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Christine de Pizan - The Medieval Feminist

Christine de Pizan was an Italian-French late medieval author and a court author.Created by: PICRYL - Public Domain Media Search EngineDated: 2017
Christine de Pizan ( 1364 – c. 1430) was an Italian-French late medieval court writer for Louis of Orleans, Philip the Bold of Burgundy, and John the Fearless of Burgundy and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI. She completed forty-one works during her 30-year career from 1399–1429, both poetry and prose, biographies and books containing practical advice for women.
Married in 1380 at the age of 15, she was widowed 10 years later. She needed to earn a living to support her mother, a niece and her two surviving children. She spent most of her life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adopted language, Middle French.
Supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons, she influenced 15th-century English poetry. Her success stems from a wide range of innovative writing and rhetorical techniques that critically challenged renowned writers such as Jean de Meun, author of the Romance of the Rose, which she criticized as immoral.
Certain scholars have argued that she should be seen as an early feminist who efficiently used language to convey that women could play an important role in society. This characterization has been challenged by other critics, who say that it is either an anachronistic use of the word or a misinterpretation of her writing and intentions.
217 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3
Death of Laomedon from BL Harley 4431, f. 123

Death of Laomedon from BL Harley 4431, f. 123

Detail of a miniature of Greek soldiers killing king Laomedon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 123 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... More

Death of Hector from BL Harley 4431, f. 136v

Death of Hector from BL Harley 4431, f. 136v

Detail of a miniature of Achilles killing Hector in battle, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 136v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat... More

Pyrrhus avenging the death of Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 110

Pyrrhus avenging the death of Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 110

Detail of a miniature of Pyrrhus in battle with the Trojans, avenging the death of Achilles, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 110 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... More

Christine de Pisan from BL Harley 4431, f. 3

Christine de Pisan from BL Harley 4431, f. 3

Detail of a presentation miniature with Christine de Pisan presenting her book to queen Isabeau of Bavaria. Image taken from f. 3 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balade... More

Antenor from BL Harley 4431, f. 138v

Antenor from BL Harley 4431, f. 138v

Detail of a miniature of Antenor betraying the city of Troy to the Greeks, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 138v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4... More

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 196v

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 196v

Detail of a miniature, in 'Le Livre du chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 196v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... More

Ladies and gentlemen riding from BL Harley 4431, f. 81

Ladies and gentlemen riding from BL Harley 4431, f. 81

Detail of a miniature of ladies and gentlemen riding together. Image taken from f. 81 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii ama... More

Minerva from BL Harley 4431, f. 102v

Minerva from BL Harley 4431, f. 102v

Detail of a miniature of Minerva presenting armour to her followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 102v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... More

Ulysses discovering Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 127v

Ulysses discovering Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 127v

Detail of a miniature of Ulysses discovering Achilles, who is hiding among the daughters of Lycomedes on Scyros; Ulysses casts weapons before the women, which Achilles snatches up, betraying his identity, in 'L... More

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 218v

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 218v

Detail of a miniature in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 218v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans' (ff.... More

Death of Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 114

Death of Achilles from BL Harley 4431, f. 114

Miniature of Paris killing Achilles as he kneels in a temple and Hecuba watches; miniature of king Busiris offering the heads of his victims to the gods, on an altar in the temple, in 'L'Épître Othéa' Image tak... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Miniature of Christine de Pizan presenting her book to Charles VI, seated on the left, with courtiers, at the beginning of 'Le Livre du chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 178 of Various works (also kno... More

Daphne from BL Harley 4431, f. 134v

Daphne from BL Harley 4431, f. 134v

Detail of a miniature of Daphne, the nymph who was turned into a laurel tree while fleeing from Apollo, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 134v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... More

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Detail of a miniature of two birds, a black crow and a white raven, resting in trees, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 119 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balad... More

Vulcan, Venus and Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 121

Vulcan, Venus and Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 121

Detail of a miniature of Vulcan chaining his wife Venus and Mars together after finding them in bed together, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 121 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'... More

