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Prussia

The most powerful German State.Created by: PICRYLDated: 1860
Military uniforms: Germany, Prussia, 1740-1745
In 1225, the Teutonic Knights, a military order of crusading knights, headquartered in the Kingdom of Jerusalem at Acre transferred their operations to the Baltic Sea where Order engaged in numerous armed conflicts until Order's lands came into the hands of a branch of the Hohenzollern family, who already ruled the Brandenburg.

The resulting state, known as Brandenburg-Prussia, commonly known as "Prussia", consisted of geographically disconnected territories in Prussia, Brandenburg, and the Rhineland. During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), armies repeatedly marched across the territories so Hohenzollerns had to build a powerful military to protect disconnected lands.

"Prussia" developed one of the most powerful armies in Europe. Mirabeau said: "Prussia, is not a state with an army, but an army with a state." More than 20,000 Protestant refugees from Salzburg settled in thinly populated eastern Prussia.

Prussia engaged in wars with Poland, Lithuania, numerous German States, Habsburg Austria, France, and Russia proving Prussia's status as one of the great powers of Europe. By 1813, Prussia could mobilize almost 300,000 soldiers. Prussian troops contributed crucially in the Battle of Waterloo - the final victory over Napoleon. Prussia invited the immigration of Protestant refugees (especially Huguenots).

For protestants, Prussia was a safe haven in much the same way that the United States welcomed immigrants seeking freedom in the 19th century. Frederick the Great, the first "King of Prussia" introduced a general civil code, abolished torture and established the principle that the Crown would not interfere in matters of justice. He promoted an advanced secondary education which prepares the brightest pupils for university studies. The Prussian education system was emulated in various countries, including the United States.

The first half of the 19th century saw a prolonged struggle between those who wanted a united Germany and others who wanted to maintain Germany as a patchwork of independent, monarchical states with Prussia and Austria competing for influence. In 1862 Prussian King Wilhelm I appointed Otto von Bismarck as Prime Minister. Bismarck guided Prussia through a series of wars resulting in a formation of the North German Confederation that united all German-speaking peoples, excluding Austria, which remained connected to non-German territories. On 18 January 1871, William was proclaimed "German Emperor".

World War I ended Prussia’s supremacy. The abolition of the political power of the aristocracy transformed Prussia into a region strongly dominated by the left-wing of the political spectrum. Prussia lost territories and became a Land under the Weimar Republic. After the rise to power of Adolf Hitler in 1933, the Prussian constitution was set aside and the legislature abolished.

World War II led to the abolition of Prussia with most the land ceded over to Poland. The German population was expelled and fled to the Western occupation zones. The number of casualties is estimated at 2 to 4 million, including those who fled during the last months of the war. 25 February 1947, Prussia was officially proclaimed to be dissolved.
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[Holstengate, Lubeck, Germany], Vintage Postcard by Detroit Publishing Co.

[Holstengate, Lubeck, Germany], Vintage Postcard by Detroit Publishing...

Title from the Detroit Publishing Co., catalogue J foreign section. Detroit, Mich. : Detroit Photographic Company, 1905. Print no. "1879". Forms part of: Views of Germany in the Photochrom print collection.

“Augustalis” of Frederick II Hohenstaufen (r. 1215–50)
Chess and backgammon board, copper alloy
Copy of a Panel with Two Dolphins Facing a Vessel at Center

Copy of a Panel with Two Dolphins Facing a Vessel at Center

Ornamental design with vase at center, flanked by two grotesque dolphins, facing inwards. after Jacob Binck (German, Cologne 1494/1500–1569 Kaliningrad (Königsberg))

Vertical Panel with a Half-Length Female with Leaves as Arms

Vertical Panel with a Half-Length Female with Leaves as Arms

Ornament panel with half-length female figure wearing a crown with wing-like leaves instead of arms. Jacob Binck (German, Cologne 1494/1500–1569 Kaliningrad (Königsberg))

Vertical Panel with Cupid Holding the End of a Plant Sprouting Tendrils

Vertical Panel with Cupid Holding the End of a Plant Sprouting Tendril...

