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Christine de Pizan - The Medieval Feminist

Christine de Pizan was an Italian-French late medieval author and a court author.Created by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290
Christine de Pizan ( 1364 – c. 1430) was an Italian-French late medieval court writer for Louis of Orleans, Philip the Bold of Burgundy, and John the Fearless of Burgundy and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI. She completed forty-one works during her 30-year career from 1399–1429, both poetry and prose, biographies and books containing practical advice for women.
Married in 1380 at the age of 15, she was widowed 10 years later. She needed to earn a living to support her mother, a niece and her two surviving children. She spent most of her life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adopted language, Middle French.
Supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons, she influenced 15th-century English poetry. Her success stems from a wide range of innovative writing and rhetorical techniques that critically challenged renowned writers such as Jean de Meun, author of the Romance of the Rose, which she criticized as immoral.
Certain scholars have argued that she should be seen as an early feminist who efficiently used language to convey that women could play an important role in society. This characterization has been challenged by other critics, who say that it is either an anachronistic use of the word or a misinterpretation of her writing and intentions.
1399
1399
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1450
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1450
217 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3
Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Detail of a miniature of Narcissus gazing at his own reflection, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le D... more

Venus from BL Harley 4431, f. 100

Venus from BL Harley 4431, f. 100

Miniature of Venus presiding over a group of men and women, who are presenting their hearts to her, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 100 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includi... more

Hercules battling two lions from BL Harley 4431, f. 97

Hercules battling two lions from BL Harley 4431, f. 97

Detail of a miniature of Hercules battling against two lions, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 97 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat... more

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Detail of a miniature of a man kneeling before a woman sitting on a red velvet bed. Image taken from f. 56v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... more

Mercury, Argus, and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109v

Mercury, Argus, and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109v

Detail of a miniature of Mercury playing pipes to put a many-eyed Argus to sleep, in order to steal Io, who has been transformed into a cow, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 109v of Various works (also ... more

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Detail of a miniature of the Trojan army inspecting the empty Greek ships as Telamon's army enters the undefended city of Troy, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125 of Various works (also known as 'The ... more

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Detail of a miniature of three pairs of lovers being presented to Jean de Werchin, Seneschal of Hainault, in 'Le Livre des iii jugements'. Image taken from f. 71v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of th... more

Ladies and gentlemen riding from BL Harley 4431, f. 81

Ladies and gentlemen riding from BL Harley 4431, f. 81

Detail of a miniature of ladies and gentlemen riding together. Image taken from f. 81 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii ama... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... more

Aesculapius and Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 113v

Aesculapius and Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 113v

Detail of a miniature of the physician Aesculapius making a diagnosis, while Circe spears frogs in a stream below, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 113v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the ... more

Queen and attendant from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Queen and attendant from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a the right-hand portion of the miniature, depicting a queen and her attendant building the Cité des dames at the beginning of this text. Image taken from f. 290 of Various works (also known as 'The B... more

Diana reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 107

Diana reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 107

Detail of a miniature of Diana presiding over an assembly of women reading, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 107 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4... more

Apollo and followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Apollo and followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Detail of a miniature of Apollo, playing his harp, presiding over his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (... more

Jousting from BL Harley 4431, f. 150

Jousting from BL Harley 4431, f. 150

Miniature of ladies watching knights jousting, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 150 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du l... more

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 218v

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 218v

Detail of a miniature in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 218v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans' (ff.... more

Daphne from BL Harley 4431, f. 134v

Daphne from BL Harley 4431, f. 134v

Detail of a miniature of Daphne, the nymph who was turned into a laurel tree while fleeing from Apollo, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 134v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... more

The Lover from BL Harley 4431, f. 154v

The Lover from BL Harley 4431, f. 154v

Detail of a miniature of the Lover in bed complaining to his companion, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 154v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... more

Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 101v

Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 101v

Detail of a miniature of Mars presiding over a battle scene, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déba... more

Ulysses and the Cyclops from BL Harley 4431, f. 105

Ulysses and the Cyclops from BL Harley 4431, f. 105

Miniature of Ulysses blinding the Cyclops, Polyphemus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 105 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du li... more

Duke of True Love hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 144

Duke of True Love hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 144

Detail of a miniature of the Duke of True Love hunting with dogs and mounted companions, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 144 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including... more

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Miniature of Orpheus looking back as he leads Eurydice from Hell, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le... more