Christine and the Sibyl from BL Harley 4431, f. 189v

Christine and the Sibyl from BL Harley 4431, f. 189v

Detail of a miniature of Christine and the Sibyl standing in a sphere of the cosmos, with the moon, sun and stars surrounding, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 189v of Various works (also kno... More

Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 117v

Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 117v

Detail of a miniature of Apollo shooting arrows at Corinus, after the white raven has reported her unfaithfulness, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 117v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the ... More

Midas, Pan and Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 108

Midas, Pan and Apollo from BL Harley 4431, f. 108

Miniature of Midas judging the contest between Pan and Apollo, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Midas, with donkey's ears, stands gesturing at the bottom right, whilst Apollo, playing his lyre, and Pan, playing pipe, engag... More

Mercury, Argus, and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109v

Mercury, Argus, and Io from BL Harley 4431, f. 109v

Detail of a miniature of Mercury playing pipes to put a many-eyed Argus to sleep, in order to steal Io, who has been transformed into a cow, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 109v of Various works (also ... More

Minerva and Pallas Athena from BL Harley 4431, f. 103

Minerva and Pallas Athena from BL Harley 4431, f. 103

Detail a miniature of Minerva, holding a sword, and Pallas Athena, holding a book, presiding over their followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'.'. Image taken from f. 103 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the... More

Troilus and Briseis from BL Harley 4431, f. 133v

Troilus and Briseis from BL Harley 4431, f. 133v

Detail of a miniature of Troilus and Briseis with Cupid, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du... More

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Detail of a miniature of King Ninus besieging the city of Babylon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 135v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'L... More

Actaeon from BL Harley 4431, f. 126

Actaeon from BL Harley 4431, f. 126

Detail of a miniature of Actaeon surprising Diana at her bath; he is turned into a stag as punishment, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), incl... More

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Detail of a miniature of three pairs of lovers being presented to Jean de Werchin, Seneschal of Hainault, in 'Le Livre des iii jugements'. Image taken from f. 71v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of th... More

Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Detail of a miniature of Narcissus gazing at his own reflection, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le D... More

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Detail of a miniature of Perseus battling the Gorgon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 120v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du li... More

Duke of True Love and companions from BL Harley 4431, f. 145

Duke of True Love and companions from BL Harley 4431, f. 145

Detail of a miniature of the Duke of True Love and his companions entertaining ladies in a garden, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 145 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'),... More

Diana reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 107

Diana reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 107

Detail of a miniature of Diana presiding over an assembly of women reading, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 107 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4... More

Queen and ladies from BL Harley 4431, f. 323

Queen and ladies from BL Harley 4431, f. 323

Detail of a miniature of the queen and her ladies entering the Cite des Dames, in 'La Cité des dames'. Image taken from f. 323 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 178

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan presenting her book to Charles VI, seated on the left, with courtiers, at the beginning of 'Le Livre du chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 178 of Various wor... More

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Black crow and white raven from BL Harley 4431, f. 119

Miniature of two birds, a black crow and a white raven, resting in trees, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 119 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... More

Death of Ajax from BL Harley 4431, f. 138

Death of Ajax from BL Harley 4431, f. 138

Detail of a miniature of Ajax being killed by an enemy arrow during a battle, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 138 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff.... More

Duke of True Love from BL Harley 4431, f. 143

Duke of True Love from BL Harley 4431, f. 143

Detail of a miniature of the Duke of True Love and his lady, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 143 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study, at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... More

Isis grafting trees from BL Harley 4431, f. 107v

Isis grafting trees from BL Harley 4431, f. 107v

Detail of a miniature of Isis grafting trees, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 107v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ... More

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Orpheus and Eurydice from BL Harley 4431, f. 126v

Detail of a miniature of Orpheus looking back as he leads Eurydice from Hell, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 126v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff... More

Lover and lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 376

Lover and lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 376

Detail of a miniature of the lover telling of his love to his lady in a garden. Image taken from f. 376 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat d... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 261v

