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Pre-Islamic Persia

Medes, the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sasanian EmpiresCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Iran persepolis ancient, architecture buildings.
Iran, or Persia, is home to one of the world's oldest major civilizations, with first known urban settlements dating back to 7000 BC. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel names the Persians as the first Historical People. The Persian civilization begins in the Iron Age. The First Persian Empire was the only civilization in all of history to connect over 40% of the global population, accounting for approximately 49.4 million of the world's 112.4 million people in around 480 BC. They were succeeded by the Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Empires, who successively governed Iran for almost 1000 years.
The Muslim conquest of Persia (633–656) ended the Sasanian Empire of classical antiquity and was a turning point in Iranian history. Islamization of Iran took place during the eighth to tenth centuries and led to the eventual decline of Zoroastrianism in Iran as well as many of its dependencies. The achievements of the previous Persian civilizations were to a great extent absorbed by the new Islamic civilization.
Persia's arch-rival was the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire.
1331
1331
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1979
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1979
588 Media in collectionpage 1 of 6
Tower of Babel and Zoroaster from BL YT 28, f. 51

Tower of Babel and Zoroaster from BL YT 28, f. 51

Miniature of the building of the Tower of Babel; miniature of Zoroaster with two demons, from Pseudo-Aristotle's Secreta secretorum. Image taken from f. 51 of Secreta secretorum (ff. 1-43); Il Tesoro (translati... more

Zoroaster from BL YT 28, f. 51

Zoroaster from BL YT 28, f. 51

Detail of a mminiature of Zoroaster with two demons, from Pseudo-Aristotle's Secreta secretorum. Image taken from f. 51 of Secreta secretorum (ff. 1-43); Il Tesoro (translation of Li Livres dou Tresor) (ff. 43v... more

Xerxes from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 139

Xerxes from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 139

Detail of a miniature of the death of Xerxes, at the beginning of chapter 6 of book 3. Image taken from f. 139 of De casibus virorum illustrium in French translation (Des cas des ruynes des nobles hommes et fem... more

Xerxes from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 139

Xerxes from BL Royal 14 E V, f. 139

Miniature of the death of Xerxes, with a partial border containing the arms of Richard IV and a shield with a white rose of the York family, at the beginning of chapter 6 of book 3. Image taken from f. 139 of D... more

[Khosrau I (d. 579), king of Persia, seated on throne, directing Burzuwayh, the sage, to go to India to procure the Kalilah Wa Dimnah ("Book of Wisdom")]

[Khosrau I (d. 579), king of Persia, seated on throne, directing Burzu...

Woodcut frontis. Illus. in: Kalilah wa-Dimnah. German: Directorium Humanae vitae. German. Ulm, Lienhart Holle, May 28, 1483. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: I... more

Persarum imperium.

Persarum imperium.

Shows Iran and adjacent counties. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

A new & accurate map of Persia, with the adjacent countries : drawn from the most approved modern maps &c, the whole being regulated by astronl. observations /

A new & accurate map of Persia, with the adjacent countries : drawn fr...

Relief shown pictorially. Has ornamental cartouche. From: Bowen's A complete system of geography. London : Printed for W. Innys, R. Ware [etc.], 1747. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as ... more

Verschiedene propspecte der vornemsten stadten in Persien /

Verschiedene propspecte der vornemsten stadten in Persien /

Aerial views for 14 cities in Persia and Central Asia. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Zoroastrianism from "[Indian Antiquities: or, Dissertations relative to the ancient geographical divisions, the ... primeval theology, the grand code of civil laws, the original form of government, and the ... literature of Hindostan, compared ... with the religion, laws, government and literature of Persia, Egypt and Greece. The whole intended as introductory to ... the History of Hindostan.]"

Zoroastrianism from "[Indian Antiquities: or, Dissertations relative t...

This image has been taken from scan 000318 from volume 01 of "[Indian Antiquities: or, Dissertations relative to the ancient geographical divisions, the ... primeval theology, the grand code of civil laws, the ... more

architecture from "[Indian Antiquities: or, Dissertations relative to the ancient geographical divisions, the ... primeval theology, the grand code of civil laws, the original form of government, and the ... literature of Hindostan, compared ... with the religion, laws, government and literature of Persia, Egypt and Greece. The whole intended as introductory to ... the History of Hindostan.]"

architecture from "[Indian Antiquities: or, Dissertations relative to ...

This image has been taken from scan 000282 from volume 02 of "[Indian Antiquities: or, Dissertations relative to the ancient geographical divisions, the ... primeval theology, the grand code of civil laws, the ... more

Map of Persia and adjacent countries, for Sir John Malcolm's History of Persia /

Map of Persia and adjacent countries, for Sir John Malcolm's History o...

Covers Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, most of Pakistan, portions of Turkey and Syria, and the surrounding countries. LC copy imperfect: Chipped on edges. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a r... more

Persia from "Narrative of the Chinese Embassy to the Khan of the Tourgouth Tartars in the years 1712, 13, 14 & 15; by the Chinese Ambassador (Tu-li-Shin) and published by the Emperor's authority at Pekin. Translated from the Chinese, and accompanied by an appendix of miscellaneous translations by Sir G. T. Staunton"

Persia from "Narrative of the Chinese Embassy to the Khan of the Tourg...

