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Boethius

Boethius (c. 480-524/525) was one of the most influential early medieval philosophers. His work, The Consolation of Philosophy, was the most widely translated and reproduced secular work from the 8th century until the end of the Middle Ages.
He was born around 480 into an influential Roman aristocratic family of Anicii which produced two Roman Emperors and several Roman consuls. He was fluent in Greek and may had been educated in Athens although many suggest Alexandria, especially those who think that his father may had been the perfect of Alexandria.
Boethius held important public offices in Rome and was appointed consul in 510, when the Italian peninsula was ruled by the Ostrogoths. Thanks to his scholarly knowledge, Boethius’s gained royal affection and in 522, and achieved appointment of his two sons, Boethius and Symmachus as joint consuls which he considered as his greatest achievement. He was arrested and imprisoned in Pavia for one or two years before he was executed for treason.
In the year (or two years) before his execution, Boethius wrote the Consolation of Philosophy, which is traditionally viewed as the last great work of the Classical era had a major influence on medieval philosophy but it also profoundly influenced early Renaissance thought in Europe.
According to Boethius, the universe is ruled by divine love and true happiness can be achieved not through power and money but by turning to otherworldly virtues. This interpretation perfectly fitted with the Christian doctrine of humility and played an important role in the later Christian philosophy of consolation according to which suffering from evil will be rewarded in the afterlife.
Dedication from BL Harley 4335, f. 10
122 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2

Musical notation from BL Harley 3095, f. 111v

Musical notation: the Greek Cherubic Hymn or 'Cheroubikon' in a Latin translation. Image taken from f. 111v of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula s... more

Detail from BL Arundel 514, f. 161

Detail of decorated initial. Image taken from f. 161 of De consolatione philosophiae, imperfect. Written in Latin.

Title page from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 1v

Detail of illuminated title page. Image taken from f. 1v of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Initial from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 2

Detail of illuminated initial and border. Image taken from f. 2 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Illuminated initial from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 19

Detail of illuminated initial. Image taken from f. 19 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Table of contents; initial and border from BL Lansdowne 842, vol. 1, ff. 1v-2

Decorated table of contents; Inhabited initial 'I'(nvestigatam), and a partial border including medaillons, and heraldic arms supported by putti in the lower margin, at the beginning of Boethius's De Sancta Tri... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 77

Detail of marginal figure Auriga in a chariot with animals. Image taken from f. 77 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 9... more

Initial from BL Lansdowne 842, vol. 1, f. 19

Decorated initial 'M'(aiores), at the beginning of Boethius's super Cicero's Topica. Image taken from vol. 1, f. 19 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 76v

Detail of marginal figures of constellations personified as human figures. Image taken from f. 76v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: M... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 81v

Marginal drawings of Leo as a lion. Image taken from f. 81v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmi... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 120v

Scholastic diagrams of the soul and of elements. Image taken from f. 120v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), R... more

Medici arms from BL Lansdowne 842, f. 2

Detail of Medici arms. Image taken from f. 2 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Diagrams from BL Arundel 77, f. 14v

Diagrams in Pseudo-Hucbaldus's De Institutione Musica. Image taken from f. 14v of Glossed De Institutione Musica (ff. 6v-62); Scolica Enchiriadis (ff. 63v-87v); Tonary (ff. 92-98). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 82

Marginal drawings of Scorpio, and Sagitarius. Image taken from f. 82 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regula... more

Marginal drawings from BL Arundel 339, ff. 81v-82

Marginal drawings of Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Scorpio, and Sagitarius. Image taken from ff. 81v-82 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Microl... more

Marginal figures from BL Arundel 339, ff. 76v-77

Marginal figures of constellations personified as human figures and Auriga in a chariot with animals. Image taken from ff. 76v-77 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (f... more

Diagrams and decorated initial from BL Arundel 339, ff. 120v-121

Decorated initial 'I'(nter) and diagrams. Image taken from ff. 120v-121 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Reg... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 121