Juno from BL Harley 4431, f. 118

Juno from BL Harley 4431, f. 118

Miniature of Juno, as the goddess of wealth, presiding over an assembly of men counting money, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 118 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'C... more

Hippomenes and Atalante from BL Harley 4431, f. 128

Hippomenes and Atalante from BL Harley 4431, f. 128

Detail of a miniature of Hippomenes racing against Atalante in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Hippomenes, to the left, holding a golden apple, races against Atalante who stoops to pick up one of the golden apples. Image tak... more

Bacchus and his followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 106

Bacchus and his followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 106

Miniature of Bacchus and his followers drinking, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 106 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre de... more

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Miniature of a lady seated in a litter borne by two white horses, in the centre, with male attendants, three mounted, one on foot, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 153 of Various works (also kn... more

Temperance from BL Harley 4431, f. 96v

Temperance from BL Harley 4431, f. 96v

Miniature of Temperance adjusting a clock, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 96v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... more

Galatea, Acis, and Polyphemus from BL Harley 4431, f. 122

Galatea, Acis, and Polyphemus from BL Harley 4431, f. 122

Detail of a miniature of Galatea and Acis being surprised by Galatea's jealous suitor, Polyphemus, who seizes a rock to crush Acis, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 122 of Various works (also known as '... more

Ino sowing boiled corn from BL Harley 4431, f. 140v

Ino sowing boiled corn from BL Harley 4431, f. 140v

Detail of a miniature of Ino ordering the sowing of boiled corn, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 140v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le ... more

Apollo and Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Apollo and Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Miniature of Apollo, playing his harp, presiding over his followers; miniature of Phoebe with a bow and arrow, presiding over her followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101 of Various works (also k... more

Priam and Helen from BL Harley 4431, f. 115

Priam and Helen from BL Harley 4431, f. 115

Miniature of a deputation of Greek messengers demanding the return of Helen from King Priam, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 115 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... more

Woman before a man from BL Harley 4431, f. 58v

Woman before a man from BL Harley 4431, f. 58v

Miniature of a woman before a man seated on a throne, with two men seated behind her, in 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans'. Image taken from f. 58v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inclu... more

Queen from BL Harley 4431, f. 361

Queen from BL Harley 4431, f. 361

Detail of a miniature of the queens and ladies welcoming female saints into the Cité des Dames. Image taken from f. 361 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-... more

Woman lying in bed from BL Harley 4431, f. 180v

Woman lying in bed from BL Harley 4431, f. 180v

Miniature of a woman lying in a bed, with another woman alongside, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 180v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff.... more

Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Detail of a miniature of Phoebe with a bow and arrow, presiding over her followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades... more

Wedding of Peleus and Thetis from BL Harley 4431, f. 122v

Wedding of Peleus and Thetis from BL Harley 4431, f. 122v

Miniature of guests at the banquet to celebrate the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 122v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades'... more

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Miniature of Perseus battling the Gorgon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 120v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... more

Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 100v

Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 100v

Miniature of Saturn, holding a sickle, presiding over a group of men, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 100v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21),... more

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Miniature of Hero leaping from the battlements of a castle to drown with her lover Leander, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 114v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... more

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Miniature of a woman reading moral proverbs at the beginning of the 'Proverbes moraux'. Image taken from f. 259v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'L... more

Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 140

Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 140

Detail of a miniature of the sorceress Circe changing Ulysses and his companions into swine, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 140 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... more

Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 140

Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 140

Miniature of the sorceress Circe changing Ulysses and his companions into swine, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 140 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (... more

Narcissus;  Athamas from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Narcissus; Athamas from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Miniature of Narcissus gazing at his own reflection; miniature of the fury Tesiphone inducing Athamus to kill his wife Ino and their children, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104 of Various works (also... more

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Detail of a miniature of Hero leaping from the battlements of a castle to drown with her lover Leander, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 114v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study, at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan presenting her book to Charles VI, seated on the left, with courtiers, at the beginning of 'Le Livre du chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 178 of Various wor... more

Hercules, Theseus and Pirithous from BL Harley 4431, f. 108v

Hercules, Theseus and Pirithous from BL Harley 4431, f. 108v

Detail of a miniature of Hercules slaying Cerberus, and Theseus and Pirithous battling demons, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 108v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including '... more

Christ as the Man of Sorrows from BL Harley 4431, f. 257

Christ as the Man of Sorrows from BL Harley 4431, f. 257

Detail of a miniature of Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the beginning of a prayer to Christ. Image taken from f. 257 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21... more

