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Roosevelt's Civilian Conservation Corps

Created by: PICRYLDated: 2017
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys putting up a fence. Greene County, Georgia
Franklin Roosevelt faced a problem when the Great Depression put millions of able-bodied men out of work. His response included national service programs like the CCC, Civilian Conservation Corps. He believed that this civilian “tree army” would relieve the rural unemployed and keep youth “off the city street corners.”
Formed in March 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps, CCC, was one of the first New Deal programs. CCC camps were established in communities across America. The Corps helped to build and improve roads, construct three lakes, create infrastructure at newly charted state parks, Each camp afforded purposeful work for hundreds of men and had a lasting impact in the area it was built.
Camp commanders had army-like powers and workers were required to address superiors as “sir.” By September 1935 over 500,000 young men had lived in CCC camps. The men planted millions of trees on land made barren from fires, dug canals and ditches, built wildlife shelters, stocked rivers and lakes with nearly a billion fish, restored historic battlefields, and cleared beaches and campgrounds.
In all, nearly 3 million young men participated in the CCC provided unexpected preparation for the massive call-up in World War II.
319 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
Road Construction - New Mexico, National Forest Service photograph.

Road Construction - New Mexico, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Fire Control: Lookouts - Arizona, National Forest Service photograph.

Fire Control: Lookouts - Arizona, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Aerial View

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Aerial View

This is a photograph of the 1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] camp in Danbury, VT. Construction Project Photographs

1148th  CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Bridge

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Bridge

Bridge used by 1148th CCC in Danby, VT. Unknown male standing in center. Construction Project Photographs

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Mountainside View

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Mountainside View

This is a photograph of the mountain side View of 1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] camp, located in Danby, VT. Construction Project Photographs

1148th  CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Car

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Car

This is a photograph of a car used by 1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] in Danby, VT. There is an unidentified male standing to the right. Construction Project Photographs

1148th CCC Danby, Vermont

1148th CCC Danby, Vermont

This is a photograph of the 1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] building located in Danby, VT. Construction Project Photographs

1148th  CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Barracks

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Barracks

This is a photograph of the 1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Barracks located in Danby, VT. Construction Project Photographs

1148th  CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Recreation Hall

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Recreation Hall

This is a photograph of the 1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Recreation Hall. Danby, VT. Construction Project Photographs

1148th  CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Mess Hall

1148th CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] Mess Hall

This is a photograph of the mess hall for the 1148th Co. CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps]. Danby, VT. Construction Project Photographs

1148th  CCC [Civilian Conservation Corps] School Room
Recreational structures. Big Ridge Lake. Diving tower, beach and bath house may be seen in the background. This forty-five acre body of water has proved an attractive recreation spot for thousands of visitors since it was first opened to the public in May 1934. Encircled by the 3,500 acres of wooded hills in Big Ridge Park, the resort is provided with a boathouse, bath house, a public lodge, nineteen modern vacation cabins and a beach with a specially constructed pool for children. Located on the eastern boundary of Norris reservoir about twenty-five miles northeast of Knoxville, Tennessee, the lake was formed by constuction of a small dam across one of the arms of the reservoir. This recreation area and the 3,800 acre Noris Park near Norris Dam were developed by the National Park Service and the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) in cooperation with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). This is one of many comparable parks on TVA reservoirs, most of which are in use and greatly enjoyed by tourists as well as residents of the surrounding area who previously had few, if any, outdoor opportunites for ourtdoor sport and recreation. The completion of other recreational parks has been prevented by the war
Picnic shelter, more or less typical of many such structures on TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) recreational properties. All were built with CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) or similar work relief assistance with local materials to minimize cash expense
Cove Lake Park was built under TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) direction by the Tennessee State Department of Conservation with the assistance of the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) on an arm of Norris Lake. It was initiated as a demonstration of standards appropriate to valley conditions
Cove Lake Park was built under TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) direction by the Tennessee State Department of Conservation with the assistance of the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) on an arm of Norris Lake. It was initiated as a demonstration of standards appropriate to valley conditions
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Celebration at Oglala - Bureau of Indian Affairs

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Celebration at Oglala - Bureau of In...