Decorated initial 'I'(nter). Image taken from f. 121 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff... more

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 179, f. 32v

Puzzle initial 'D'(ixerat) at the beginning of book 5 of Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 32v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 81v

Marginal drawing of Cancer as a crab. Image taken from f. 81v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhyth... more

Detail from BL Arundel 339, f. 82

Marginal drawing of Virgo. Image taken from f. 82 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 1... more

Diagrams from BL Arundel 77, f. 91v

Diagrams in Boethius's Scolica Enchiriadis. Image taken from f. 91v of Glossed De Institutione Musica (ff. 6v-62); Scolica Enchiriadis (ff. 63v-87v); Tonary (ff. 92-98). Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Burn 129, f. 1

Puzzle initial 'C'(armina), at the beginning of Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 1 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin, with Italian i... more

Puzzle initial, and coloured initials from BL Burn 323, ff. 23v-24

Initial 'H'(ec) and coloured initials 'S'(unt) and 'T'(unc) at the beginning of book 4 of Boethius's consolatio philosophiae. Image taken from ff. 23v-24 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Ph... more

Detail from BL Burn 323, f. 32v

Detail of puzzle initial. Image taken from f. 32v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 383, f. 45

Puzzle initial 'F'(orma), at the beginning of Gilbertus Porretanus's Liber de sex principiis. Image taken from f. 45 of Translations of Aristotle, etc., and others, some with glosses. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial and flourished incipit from BL Arundel 383, f. 279

Puzzle initial 'D'(e sophisticis) and flourished heading, at the beginning of Boethius's translation of De sophisticis elenchis. Image taken from f. 279 of Translations of Aristotle, etc., and others, some with... more

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Detail from BL Burn 323, f. 23v

Detail of the puzzle initial Initial 'H'(ec) at the beginning of book 4 of Boethius's consolatio philosophiae. Image taken from f. 23v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Historiated initial of Boethius from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Historiated initial 'C'(armina) depicting a layman pointing to a book he is holding (presumably the author, Boethius), and arms of the de Lando family of Verona in the lower margin. Image taken from f. 3 of De ... more

Detail: Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 383, f. 45

Puzzle initial 'F'(orma), at the beginning of Gilbertus Porretanus's Liber de sex principiis. Image taken from f. 45 of Translations of Aristotle, etc., and others, some with glosses. Written in Latin.

Detail: Puzzle initial and flourished heading from BL Arundel 383, f. 279

Puzzle initial 'D'(e sophisticis) and flourished heading, at the beginning of Boethius's translation of De sophisticis elenchis. Image taken from f. 279 of Translations of Aristotle, etc., and others, some with... more

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Detail from BL Burn 129, f. 1

Image taken from f. 1 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin, with Italian interlinear glosses.

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 39v

Image taken from f. 39v of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Decorated initial from BL Burn 130, f. 39v

Flourished initials 'B'(ella) and 'D'(ixerat) in Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 39v of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Detail from BL Burn 130, f. 3

Image taken from f. 3 of De consolatione philosophiae. Written in Latin, some words in Greek.

Decorated initial from BL Royal 15 A XXX, f. 13

Decorated initial with verse layout. Image taken from f. 13 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Eg 628, f. 83v

Puzzle initial with fish in the margin. Image taken from f. 83v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Text page with diagram from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 59v

Text page with diagram of astrolabe. Image taken from f. 59v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 60

Text page with diagram. Image taken from f. 60 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 60v

Text page with diagram of astrolabe. Image taken from f. 60v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 68v

Text page with mathematical diagrams. Image taken from f. 68v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 71

Text page with diagrams of the astrolabe. Image taken from f. 71 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 76v

Text page with diagram of astrolabe containing a human head. Image taken from f. 76v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 61

Text page with geometrical diagrams. Image taken from f. 61 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 52v

Text page with table and marginal drawing. Image taken from f. 52v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 77v

