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Ankara 1930s-1950s

A collection is reflecting the urbanisation processes of Ankara, a capital of Republic of Turkey, between 1930-1960 through the eyes of photographers whose works took place in the archive of Directorate General of Press and Information. Within the framework of this archive, we have collected photos starting from the Ankara Railway Station, followed by various boulevards which finally arrive at Çankaya.
Atatürk Boulevard, Grand Movie Theater and the Office Block, 1950s
49 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1

Opera Square

Atatürk Boulevard, right to next to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, intersects with the Atilla Avenue (now called Talat Pasha Boulevard). Atilla Avenue is a steep street; a hill is located on its right sid... more

Port of Izmir

İzmir Limanında Yükleme

Ballıkpınar Village

Ballıkpınar is a village 12 kilometres away from the district of Gölbaşı. The village’s history can be traced back to the mid-19th century. Several Tatar families, which had left Crimea, moved to Romania. Then,... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Currently, Ministry of Culture and Tourism), 1930s

Leaving the Gençlik Parkı (Youth Park), one can see the building of Ministry of Foreign Affairs right across the Atatürk Boulevard. Currently the building is used by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. It was ... more

Ethnography Museum of Ankara, 1930s

Although Arif Hikmey Bey was unable to give a date, it must be the last days of 1925 or the first months of 1926. It must be such cold months, since the architect remembers the frosty winds that crashed on the ... more

Musiki Muallim Mektebi (literally Music Teachers’ School, later became Ankara State Conservatory), 1930s

Music Teachers’ School was founded on November 1, 1924 under the auspices of Ministry of Education. The first principal of the school was Zeki Güngör who was also the first conductor of the Presidential Symphon... more

Musiki Muallim Mektebi (literally Music Teachers’ School, later became Ankara State Conservatory), 1930s

Music Teachers’ School was founded on November 1, 1924 under the auspices of Ministry of Education. The first principal of the school was Zeki Güngör who was also the first conductor of the Presidential Symphon... more

Banks Street (Atatürk Boulevard) the Building of Ziraat Bankası (Agricultural Bank), 1930s

The building of General Directorate of Ziraat Bank was designed by Italian architect Guilio Mongeri and built between 1926 and 1929. Previously, the site was home to the two-storey building of Düyun-u Umuniye (... more

Banks Street (Atatürk Boulevard) the Building of Ziraat Bankası (Agricultural Bank), 1930s

The building of General Directorate of Ziraat Bank was designed by Italian architect Guilio Mongeri and built between 1926 and 1929. Previously, the site was home to the two-storey building of Düyun-u Umuniye (... more

Musiki Muallim Mektebi (literally Music Teachers’ School, later became Ankara State Conservatory), 1930s

Music Teachers’ School was founded on November 1, 1924 under the auspices of Ministry of Education. The first principal of the school was Zeki Güngör who was also the first conductor of the Presidential Symphon... more

Gazi Institute of Education, 1930s

The ground of the Ankara Gazi Mustafa Kemal Male Teachers’ Training School [Gazi Institute of Education] was broken on August 8, 1927. The building was designed by architect Kemaleddin Bey; later on Ernst A. Eg... more

Victory Monument in Ulus Square, 1st Turkish Grand National Assembly, 1930's

Istanbul was occupied by Allied Powers of the 1st World War who came out victorious. Three days after the occupation, an assembly was decided to be gathered. It was decided that the assembly would gather in the... more

Republic Boulevard, late 1930s

The street up the Ankara Railway Station was named “Station” and the station below the Ulus Square was named “Kamutay” (General Assembly of Turkish Grand National Assembly) were combined under the name of "Repu... more

Ethnography Museum of Ankara, 1930s

Atatürk Boulevard, right to next to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, intersects with the Atilla Avenue (now called Talat Pasha Boulevard). Atilla Avenue is a steep street; a hill is located on its right sid... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Ministry of Health, Ankara Boys’ High School [Stone Maktab / Taş Mektep], Numune Hospital, 1930s

A scene from the Yenişehir (New City): The building of the Ministry of Health was one of the first examples of the modern architecture in Ankara. It was the first spectacular structure of the district. The site... more

