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Aleppo, Syria’s largest city, is one of the longest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
From its early origins, Aleppo was a place where people grew wealthy. Cuneiform tablets from roughly four thousand years ago tell of a settlement called ‘Halabu’ — eventually Aleppo — that was even then a center for the manufacture of garments and cloth. Located not far from the Mediterranean Sea on one side and the river valley of the mighty Tigris and Euphrates on the other, the city found itself in the middle of ancient Egyptian and Hittite trade routes. The Seleucids, a Greek dynasty descended from one of the lieutenants of Alexander the Great, developed the area further, while certain colonnaded avenues and courtyard homes in Aleppo today bear the tell-tale signs of Roman craftsmanship and Hellenistic urban planning.
Following the advent of Islam and into the medieval era, Aleppo became a hub of the Silk Road, a giant entrepot pooling in all the riches of China and India for buyers further west, north, and south.
The city’s Great Mosque and Citadel is built by Turco-Arabs atop earlier Roman and Byzantine structures. The city was on the frontlines of the Crusades. In 1119, an army comprising Aleppans, Kurds and Arab tribesmen annihilated a whole Crusader force in a battle remembered by Latin chroniclers as Ager Sanguinis — “field of blood.” For centuries thereafter, Aleppo was a prize competed over by various warring Turkic and Arab dynasties. In 1400, the Mongol warlord Timur overran the city. One chronicler described the raid “like a razor over hair” and “locusts over a green crop.” Timur, according to accounts, piled high a mountain of thousands of skulls outside the city gates.
Aleppo endured, and would go on to be ruled for nearly four centuries under the suzerainty of the Ottoman empire and later, in the early 20th century, by French imperial mandate. It remained a busy mercantile center until Syrian civil war of 2010s.
Aleppo from the castle showing moat & entrance
86 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1

Surrender of Aleppo from BL Royal 15 E I, f. 317v

Detail of a miniature of citizens of Aleppo giving the keys of the city to the Turks. Image taken from f. 317v of Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, in French, with continuation to 1231. Written in French.

Forteresse d'Alep

Fortress in Aleppo, Syria.

[Studio portrait of models wearing traditional clothing from the province of Halep (Aleppo), Ottoman Empire]

(1): Bedouin from the province of Halep (Aleppo); (2): Bedouin woman from the province of Halep (Aleppo); and (3): married Jewish woman from Halep (Aleppo).

A street of new Aleppo

Photo shows Azziziyya, a neighborhood of Aleppo. (Source: Kevin David Watenpaugh, Being Modern in the Middle East, p. 50)

Tree Identification - Pine, Aleppo

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Tree Identification - Pine, Aleppo

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Aleppo and castle from southwest

View of Aleppo, Syria, man on horseback in foreground.

AST-16-1268 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Syria, Turkey, Aleppo, Hama, Homs, Jebel El Ansariye

The original database describes this as: Description: Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP),Syria, Turkey,Aleppo,Hama,Homs,Jebel El Ansariye. Image taken on Revolution 71. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) of Photo 201:10:... more

Photographs of architectural monuments in Jerusalem, Syria, and Egypt

Photographs show architectural monuments in Jerusalem, Syria, and Egypt. Album page image number: 1-19: (p. 1-21) Photographs in Jerusalem include: the Damascus Gate, St. Stephen's Gate, Saracenic arch at Bab E... more