Text page. Image taken from f. 77v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 77

Text page with diagrams of astrolabe. Image taken from f. 77 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Text page from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 58v

Text page with marginal gloss. Image taken from f. 58v of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Diagram from BL Lansdowne 842, A, f. 155

Detail of text and diagram. Image taken from A, f. 155 of Opera omnia. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 83

Image taken from f. 83 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 104-106), Prologus in Antiph... more

Figure from BL Arundel 339, f. 78

Marginal figure of a man with a snake. Image taken from f. 78 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhyth... more

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 84

Image taken from f. 84 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 104-106), Prologus in Antiph... more

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 81

Image taken from f. 81 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 104-106), Prologus in Antiph... more

Auriga from BL Arundel 339, f. 77

Marginal figure of Auriga in a chariot with animals. Image taken from f. 77 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104),... more

Image from BL Arundel 339, f. 82v

Image taken from f. 82v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff. 104-106), Prologus in Antip... more

Man from BL Arundel 339, f. 74

Marginal drawing of a man with a halo. Image taken from f. 74 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhyth... more

Bear and snake from BL Arundel 339, f. 73v

Marginal drawings of a bear and a snake. Image taken from f. 73v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rh... more

Lyre from BL Arundel 339, f. 75v

Marginal drawing of a lyre. Image taken from f. 75v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff.... more

Hercules from BL Arundel 339, f. 75

Marginal drawing of Hercules. Image taken from f. 75 of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff... more

Star from BL Arundel 339, f. 74v

Marginal drawing of a star. Image taken from f. 74v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus (ff. 98-104), Regulae rhythmicae (ff.... more

Diagram from BL Royal 15 B IX, f. 10

Diagram with decorated bands. Image taken from f. 10 of De institutione musica; a miscellany of works on geometry, astronomy and mathematics. Written in Latin; Hebrew (f. 78).

Constellations from BL Arundel 339, f. 76v

Marginal figures of constellations personified as human figures. Image taken from f. 76v of Miscellany, including De institutione arithmetica (ff. 1v-31), Astronomica (ff. 71v-89v). Guido d’Arezzo: Micrologus ... more

Coloured initials. from BL Harley 2685, ff. 1v-2

Text page with coloured initials. Image taken from ff. 1v-2 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologiae', Books 1-3 (ff. 24-35v), 'De nuptiis Philo... more

Coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, f. 1

Text page with coloured initials. Image taken from f. 1 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologiae', Books 1-3 (ff. 24-35v), 'De nuptiis Philologi... more

Coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, ff. 2v-3

Text page with coloured initials. Image taken from ff. 2v-3 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologiae', Books 1-3 (ff. 24-35v), 'De nuptiis Philo... more

Text page and coloured initials from BL Harley 2685, ff. 43v-44

Text page with rubric and initials in colours, and added interlinear glosses. Image taken from ff. 43v-44 of The Consolation of Philosophy, Books 1-5 (index De consolatione philosophiae) (ff. 1-23v), 'Mythologi... more

Titles and initials in display capitals from BL Harley 3095, ff. 2v-3

Titles and initials in display capitals. Image taken from ff. 2v-3 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses... more

Text pages from BL Harley 3095, ff. 8v-9

Text pages. Image taken from ff. 8v-9 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Text pages from BL Harley 3095, ff. 79v-80

Text pages. Image taken from ff. 79v-80 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Harley 3095, f. 89

Text page. Image taken from f. 89 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Harley 3095, f. 129

Text page. Image taken from f. 129 of 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v). Written in Latin.

Drawings from BL Harley 5237, f. 35v

Drawings of Boethius' explanation of the monochord, showing intervals as mathematical ratios. Image taken from f. 35v of De institutione musica. Written in Latin.

Drawings from BL Harley 5237, f. 36

Drawings of Boethius' explanation of the monochord, showing intervals as mathematical ratios. Image taken from f. 36 of De institutione musica. Written in Latin.