Residents of Ballıkpınar Village, movie screening, 1930s

People’s House of Ankara was trying to help the residents of Ankara on certain issues. During the 1930s, coffee houses used to host film screenings due to lack of movie theatres. They used to show movies not on... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Exhibition House (Sergi Evi), 1934

In 1933, the National Economy and Savings Association decided to construct an exhibition building for displaying national products and organized an international contest for possible projects. A Turkish archite... more

The city view from atop the Ankara Castle, 1937

A castle gate is open. The photograph taken from the open gate shows the slowly emerging new face of the old city: Apartment blocks are rising on the side of Anafartalar Boulevard, Işıklar Boulevard and Konya S... more

Republic Boulevard from Victory Monument in Ulus Square to Ankara Railway Station, 1937

The Square had been named as Taşhan Square, National Sovereignty Square, Public Square and finally Ulus Square. Starting from the Ulus Square, the Republic Boulevard reaches to Ankara Railway Station. .The Vi... more

Republic Boulevard, Garden of Shooting Gallery 1938

On this photo, one can see the road which heads to the central city from Ankara Railway Station. The tents shown on the photo must have belonged to the workers of Culture Park (Youth Park)..The Shooting Gallery... more

Atatürk Forest Farm, 1939

During the start of spring in 1925, Atatürk mentioned his desire about building a farm in Ankara to a group of agriculturalists. He requested them to find a suitable place for the farm. The entire plane was ari... more

Atatürk Forest Farm ‘Black Sea Pool’, 1939

People in Ankara used to come to the Gazi (Ghazi) Forest Farm by cars, buses and the train. During fine weather, they wouldn’t even acknowledge each other and just walk. The small, pretty train station building... more

Atatürk Forest Farm, Pasteurized Milk Factory, workers, 1939

Wine and Juice Factory and Beer Factory were founded in 1925 and 1933 respectively. Pasteurized Milk Factory, yogurt, butter and cheese plants were opened. Ice Factory was able to produce 4 tonnes of ice daily.... more

2nd Turkish Grand National Assembly, late 1940s

In the Ankara book of the Turkey Guide authored by Hüseyin Orak, the wide and green garden of the Turkish Grand National Assembly is depicted briefly:..The Assembly Park is also the garden of the Grand National... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Faculty of Language, History and Geography, İsmet Pasha Girls' Institute, 1940s

The other side of the Atatürk Boulevard can be seen from the Yenişehir (The New City). Female students are walking towards the Yenişehir. The refuge island of the Boulevard harbours the flowers, acacias, pines ... more

Old Houses of Ankara, 1940's

Back in the days, the old Ankara was just consisted of a castle situated on top of a hill with houses scattered around the foothill, bazaars and market places. The castle would make it clear to the observing ey... more

Presidential Villa, 1940s

Presidential Villa was built between the years 1930 and 1932. Holzmeister sometimes wrote down his observations regarding the construction of the Villa, his encounter with Atatürk and conversations they held wi... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Currently, Ministry of Culture and Tourism), 1940s

This photograph was taken before the Great Theatre; the building across the street is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A bus is on the move. It is one of the buses purchased from the Soviet Union with olive and... more

Atatürk Boulevard, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, 1940s

Right across the Post and Telegraph Administration, at the entrance of İnebolu Street, one can see a public building designed by a foreign architect. A work by Austrian architect Clemens Holzmeister who worked ... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Radio House, 1940s

During the days when the photo was taken, Ankara Radio House used to do live broadcasting. Every Saturday, Radio Kids Club programme was broadcasted. Ankara Radio Station started broadcasting at the basement fl... more

19 May Square, Ankara Railway Station, 1940s

The railway line between İzmit-Ankara started operating on 27 November, 1892. The first railway station was a small and modest structure and it was inaugurated with a ceremony. The residents of Ankara flooded ... more

19 May Square, Ankara Railway Station, Railway Station Club, Building of Directorate General of State Railways, 1940s

The railway line between İzmit-Ankara started operating on 27 November, 1892. The first railway station was a small and modest structure and it was inaugurated with a ceremony. The residents of Ankara flooded ... more