Calchas at Delphi from BL Harley 4431, f. 132

Calchas at Delphi from BL Harley 4431, f. 132

Miniature of Calchas being sent to Delphi by Priam, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 132 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre... more

Orpheus; Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 125v

Orpheus; Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 125v

Miniature of Orpheus charming wild animals by playing his lyre; miniature of the Judgement of Paris, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inclu... more

Apollo killing Ganymede from BL Harley 4431, f. 119v

Apollo killing Ganymede from BL Harley 4431, f. 119v

Miniature of Apollo killing Ganymede by piercing his eye, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 119v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat d... more

Andromeda and Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 98v

Andromeda and Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 98v

Miniature of Andromeda being rescued from a monster by Perseus, riding on Pegasus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 98v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades'... more

Mercury and Aglauros from BL Harley 4431, f. 104v

Mercury and Aglauros from BL Harley 4431, f. 104v

Detail of a miniature of Aglauros refusing Mercury, disguised as a traveller, admittance to her sister Herse, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen... more

Pegasus from BL Harley 4431, f. 183

Pegasus from BL Harley 4431, f. 183

Detail of a miniature of Pegasus flying over the Nine Muses, in the Castalian fountain on Mount Parnassus, while Christine and the Sibyl look on, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 183 of Vario... more

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Miniature of a man kneeling before a woman sitting on a red velvet bed. Image taken from f. 56v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... more

Cadmus and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109

Cadmus and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109

Miniature of the construction of Thebes and Cadmus killing the dragon at Ares' spring, with builders at work in the background; miniature of a scriptorium at work under the direction of Io, in 'L'Épître Othéa'.... more

Juno from BL Harley 4431, f. 118

Juno from BL Harley 4431, f. 118

Detail of a miniature of Juno, as the goddess of wealth, presiding over an assembly of men counting money, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 118 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), ... more

Vulcan, Venus and Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 121

Vulcan, Venus and Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 121

Miniature of Vulcan chaining his wife Venus and Mars together after finding them in bed together, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 121 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including... more

Queen Pasiphae from BL Harley 4431, f. 116

Queen Pasiphae from BL Harley 4431, f. 116

Detail of a miniature of queen Pasiphae embracing the bull, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 116 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat ... more

Death of Hector from BL Harley 4431, f. 136v

Death of Hector from BL Harley 4431, f. 136v

Detail of a miniature of Achilles killing Hector in battle, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 136v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat... more

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

Miniature of naked Christians being brought before king Minos for judgement, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 98 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4... more

Atropos from BL Harley 4431, f. 111

Atropos from BL Harley 4431, f. 111

Detail of a miniature of the goddess Atropos threatening a group of people, including a pope, with her arrows of death, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 111 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of ... more

Troilus and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 131v

Troilus and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 131v

Detail of a miniature of Troilus advising king Priam in council about the abduction of Helen, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 131v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'C... more

Diana and maidens hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 124

Diana and maidens hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 124

Miniature of the goddess Diana and maidens hunting a stag, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 124 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat d... more

Aurora from BL Harley 4431, f. 115v

Aurora from BL Harley 4431, f. 115v

Miniature of Aurora bringing the dawn, while a peasant, fastening his trousers, enters a hen house, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 115v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includ... more

Wheel of Fortune from BL Harley 4431, f. 129

Wheel of Fortune from BL Harley 4431, f. 129

Miniature of the Wheel of Fortune, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 129 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans' (f... more

Mercury from BL Harley 4431, f. 102

Mercury from BL Harley 4431, f. 102

Miniature of Mercury inspiring the speech of the learned, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. The celestial figure of Mercury is holding a flower as a symbol of eloquence, while a group of figures, below, is engaged in learne... more

Actaeon from BL Harley 4431, f. 126

Actaeon from BL Harley 4431, f. 126

Detail of a miniature of Actaeon surprising Diana at her bath; he is turned into a stag as punishment, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), incl... more

Venus from BL Harley 4431, f. 100

Venus from BL Harley 4431, f. 100

Detail of a miniature of Venus presiding over a group of men and women, who are presenting their hearts to her, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 100 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Quee... more

Diana and Pallas from BL Harley 4431, f. 124

Diana and Pallas from BL Harley 4431, f. 124

Miniature of the goddess Diana and maidens hunting a stag; miniature of Arachne at her loom with Pallas, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 124 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... more

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Miniature of two birds, a black crow and a white raven, resting in trees, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 119 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... more

