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Clara Barton

Clara Barton, (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912), founder the American Red Cross, declared that the war put the American woman “at least fifty years in advance of the normal position which continued peace would have assigned her.”
Clara Barton was born in North Oxford. When Clara was 10, she assigned herself the task of nursing her brother David back to health after he fell from the roof of a barn. Clara learned how to distribute the prescribed medication to her brother, as well as how to place leeches on his body to bleed him (a standard treatment at this time). She continued to care for David long after doctors had given until he made a full recovery.
She was a teacher for 12 years at schools in Canada, West Georgia and at open a free school in Bordentown, NJ which was the first ever free school in New Jersey. She was also a patent clerk in Washington D.C., in the US Patent Office. She was the first woman in government office who had received a salary equal to a man's salary.
She became a hospital nurse during the American Civil War. Nursing education was not formalized at that time and Clara did not attend nursing school and provided self-taught nursing care. On April 19, 1861, the Baltimore Riot resulted in the first bloodshed of the American Civil War. Victims were transported to Washington D.C. where she lived at the time. Barton went to the railroad station when the victims arrived and nursed 40 men providing crucial assistance to wounded.
Miss Clara Barton
104 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2

Miss Clara Barton

Original Caption: Miss Clara Barton..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1857..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: B... more

Citizens Volunteer Hospital Association of Philadelphia cor. of Broad St. & Washington Ave.

Drawing shows an exterior view of the hospital building from the street across, beyond the railroad tracks, with many pedestrians in front and along the side of the building, corner of Broad Street and Washingt... more

U.S. Sanitary Commission at Gettysburg General Hospital, August, 1863

Photograph shows members of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, who helped to run the general hospital at Camp Letterman in Gettysburg.

General Hospital, Gettysburg, August, 1863

Photograph shows a group of tents that are a part of the hospital at Camp Letterman in Gettysburg.

Citizens Volunteer Hospital - corner of Broad St. and Washington Ave. / drawn & lith. by James Queen, Philada.

Print shows an exterior view of the hospital building from the street across, beyond the railroad tracks, with locomotive approaching, and with pedestrians and soldiers standing on sidewalk on the side of the b... more

Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C. / lith. & printed by Chas. Magnus, 12 Frankfort St., N.Y..

Print shows a temporary hospital established during the Civil War in an area east of the U.S. Capitol that is known today as Lincoln Park.

Clara Barton. A war time photograph by Brady

Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left.

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Full lgth., standing, facing slightly right.

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Half lgth., facing left.

American Red Cross Building

17th Street, NW (between D and E Street)..Exterior view of the American Red Cross building with flags (Red Cross, USA, Great Britian, France) fling on it...Ca. 1920

Citizens Volunteer Hospital Philadelphia / des. & lith. by J. Queen ; P.S. Duval & Son Lith. Philada.

Print shows an exterior view of the Citizens Volunteer Hospital, corner of Broad St. & Washington Avenue, Philadelphia, with an interior view of a large hospital ward and vignette views of other hospital rooms,... more