Kızılay and Güven Parks, Cemil Uybadın Villa, 1940s

The photo was taken from the top floor of General Directorate of Turkish Red Crescent. We see Kızılay Park, Güven Park and Güven Monument. The left line of the Atatürk Boulevard also can be seen. The highest bu... more

Güven Park and Güven Monument (The Monument of Safety), 1940s

In the construction plan of Jansen, a plot which was on the north end of Devlet Mahallesi (State Neighbourhood) and near to the General Directorate of Turkish Red Crescent was allocated as a park. The park buil... more

Cibali Cigaratte Factory, İstanbul, 1940's

Cibali Sigara Fabrikası, İstanbul, 1940'lı yıllar.

State Neighbourhood (Devlet Mahallesi), 1940s

The triangle shaped plot showed in the construction plan of Hermann Jansen was allocated for the State Neighbourhood (Devlet Mahallesi). Designed by Clemens Holzmeister, the buildings of Ministry of Public Work... more

Ulus Square in the night, 1940s

This photo was taken after 1941. This photo which was taken on a beautiful night shows the Ulus Square and Çankırı Street. The Directorate General of Türkiye İş Bankası (Turkey Business Bank) is the design of İ... more

Atatürk Boulevard, General Directorate of Turkish Red Crescent (Kızılay Genel Müdürlüğü), 1940's

On the Atatürk Boulevard, starting next to the building of General Directorate of Turkish Red Crescent, the first four-storey apartment blocks of Yenişehir district are standing next to each other: Alemdar, Koc... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Radio House, 1940s

During the days when the photo was taken, Ankara Radio House used to do live broadcasting. Every Saturday, Radio Kids Club programme was broadcasted. Ankara Radio Station started broadcasting at the basement fl... more

The Garden of 2nd Turkish Grand National Assembly, late 1940's

In the Ankara book of the Turkey Guide authored by Hüseyin Ortak, the wide and green garden of the Turkish Grand National Assembly is depicted briefly:..“The Assembly Park is also the garden of the Grand Nation... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Grand Movie Theater and the Office Block, 1950s

From left to right: Grand Movie Theatre, And (Pledge) Apartment Building of Turgut Demirdağ and Bulvar Apartment Building of Öztrak Family. It is not in the photo yet, but İşçi Sigortaları Hanı (Workers’ Insura... more

Bent Stream, 1950s

Back in the days, the old Ankara was just consisted of a castle situated on top of a hill with houses scattered around the foothill, bazaars and market places. The castle would make it clear to the observing ey... more

Atatürk Boulevard, General Directorate of Turkish Red Crescent (Kızılay Genel Müdürlüğü), Yenişehir Apartment Blocks, 1950s

On the Atatürk Boulevard, starting next to the building of General Directorate of Turkish Red Crescent, the first four-storey apartment blocks of Yenişehir district are standing next to each other: Alemdar, Koc... more

Ankara Castle, early 1950s

Back in the days, the old Ankara was just consisted of a castle situated on top of a hill with houses scattered around the foothill, bazaars and market places. The castle would make it clear to the observing ey... more

Gençlik Parkı (Youth Park), 1950s

All areas of daily life were becoming diversified in Ankara. In addition to the pools of Orman Çiftliği (Forest Farm) and Çubuk Dam, Gençlik Parkı (Youth Park) almost brought a sea to the middle of Ankara plain... more

Anafartalar Boulevard, Köklü Office Building and shops, 1950s

When you walk across the street by the Büyük Apartman (Grand Building) at the Anafartalar Boulevard, you come across with the building of Ankara Municipality by architect Nezih Eldem, which was completed in 194... more

Gençlik Parkı (Youth Park), 1950s

German city planner and architect Hermann Jansen, who came to Turkey in 1928, devised a land-use plan for Ankara. The land-use plan of Ankara was approved in 1932. The plan revealed that Jansen had allocated sp... more

Atatürk Boulevard, Great Theatre (Ankara Opera House), 1952

The building of Turkish State Opera and Ballet was inaugurated on the evening of April 2, 1948, with a concert composed of the works of Ahmed Adnan Saygun, Necil Kâzım Akses, Ulvi Cemal Erkin and Cemal Reşit Re... more