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 261v

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan giving instructions in the 'Enseignemens que Cristine donne à son Filz'. Image taken from f. 261v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including ... More

Hippomenes and Atalante from BL Harley 4431, f. 128

Hippomenes and Atalante from BL Harley 4431, f. 128

Detail of a miniature of Hippomenes racing against Atalante in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Hippomenes, to the left, holding a golden apple, races against Atalante who stoops to pick up one of the golden apples. Image tak... More

Troilus and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 131v

Troilus and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 131v

Detail of a miniature of Troilus advising king Priam in council about the abduction of Helen, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 131v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'C... More

Death of Polybetes from BL Harley 4431, f. 137

Death of Polybetes from BL Harley 4431, f. 137

Detail of a miniature of Achilles killing Polybetes in battle, as Polybetes tries to retrieve Hector's armour, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 137 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen... More

Hermaphroditus from BL Harley 4431, f. 132v

Hermaphroditus from BL Harley 4431, f. 132v

Detail of a miniature of Hermaphroditus and the nymph Salmacis bathing in a lake, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 132v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades'... More

Adonis killed by a wild boar from BL Harley 4431, f. 124v

Adonis killed by a wild boar from BL Harley 4431, f. 124v

Detail of a miniature of Adonis being killed by a wild boar, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 124v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déba... More

Ceyx and Alcyone from BL Harley 4431, f. 131

Ceyx and Alcyone from BL Harley 4431, f. 131

Detail of a miniature of king Ceyx taking leave of his wife Alcyone as he prepares to set sail in a boat, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 131 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), i... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 95

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 95

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan presenting her book to Louis of Orleans, at the beginning of 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 95 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), includ... More

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 153

Detail of a miniature of a lady seated in a litter borne by two white horses, in the centre, with male attendants, three mounted, one on foot, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 153 of Various wo... More

Ceyx and Alcyone from BL Harley 4431, f. 131

Ceyx and Alcyone from BL Harley 4431, f. 131

Miniature of king Ceyx taking leave of his wife Alcyone as he prepares to set sail in a boat, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 131 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Ce... More

Armies entering Troy from BL Harley 4431, f. 139v

Armies entering Troy from BL Harley 4431, f. 139v

Detail of a miniature of the Greek army entering Troy and destroying the city, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 139v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... More

Wheel of Fortune from BL Harley 4431, f. 129

Wheel of Fortune from BL Harley 4431, f. 129

Miniature of the Wheel of Fortune, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 129 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans' (f... More

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Christine de Pizan from BL Harley 4431, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of Christine de Pizan in her study at the beginning of the 'Cent balades'. Image taken from f. 4 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-2... More

Queen and attendant from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Queen and attendant from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Detail of a the right-hand portion of the miniature, depicting a queen and her attendant building the Cité des dames at the beginning of this text. Image taken from f. 290 of Various works (also known as 'The B... More

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Detail of a miniature of a woman reading moral proverbs at the beginning of the 'Proverbes moraux'. Image taken from f. 259v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... More

Priam and Helen from BL Harley 4431, f. 115

Priam and Helen from BL Harley 4431, f. 115

Detail of a miniature of a deputation of Greek messengers demanding the return of Helen from King Priam, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 115 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... More

Andromeda and Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 98v

Andromeda and Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 98v

Miniature of Andromeda being rescued from a monster by Perseus, riding on Pegasus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 98v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades'... More

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Man kneeling before a woman from BL Harley 4431, f. 56v

Detail of a miniature of a man kneeling before a woman sitting on a red velvet bed. Image taken from f. 56v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Déb... More

Hector and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 136

Hector and Priam from BL Harley 4431, f. 136

Detail of a miniature of Hector bidding farewell to Priam, who implores him not to fight, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 136 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent b... More

Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Phoebe from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Detail of a miniature of Phoebe with a bow and arrow, presiding over her followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades... More

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Seige of Babylon from BL Harley 4431, f. 135v

