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Boethius

Boethius in the Middle AgesCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Dedication from BL Harley 4335, f. 10
Boethius (c. 480-524/525) was one of the most influential early medieval philosophers. His work, The Consolation of Philosophy, was the most widely translated and reproduced secular work from the 8th century until the end of the Middle Ages.
He was born around 480 into an influential Roman aristocratic family of Anicii which produced two Roman Emperors and several Roman consuls. He was fluent in Greek and may had been educated in Athens although many suggest Alexandria, especially those who think that his father may had been the perfect of Alexandria.
Boethius held important public offices in Rome and was appointed consul in 510, when the Italian peninsula was ruled by the Ostrogoths. Thanks to his scholarly knowledge, Boethius’s gained royal affection and in 522, and achieved appointment of his two sons, Boethius and Symmachus as joint consuls which he considered as his greatest achievement. He was arrested and imprisoned in Pavia for one or two years before he was executed for treason.
In the year (or two years) before his execution, Boethius wrote the Consolation of Philosophy, which is traditionally viewed as the last great work of the Classical era had a major influence on medieval philosophy but it also profoundly influenced early Renaissance thought in Europe.
According to Boethius, the universe is ruled by divine love and true happiness can be achieved not through power and money but by turning to otherworldly virtues. This interpretation perfectly fitted with the Christian doctrine of humility and played an important role in the later Christian philosophy of consolation according to which suffering from evil will be rewarded in the afterlife.
122 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2
Philosophy visiting Boethius from BL Harley 2688, f. 22v

Philosophy visiting Boethius from BL Harley 2688, f. 22v

Drawing of Philosophy visiting Boethius in prison. Image taken from f. 22v of Miscellany, including a wind rose (f. 17), a Greek and Latin grammatical list (ff. 19-22), and an excerpt from the 'Proverbia Salomo... more

Philosophy from BL Harley 4336, f. 1v

Philosophy from BL Harley 4336, f. 1v

Philosophy describes to Boethius the nature of fortune and decorated initial 'P'(ost). Image taken from f. 1v of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) ... more

Illuminated initial from BL Harley 4339, f. 2

Illuminated initial from BL Harley 4339, f. 2

Detail of an illuminated initial 'D' and the lower border of the folio with a miniature of a man burying jars of gold coins. Image taken from f. 2 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philo... more

Boethius and Philosophy from BL Harley 4335, f. 27

Boethius and Philosophy from BL Harley 4335, f. 27

Detail of a miniature of Boethius lying in bed, with Philosophy standing beside him, from the beginning of Book I of 'Consolation of Philosophy'. Image taken from f. 27 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (inde... more

Boethius and Philosophy from BL Harley 4335, f. 27

Boethius and Philosophy from BL Harley 4335, f. 27

Miniature of Boethius lying in bed, with Philosophy standing beside him, and a decorated initial 'C'. From the beginning of Book I of 'Consolation of Philosophy'. Image taken from f. 27 of Le Livre de Boece de... more

Philosophy from BL Harley 4339, f. 2

Philosophy from BL Harley 4339, f. 2

Detail of a miniature of Philosophy. Image taken from f. 2 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) (Book 5). Written in Latin and French.

Philosophy from BL Harley 4337, f. 2

Philosophy from BL Harley 4337, f. 2

Miniature of Philosophy and decorated initial 'I'. Image taken from f. 2 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) (Book 3). Written in Latin and French.

Dedication from BL Harley 4335, f. 10

Dedication from BL Harley 4335, f. 10

Miniature of Jean de Meun presenting his translation to the French king Philippe IV the Fair, with an illuminated initial 'A'. Image taken from f. 10 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Ph... more

Philosophy from BL Harley 4339, f. 2

Philosophy from BL Harley 4339, f. 2

Miniature of Philosophy and an illuminated initial 'D', with a miniature of a man burying jars of gold coins. Image taken from f. 2 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Conso... more

Philosophy from BL Harley 4338, f. 1v

Philosophy from BL Harley 4338, f. 1v

Miniature of Philosophy and decorated initial 'H'(ec). Image taken from f. 1v of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) (Book 4). Written in Latin and French.

Angels from BL Harley 4335, f. 10

Angels from BL Harley 4335, f. 10

Detail of illuminated initial 'A' and lower border with angels. Image taken from f. 10 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) (Book 1). Written in La... more

Boethius from BL Harley 4335, f. 1

Boethius from BL Harley 4335, f. 1

Miniature of Boethius in his library and decorated initial 'S'. Image taken from f. 1 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) (Book 1). Written in Lat... more

Philosophy from BL Harley 4338, f. 1v

Philosophy from BL Harley 4338, f. 1v

Detail of a miniature of the personification of Philosophy. Image taken from f. 1v of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolatione Philosophiae) (Book 4). Written in Latin ... more

Dedication from BL Harley 4335, f. 10

Dedication from BL Harley 4335, f. 10

Detail of a miniature of Jean de Meun presenting his translation to the French king Philippe IV the Fair. Image taken from f. 10 of Le Livre de Boece de Consolacion (index Consolation of Philosophy; De Consolat... more

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485]

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, D...

