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Bible Historiale, 1357

Bible Historiale was composed between 1291 and 1295 by priest and canon Guyart des Moulins, who added a prologue in 1297 announcing his recent election as dean of his canonial chapter at the collegial church of Saint Pierre d'Aire-sur-la-Lys. Describing his own role as translating and "ordering" the text, Guyart censored or omitted portions of the Bible that "should not, according to reason, be translated", rearranged materials "so that the laity might find them better ordered" and, on rare occasions, added further commentaries of his own or from other sources to produce the work known as the Bible Historiale.
The work was copied in many manuscripts, of which more than a hundred survive, most of them richly illuminated, some with more than 300 miniatures, including La Bible historiale complétée (Proverbs - Revelation), France, Central (Paris?), Grand Bible historiale complétée à prologues, and more.
Evilmerodach and Nebuchadnezzar from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 43
592 Media in collectionpage 1 of 6

Virgin and the Trinity from BL Royal 19 D VI, f. 3

Detail of a miniature in four compartments: 1. Virgin enthroned; 2. The Trinity; 3. The Trinity creating angels; 4. The Mouth of Hell, at the beginning of Genesis. Image taken from f. 3 of Bible historiale comp... more

Third day of Creation from BL Royal 19 D IV, f. 5

Detail of a miniature of the third day of the Creation of the earth, with trees and grass shown. Image taken from f. 5 of Bible historiale complétée. Written in French.

Sacrifice of Josiah from BL Royal 19 D VI, f. 210v

Detail of a miniature of the sacrifice of Josiah, at the beginning of 2 Esdras (4 Ezra). Image taken from f. 210v of Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Virgin and the Trinity from BL Royal 19 D VI, f. 3

Miniature in four compartments: 1. Virgin enthroned; 2. The Trinity; 3. The Trinity creating angels; 4. The Mouth of Hell, with a full border and a foliate initial 'E'(n palais), at the beginning of Genesis. Im... more

Sacrifice of Josiah from BL Royal 19 D VI, f. 210v

Miniature of the sacrifice of Josiah, with a foliate initial 'I'(osias) and a partial border, at the beginning of 2 Esdras (4 Ezra). Image taken from f. 210v of Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Wr... more

Hosea from BL Royal 19 D V, f. 128

Detail of a miniature of Hosea seated between two female figures, each with a child (representing Gomer?). Image taken from f. 128 of Bible historiale complétée. Written in French.

Gomer from BL Royal 19 D VII, f. 113

Detail of a miniature of Gomer in bed, with a nurse holding Jezreel, and Hosea is kissing Gomer. Image taken from f. 113 of Bible historiale complétée (Proverbs - Revelation). Written in French.

Tribes of Israel from BL Royal 19 D VII, f. 155

Miniature of tents of the twelve tribes of Israel, with a full border and a foliate initial 'L'(iber), at the beginning of Matthew. Image taken from f. 155 of Bible historiale complétée (Proverbs - Revelation).... more

John in Patmos from BL Royal 19 D VII, f. 252

Miniature of John in Patmos, with the seven-horned dragon rising from the sea, and a foliate initial 'L'(ors). Image taken from f. 252 of Bible historiale complétée (Proverbs - Revelation). Written in French.

Fool and dog from BL Royal 19 D VI, f. 267v

Detail of a miniature of a kneeling fool with an uplifted club biting a dog's tail. Image taken from f. 267v of Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Virgin and Child from BL Royal 1 A XX, f. 23

Detail of a miniature of the Virgin and Child, at the beginning of Cantiques. Image taken from f. 23 of La bible historiale complétée, 2nd volume, imperfect. Written in French.

Amos from BL Royal 1 A XX, f. 190

Detail of a miniature of Amos as a shepherd, at the beginning of Amos. Image taken from f. 190 of La bible historiale complétée, 2nd volume, imperfect. Written in French.

Virgin and Child from BL Royal 1 A XX, f. 23

Miniature of the Virgin and Child, at the beginning of Cantiques. Image taken from f. 23 of La bible historiale complétée, 2nd volume, imperfect. Written in French.