Illuminated initial from BL Burn 65, f. 1

Illuminated initial 'P'(ropositum) at the beginning of Boethius's translation of Aristotle's Topica. Image taken from f. 1 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Flourished intial from BL Burn 65, f. 66

Flourished initial 'P'(ost) at the beginning of Book 8 of Boethius's translation of Aristotle's Topica. Image taken from f. 66 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 65, f. 66

Image taken from f. 66 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2559, f. 22

Initial 'H'(ec) with a reserved line and penwork decoration, at the beginning of book 4 of Boethius' De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 22 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Ph... more

Zoomorphic initial from BL Harley 2510, f. 136

Zoomorphic initial 'I'(n dandis) with a bird at the beginning of De institutione arithmetica. Image taken from f. 136 of De institutione arithmetica. Written in Latin.

Man with a book from BL Harley 3302, f. 10v

Historiated initial 'P'(ost) of a man holding a book, with acanthus leaves extending into the margins. Image taken from f. 10v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index The consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2516, f. 8

Decorated initial 'P'(ost) with pen-flourishing. Image taken from f. 8 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Burn 65, f. 1

Image taken from f. 1 of Translation of Aristotle's Topica, with glosses. Written in Latin.

Table from BL Harley 549, f. 14

Multiplication table for 1 through 10, framed by four fish, a circle and three dogs chasing a hare, between chapters 26 and 27 of book 1 of Boethius' 'De institutione arithmetica'. Image taken from f. 14 of De ... more

Diagram from BL Harley 5237, f. 34v

Diagram and initial 'E'(x) at the beginning of Book 4, Chapter 9 of Boethius' De institutione musica. Image taken from f. 34v of De institutione musica. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Harley 2518, f. 1

Puzzle initial 'C'(armina) with pen-flourishing at the beginning of Book 1. Image taken from f. 1 of De consolatione philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy) wit ha gloss at the start of the text. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 3557, f. 16v

Initial 'I'(am) decorated with acanthus leaves and besants at the beginning of Book 3. Image taken from f. 16v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 43, f. 17

Decorated initial 'W'(han) with pen-flourishing. Image taken from f. 17 of The Consolation of Philosophy (index De consolatione philosophiae), in English verse with the Latin text in the margin (ending imperfec... more

Text page from BL Harley 1737, f. 21v

Text page with a table, diagrams and two initials 'E'(t) and 'I'(llud) in Boethius's 'De arithmetica', book 2, chapter 33. Image taken from f. 21v of De institutione arithmetica (imperfect). Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 44, f. 2

Champ' initial 'I'(nsuffisaunce) combined with a bar border ending in foliate feathering forming a partial border at the beginning of the text. Image taken from f. 2 of The Consolation of Philosophy (index De c... more

Woman playing lute from BL Sloane 554, f. 53

Added drawing of a woman playing lute, at the end of Boethius's De consolatione philosophiae. Image taken from f. 53 of The Consolation of Philosophy (index De consolatione philosophiae). Written in English.

Puzzle initial from BL Eg 628, f. 35v

Puzzle initial 'P'. Image taken from f. 35v of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Harley 2517, f. 1

Decorated initial 'C'(armina) with acanthus leaves and naturalistic flowers at the beginning of the text. Image taken from f. 1 of De Consolatione Philosophiae (index Consolation of Philosophy). Written in Latin.

Decorated initial-word panel from BL Harley 7621, f. 254v

Initial-word panel ~Elleh~ (these) decorated with floral border inhabited by birds, and with a medallion containing Moses speaking to the people of Israel, at the beginning of Deuteronomy. Image taken from f. 2... more

Philosophy visiting Boethius from BL Harley 2688, f. 22v

Drawing of Philosophy visiting Boethius in prison. Image taken from f. 22v of Miscellany, including a wind rose (f. 17), a Greek and Latin grammatical list (ff. 19-22), and an excerpt from the 'Proverbia Salomo... more