Miniature of King Ninus besieging the city of Babylon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 135v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du l... More

Christ as the Man of Sorrows from BL Harley 4431, f. 257

Christ as the Man of Sorrows from BL Harley 4431, f. 257

Detail of a miniature of Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the beginning of a prayer to Christ. Image taken from f. 257 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21... More

Hector and Andromache from BL Harley 4431, f. 135

Hector and Andromache from BL Harley 4431, f. 135

Miniature of Hector bidding farewell to his wife Andromache and their son Astyanax before going off to war, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 135 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'),... More

Medea and Jason from BL Harley 4431, f. 122

Medea and Jason from BL Harley 4431, f. 122

Miniature of Medea presenting a casket to a kneeling Jason; miniature of Galatea and Acis being surprised by Galatea's jealous suitor, Polyphemus, who seizes a rock to crush Acis, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image tak... More

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Woman reading from BL Harley 4431, f. 259v

Detail of a miniature of a woman reading moral proverbs at the beginning of the 'Proverbes moraux'. Image taken from f. 259v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (f... More

Shepherd from BL Harley 4431, f. 221

Shepherd from BL Harley 4431, f. 221

Miniature of a shepherd with his dog and flock at the beginning of 'Le Livre de la pastoure'. Image taken from f. 221 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21... More

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 125v

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 125v

Miniature of the Judgement of Paris, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans'... More

Hercules battling two lions from BL Harley 4431, f. 97

Hercules battling two lions from BL Harley 4431, f. 97

Detail of a miniature of Hercules battling against two lions, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 97 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat... More

Apollo and followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Apollo and followers from BL Harley 4431, f. 101

Detail of a miniature of Apollo, playing his harp, presiding over his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (... More

Duke of True Love hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 144

Duke of True Love hunting from BL Harley 4431, f. 144

Miniature of the Duke of True Love hunting with dogs and mounted companions, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. Image taken from f. 144 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balad... More

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

King Minos from BL Harley 4431, f. 98

Miniature of naked Christians being brought before king Minos for judgement, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 98 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4... More

Adrastus from BL Harley 4431, f. 118v

Adrastus from BL Harley 4431, f. 118v

Detail of a miniature of the army of king Adrastus riding to destroy Thebes, against the advice of Amphiarus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 118v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen... More

Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 101v

Mars from BL Harley 4431, f. 101v

Miniature of Mars presiding over a battle scene, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 101v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre d... More

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Miniature of Hero leaping from the battlements of a castle to drown with her lover Leander, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 114v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cen... More

Woman lying in bed from BL Harley 4431, f. 180v

Woman lying in bed from BL Harley 4431, f. 180v

Miniature of a woman lying in a bed, with another woman alongside, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 180v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff.... More

Queen Penthesilea from BL Harley 4431, f. 103v

Queen Penthesilea from BL Harley 4431, f. 103v

Miniatureof Queen Penthesilea with and her amy of Amazons riding through the forest to aid the Trojan army, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 103v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen')... More

Ladies building the Cité des dames from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Ladies building the Cité des dames from BL Harley 4431, f. 290

Miniature of Christine de Pizan before the personifications of Rectitude, Reason, and Justice in her study, while outside, the ladies build the Cité des dames at the beginning of 'La Cité des dames'. Image take... More

Hector and Patroclus; Echo and Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 134

Hector and Patroclus; Echo and Narcissus from BL Harley 4431, f. 134

Miniature of Hector killing Patroclus in battle; miniature of Echo and Narcissus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 134 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... More

Temperance from BL Harley 4431, f. 96v

Temperance from BL Harley 4431, f. 96v

Miniature of Temperance adjusting a clock, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 96v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... More

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 188

Miniature from BL Harley 4431, f. 188

Detail of a miniature in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 188 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans' (ff. ... More

Narcissus;  Athamas from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Narcissus; Athamas from BL Harley 4431, f. 104