Amos from BL Royal 1 A XX, f. 190

Miniature of Amos as a shepherd, at the beginning of Amos, with the instruction for an illuminator in the margin; 'I saint berger / garde de berbis et / vois d'ange'. Image taken from f. 190 of La bible histor... more

Creation from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 5v

Detail of a miniature of the creation of the animals and the creation of Adam. Image taken from f. 5v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Jonah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 395

Detail of a miniature of Jonah in the mouth of the big fish. Image taken from f. 395 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Solomon from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 273

Detail of a four-part miniature with scenes from the life of Solomon. Image taken from f. 273 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Solomon from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 273

Miniature in four compartments: 1. Solomon instructing Rehoboam; 2. The Judgement of Solomon; 3. Solomon and three men; 4. Solomon setting the three sons to shoot at their father's corpse to prove their legitim... more

Samson and Solomon from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 1

Detail of two scenes in the bas-de-page: Samson with the gates of Gaza and Solomon setting the three sons to shoot at their father's corpse to prove their legitimacy, at the beginning of the prologue. Image tak... more

God and Evangelists from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 1

Detail of a miniature of God enthroned holding a globe with two angels supporting a papal tiara above him, and four Evangelists writing on scrolls with their symbols, at the beginning of the prologue. Image tak... more

God and Evangelists from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 1

Miniature of God enthroned holding a globe with two angels supporting a papal tiara above him, and four Evangelists writing on scrolls with their symbols; two scenes in the bas-de-page, Samson with the gates of... more

Peter from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 517

Detail of a miniature of Peter, with a key and a book. Image taken from f. 517 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 500v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching, and Hebrews standing. Image taken from f. 500v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Luke from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 504

Detail of a miniature of Luke preaching. Image taken from f. 504 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

John from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 520

Detail of a miniature of John asleep, with a cup, and behind him, a lion-like beast with crowned horns. Image taken from f. 520 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). W... more

James from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 516

Detail of a miniature of James reading. Image taken from f. 516 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 493v

Detail of a miniature of Paul kneeling before a bishop and two others. Image taken from f. 493v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 482v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching. Image taken from f. 482v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 499v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching. Image taken from f. 499v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 492

Detail of a miniature of Paul teaching. Image taken from f. 492 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 495v

Detail of a miniature of Paul teaching. Image taken from f. 495v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Nahum from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 397v

Detail of a miniature of Nahum standing in water. Image taken from f. 397v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

John from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 466

Detail of a miniature of John. Image taken from f. 466 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Habbakuk from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 398

Detail of a miniature of Habbakuk carrying food and a jug, and his hair being caught by a flying angel. Image taken from f. 398 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). W... more

Micah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 395v

Detail of a miniature of Micah and the falling city. Image taken from f. 395v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 477v

Detail of a miniature of Paul speaking to two figures. Image taken from f. 477v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Obadiah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 394v

Detail of a miniature of Obadiah, with a globe. Image taken from f. 394v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 498v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching. Image taken from f. 498v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Mark from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 440

Detail of a miniature of Mark. Image taken from f. 440 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 496v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching. Image taken from f. 496v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Haggai from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 400

Detail of a miniature of Haggai with a scroll. Image taken from f. 400 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Samson from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 117

Detail of a miniature of Samson carrying the gates of Gaza. Image taken from f. 117 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Bondage of the Israelites from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 43v

Detail of a miniature of the Israelites going into bondage. Image taken from f. 43v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Moses from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 77

Detail of a miniature of Moses on the Mount. Image taken from f. 77 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

The Tabernacle from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 68v

Detail of a miniature of the building of the tabernacle. Image taken from f. 68v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Delilah and Samson from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 124

Detail of a miniature of Delilah cutting off Samson's hair. Image taken from f. 124 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Moses from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 95v

Detail of a miniature of Moses with a rod, instructing the people. Image taken from f. 95v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Joshua from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 110

Detail of a miniature of Joshua being chosen by God as a ruler. Image taken from f. 110 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

David from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 246

Detail of a miniature of David kneeling and pointing to his eye. Image taken from f. 246 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Ahasuerus and Esther from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 232v

Detail of a miniature of Ahasuerus and Esther being crowned, with two attendants. Image taken from f. 232v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

David and the Amalekite from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 142

Detail of a miniature of David ordering the slaying of the Amalekite. Image taken from f. 142 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Offering of Elkanah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 128v

Detail of a miniature of the offering of Elkanah. Image taken from f. 128v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Luke from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 450

Detail of a miniature of Luke. Image taken from f. 450 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Death of Gedaliah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 212

Detail of a miniature of the death of Gedaliah. Image taken from f. 212 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Haman from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 237v

Detail of a miniature of Haman being hanged, and the king, queen, and Mordecai at a table. Image taken from f. 237v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

David from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 242

Detail of a miniature of David with musical instruments. Image taken from f. 242 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

David and Solomon from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 155

Detail of a miniature of the death of David, and the anointing of Solomon. Image taken from f. 155 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 490v