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Detail of a miniature of Orpheus looking back as he leads Eurydice from Hell, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff... more

Troilus and Briseis from BL Harley 4431, f. 133v

Troilus and Briseis from BL Harley 4431, f. 133v

Detail of a miniature of Troilus and Briseis with Cupid, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du... more

Armies entering Troy from BL Harley 4431, f. 139v

Armies entering Troy from BL Harley 4431, f. 139v

Detail of a miniature of the Greek army entering Troy and destroying the city, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 139v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... more

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Detail of a miniature of a lady seated in a litter borne by two white horses, in the centre, with male attendants, three mounted, one on foot, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 153 of Various wo... more

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Detail of a miniature of a woman reading moral proverbs at the beginning of the 'Proverbes moraux'. Image taken from f. 259v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... more

Christine's vision from BL Harley 4431, f. 192v

Christine's vision from BL Harley 4431, f. 192v

Detail of a miniature of Christine's vision in heavens, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 192v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le... more

Death of Polybetes from BL Harley 4431, f. 137

Death of Polybetes from BL Harley 4431, f. 137

Detail of a miniature of Achilles killing Polybetes in battle, as Polybetes tries to retrieve Hector's armour, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 137 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen... more

Jupiter from BL Harley 4431, f. 99v

Jupiter from BL Harley 4431, f. 99v

Detail of a miniature of Jupiter presiding over his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 99v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... more

Duke of True Love and companions from BL Harley 4431, f. 145

Duke of True Love and companions from BL Harley 4431, f. 145

Miniature of the Duke of True Love and his companions entertaining ladies in a garden, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 145 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including '... more

Calchas at Delphi from BL Harley 4431, f. 132

Calchas at Delphi from BL Harley 4431, f. 132

Detail of a miniature of Calchas being sent to Delphi by Priam, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 132 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Dé... more

Man kneeling before two women from BL Harley 4431, f. 48

Man kneeling before two women from BL Harley 4431, f. 48

Miniature of a man in a red cloak kneeling before two women. Image taken from f. 48 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'... more

Adonis killed by a wild boar from BL Harley 4431, f. 124v

Adonis killed by a wild boar from BL Harley 4431, f. 124v

Miniature of Adonis being killed by a wild boar, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 124v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre d... more

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

Detail of a miniature of naked Christians being brought before king Minos for judgement, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 98 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent bal... more

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Detail of a miniature of the Judgement of Paris, between Athena, Juno and Venus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 128v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... more

Duke of True Love from BL Harley 4431, f. 143

Duke of True Love from BL Harley 4431, f. 143

Miniature of the Duke of True Love and his lady, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 143 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du... more

Morpheus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130v

Morpheus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130v

Detail of a miniature of Morpheus bringing sleep to a man in a bed, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 130v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), '... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Miniature of Christine de Pizan presenting her book to Charles VI, seated on the left, with courtiers, at the beginning of 'Le Livre du chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 178 of Various works (also kno... more

Hercules, Theseus and Pirithous from BL Harley 4431, f. 108v

Hercules, Theseus and Pirithous from BL Harley 4431, f. 108v

Miniature of Hercules slaying Cerberus, and Theseus and Pirithous battling demons, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 108v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 261v

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 261v

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan giving instructions in the 'Enseignemens que Cristine donne à son Filz'. Image taken from f. 261v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including ... more

Ceyx and Alcyone from BL Harley 4431, f. 131

Ceyx and Alcyone from BL Harley 4431, f. 131

Miniature of king Ceyx taking leave of his wife Alcyone as he prepares to set sail in a boat, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 131 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Ce... more

Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 117v

Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 117v

Detail of a miniature of Apollo shooting arrows at Corinus, after the white raven has reported her unfaithfulness, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 117v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the ... more

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Detail of a miniature of Ulysses playing chess in his tent during the Trojan War, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... more

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Miniature of the Judgement of Paris, between Athena, Juno and Venus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 128v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... more

Death of Laomedon from BL Harley 4431, f. 123

Death of Laomedon from BL Harley 4431, f. 123

Miniature of Greek soldiers killing king Laomedon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 123 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'... more

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Miniature of Ulysses playing chess in his tent during the Trojan War, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... more

King Memnon from BL Harley 4431, f. 112

King Memnon from BL Harley 4431, f. 112

Detail of a miniature of King Memnon, a cousin of Hector, being called to arms, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 112 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... more

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Detail of a miniature of King Ninus besieging the city of Babylon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 135v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'L... more