Illus. in: Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485. No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI WORK... more

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485]

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, D...

Illus. in: Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485. No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI WORK... more

Boethius, d. 524.De consolatione philosophieDe consolatione philosophiae. Dutch & Latin [from old catalog]Ghent, Arend de Keysere, 3 May 1485.

Boethius, d. 524.De consolatione philosophieDe consolatione philosophi...

In Dutch and Latin, with Dutch commentary. Leaf [2a]: Dit es de tafele dienende desen nauolghenden vijf bouken Boecij De consolatione philosophie. Goff B-812 Hain-Copinger 3400 BM 15th cent., IX, p. 206 (IC.501... more

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485]

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, D...

Illus. in: Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485. No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI WORK... more

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485]

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, D...

Illus. in: Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485. No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI WORK... more

Typus arithmeticae

Typus arithmeticae

The form of arithmetic, possibly muse of arithmetic, shown as woman standing between Boethius writing Arabic numerals and Pythagorus doing reckoning with counters. Illus. in: Margarita philosophica / Gregor Rei... more

Drawings from BL Harley 5237, f. 36

Drawings from BL Harley 5237, f. 36

Drawings of Boethius' explanation of the monochord, showing intervals as mathematical ratios. Image taken from f. 36 of De institutione musica. Written in Latin.

Coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, ff. 2v-3

Coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, ff. 2v-3

Text page with coloured initials. Image taken from ff. 2v-3 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologiae', Books 1-3 (ff. 24-35v), 'De nuptiis Philo... more

Lyre from BL Arundel 339, f. 75v

Lyre from BL Arundel 339, f. 75v

Marginal drawing of a lyre. Image taken from f. 75v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff.... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 77

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 77

Detail of marginal figure Auriga in a chariot with animals. Image taken from f. 77 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 9... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 121

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 121

Decorated initial 'I'(nter). Image taken from f. 121 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff... more

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Man from BL Arundel 339, f. 74

Man from BL Arundel 339, f. 74

Marginal drawing of a man with a halo. Image taken from f. 74 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhyth... more

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 81

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 81

Image taken from f. 81 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 104-106), Prologus in Antiph... more

Diagrams and decorated initial from BL Arundel 339, ff. 120v-121

Diagrams and decorated initial from BL Arundel 339, ff. 120v-121

Decorated initial 'I'(nter) and diagrams. Image taken from ff. 120v-121 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Reg... more

Decorated initial-word panel from BL Harley 7621, f. 254v

Decorated initial-word panel from BL Harley 7621, f. 254v

Initial-word panel ~Elleh~ (these) decorated with floral border inhabited by birds, and with a medallion containing Moses speaking to the people of Israel, at the beginning of Deuteronomy. Image taken from f. 2... more

Decorated initial from BL Royal 15 A XXX, f. 13

Decorated initial from BL Royal 15 A XXX, f. 13

Decorated initial with verse layout. Image taken from f. 13 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 76v

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 76v

Text page with diagram of astrolabe containing a human head. Image taken from f. 76v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Detail from BL Burn 129, f. 1

Detail from BL Burn 129, f. 1

Image taken from f. 1 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin, with Italian interlinear glosses.

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 61

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 61

Text page with geometrical diagrams. Image taken from f. 61 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Medici arms from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 2

Medici arms from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 2

Detail of Medici arms. Image taken from f. 2 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 84

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 84

Image taken from f. 84 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 104-106), Prologus in Antiph... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 82

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 82

Marginal drawing of Virgo. Image taken from f. 82 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 1... more

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2516, f. 8

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2516, f. 8

Decorated initial 'P'(ost) with pen-flourishing. Image taken from f. 8 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Flourished intial from BL Burn 65, f. 66

Flourished intial from BL Burn 65, f. 66

Flourished initial 'P'(ost) at the beginning of Book 8 of Boethius's translation of Aristotle's Topica. Image taken from f. 66 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2559, f. 22

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2559, f. 22

Initial 'H'(ec) with a reserved line and penwork decoration, at the beginning of book 4 of Boethius' De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 22 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Ph... more

Decorated initial from BL Harley 3557, f. 16v

Decorated initial from BL Harley 3557, f. 16v

Initial 'I'(am) decorated with acanthus leaves and besants at the beginning of Book 3. Image taken from f. 16v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Bear and snake from BL Arundel 339, f. 73v