This image has been taken from scan 000008 from "Narrative of the Chinese Embassy to the Khan of the Tourgouth Tartars in the years 1712, 13, 14 & 15; by the Chinese Ambassador (Tu-li-Shin) and published by the... more

Persia from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Persia from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000006 from volume 01 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

ship from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

ship from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000493 from volume 02 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Muscat from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Muscat from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000495 from volume 02 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Shiraz from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Shiraz from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000479 from volume 02 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Isfahan from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Isfahan from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000555 from volume 01 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Isfahan from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Isfahan from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000563 from volume 01 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Persepolis from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Persepolis from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000567 from volume 01 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Zoroastrian from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

Zoroastrian from "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000565 from volume 01 of "[Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, etc.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Bri... more

Persia and Cabool /

Persia and Cabool /

Relief shown in hachures. In upper right corner: National atlas, 25. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Persia Arabia &c. /

Persia Arabia &c. /

Divides Persia in sub-boundaries, including Afghanistan and Beloochistan. Relief shown by hachures. "Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1852 by Thomas Cowperthwait & Co. in the Clerk's Office of t... more

Persia Arabia & c. /

Persia Arabia & c. /

Relief shown by hachures. "No. 92" Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Assyria - Portal Guardian from Nimroud. British Museum

Assyria - Portal Guardian from Nimroud. British Museum

Statue of a lion with wings and head of a bearded man. Title from item. On mount verso: 41. On mount recto: No. 2.

Assyria - Head of Portal Guardian from Nimroud. British Museum

Assyria - Head of Portal Guardian from Nimroud. British Museum

Bust sculpture of a bearded man. Title from item. On mount verso: 41.

Colton's Persia Arabia & co.

Colton's Persia Arabia & co.

Prime meridian: Washington, DC LC copy has slip attached: Colton's general atlas, G. Woolworth Colton, J. H. Colton, New York, 1863, Property of Andrew Arthur Benton, New York, N. Y. LC copy stamped on: 626888.... more

Johnson's Turkey in Asia : Persia Arabia &c. /

Johnson's Turkey in Asia : Persia Arabia &c. /

Shows good details of the towns and cities along the Nile in Egypt, Nubia, and Sennar (in Sudan). Relief shown by hachures. Has a slip note stating "Johnson's New Ilustrated Family Atlas, John & Ward, New York,... more

Colton's Persia Arabia & c. /

Colton's Persia Arabia & c. /

Prime meridian: Washington, D.C. Has a vine motif frame. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy stamped on: 626888.

map from "Journal of a Journey from Persia to India through Herat and Candahar ... Also Report of a journey to the Wahabee capital of Riyadh, in Central Arabia, with maps, etc"

map from "Journal of a Journey from Persia to India through Herat and ...

This image has been taken from scan 000235 from "Journal of a Journey from Persia to India through Herat and Candahar ... Also Report of a journey to the Wahabee capital of Riyadh, in Central Arabia, with maps,... more

map from "Remains of Lost Empires: sketches of the ruins of Palmyra, Nineveh, Babylon, and Persepolis, with some notes on India ... Illustrations"

map from "Remains of Lost Empires: sketches of the ruins of Palmyra, N...

This image has been taken from scan 000243 from "Remains of Lost Empires: sketches of the ruins of Palmyra, Nineveh, Babylon, and Persepolis, with some notes on India ... Illustrations". The title and subject t... more

map from "Remains of Lost Empires: sketches of the ruins of Palmyra, Nineveh, Babylon, and Persepolis, with some notes on India ... Illustrations"

map from "Remains of Lost Empires: sketches of the ruins of Palmyra, N...

This image has been taken from scan 000554 from "Remains of Lost Empires: sketches of the ruins of Palmyra, Nineveh, Babylon, and Persepolis, with some notes on India ... Illustrations". The title and subject t... more

Persia, Afghanistan and Beluchistan.

Persia, Afghanistan and Beluchistan.

Relief shown in hachures. Prime meridian: Washington, D.C. In right margin: Indexed atlas of the world, [Persia, etc.] From: Rand, McNally & Co. Atlas of the world, 1882, p. 183. Available also through the Libr... more

Persian ruins from "La Perse. Géographie, histoire, mœurs, gouvernement. Orné de ... gravures"

Persian ruins from "La Perse. Géographie, histoire, mœurs, gouverneme...

This image has been taken from scan 000157 from "La Perse. Géographie, histoire, mœurs, gouvernement. Orné de ... gravures". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by... more

A map of the countries between Constantinople and Calcutta : including Turkey in Asia, Persia, Afghanistan & Turkestan.

A map of the countries between Constantinople and Calcutta : including...

Shows railroads, submarine telegraphs, and boundaries of British possessions colored in red. Relief shown by hachures and spot heights. "Stanford's Geogl. Establ." Includes distance table between cities in Brit... more

Map of Persia, Afghanistan and Baluchistan.

Map of Persia, Afghanistan and Baluchistan.

Relief shown by hachures. At head of map: Rand, McNally & Co.'s indexed atlas of the world. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Figure of Persian god Mithras, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

Figure of Persian god Mithras, National Academy of Sciences, Washingto...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more