The World's Largest Public Domain Media Search Engine

Bhutia

Sikkimese people living in the state of Sikkim in northeastern India, who speak Drenjongke or Sikkimese, a Tibetic language fairly mutually intelligible with standard Tibetan.Created by: PICRYL - Public Domain Media Search EngineDated: 0001


From the 8th century, people migrated from Tibet to Sikkim in small numbers. But during the 13th century many clans came with Gyed Bum Sa, and thereafter there was a series of Lamas who visited southwards, because of the constant conflicts between Red hat and Yellow Hat in Tibet. With the final victory of the Yellow hats in the mid-1600s. There was a mass persecution of the followers of the Red hat sect by the victorious Güshi Khan and his Gelug allies. Many fearing the same fate as their Red hat brethren fled southwards towards Sikkim and Bhutan. In consequence, there are Red hat majorities in both Bhutan and Sikkim to this day. They migrated through the different passes ("La" in Tibetan means "hill") in the Himalayas. Geographical indications in the Bhutias' last names are common. In Northern Sikkim, for example, where the Bhutias are the majority inhabitants, they are known as the Lachenpas or Lachungpas, meaning inhabitants of Lachen or Lachung respectively.

Bhutia aristocrats were called Kazis after similar landlord titles in neighboring regions, especially in modern-day Bangladesh. This feudal system was an integral part of the Chogyal monarchy prior to 1975, when Sikkim was an independent monarchy; the ruling dynasty of the Kingdom of Sikkim before the mid-1970s plebiscite was the Bhutia Namgyal dynasty. Among the Bhutias, the Lachenpas and Lachungpas have their own traditional legal system called the "Dzumsa" which means the meeting place of the people. The Dzumsa is headed by the village headman known as the Pipon. People of North Sikkim have been given full protection by the state government by deeming a status of Panchayat ward and the Pipon, a status of Panchayat head.
11 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
Sikkim Bhutia women (c. 1903)

Sikkim Bhutia women (c. 1903)

Sikkim Bhutia women Public domain photograph of ethnic groups in India, ethnography, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Bhutia man from Lachung in North S[ikkim]. Long braid is typical [for] men

Bhutia man from Lachung in North S[ikkim]. Long braid is typical [for]...

Photograph shows a Bhotia man, half-length portrait, standing, facing front, holding hat, Sikkim. Photographer's stamp on back of print. Forms part of: Dr. Alice S. Kandell Collection of Sikkim Photographs (L... More

Tibetan and Bhutia coolie labourers in Darjeeling in the 1870s

Tibetan and Bhutia coolie labourers in Darjeeling in the 1870s

Photograph of Tibetan and Bhutia coolie labourers, from an album of Miscellaneous views in India, taken John H. Doyle in the 1870s. Coolies were hired labourers or burden carriers. Bhutias were Himalayan peopl... More

Bhutias of Darjeeling in the 1860s
Bhutia couple drinking millet beer from a straw on their house terrace in Western Sikkim

Bhutia couple drinking millet beer from a straw on their house terrace...

Photographer's stamp on back of print. Forms part of: Dr. Alice S. Kandell Collection of Sikkim Photographs (Library of Congress). Gift; Dr. Alice S. Kandell; 2010; (DLC/PP-2010:106).

Bhutiase vrouw -  Theodor Paar - Rijksmuseum public domain dedication image

Bhutiase vrouw - Theodor Paar - Rijksmuseum public domain dedication ...

Public domain scan of artwork in the Rijksmuseum, Netherlands, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

[Old Bhutia farmhouse], gelatin silver print

[Old Bhutia farmhouse], gelatin silver print

Photograph shows the exterior of a farmhouse built by Bhotia people with a stone foundation and thatched roof, Sikkim. Title from: Mountaintop kingdom: Sikkim / photos by Alice S. Kandell; text by Charlotte Y. ... More

Bhutia woman with a basket in 1865

Bhutia woman with a basket in 1865

Bhutia woman with a basket in 1865

Vintage group photograph of Bhutia coolies in 1875

Vintage group photograph of Bhutia coolies in 1875

Vintage group photograph of Bhutia coolies in 1875 Public domain photograph of native people, European colonies, colonialism, gelatin silver print, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Two Bhutia couples at Darjeeling in 1865

Two Bhutia couples at Darjeeling in 1865

Two Bhutia couples at Darjeeling in 1865 Public domain photograph of ethnic groups in India, ethnography, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Group of Nepali and Bhutia people in Darjeeling in 1865

Group of Nepali and Bhutia people in Darjeeling in 1865

Group of Nepali and Bhutia people in Darjeeling in 1865 Public domain photograph of ethnic groups in India, ethnography, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description