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Christine de Pizan - The Medieval Feminist

Christine de Pizan ( 1364 – c. 1430) was an Italian-French late medieval court writer for Louis of Orleans, Philip the Bold of Burgundy, and John the Fearless of Burgundy and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI. She completed forty-one works during her 30-year career from 1399–1429, both poetry and prose, biographies and books containing practical advice for women.
Married in 1380 at the age of 15, she was widowed 10 years later. She needed to earn a living to support her mother, a niece and her two surviving children. She spent most of her life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adopted language, Middle French.
Supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons, she influenced 15th-century English poetry. Her success stems from a wide range of innovative writing and rhetorical techniques that critically challenged renowned writers such as Jean de Meun, author of the Romance of the Rose, which she criticized as immoral.
Certain scholars have argued that she should be seen as an early feminist who efficiently used language to convey that women could play an important role in society. This characterization has been challenged by other critics, who say that it is either an anachronistic use of the word or a misinterpretation of her writing and intentions.
Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290
217 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3

Morpheus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130v

Miniature of Morpheus bringing sleep to a man in a bed, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 130v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du ... more

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Miniature of Ulysses playing chess in his tent during the Trojan War, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... more

Hermaphroditus from BL Harley 4431, f. 132v

Miniature of Hermaphroditus and the nymph Salmacis bathing in a lake, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 132v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21),... more

Calchas at Delphi from BL Harley 4431, f. 132

Miniature of Calchas being sent to Delphi by Priam, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 132 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre... more

Aesculapius and Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 113v

Miniature of the physician Aesculapius making a diagnosis, while Circe spears frogs in a stream below, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 113v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inc... more

Laomedon, Pyramus and Thisbe from BL Harley 4431, f. 112v

Miniature of King Laomedon of Troy confronting the Hercules, Jason, and the Argonauts; miniature of Thisbe committing suicide after finding Pyramus dead, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 112v of Various... more

Death of Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 114

Miniature of Paris killing Achilles as he kneels in a temple and Hecuba watches; miniature of king Busiris offering the heads of his victims to the gods, on an altar in the temple, in 'L'Épître Othéa' Image tak... more

Hector and Patroclus; Echo and Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 134

Miniature of Hector killing Patroclus in battle; miniature of Echo and Narcissus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 134 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... more

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Miniature of Hero leaping from the battlements of a castle to drown with her lover Leander, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 114v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... more

Hector and Andromache from BL Harley 4431, f. 135

Miniature of Hector bidding farewell to his wife Andromache and their son Astyanax before going off to war, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 135 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'),... more

Troilus and Briseis from BL Harley 4431, f. 133v

Miniature of Troilus and Briseis with Cupid, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des i... more

Hector and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 136

Miniature of Hector bidding farewell to Priam, who implores him not to fight, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 136 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff.... more

Aurora from BL Harley 4431, f. 115v

Miniature of Aurora bringing the dawn, while a peasant, fastening his trousers, enters a hen house, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 115v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includ... more

Priam and Helen from BL Harley 4431, f. 115

Miniature of a deputation of Greek messengers demanding the return of Helen from King Priam, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 115 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... more

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 192v

Miniature in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 192v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans' (ff. 58v-71), 'L... more

King Adrastus from BL Harley 4431, f. 116v

Miniature of Thydeus and Polinices in combat beneath the chamber of the sleeping King Adrastus of Argos, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 116v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), i... more

Queen Pasiphae from BL Harley 4431, f. 116

Miniature of queen Pasiphae embracing the bull, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 116 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des... more

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Miniature of King Ninus besieging the city of Babylon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 135v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du l... more

Man kneeling before two women from BL Harley 4431, f. 48

Miniature of a man in a red cloak kneeling before two women. Image taken from f. 48 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans... more

Ulysses and the Cyclops from BL Harley 4431, f. 105

Miniature of Ulysses blinding the Cyclops, Polyphemus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 105 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du li... more