Miniature of Narcissus gazing at his own reflection; miniature of the fury Tesiphone inducing Athamus to kill his wife Ino and their children, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104 of Various works (also... More

Adrastus and Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 118v

Adrastus and Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 118v

Miniature of the army of king Adrastus riding to destroy Thebes, against the advice of Amphiarus; miniature of Saturn, as a model of discretion, counseling silence to his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image t... More

Woman before a man from BL Harley 4431, f. 58v

Woman before a man from BL Harley 4431, f. 58v

Detail of a miniature of a woman before a man seated on a throne, with two men seated behind her, in 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans'. Image taken from f. 58v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Qu... More

Pegasus from BL Harley 4431, f. 183

Pegasus from BL Harley 4431, f. 183

Miniature of Pegasus flying over the Nine Muses, in the Castalian fountain on Mount Parnassus, while Christine and the Sibyl look on, in 'Le chemin de long estude'. Image taken from f. 183 of Various works (al... More

Morpheus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130v

Morpheus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130v

Detail of a miniature of Morpheus bringing sleep to a man in a bed, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 130v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), '... More

Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 100v

Saturn from BL Harley 4431, f. 100v

Detail of a miniature of Saturn, holding a sickle, presiding over a group of men, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 100v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades'... More

Ceres sowing corn from BL Harley 4431, f. 107v

Ceres sowing corn from BL Harley 4431, f. 107v

Detail of a miniature of Ceres sowing corn, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 107v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii... More

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Ulysses playing chess from BL Harley 4431, f. 133

Miniature of Ulysses playing chess in his tent during the Trojan War, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 133 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), ... More

Helenus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130

Helenus from BL Harley 4431, f. 130

Miniature of Helenus, brother of Hector, advising Paris in an assembly, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 130 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21)... More

Ulysses and the Cyclops from BL Harley 4431, f. 105

Ulysses and the Cyclops from BL Harley 4431, f. 105

Miniature of Ulysses blinding the Cyclops, Polyphemus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 105 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du li... More

Lover and lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 376

Lover and lady from BL Harley 4431, f. 376

Miniature of the lover telling of his love to his lady in a garden. Image taken from f. 376 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ... More

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Judgement of Paris from BL Harley 4431, f. 128v

Detail of a miniature of the Judgement of Paris, between Athena, Juno and Venus, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 128v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' ... More

Jupiter from BL Harley 4431, f. 99v

Jupiter from BL Harley 4431, f. 99v

Miniature of Jupiter presiding over his followers, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 99v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre ... More

Mercury and Aglauros from BL Harley 4431, f. 104v

Mercury and Aglauros from BL Harley 4431, f. 104v

Detail of a miniature of Aglauros refusing Mercury, disguised as a traveller, admittance to her sister Herse, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 104v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen... More

Cupid from BL Harley 4431, f. 117

Cupid from BL Harley 4431, f. 117

Miniature of Cupid and a young knight, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 117 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans... More

Man kneeling before two women from BL Harley 4431, f. 48

Man kneeling before two women from BL Harley 4431, f. 48

Miniature of a man in a red cloak kneeling before two women. Image taken from f. 48 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii amans... More

Aesculapius and Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 113v

Aesculapius and Circe from BL Harley 4431, f. 113v

Miniature of the physician Aesculapius making a diagnosis, while Circe spears frogs in a stream below, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 113v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), inc... More

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Perseus from BL Harley 4431, f. 120v

Miniature of Perseus battling the Gorgon, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 120v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), including 'Cent balades' (ff. 4-21), 'Le Débat du livre des ii a... More

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Three pairs of lovers from BL Harley 4431, f. 71v

Miniature of three pairs of lovers being presented to Jean de Werchin, Seneschal of Hainault, in 'Le Livre des iii jugements'. Image taken from f. 71v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), i... More

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Hero and Leander from BL Harley 4431, f. 114v

Detail of a miniature of Hero leaping from the battlements of a castle to drown with her lover Leander, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 114v of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the Queen'), in... More

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