Association of Philadelphia cor. of Broad St. & Washington Ave.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital Association of Philadelphia cor. of Broad ...

Drawing shows an exterior view of the hospital building from the street across, beyond the railroad tracks, with many pedestrians in front and along the side of the building, corner of Broad Street and Washingt... more

U.S. Sanitary Commission at Gettysburg General Hospital, August, 1863

U.S. Sanitary Commission at Gettysburg General Hospital, August, 1863

Photograph shows members of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, who helped to run the general hospital at Camp Letterman in Gettysburg.

General Hospital, Gettysburg, August, 1863

General Hospital, Gettysburg, August, 1863

Photograph shows a group of tents that are a part of the hospital at Camp Letterman in Gettysburg.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital - corner of Broad St. and Washington Ave. / drawn & lith. by James Queen, Philada.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital - corner of Broad St. and Washington Ave. ...

Print shows an exterior view of the hospital building from the street across, beyond the railroad tracks, with locomotive approaching, and with pedestrians and soldiers standing on sidewalk on the side of the b... more

Hospital Stewards of 2d Division, 9th Army Corps. in front of Petersubrg, Va., November, 1864

Hospital Stewards of 2d Division, 9th Army Corps. in front of Petersub...

No. 571. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Ward K, Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Ward K, Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C.

No. 886. Title from item. Alternate title, photographer, and date from Catalogue of photographic incidents of the war, from the gallery of Alexander Gardner...by Bob Zeller, published by the Center for Civil Wa... more

Field Hospital 1st Division, 2d Army Corps near Brandy Station, Va., March, 1864

Field Hospital 1st Division, 2d Army Corps near Brandy Station, Va., M...

No. 146. Title from item. Alternate title, photographer, and date from Catalogue of photographic incidents of the war, from the gallery of Alexander Gardner...by Bob Zeller, published by the Center for Civil Wa... more

Relics of Andersonville Prison from the collection brought from there by Miss Clara Barton and Dorence Atwater, August, 1865, and photographed by Brady & Co. for the great National Fair, Washington, June, 1866.

Relics of Andersonville Prison from the collection brought from there ...

Inscribed on back: Very Truly yours Dorence Atwater. Entered according to act of Congress by M.B. Brady & Co. in the year 1865 ... District of Columbia. Clara Barton Collection (Library of Congress).

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left]

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left]

"1850" is written on the photo mount, but other sources date this image to later in her life.

[J.W. Drew, Clara Barton, and Mr. and Mrs. Herman Schloss(?) on porch of house, 26 New St., Ansonia, Conn.]

[J.W. Drew, Clara Barton, and Mr. and Mrs. Herman Schloss(?) on porch ...

Stamp on verso: "Clara Barton Brow (Drew?), studio and home portraits."

Clara Barton - from portrait taken in Civil War and authorized by her as the one she wished to be remembered by

Clara Barton - from portrait taken in Civil War and authorized by her ...

Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right. By courtesy of the Commonwealth Press, Worcester, Mass.

Clara Barton.  A war time photograph by Brady

Clara Barton. A war time photograph by Brady

Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left. Photographic print of halftone reproduction of photograph.

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Full lgth., standing, facing slightly right.

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Half lgth., facing left. Photo copyrighted by J.E. Purdy, Boston. No. 2. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Photog. I.; BI; Shelf.

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

H49398 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright 1904 by J.E. Purdy, Boston. Title devised by Library staff.

American Red Cross Building

American Red Cross Building

17th Street, NW (between D and E Street)..Exterior view of the American Red Cross building with flags (Red Cross, USA, Great Britian, France) fling on it...Ca. 1920

[U.S., Red Cross & unid. flag on flagpole; Clara Barton House in backgrd., Glen Echo, Md.]

[U.S., Red Cross & unid. flag on flagpole; Clara Barton House in backg...

J254554 U.S. Copyright Office. Photo copyrighted by R.J. Bonde & Sons, Wash., D.C. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. The home where Clara Barton spent the last 15 years of ... more

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. The home where Clara Barton spent the last 15 years of ... more

Interior of the Clara Barton House, home of the founder of the American Red Cross, Washington, D.C.

Interior of the Clara Barton House, home of the founder of the America...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more

Home of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, Washington, D.C.

Home of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, Washington, D...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more

Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C. / lith. & printed by Chas. Magnus, 12 Frankfort St., N.Y..

Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C. / lith. & printed by Chas. Magnus, ...

Print shows a temporary hospital established during the Civil War in an area east of the U.S. Capitol that is known today as Lincoln Park. Purchase, Anderson Sale, 1903. (DLC/PP-1903:A41867) Title from item. Co... more

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during Civil War] / Townsend & Broas (Successors to Cannon & Rymph,) 365 Main Street, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during Civil War] / Townsend & ...

Title devised by Library staff. From Cannon's Gallery of Art. No. 3802.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during Civil War] / Townsend & Broas (Successors to Cannon & Rymph,) 365 Main Street, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during Civil War] / Townsend & ...

Title devised by Library staff. From Cannon's Gallery of Art. No. 3802.

[Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing front]

[Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing front]

Includes biographical caption on verso, dated 3/31/44. Exhibited: "Art and Truth : Gandhi and Images of Nonviolence" at The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas, Oct. 2014 - Feb. 2015.

[Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing front]

[Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing front]

Includes biographical caption on verso, dated 3/31/44. Exhibited: "Art and Truth : Gandhi and Images of Nonviolence" at The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas, Oct. 2014 - Feb. 2015.

Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C.

No. 5213. Title from item. Gift; Col. Godwin Ordway; 1948.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital Philadelphia / des. & lith. by J. Queen ; P.S. Duval & Son Lith. Philada.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital Philadelphia / des. & lith. by J. Queen ; ...

Print shows an exterior view of the Citizens Volunteer Hospital, corner of Broad St. & Washington Avenue, Philadelphia, with an interior view of a large hospital ward and vignette views of other hospital rooms,... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Road, George Washington Memorial Parkw...

Significance: The Clara Barton House, dating from 1892-3, is a wood frame, three story structure built originally as a warehouse and headquarters for the American Red Cross. The house is partially constructed ... more