Bear and snake from BL Arundel 339, f. 73v

Marginal drawings of a bear and a snake. Image taken from f. 73v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rh... more

Coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, f. 1

Coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, f. 1

Text page with coloured initials. Image taken from f. 1 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologiae', Books 1-3 (ff. 24-35v), 'De nuptiis Philologi... more

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 58v

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 58v

Text page with marginal gloss. Image taken from f. 58v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Decorated initial from BL Harley 43, f. 17

Decorated initial from BL Harley 43, f. 17

Decorated initial 'W'(han) with pen-flourishing. Image taken from f. 17 of The Consolation of Philosophy (index De consolatione philosophiae), in English verse with the Latin text in the margin (ending imperfec... more

Decorated initial from BL Harley 44, f. 2

Decorated initial from BL Harley 44, f. 2

Champ' initial 'I'(nsuffisaunce) combined with a bar border ending in foliate feathering forming a partial border at the beginning of the text. Image taken from f. 2 of The Consolation of Philosophy (index De c... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 120v

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 120v

Scholastic diagrams of the soul and of elements. Image taken from f. 120v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), R... more

Auriga from BL Arundel 339, f. 77

Auriga from BL Arundel 339, f. 77

Marginal figure of Auriga in a chariot with animals. Image taken from f. 77 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104),... more

Text page from BL Harley 3095, f. 129

Text page from BL Harley 3095, f. 129

Text page. Image taken from f. 129 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 81v

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 81v

Marginal drawing of Cancer as a crab. Image taken from f. 81v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhyth... more

Puzzle initial from BL Harley 2518, f. 1

Puzzle initial from BL Harley 2518, f. 1

Puzzle initial 'C'(armina) with pen-flourishing at the beginning of Book 1. Image taken from f. 1 of De consolatione philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy) wit ha gloss at the start of the text. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 68v

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 68v

Text page with mathematical diagrams. Image taken from f. 68v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page and coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, ff. 43v-44

Text page and coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, ff. 43v-44

Text page with rubric and initials in colours, and added interlinear glosses. Image taken from ff. 43v-44 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologi... more

Musical notation from BL Harley 3095, f. 111v

Musical notation from BL Harley 3095, f. 111v

Musical notation: the Greek Cherubic Hymn or 'Cheroubikon' in a Latin translation. Image taken from f. 111v of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula s... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 81v

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 81v

Marginal drawings of Leo as a lion. Image taken from f. 81v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmi... more

Drawings from BL Harley 5237, f. 35v

Drawings from BL Harley 5237, f. 35v

Drawings of Boethius' explanation of the monochord, showing intervals as mathematical ratios. Image taken from f. 35v of De institutione musica. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 383, f. 45

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 383, f. 45

Puzzle initial 'F'(orma), at the beginning of Gilbertus Porretanus's Liber de sex principiis. Image taken from f. 45 of Translations of Aristotle, etc., and others, some with glosses. Written in Latin.

Figure from BL Arundel 339, f. 78

Figure from BL Arundel 339, f. 78

Marginal figure of a man with a snake. Image taken from f. 78 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhyth... more

Text pages from BL Harley 3095, ff. 8v-9

Text pages from BL Harley 3095, ff. 8v-9

Text pages. Image taken from ff. 8v-9 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 323, f. 23v

Detail from BL Burn 323, f. 23v

Detail of the puzzle initial Initial 'H'(ec) at the beginning of book 4 of Boethius's consolatio philosophiae. Image taken from f. 23v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Zoomorphic initial from BL Harley 2510, f. 136

Zoomorphic initial from BL Harley 2510, f. 136

Zoomorphic initial 'I'(n dandis) with a bird at the beginning of De institutione arithmetica. Image taken from f. 136 of De institutione arithmetica. Written in Latin.

Coloured initials. from BL Harley 2685, ff. 1v-2

Coloured initials. from BL Harley 2685, ff. 1v-2

Text page with coloured initials. Image taken from ff. 1v-2 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologiae', Books 1-3 (ff. 24-35v), 'De nuptiis Philo... more

Puzzle initial from BL Eg 628, f. 83v

Puzzle initial from BL Eg 628, f. 83v

Puzzle initial with fish in the margin. Image taken from f. 83v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Diagrams from BL Arundel 77, f. 91v

Diagrams from BL Arundel 77, f. 91v

Diagrams in Boethius's Scolica Enchiriadis. Image taken from f. 91v of Glossed De Institutione Musica (ff. 6v-62); Scolica Enchiriadis (ff. 63v-87v); Tonary (ff. 92-98). Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 77

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 77

Text page with diagrams of astrolabe. Image taken from f. 77 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Initial from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 2

Initial from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 2

Detail of illuminated initial and border. Image taken from f. 2 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 323, f. 32v