Hercules, Theseus and Pirithous from BL Harley 4431, f. 108v

Miniature of Hercules slaying Cerberus, and Theseus and Pirithous battling demons, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 108v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades... more

The Lover from BL Harley 4431, f. 154v

Miniature of the Lover in bed complaining to his companion, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 154v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... more

Mercury, Argus, and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109v

Miniature of Mercury playing pipes to put a many-eyed Argus to sleep, in order to steal Io, who has been transformed into a cow, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 109v of Various works (also known as 'Th... more

Midas, Pan and Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 108

Miniature of Midas judging the contest between Pan and Apollo, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Midas, with donkey's ears, stands gesturing at the bottom right, whilst Apollo, playing his lyre, and Pan, playing pipe, engag... more

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Miniature of a lady seated in a litter borne by two white horses, in the centre, with male attendants, three mounted, one on foot, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 153 of Various works (also kn... more

Queen from BL Harley 4431, f. 361

Miniature of the queens and ladies welcoming female saints into the Cité des Dames. Image taken from f. 361 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... more

Venus from BL Harley 4431, f. 100

Miniature of Venus presiding over a group of men and women, who are presenting their hearts to her, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 100 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includi... more

Cadmus and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109

Miniature of the construction of Thebes and Cadmus killing the dragon at Ares' spring, with builders at work in the background; miniature of a scriptorium at work under the direction of Io, in 'L'Épître Othéa'.... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Miniature of Christine de Pizan presenting her book to Charles VI, seated on the left, with courtiers, at the beginning of 'Le Livre du chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 178 of Various works (also kno... more

Trojan Horse from BL Harley 4431, f. 139

Miniature of the gates of Troy being enlarged to permit the entrance of the Trojan horse, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 139 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent b... more

Jousting from BL Harley 4431, f. 150

Miniature of ladies watching knights jousting, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 150 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du l... more

Cephalus from BL Harley 4431, f. 129v

Miniature of Cephalus accidentally killing his wife Procris in a forest while hunting, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 129v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent bal... more

Narcissus; Athamas from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Miniature of Narcissus gazing at his own reflection; miniature of the fury Tesiphone inducing Athamus to kill his wife Ino and their children, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104 of Various works (also... more

Mercury and Aglauros from BL Harley 4431, f. 104v

Miniature of Aglauros refusing Mercury, disguised as a traveller, admittance to her sister Herse, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includin... more

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Miniature of a woman reading moral proverbs at the beginning of the 'Proverbes moraux'. Image taken from f. 259v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'L... more

King Memnon from BL Harley 4431, f. 112

Miniature of King Memnon, a cousin of Hector, being called to arms, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 112 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'L... more

Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 100v

Miniature of Saturn, holding a sickle, presiding over a group of men, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 100v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21),... more

Woman lying in bed from BL Harley 4431, f. 180v

Miniature of a woman lying in a bed, with another woman alongside, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 180v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff.... more

Christ as the Man of Sorrows from BL Harley 4431, f. 257

Miniature of Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the beginning of a prayer to Christ. Image taken from f. 257 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat... more

Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 140

Miniature of the sorceress Circe changing Ulysses and his companions into swine, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 140 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (... more

Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 101v

Miniature of Mars presiding over a battle scene, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre d... more

Ino sowing boiled corn from BL Harley 4431, f. 140v

Miniature of Ino ordering the sowing of boiled corn, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 140v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du liv... more

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Miniature of a man kneeling before a woman sitting on a red velvet bed. Image taken from f. 56v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... more

Woman before a man from BL Harley 4431, f. 58v

Miniature of a woman before a man seated on a throne, with two men seated behind her, in 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans'. Image taken from f. 58v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inclu... more

Queen Penthesilea from BL Harley 4431, f. 103v

Miniatureof Queen Penthesilea with and her amy of Amazons riding through the forest to aid the Trojan army, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 103v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen')... more

Duke of True Love from BL Harley 4431, f. 143

Miniature of the Duke of True Love and his lady, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 143 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du... more