Detail of a miniature of Paul teaching. Image taken from f. 490v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Tobit from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 207v

Detail of a miniature of Tobit in bed, with his wife, his son, and an angel. Image taken from f. 207v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

David from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 249

Detail of a miniature of David kneeling and pointing to his lips. Image taken from f. 249 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

The Trinity from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 263

Detail of an historiated initial 'N' of the Trinity. Image taken from f. 263 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Amos from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 392v

Detail of a miniature of Amos in bed. Image taken from f. 392v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Job from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 195v

Detail of a miniature of Job and his friends. Image taken from f. 195v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

The Fool from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 251v

Detail of a miniature of the Fool, with a loaf and a bauble. Image taken from f. 251v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

David from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 257

Detail of an historiated initial 'E' of David playing the bells. Image taken from f. 257 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Three singers from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 260

Detail of an historiated initial 'C'(antate) of three singers at a lectern. Image taken from f. 260 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Descendants of Adam and Eve from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 11

Detail of a miniature of two groups of the descendants of Adam and Eve. Image taken from f. 11 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Creation from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 4v

Detail of a miniature of the creation of the sun and moon. Image taken from f. 4v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

God and Adam from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 7

Detail of a miniature of God placing Adam in the Garden of Eden. Image taken from f. 7 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Elijah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 174v

Detail of a miniature of Elijah being carried up to heaven. Image taken from f. 174v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Solomon from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 296v

Detail of a miniature of Solomon enthroned, with a gold cup and a pastoral staff. Image taken from f. 296v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

God and Adam from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 7v

Detail of a miniature of God forbidding Adam the Tree of Knowledge, and the creation of Eve. Image taken from f. 7v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Hosea from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 388v

Detail of a miniature of Hosea taking a wife. Image taken from f. 388v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Esau and Jacob from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 26

Detail of a miniature of the birth of Esau and Jacob. Image taken from f. 26 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Matthew from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 426

Detail of a miniature of Matthew at receipt of custom being approached by four Jews. Image taken from f. 426 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Zephaniah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 399

Detail of a miniature of Zephaniah seated with a book. Image taken from f. 399 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

The Fall from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 8

Detail of a miniature of the Fall of Adam and Eve. Image taken from f. 8 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Expulsion from Paradise from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of Adam and Eve being expelled from Paradise. Image taken from f. 9 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Sin of Ham from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 15

Detail of a miniature of the sin of Ham. Image taken from f. 15 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Creation from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 4

Detail of a miniature of the creation of the land and sea. Image taken from f. 4 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 17

Detail of a miniature of God calling Abraham. Image taken from f. 17 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Rebecca and Jacob from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 28

Detail of a miniature of Rebecca speaking to Jacob. Image taken from f. 28 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Murder of Abel from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of Cain murdering Abel. Image taken from f. 10v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

The Ark from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 13v

Detail of a miniature of the entry into the Ark. Image taken from f. 13v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Joel from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 391

Detail of a miniature of Joel with a flock of sheep. Image taken from f. 391 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Noah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 12v

Detail of a miniature of Noah building the Ark. Image taken from f. 12v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Jacob's dream from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 28v

Detail of a miniature of Jacob's dream. Image taken from f. 28v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Joseph from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 33v

Detail of a miniature of Joseph being sold by his brothers. Image taken from f. 33v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Creation from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 5

Detail of a miniature of the creation of the fish and birds. Image taken from f. 5 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Cain and Abel from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature of the sacrifices of Cain and Abel. Image taken from f. 9v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Solomon from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 289v

Detail of a miniature of Solomon enthroned, with a man kneeling before him. Image taken from f. 289v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Jacob from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 27v

Detail of a miniature of the blessing of Jacob. Image taken from f. 27v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Judith and Holofernes from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 224

Detail of a miniature of Judith slaying Holofernes. Image taken from f. 224 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 497v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching. Image taken from f. 497v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Malachai from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 403v

Detail of a miniature of Malachai, with tablets. Image taken from f. 403v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Zechariah from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 400v

Detail of a miniature of Zechariah with a scroll. Image taken from f. 400v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Paul from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 487v

Detail of a miniature of Paul preaching. Image taken from f. 487v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Messenger from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 416v

Detail of a miniature of a messenger delivering a letter. Image taken from f. 416v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Beheaded man from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 404v

Detail of a miniature of a standing figure with a scroll, and a kneeling man beheaded. Image taken from f. 404v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Job from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 206v

Detail of a miniature of Job, his wife, and friends. Image taken from f. 206v of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.