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Amsterdam

Amsterdam Golden AgesCreated by: PICRYLDated: 1650
Ruit met wapen Amsterdam en datum 1671
In the 15th-16th centuries, as a result of a protestant migration, Amsterdam became the most important trading city in Holland. In the 17th century Amsterdam grew to the #1 port in Europe and the leading financial center of the world. Amsterdam trading ships sailed to North America, Indonesia, Brazil, and Africa - the later Dutch colonies. Dutch East India Company, founded in 1602, was the first multinational corporation to issue stocks to finance its business.

Amsterdam was governed by a body of regents, an oligarchy group with control over all city's life, and the foreign affairs of Holland. Regents spent on the water-ways and infrastructure, hospitals, churches, favored private investment and helped to raise standards of living, allowing the Amsterdam Golden Age - the earliest industrial economy.

Amsterdam's wealth was generated by commerce sustained by the encouragement of entrepreneurs of any origin. Amsterdam was a city where immigrants formed the majority. Most immigrants were either Lutheran Protestant Germans, French Huguenots, or Portuguese/Spanish Jews. There was also an influx of Flemish refugees following the fall of Antwerp. Wealthy immigrants were welcomed and got all privileges except those of citizenship, but no encouragement was given to poor Dutch from the countryside or other towns of Holland.

During the Napoleonic wars, Amsterdam's fortunes reached their lowest point. At the end of the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution gave the economy a big boost and led to a huge influx of worker migrants from the Dutch countryside.
1499
1499
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2014
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2014
1,301 Media in collectionpage 1 of 14
The Deluge

The Deluge

Dirck Vellert (Netherlandish, Amsterdam (?) ca. 1480/85–ca. 1547)

The Prodigal Son

The Prodigal Son

Hans Bol (Netherlandish, Mechelen 1534–1593 Amsterdam)

Petrus Plancius Instructing Students in the Science of Navigation

Petrus Plancius Instructing Students in the Science of Navigation

David Vinckboons (Netherlandish, Mechelen 1576–1629 Amsterdam)

Winter Scene at the Blockhouse in Amsterdam

Winter Scene at the Blockhouse in Amsterdam

Reinier Nooms, called Zeeman (Dutch, Amsterdam ca. 1623–1664 Amsterdam)

The Bursting of St. Anthony's Dike, 5 March 1651. Vertoninge...Amsterdam
A River Landscape with the Baptism of the Eunuch

A River Landscape with the Baptism of the Eunuch

Hendrick Hondius I (Netherlandish, Duffel 1573–1650 Amsterdam)

Portrait of Everhard van Reyd, Councillor of William, Prince of Orange

Portrait of Everhard van Reyd, Councillor of William, Prince of Orange

Jan Muller (Netherlandish, Amsterdam 1571–1628 Amsterdam)

Joannes Neyen, general of the order of Franciscan friars, ambassador in Trier

Joannes Neyen, general of the order of Franciscan friars, ambassador i...

Jan Muller (Netherlandish, Amsterdam 1571–1628 Amsterdam)

Roger van der Weyden the Younger, from the series Pictorum Aliquot Celebrium..

Roger van der Weyden the Younger, from the series Pictorum Aliquot Cel...

Hendrick Hondius I (Netherlandish, Duffel 1573–1650 Amsterdam)

Portrait of Bartholomeus Spranger

Portrait of Bartholomeus Spranger

Jan Muller (Netherlandish, Amsterdam 1571–1628 Amsterdam)

Portrait of Hendrick Goltzius

Portrait of Hendrick Goltzius

Jan Muller (Netherlandish, Amsterdam 1571–1628 Amsterdam)

Portrait of Jan Pietersz Sweelinck, Organist & Musician in Amsterdam

Portrait of Jan Pietersz Sweelinck, Organist & Musician in Amsterdam

Jan Muller (Netherlandish, Amsterdam 1571–1628 Amsterdam)

The Triumphal Entry of Frederik Hendrik of the Orange into The Hague

The Triumphal Entry of Frederik Hendrik of the Orange into The Hague

David Vinckboons (Netherlandish, Mechelen 1576–1629 Amsterdam)

View of Amsterdam from the Northwest

View of Amsterdam from the Northwest

Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch, Leiden 1606–1669 Amsterdam)

Epileptics Walking to the Left from Pilgrimage of the Epileptics to the Church at Molenbeeck

Epileptics Walking to the Left from Pilgrimage of the Epileptics to th...

Hendrick Hondius I (Netherlandish, Duffel 1573–1650 Amsterdam)

Struggle over the Flemish Milch-Cow

Struggle over the Flemish Milch-Cow

Crispijn de Passe the Younger (Dutch, Cologne ca. 1594–1670 Amsterdam)

View of the Amsterdam seaport (Veue d'Amsterdam), men in rowboats work on a ship in center, other men stand on a dock to right, from 'Views of seaports' (Vues de ports de mar)

View of the Amsterdam seaport (Veue d'Amsterdam), men in rowboats work...

Stefano della Bella (Italian, Florence 1610–1664 Florence)

Another view of Amsterdam (Autre vue d'Amsterdam), a group of four men stand in center on a seashore, a boat being built to right, a rowboat on shore to left, two ships to left in the background, from 'Views of seaports' (Vues de ports de mar)

Another view of Amsterdam (Autre vue d'Amsterdam), a group of four men...

Stefano della Bella (Italian, Florence 1610–1664 Florence)

Reverse Copy of Jan van Leiden

Reverse Copy of Jan van Leiden

Frans Carelse (Dutch, 1631–1683 Amsterdam)

I) Afbeelding van't Stadt Huys van Amsterdam

I) Afbeelding van't Stadt Huys van Amsterdam

Written by Jacob van Campen (Dutch, 1595–1657)

Ingena Rotterdam (died 1704), Betrothed of Admiral Jacob Binkes

Ingena Rotterdam (died 1704), Betrothed of Admiral Jacob Binkes

Nicolaes Maes (Dutch, Dordrecht 1634–1693 Amsterdam)

Peacocks

Peacocks

Hondecoeter represents the fourth generation of a family of painters originally from Flanders. He grew up in Utrecht but from 1663 onward worked in Amsterdam. His large pictures of exotic birds in parklike land... more