Minerva from BL Harley 4431, f. 102v

Miniature of Minerva presenting armour to her followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 102v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du... more

Mercury from BL Harley 4431, f. 102

Miniature of Mercury inspiring the speech of the learned, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. The celestial figure of Mercury is holding a flower as a symbol of eloquence, while a group of figures, below, is engaged in learne... more

Lady praying before the Virgin from BL Harley 4431, f. 265

Miniature of a lady (?Christine) praying before the Virgin and Child at the beginning of a prayer to the Virgin. Image taken from f. 265 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent... more

Ulysses discovering Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 127v

Miniature of Ulysses discovering Achilles, who is hiding among the daughters of Lycomedes on Scyros; Ulysses casts weapons before the women, which Achilles snatches up, betraying his identity, in 'L'Épître Othé... more

Vision of the Tiburtine Sybil from BL Harley 4431, f. 141

Miniature of the Tiburtine Sybil revealing to Caesar Augustus a vision of the Virgin and Child, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 141 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including ... more

Apollo and Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Miniature of Apollo, playing his harp, presiding over his followers; miniature of Phoebe with a bow and arrow, presiding over her followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101 of Various works (also k... more

Minerva and Pallas Athena from BL Harley 4431, f. 103

Miniature of Minerva, holding a sword, and Pallas Athena, holding a book, presiding over their followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 103 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), i... more

Duke of True Love hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 144

Miniature of the Duke of True Love hunting with dogs and mounted companions, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 144 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balad... more

Jupiter from BL Harley 4431, f. 99v

Miniature of Jupiter presiding over his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 99v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... more

Ladies building the Cité des dames from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'. Image take... more

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Miniature of the Judgement of Paris, between Athena, Juno and Venus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 128v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... more

Hippomenes and Atalante from BL Harley 4431, f. 128

Miniature of Hippomenes racing against Atalante in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Hippomenes, to the left, holding a golden apple, races against Atalante who stoops to pick up one of the golden apples. Image taken from f. 1... more

Duke of True Love and companions from BL Harley 4431, f. 145

Miniature of the Duke of True Love and his companions entertaining ladies in a garden, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 145 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including '... more

Queen Reason from BL Harley 4431, f. 218v

Miniature of the pleading at the court of the Queen Reason,. in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 218v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21)... more

Adonis killed by a wild boar from BL Harley 4431, f. 124v

Miniature of Adonis being killed by a wild boar, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 124v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre d... more

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Miniature of the Trojan army inspecting the empty Greek ships as Telamon's army enters the undefended city of Troy, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the ... more

Bacchus and his followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 106

Miniature of Bacchus and his followers drinking, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 106 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre de... more

Orpheus; Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 125v

Miniature of Orpheus charming wild animals by playing his lyre; miniature of the Judgement of Paris, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inclu... more

Queen and ladies from BL Harley 4431, f. 323

Miniature of the queen and her ladies entering the Cite des Dames, in 'La Cité des dames'. Image taken from f. 323 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... more

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Miniature of Perseus battling the Gorgon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 120v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... more

Wedding of Peleus and Thetis from BL Harley 4431, f. 122v

Miniature of guests at the banquet to celebrate the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 122v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades'... more

Death of Laomedon from BL Harley 4431, f. 123

Miniature of Greek soldiers killing king Laomedon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 123 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... more

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Miniature of Orpheus looking back as he leads Eurydice from Hell, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le... more

Diana and Pallas from BL Harley 4431, f. 124

Miniature of the goddess Diana and maidens hunting a stag; miniature of Arachne at her loom with Pallas, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 124 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... more

Juno from BL Harley 4431, f. 123v

Miniature of Juno, disguised as an old woman, giving poor advice to the young Semele, beloved of Jupiter, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 123v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), ... more

Vulcan, Venus and Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 121

Miniature of Vulcan chaining his wife Venus and Mars together after finding them in bed together, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 121 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including... more