Original caption: Miscellaneous (C.C.C. Celebration at Oglala). Pine Ridge Agency: Miscellaneous Photographs

Photograph of Deer Gun Found in Woods by Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Boy Timer Surveying

Photograph of Deer Gun Found in Woods by Civilian Conservation Corps (...

Original caption: Deer gun found in woods by CCC boy timer surveying. Barrel holds 12 gauge shell. Historic Photographs

CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys at work, Prince George's County, Maryland
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) workers, Prince George's County, Maryland
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys at work, Beltsville, Maryland
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) blacksmith, Pringe Georges County, Maryland
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys at work, Prince George's County, Maryland
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys at work, Prince George's County, Maryland
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys at work, Prince George's County, Maryland
Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.
Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys working, Prince George's County, Maryland
Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.
Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Maryland photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War In...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937). The photographs of the Farm Se... More

Abandoned strip coal mine leveled and planted with trees by Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) workers. Cherokee County, Kansas
PRESIDENT RECEIVES CCC ESSAY WINNER. WASHINGTON, D.C. APRIL 6. WINNER OF THE NATIONAL ESSAY CONTEST CONDUCTED BY 'HAPPY DAYS', OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS, P.J. O'DONNELL, CCC COMPANY 1161 OF WOONSOCKET, RI, WAS PRESENTED TO PRESIDENT
Deer Creek Dam, CCC Government Camp, West side of U.S. Highway 189, north of railroad overpass and 2,000 feet southwest of Deer Creek Dam, Charleston, Wasatch County, UT

Deer Creek Dam, CCC Government Camp, West side of U.S. Highway 189, no...

Significance: The government camp for Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) workers was established southwest of the Deer Creek Dam site in 1938 and was disbanded in 1941 with the completion of the dam's constructi... More

Photograph of Front View of United States Forest Service and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Exhibit Building from the Michigan State Fair

Photograph of Front View of United States Forest Service and Civilian ...

Original caption: Front view of U.S. Forest Service and CCC Exhibit Bldg. Michigan Sate Fair, Detroit. Lower Mi NF. Historic Photographs

Landscape on top of bench, showing new lands, and farms beyond. Road was built by the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps). Dead Ox Flat, Malheur County, Oregon. General caption number 67-1
The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph
The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys cooperating with Soil Conservation Service working limestone quarry. Vernon County, Wisconsin. Soil tests made show Vernon County to be lime deficient for the satisfactory growing of alfalfa
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) working with Soil Conservation Service making diversion terrace to prevent gullying, Vernon County, Wisconsin
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys working at Tygart Valley Homesteads, West Virginia
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) working with Soil Conservation Service making diversion terrace to prevent gullying, Vernon County, Wisconsin
The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph
The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph
The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph
Limestone crusher at limestone quarry. CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) cooperating with SCS (Soil Conservation Service). Vernon County, Wisconsin
The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph
Inspects new CCC uniform. Washington, D.C., Feb. 1. Robert E. Fechner, left, Director of the Civilian Conservation Corps, inspecting the new uniform issued to members of the Corps for the first time today. The outfit consists of a two-button pleated back, sack coat of spruce green topped off with new style overseas cap and a red an yellow CCC insignia on left shoulder. Frank Papuga is wearing uniform while on right is Lt. Col. Thomson Lawrence, in command of Central District, 3rd. corps area
CCC steps out in new uniform. Washington, D.C., Feb. 1. Members of the Civilian Conservation Corps today stepped out in a new uniform of spruce green. The new uniform worn by Frank Papuga, right, is quite a contrast from the old one of olive drab pictured on Robert Alesandri. A two-button sack coat, topped off with a new style overseas cap and a red and yellow company insignia on left shoulder, completes the outfit, 2-1-39
Gale River Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp Forest Fire Fighting Demonstration

Gale River Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp Forest Fire Fighting...

Original caption: Fire Control, Suppression, New Hampshire, White Mountain National Forest. Close-up of enrollee from Gale River CCC Camp operating fire hose during demonstration of forest fire fighting methods... More

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollees on Fire Truck

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollees on Fire Truck

Original caption: Fire Control, Suppression, New Hampshire, White Mountain National Forest. A group of intent young CCC enrollees seated aboard the U. S. Forest Service fire truck on the way to the fire. Taken ... More

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee Checks Moisture Content Strips at Fire Weather Station at Thronton CCC Camp

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee Checks Moisture Content Str...