Ornamental design with a cupid facing right, holding the end of scrolling vines. Jacob Binck (German, Cologne 1494/1500–1569 Kaliningrad (Königsberg))

Albrecht, Markgraf von Brandenburg Herzog von Preußen

Albrecht, Markgraf von Brandenburg Herzog von Preußen

Verleger: Cock, Hieronymus Stecher: Heyden, Pieter van der (1530)

Portret van Frederik I van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik II de Grote, koning van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik II de Grote, koning van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik I van Pruisen
Titelprent voor de prentserie van de inhaling van Willem V en Wilhelmina van Pruisen te Amsterdam, 1768
Portret van Wilhelmina van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik Willem I, koning van Pruisen als kroonprins
Portret van Wilhelmina van Pruisen
Portret van koning Frederik II de Grote van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik II de Grote, koning van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik I van Pruisen
Portret van Wilhelmina Frederica Sophia van Pruisen
Portret van Wilhelmina van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik II de Grote, koning van Pruisen
Portret van Frederik Willem I, koning van Pruisen
Portret van Wilhelmina Frederica Sophia van Pruisen, prinses van Oranje-Nassau, met haar man koning Willem I
Studie van de sjaal op het portret van prinses Wilhelmina van Pruisen
Bal in de Burgerzaal van het Stadhuis van Amsterdam ter ere van het bezoek van Prins Willem V en Wilhelmina van Pruisen, juni 1768
Portret van Frederik II de Grote, koning van Pruisen
Frederik II de Grote, koning van Pruisen opgehaald door de dood
Bezoek van Frederik I, koning van Pruisen aan Amsterdam
Ontvangst van Prins Willem V en Wilhelmina van Pruisen in de Raadzaal van het Stadhuis van Amsterdam
Portret van koning Frederik II de Grote van Pruisen
Wijnglas met een portret van Wilhelmina van Pruisen
Fireworks on June 23, 1595, for the entry to Küstrin of the Margrave of Brandenburg and Duchess of Prussia
Friedrich Wilhelm II., König von Preußen
Albrecht, Prinz von Preussen
Amalie, Prinzessin von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich Wilhelm II., König von Preußen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich I., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich Wilhelm III., König von Preußen
Friedrich, Prinz von Preußen
Albrecht, Prinz von Preussen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen

Friedrich II., König von Preussen

Radierer: Berger, Daniel (1744) Datierung: 1759 / 1824

Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen

Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen

Stecher: Bernigeroth, Martin Datierung: 1713 / 1733

Ferdinand, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm III., König von Preußen
Friedrich I., König von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen

Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen

Verleger: Smith, John (?) Maler: Weidemann, Friedrich Wilhelm Stecher: Smith, John (?)

Friedrich Wilhelm III., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich I., König von Preußen

Friedrich I., König von Preußen

Stecher: Bernigeroth, Martin Datierung: 1701 / 1713 faktischer Entstehungsort: Leipzig

Waldemar, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm II., König von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm II., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich Wilhelm III., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Albrecht Friedrich, Herzog von Preußen
Charlotte, Prinzessin von Preussen
Heinrich IV., Herzog von Schlesien-Breslau
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich I., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Heinrich VI., Herzog von Schlesien-Breslau
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich I., König von Preußen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Tankard, 16th century

Tankard, 16th century

See 17.190.545 for a similar amber tankard.

Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich I., König von Preußen
Magdalene Sibylle, Prinzessin von Brandenburg-Preußen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen

Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen

Stecher: Nilson, Johannes Esaias

Friedrich II., König von Preussen

Friedrich II., König von Preussen

Radierer: Chodowiecki, Daniel Nikolaus Zeichner: Chodowiecki, Daniel Nikolaus Datierung: 1772 / 1801

Friederike Sophie Wilhelmine, Prinzessin von Preußen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Heinrich, Prinz von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm I., König von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen

Friedrich II., König von Preussen

Zeichner: Tyroff, Hermann Jakob Radierer: Tyroff, Hermann Jakob Verleger: Tyroff, Martin Datierung: 1756 / 1760

Albrecht, Prinz von Preussen
Amalie, Prinzessin von Preussen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Albrecht, Markgraf von Brandenburg Herzog von Preußen
Friedrich II., König von Preussen
Friedrich Wilhelm III., König von Preußen
Friederike, Prinzessin von Preußen
Friedrich Wilhelm III., König von Preußen
Friederike, Prinzessin von Preußen
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