Actaeon from BL Harley 4431, f. 126

Miniature of Actaeon surprising Diana at her bath; he is turned into a stag as punishment, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent ... more

Jason from BL Harley 4431, f. 120

Miniature of Jason battling the dragon which guards the golden ram on Colchis, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 120 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff... more

Medea and Jason from BL Harley 4431, f. 122

Miniature of Medea presenting a casket to a kneeling Jason; miniature of Galatea and Acis being surprised by Galatea's jealous suitor, Polyphemus, who seizes a rock to crush Acis, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image tak... more

Apollo killing Ganymede from BL Harley 4431, f. 119v

Miniature of Apollo killing Ganymede by piercing his eye, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 119v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat d... more

Adrastus and Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 118v

Miniature of the army of king Adrastus riding to destroy Thebes, against the advice of Amphiarus; miniature of Saturn, as a model of discretion, counseling silence to his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image t... more

Lover and lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 376

Miniature of the lover telling of his love to his lady in a garden. Image taken from f. 376 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ... more

Juno from BL Harley 4431, f. 118

Miniature of Juno, as the goddess of wealth, presiding over an assembly of men counting money, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 118 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'C... more

Hercules battling two lions from BL Harley 4431, f. 97

Miniature of Hercules battling against two lions, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 97 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre de... more

Two women from BL Harley 4431, f. 189v

Miniature of two women standing in a sphere of the cosmos, with the moon, sun and stars surrounding, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 189v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Que... more

Cupid from BL Harley 4431, f. 117

Miniature of Cupid and a young knight, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 117 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans... more

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

Miniature of naked Christians being brought before king Minos for judgement, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 98 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4... more

Christine and Sibyl from BL Harley 4431, f. 188

Miniature of Christine and the Sibyl pointing at a ladder to heavens in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 188 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff... more

Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 117v

Miniature of Apollo shooting arrows at Corinus, after the white raven has reported her unfaithfulness, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 117v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inc... more

Temperance from BL Harley 4431, f. 96v

Miniature of Temperance adjusting a clock, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 96v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... more

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Miniature of two birds, a black crow and a white raven, resting in trees, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 119 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... more

Othea from BL Harley 4431, f. 95v

Miniature of the goddess Othea presenting her epistle to Hector of Troy, at the beginning of 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 95v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent b... more

Pegasus from BL Harley 4431, f. 183

Miniature of Pegasus flying over the Nine Muses, in the Castalian fountain on Mount Parnassus, while Christine and the Sibyl look on, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 183 of Various works (al... more

God of Love from BL Harley 4431, f. 51

Miniature of the God of Love presenting a 'royal letter' to a messenger. Image taken from f. 51 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'... more

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... more

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Detail of a miniature of three pairs of lovers being presented to Jean de Werchin, Seneschal of Hainault, in 'Le Livre des iii jugements'. Image taken from f. 71v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of th... more

Pyrrhus avenging the death of Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 110

Miniature of Pyrrhus in battle with the Trojans, avenging the death of Achilles, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 110 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (... more

Shepherd from BL Harley 4431, f. 221

Miniature of a shepherd with his dog and flock at the beginning of 'Le Livre de la pastoure'. Image taken from f. 221 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21... more

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Detail of a miniature of Orpheus looking back as he leads Eurydice from Hell, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff... more

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Detail of a miniature of a woman reading moral proverbs at the beginning of the 'Proverbes moraux'. Image taken from f. 259v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... more

Pegasus from BL Harley 4431, f. 183

Detail of a miniature of Pegasus flying over the Nine Muses, in the Castalian fountain on Mount Parnassus, while Christine and the Sibyl look on, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 183 of Vario... more

Bellorophon from BL Harley 4431, f. 111v

Detail of a miniature of Bellorophon and his stepmother, the queen, with threatening lions above, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 111v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includin... more

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Miniature of three pairs of lovers being presented to Jean de Werchin, Seneschal of Hainault, in 'Le Livre des iii jugements'. Image taken from f. 71v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), i... more