Detail from BL Burn 323, f. 32v

Detail of puzzle initial. Image taken from f. 32v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 514, f. 161

Detail from BL Arundel 514, f. 161

Detail of decorated initial. Image taken from f. 161 of De consolatione philosophiae, imperfect. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 179, f. 32v

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 179, f. 32v

Puzzle initial 'D'(ixerat) at the beginning of book 5 of Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 32v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Eg 628, f. 35v

Puzzle initial from BL Eg 628, f. 35v

Puzzle initial 'P'. Image taken from f. 35v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 65, f. 1

Detail from BL Burn 65, f. 1

Image taken from f. 1 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Burn 130, f. 39v

Decorated initial from BL Burn 130, f. 39v

Flourished initials 'B'(ella) and 'D'(ixerat) in Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 39v of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Man with a book from BL Harley 3302, f. 10v

Man with a book from BL Harley 3302, f. 10v

Historiated initial 'P'(ost) of a man holding a book, with acanthus leaves extending into the margins. Image taken from f. 10v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index The consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Diagrams from BL Arundel 77, f. 14v

Diagrams from BL Arundel 77, f. 14v

Diagrams in Pseudo-Hucbaldus's De Institutione Musica. Image taken from f. 14v of Glossed De Institutione Musica (ff. 6v-62); Scolica Enchiriadis (ff. 63v-87v); Tonary (ff. 92-98). Written in Latin.

Title page from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 1v

Title page from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 1v

Detail of illuminated title page. Image taken from f. 1v of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Text page with diagram from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 59v

Text page with diagram from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 59v

Text page with diagram of astrolabe. Image taken from f. 59v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Table from BL Harley 549, f. 14

Table from BL Harley 549, f. 14

Multiplication table for 1 through 10, framed by four fish, a circle and three dogs chasing a hare, between chapters 26 and 27 of book 1 of Boethius' 'De institutione arithmetica'. Image taken from f. 14 of De ... more

Diagram from BL Lansdowne 842, A, f. 155

Diagram from BL Lansdowne 842, A, f. 155

Detail of text and diagram. Image taken from A, f. 155 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 52v

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 52v

Text page with table and marginal drawing. Image taken from f. 52v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Detail from BL Burn 65, f. 66

Detail from BL Burn 65, f. 66

Image taken from f. 66 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Text pages from BL Harley 3095, ff. 79v-80

Text pages from BL Harley 3095, ff. 79v-80

Text pages. Image taken from ff. 79v-80 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Constellations from BL Arundel 339, f. 76v

Constellations from BL Arundel 339, f. 76v

Marginal figures of constellations personified as human figures. Image taken from f. 76v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus ... more

Woman playing lute from BL Sloane 554, f. 53

Woman playing lute from BL Sloane 554, f. 53

Added drawing of a woman playing lute, at the end of Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 53 of The Consolation of Philosophy (index De consolatione philosophiae). Written in English.

Marginal figures from BL Arundel 339, ff. 76v-77

Marginal figures from BL Arundel 339, ff. 76v-77

Marginal figures of constellations personified as human figures and Auriga in a chariot with animals. Image taken from ff. 76v-77 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (f... more

Titles and initials in display capitals from BL Harley 3095, ff. 2v-3

Titles and initials in display capitals from BL Harley 3095, ff. 2v-3

Titles and initials in display capitals. Image taken from ff. 2v-3 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses... more

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 65, f. 1

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 65, f. 1

Illuminated initial 'P'(ropositum) at the beginning of Boethius's translation of Aristotle's Topica. Image taken from f. 1 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 82

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 82

Marginal drawings of Scorpio, and Sagitarius. Image taken from f. 82 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regula... more

Hercules from BL Arundel 339, f. 75

Hercules from BL Arundel 339, f. 75

Marginal drawing of Hercules. Image taken from f. 75 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff... more

Diagram from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 10

Diagram from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 10

Diagram with decorated bands. Image taken from f. 10 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Puzzle initial, and coloured initials from BL Burn 323, ff. 23v-24

Puzzle initial, and coloured initials from BL Burn 323, ff. 23v-24

Initial 'H'(ec) and coloured initials 'S'(unt) and 'T'(unc) at the beginning of book 4 of Boethius's consolatio philosophiae. Image taken from ff. 23v-24 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Ph... more

Detail: Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 383, f. 45

Detail: Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 383, f. 45

Puzzle initial 'F'(orma), at the beginning of Gilbertus Porretanus's Liber de sex principiis. Image taken from f. 45 of Translations of Aristotle, etc., and others, some with glosses. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 77v

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 77v

Text page. Image taken from f. 77v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 71

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 71

Text page with diagrams of the astrolabe. Image taken from f. 71 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 39v

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 39v

Image taken from f. 39v of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.