Original caption: Fire Control, Research, New Hampshire, White Mountain National Forest. CCC enrollee checking weight of moisture content strips at the fire weather station at Thornton CCC Camp. Taken by B. W. ... More

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Planting Crew

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Planting Crew

Original caption: CCC planting crew planting 2-0 red pine in furrows using Michigan planting bars. (Enrollees from Mormon Creek CCC camp.). Historic Photographs

CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys seeding and preparing a meadow strip for terrace outlet made on property of FSA (Farm Security Administration) borrower E.O. Foster. Caswell County, North Carolina
Dr. Mallory speaking at a picnic and barbecue at the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) camp following a meeting of the county land use planning committee in the courthouse in Yanceyville. Caswell County, North Carolina
Erosion gully, with CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) building a check dam. Monona County, Iowa
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys chopping stones for use in building charcoal burners at picnic grounds of recreation area. Ross County, Ohio
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys seeding and preparing a meadow strip for terrace outlet on property of FSA (Farm Security Administration) borrower E.O. Foster. Caswell County, North Carolina
Representative A.L. Folger speaking at a picnic lunch and barbecue on the grounds of the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) camp. This followed a meeting of the county land use planning committee in the courthouse in Yanceyville, Caswell County, North Carolina
Prominent farmer and member of the land use planning committee speaking at a picnic and barbecue at the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) camp after a meeting in the courthouse in Yanceyville. Caswell County, North Carolina
CCC (Civilian Conservatioon Corps) boys seeding and preparing a meadow strip for terrace outlet made on property of FSA (Farm Security Administration) borrower E.O. Foster. Caswell County, North Carolina
The "old comstock bridge," three miles West of Colchester, Connecticut on Route 16. It was repaired by the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys cooperating with Soil Conservation building erosion dam. Monona County, Iowa
Citizens of Caswell County listening to speakers after a picnic and barbecue at the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) camp. They had just attended a county land use planning meeting in the courthouse in Yanceyville, North Carolina
Prominent farmer and member of the land use planning committee speaking at a picnic and barbecue at the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) camp after a meeting in the courthouse in Yanceyville. Caswell County, North Carolina
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Passamaquoddy, Maine. NYA training center
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys building steps at picnic grounds of recreation area. Ross County, Ohio
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Habersham, Georgia. NYA training center
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boy building charcoal burner at picnic grounds of recreation area. Ross County, Ohio
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boy chopping stone for use in building charcoal burners at picnic grounds. Ross County, Ohio, recreation area
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) boys building charcoal burner at picnic grounds of recreation area. Ross County, Ohio
Celebration (CCC Recreation Room)
Celebration (CCC Recreation Room)
Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee James Wasson

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee James Wasson

Original caption: CCC enrollee James Wasson (Tell City CCC Camp) doing telephone line maintenance, working splicing wire and taking up the slack on the Bryantsville-Shoals Section of the Bedford- Tell City Tele... More

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollees are Trained on the Job

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollees are Trained ...

Original caption: CCC enrollees are trained on the job. Enrollee Carl Simon of Luna Lake CCC Camp is shown putting insulators on a telephone pole on re-routed telephone line from Virginia, Minn. to the Sand Lak... More

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee Crew Planting

Photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee Crew Planting

Original caption: CCC enrollee crew planting 2-0 red pine and 2-0 jack pine in furrows, using a planting mattock. Historic Photographs

Photograph of Portable Power Pumper Unit Carried by Four Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollees

Photograph of Portable Power Pumper Unit Carried by Four Civilian Cons...

Original caption: Portable Power Pumper unit (Pac. Marine type N) carried by four CCC enrollees. L to R: E. Vessel, R. Widstrom, S. Choan, and Irving Westerberg. Further description refer to Form #166. Historic... More

Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Pennsylvania photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

Pennsylvania photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of Wa...

This image is one of the images made by photographers working in Stryker's unit as it existed in a succession of government agencies: the Farm Security Administration (1937-1942). The photographs of the Farm S... More

Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Colorado. NYA defense housing project construction
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Miscellaneous lot of photographs by Barbara Wright. National Youth Administration (NYA), Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
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